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Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa


Incumbent
Assumed office 
July 1, 2005
Preceded by James Hahn

In office
February 26, 1998 – April 13, 2000
Preceded by Cruz Bustamante
Succeeded by Robert Hertzberg

Member of the Los Angeles City Council from the 14th district
In office
2003–2005
Preceded by Nick Pacheco
Succeeded by José Huizar

Member of the California State Assembly
from the 45th district
In office
1994–2000
Preceded by Richard Polanco
Succeeded by Jackie Goldberg

California State Assembly Majority & Democratic Leader
In office
November 30, 1996 – February 1998
Preceded by Richard Katz
Succeeded by Kevin Shelley

Born January 23, 1953 (1953-01-23) (age 57)
Boyle Heights, California
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Corina Villaraigosa (divorced 2007)
Alma mater University of California, Los Angeles
People's College of Law
Profession Politician
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature

Antonio Ramón Villaraigosa (pronounced /ˌviː.əraɪˈɡoʊsə/; born January 23, 1953), born Antonio Ramón Villar, Jr., is the Mayor of Los Angeles, California, the third Mexican American to have ever held the office in the city of Los Angeles. He was elected on May 17, 2005, defeating incumbent mayor James Hahn, and then re-elected for a second term in 2009. Prior to his election as mayor, Villaraigosa was the California State Assemblyman for the 45th District, the Speaker of the California State Assembly, and the Los Angeles City Councilman representing the 14th District.

Before being elected to public office, Villaraigosa was a labor organizer. Villaraigosa served as a national co-chairman of Hillary Rodham Clinton's 2008 presidential campaign and as a member of President Barack Obama's Transition Economic Advisory Board.[1]

Contents

Early years and education

Born Antonio Ramon Villar in the City Terrace neighborhood of Los Angeles County's eastside, Villaraigosa attended both Catholic and public schools.[2] His father abandoned the family when Villaraigosa was 5 years old. At the age of 16, a benign tumor in his spinal column briefly paralyzed him from the waist down, curtailing his ability to play sports. His grades plummeted at Cathedral High School. The next year, he was expelled from the Roman Catholic institution after getting into a fight after a football game.[3] He graduated from Roosevelt High School,[2] and, with the help of his English teacher Herman Katz, went on to attend East Los Angeles College.[4] Villaraigosa eventually transferred to University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), where he completed a bachelor's degree in history. Villaraigosa was a leader of MEChA at UCLA.[5][6] At this time, he went by the name "Tony Villar" but began using his birth name, Antonio, in the 1980s.[2]

After UCLA, Villaraigosa attended the People's College of Law (PCL), an unaccredited law school in Los Angeles. Villaraigosa failed the California Bar Exam four times and is not licensed to practice law.[7]

After PCL, he became a field representative/organizer with the United Teachers Los Angeles (UTLA). He later served as president of the Los Angeles chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union and the American Federation of Government Employees.[8]

Personal life

Villaraigosa has two daughters, Marisela Villar and Prisila Villar-Contreras, born of a previous, nonmarital relationship.[9]

As Antonio Villar, he married Corina Raigosa November 28, 1987,[10] and adopted a combination of their last names as his family name. The couple have two teenage children, Natalia and Antonio Jr. In the wake of extensive media coverage of his alleged affair with a political reporter, Mirthala Salinas, Villaraigosa announced that he was separating from his wife, and on June 12, 2007, Corina Villaraigosa filed for dissolution of marriage in Los Angeles Superior Court, citing irreconcilable differences. Villaraigosa acknowledged on July 3, 2007, that he was in a relationship with a Spanish-language television reporter, Mirthala Salinas.[11][12]

In a New Yorker profile published shortly before the divorce, Villaraigosa acknowledged that he and Corina had had difficulties over the course of their marriage. “In a twenty-year marriage, there are many ups and downs," Villaraigosa said."[2] The New Yorker also reported that in 1994, while Corina was undergoing treatment for thyroid cancer, Villaraigosa was involved with a friend's wife and Corina filed for dissolution of marriage at that time.[9]<[2] The couple reconciled two years later.[2] The New Yorker magazine reported that Villaraigosa's actions had infuriated colleagues who had helped portray him as a family man and lost him key supporters.[2][9]

Villaraigosa began a relationship with Lu Parker, a local television news anchor and 1994 Miss USA, in March 2009.[13]

Early political career

In 1990, Villaraigosa was appointed to the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transportation Board and served there until 1994. In 1994, Villaraigosa was elected to the California State Assembly. Within his first term, he was selected to serve as Democratic Assembly Whip and Assembly Majority Leader. In 1998, Villaraigosa was chosen by his colleagues to be the first Speaker of the Assembly from Los Angeles in 25 years. Villaraigosa left the Assembly in 2000 due to term limits.[14]

Villaraigosa ran for election as mayor of Los Angeles in the 2001 citywide contest but was defeated by Democrat James Hahn in a run-off election. In 2003, Villaraigosa defeated incumbent Councilman Nick Pacheco to win a seat on the Los Angeles City Council representing the 14th District.

Mayoralty

Antonio Villaraigosa speaking at an ACLU event.

Election

Villaraigosa placed first in the Los Angeles mayoral election of March 8, 2005, and won the run-off election on May 17, receiving 58.7% of the vote. On July 1, 2005, Villaraigosa was sworn in as the 41st Mayor of Los Angeles. He is the first Latino mayor of Los Angeles since 1872, when Mayor Cristóbal Aguilar (mayor from 1866 to 1868 and again from 1870 until 1872) served as mayor. The swearing in ceremony involved an interfaith prayer service at the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, followed by a large procession to nearby City Hall. On the South Lawn of the facility, he was administered the oath of office by Stephen Reinhardt, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. The audience of political figurers included Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, former Governors Gray Davis, Pete Wilson, and Jerry Brown. Also attending were former Vice President Al Gore, U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg.[15][16]

The Nation attributes Villaraigosa's success in 2005 to his adding a significant number of African Americans to his earlier coalition of "Latinos, labor and white lefties", noting 2005 endorsements by Representative Maxine Waters (a Hahn supporter in 2001), influential resident and basketball star Magic Johnson, and City Council member (and former police chief) Bernard Parks.[17]

Ethics

While a member of the California state assembly, then State Assemblyman Antonio Villaraigosa wrote the first letter to then President Bill Clinton on Carlos Vignali Jr.'s behalf on May 24, 1996, requesting clemency from Vignali Jr.'s drug trafficking conviction for which he had been sentenced to 15 years in federal prison. Released in March 2002 by the congressional Committee on Government Reform, "Justice Undone: Clemency Decisions in the Clinton White House" details Hugh Rodham's involvement in the Vignali, Jr. pardon, when revelations surfaced that then President Clinton granted clemency for Vignali Jr. Rodham, Hillary Clinton's brother, apparently got Vignali, Jr. the pardon after receiving a cash payment.

The report takes to task top L.A. elected officials, including then–state Assemblyman Antonio Villaraigosa, county Supervisor Gloria Molina, then–state Senator Richard Polanco and U.S. Representative Xavier Becerra, among others, for lobbying on behalf of Vignali Jr., in light of his drug conviction and the fact that DEA agents long suspected Vignali Sr. to be involved in drug trafficking.

During his 2001 mayoral campaign, Villaraigosa expressed regret for writing the letter. "I wrote that letter without talking to prosecutors on the other end," Villaraigosa said in an interview. "I shouldn't have done that."[18]

Villaraigosa's first act as mayor was to require all city commissioners, his entire staff, and all city employees to sign an ethics pledge.[19] On May 2, 2007, the Los Angeles Times reported that Villaraigosa was under investigation for ethics violations. "The executive director of the Los Angeles Ethics Commission...accused Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa of 31 violations of campaign finance and disclosure laws stemming from his 2003 campaign for the City Council." [20]

Transportation

One of Villaraigosa's main transportation-related goals is to extend the Purple Line subway down Wilshire Boulevard to Santa Monica. Proponents have dubbed the project the "Subway to the Sea." Villaraigosa worked to persuade Congressman Waxman to repeal the ban on subway tunneling in Los Angeles, which occurred in 2006. Metro has estimated that it will cost $4.8 billion to complete the subway, at $300 million a mile, and would take approximately 20 years.[21]

On November 4, 2008, Los Angeles County voters passed Measure R, a half-cent sales tax increase that is projected to generate up to $40 billion over thirty years for transportation, including funding for the "Subway to the Sea." Its passage was credited in large part to Villaraigosa, who lobbied the MTA and County Board of Supervisors to place it on the November ballot, and helped organize the fundraising efforts.[22]

Since taking office in 2005, Villaraigosa has increased funding for road repair by 30 percent, which has yielded a 137 percent increase in street maintenance. In three years, the Bureau of Street Services supposedly filled more than one million potholes in Los Angeles.[1]

One of Villaraigosa's first executive directives aimed to ban road construction during rush hour in traffic-plagued Los Angeles. Villaraigosa even publicly pledged to take the subway to work one day a month, as reported by The Los Angeles Times. This, however, proved impossible for him.

Villaraigosa servses as Chairman of the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority, and oversaw the final approval of the EIR for the proposed Exposition Line, the opening of the Orange Line busway through the San Fernando Valley, and the beginning through completion on the Eastside extension of the Metro Gold Line light rail.

In February 2010, Villaraigosa traveled to Washington, D.C. in order to promote his so-called "Thirty in Ten" plan which calls for a federal bridge loan to accelerate the construction of the mass transit projects paid for by Measure R. The future development of the National Infrastructure Reinvestment Bank would likely be required for any type loan. [23]

Education

Villaraigosa sought to gain control of the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) as one of his top priorities as mayor, but failed.[24]

In his first State of the City address, he announced his intention to assume full control of the Los Angeles Unified School District, through a bill passed by the State Legislature.[25] The school board and teachers' union immediately protested[24] and support in the community was lukewarm. Consequently, Villaraigosa reached a compromise with leaders of the teachers' unions and state legislators that would create a Council of Mayors of the 28 cities served by LAUSD.[26] The votes of each mayor would be proportionate to the city's population, thus giving Villaraigosa over 80% of the vote, and most often, the final say of what happens, while requiring him to seek consensus from a few other cities.[27]

AB 1381 was passed by the state legislature and signed by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger.[28] The plan continues to receive significant opposition among the Los Angeles Board of Education, Board President Marlene Canter, then-superintendent of LAUSD, Roy Romer, among others. The bill was ruled unconstitutional in Superior Court, a decision that was affirmed on appeal.[citation needed]

The mayor operates the Partnership for Los Angeles Schools, which controls 10 LAUSD campuses. In June 2009, teachers at 8 of the ten campuses gave the partnership landslide "no confidence" votes. Steve Lopez, a columist at the Los Angeles Times, stated that at the two other schools, a significant number of the teachers disapproved of the partnership's operations.[29]

Film production

Villaraigosa introduced counter-incentives to keep U.S. film productions at home.[30] Villaraigosa's proposals include eliminating fees for filming done on all city property and reducing business taxes for entertainment-related businesses. Another proposal includes a possible entertainment incentive zone to make it easier to locate film production in the city.[31]

Public safety and homeland security

Villaraigosa is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition,[32] an organization formed in 2006 and co-chaired by New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg and Boston mayor Thomas Menino.

Villaraigosa has proposed a Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness initiative, which adds certain units to the Los Angeles Police and Fire Departments and reorganizes some of the current practices. Villaraigosa's latest development in the policy realm of homeland security is the creation of his Homeland Security Advisors, a group of approximately 40 leaders. The panel includes Police Chief William Bratton, former L.A. FBI chief Ron Iden, former Mayor Richard Riordan, Los Angeles County Sheriff Lee Baca and former Dist. Atty. Ira Reiner. It will be co-chaired by his Deputy Mayor for Homeland Security and Public Safety Arif Alikhan. The panel planned for such issues as counter-terrorism measures, evacuation planning and emergency preparedness.[33]

Villaraigosa vowed to hire 1,000 new police officers. On March 6, 2009, Mayor Villaraigosa and Police Chief Bratton announced that the L.A.P.D. had expanded to its largest force in city history. 700 new officers were added to the department and the city is on track to reach a total of 10,000 officers by the end of the year. Since initiating the city's police build up, crime rate has dropped to its lowest level since 1956, the total number of homicides fell to a 38-year low, and gang homicides were down more than 24 percent in 2008.[34]

Animal Services

During the election, Villaraigosa appeared before a coalition of animal rights activists and pledged if elected he would implement a no-kill policy for Animal Services and fire General Manager Guerdon Stuckey, an appointee of former Mayor Hahn. Stuckey earned the ire of animal rights activists for what they considered to be his lack of experience, a bungled city spay/neuter contract, refusal to cooperate with the Los Angeles Animal Commission and excessive euthanasia of animals held by Animal Services. Stuckey's supporters claimed that he had been reducing the number of animals killed in the city every year. After the animal community caused an onslaught of negative press about the mayor's failure to keep his promise, Villaraigosa fired Stuckey. Stuckey appealed the firing to the City Council and threatened a lawsuit. The council awarded Stuckey a $50,000 consulting fee with the agreement that there would be no lawsuit. Sympathy for Stuckey by some council members was partly in reaction to a campaign against Stuckey by some that included a smoke bomb and picketing. In addition, there was concern for racial discrimination because Stuckey is black. Villaraigosa then appointed Ed Boks to the General Manager position.[35] An August 12, 2008 Los Angeles Times article describes animal advocates' concern regarding staff cuts that will have a disproportionate impact on 154 animal technicians and the 2,400 animals they care for. "Although Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa planned to cut 767 jobs this year, the shelter workers may end up being the only people to lose jobs at City Hall. In other departments, workers whose jobs were eliminated could be moved to other departments where their skills could be used...[T]he cuts meant more than just lost jobs. Thousands of animals would suffer as well." [36] Ironically, City Controller Laura Chick notes that the City of Los Angeles "is losing out on millions of dollars by not enforcing existing laws and collecting fees and fines, such as with dog licenses." Further, after an audit, Chick claims that the Los Angeles Animal Services Department "has no plan to educate the public regarding mandatory sterilization and how they can comply. In fact, the City Council instituted a six-month grace period till the ordinance goes into effect this October to give the Department the opportunity to prepare the public. Now on the eve of its enactment, the Department has done little to promote awareness or compliance with the law,” said Chick.[2]

April 24, 2009 Villaraigosa's appointed General Manager Ed Boks was forced to resign after City Council demanded that he be fired because of poor performance and legal scandals.[37] A New York City judge ruled that Ed Boks had racially discriminated against an African American man whom he fired when he was the General Manager of New York City Animal Care and Control.[38] The City of LA then settled a sexual harassment claim against Boks and the City by Mary Cummins a female employee and volunteer.[39]

Economic policies

Taxes

Villaraigosa has tripled the city's trash collection fee from $11 per month to $36.32 per month for single-family homes. Villaraigosa supports Proposition O, which currently adds $10.22 to the property tax bill of a $350,000 home and will eventually climb to $35. The mayor also campaigned last fall for two education bond measures that will increase the size of property tax bills over the next decade.[40]

Energy and the environment

Villaraigosa has pledged to make Los Angeles the greenest city in America.[41]

Villaraigosa has pursued an environmental agenda since being elected three years ago and committed Los Angeles to the Kyoto protocol within days of taking office. “We had the dirtiest air in America,” he told the Financial Times. “It was incumbent on us to take a lead in greening and cleaning the nation.”[42]

Los Angeles generates 10 percent of its energy from renewable sources, having started at 2 percent when Villaraigosa was first elected. Los Angeles is on track to generate 20 percent of its energy from renewable sources by 2010 and will reach 35 percent by 2020, outstripping Kyoto targets as well as those set for California by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger.[43]

Villaraigosa also launched a Clean Trucks program that banned nearly 2,000 diesel vehicles built before 1989 from entering the ports. Operators were offered incentives to switch to cleaner trucks and almost 600 companies signed up. By 2012, 16,000 diesel trucks will have been taken off the road as a result of the program. “It’s the most far-reaching clean-air action plan in the nation,” Villaraigosa told the Financial Times.[44]

Villaraigosa also set aside a large parcel of industrial land around the Los Angeles River to create what city officials are dubbing a “clean-technology corridor”. Discussions have started with international companies about relocating to the corridor and a range of incentives are available for businesses opting to move to the city. The site will include a research facility that will draw on the engineering talents of local higher-education institutions, such as the California Institute of Technology and UCLA. About 20 acres has also been set aside for a manufacturing center, which Villaraigosa hopes will attract new businesses.[45]

Water use

On August 10, 2007, The Los Angeles Times published an expose on water use by Villaraigosa at his private residences.[46] During the Summer of 2007, Villaraigosa challenged Los Angeles residents to slash their water use by 10% in the face of an historic drought. "Los Angeles needs to change course and conserve water to steer clear of this perfect storm," Villaraigosa said then. But DWP records obtained by the Los Angeles Times show that "Villaraigosa has been contributing to that storm," according to the Times. He and his family used 386,716 gallons of water at their Mount Washington home, far higher than the average of 209,000 gallons. Villaraigosa blamed his high water use on "gophers that chewed holes through a rubberized drip-irrigation system."

Legislative and intergovernmental affairs

In October 2006, Villaraigosa traveled to England for several days and Asia for a sixteen-day trade mission. In England, he visited London and Manchester, at the invitation of Prime Minister Tony Blair, and spoke about Los Angeles' efforts regarding global warming, homeland security and emergency preparedness, and its bid for the 2016 Olympic Games. Prime Minister Blair had visited Mayor Villaraigosa a couple months prior to that in Los Angeles.[47]

In 2006, Mayor Villaraigosa led a delegation of over 50 business leaders to China, South Korea, and Japan that secured $300 million in direct foreign investment. In Beijing, the Mayor opened a LA Inc. tourism office, in order to ensure a permanent welcome for the millions of Chinese tourists who will visit Los Angeles over the next decade. In Japan, Villaraigosa launched a See My LA advertising campaign in Tokyo-based Family Mart convenience stores throughout Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand.

In February 2008, the mayor welcomed Mexican President Felipe Calderón Hinojosa and members of the Mexican delegation to discuss trade opportunities and witness the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Mexico Business Council for Foreign Trade, Investment and Technology (COMCE) and the Los Angeles Area Chamber of Commerce.[48]

Villaraigosa traveled to Israel in June 2008 to meet with Israeli experts in homeland security, counter-terrorism, and green technology. He also signed an agreement with the International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT - part the Interdisciplinary Center in Herzliya) on behalf of the LA police department. Under the agreement, the ICT will train US homeland security officials.[49] In recent years, he developed a relationship with the mayor of the Israeli city of Sderot, Eli Moyal, and met with him during the visit.[50] Villaraigosa has long retained strong ties to the Los Angeles Jewish Community, having spent part of his childhood in the once-Jewish dominated neighborhood of Boyle Heights.[51]

Reputation

After his election as Mayor, Villaraigosa was featured on the cover of Newsweek, and in Time 's story on the country's 25 most influential Latinos, but repeated questions concerning his marital infidelity issues appear to have damaged his reputation locally and nationally.

Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa topped a list of all-time worst Angelenos chosen by online voters who responded to the Talk Back to Lopez poll at the Los Angeles Times.

Villaraigosa has also received criticism because of his membership in MEChA while attending UCLA and his alleged support for immigration reform.[52][53] He has also been criticized because of the high frequency in which he holds press conferences, attends photo-ops, and travels out-of-town (including campaigning for Hillary Clinton). An LA Weekly article by Patrick Range McDonald published on September 11, 2008, presented an analysis of a 10-week period from May 21 to August 1, and determined that "On direct city business—such as signing legislation and meeting with city-department heads—his schedule shows the mayor spent 11 percent of his time...Yet the 11 percent of Villaraigosa's time that the Weekly has identified as being spent in L.A. on actual city work—running, fixing or shaping government policies and actions—reveals that he frequently spends that limited time huddling with special-interest groups who have helped him attain higher office."[54] Villaraigosa responded to the criticism in the article by stating, "They didn't get to see what I was doing privately, with meetings here (at City Hall) or in other places. Everyone who knows me, knows I work hard. That's why both Sen. Clinton and Obama wanted me to campaign for them."[55]

A November 4, 2008 election day poll conducted by the Leavey Center for the Study of Los Angeles at Loyola Marymount University found that Villaraigosa had a job approval rating of 61 percent.[56][57] At the same time, his showing and that of the candidates he supported in the election were lackluster.

Villaraigosa was featured in the editorial cover story of the June, 2009 Los Angeles Magazine, which took him to task for a lack of effectiveness regarding many of his stated policy priorities, and a focus on election to higher office, to the detriment of the needs of the City.[58] In response, the Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles devoted its June 11 cover story to a defense of Villaraigosa's record.[59]

Honorary Degrees and Awards

In February 2006, Villaraigosa was presented with the Tom Bradley Legacy Foundation Achievement Award for "following in the footsteps of the first African American Mayor of Los Angeles who served the city for 51 years." Citing the similarity of the two Mayors in building coalitions among diverse communities, the speakers praised Villaraigosa for his vision for the City of Los Angeles. Also in attendance were Mrs. Ethel Bradley, daughter Lorraine and many of Mayor Bradley's former staff members.[60]

On May 6, 2006, Villaraigosa was awarded an honorary degree by Loyola Marymount University (LMU), and was the Class of 2006 Commencement Speaker. On May 12, 2006, he was awarded a Doctor of Humane Letters by the University of Southern California (USC) and was the Class of 2006 commencement speaker.[61][62]

On September 24, 2007, Mayor Villaraigosa received the Seven Seals Award, the highest honor awarded by the Department of Defense to a civilian. The award is symbolic of the seven services that comprise the reserve components and is bestowed upon employers who actively support their employees in the National Guard and Army Reserve.[63]

Villaraigosa was one of ten mayors from North America to be short-listed as a finalist for the 2008 World Mayor Award.[64]

2009 Election

Political experts questioned Villaraigosa's future in state and national politics after his relatively poor performance in the 2009 election. Villaraigosa received only 55.65% of the vote, a relatively small majority, despite running against a field of nine relative unknowns and spending 15 times as much money as his most prominent challenger, attorney Walter Moore who won 26.23% after previously only winning 2.5% of the vote in the 2005 election. Villaraigosa also drew controversy by refusing to debate any of his opponents before the election, namely Walter Moore.[65][66][67] One columnist summarized Villaraigosa's poor showing as follows: "Villaraigosa stepped into the batter's box on Tuesday, swung and missed twice, and legged out a weak infield hit.".[68][69]

Accusations of nepotism

In 2009 the Los Angeles Times[70] published an investigative report questioning the assignment of high-paying government jobs to those with close family or other personal connections to those in political power, pointing out that California taxpayers pay Marisela Villar, daughter of Villaraigosa, $68,000 for work as a "field representative" answering constituent calls and arranging community meetings. Ms. Villar reportedly has no degrees or other particular qualifications for the position[70], to which she was appointed by close political allies of her father.[70] "It looks like nepotism," said Tracy Westen, chief executive of the Center for Governmental Studies in Los Angeles. "It's the kind of thing the public doesn't like: people using their power and influence to provide cushy jobs to friends and family." [71].

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Washington Post
  2. ^ a b c d e f g The New Yorker
  3. ^ Joel Kotkin
  4. ^ The New Yorker
  5. ^ Front Page Magazine
  6. ^ SignOnSanDiego.com
  7. ^ Los Angeles Times
  8. ^ Mayor of Los Angeles: Biography
  9. ^ a b c KNBC news conference
  10. ^ Marriage.About.Com
  11. ^ KABC
  12. ^ AP Wire
  13. ^ Los Angeles Times
  14. ^ Los Angeles Almanac
  15. ^ UCLA Daily Bruin, 2005-07-05
  16. ^ USA Today, 2005-07-01
  17. ^ The Nation
  18. ^ Los Angeles Ethics Commission
  19. ^ Los Angeles Times, 2001-02-13
  20. ^ Los Angeles Times, 2007-05-02
  21. ^ Los Angeles Times, 2008-12-01
  22. ^ Ibid.
  23. ^ http://www.thetransportpolitic.com/2010/03/01/how-feasible-is-antonio-villaraigosas-3010-gambit-for-los-angeles-transit/
  24. ^ a b The Economist, 2005-10-27
  25. ^ The Economist, 2005-07-25
  26. ^ The Economist, 2005-07-25
  27. ^ Ibid.
  28. ^ See LAUSD, AB1381
  29. ^ Lopez, Steve. "L.A's mayor getting schooled." Los Angeles Times. June 24, 2009. Retrieved on June 24, 2009.
  30. ^ Directors Guild Of America, May, 2006
  31. ^ IATSE Industry News, 2006-02-24
  32. ^ Mayors Against Illegal Guns
  33. ^ Los Angeles Times, 2006-02-17
  34. ^ Los Angeles Sentinel, 2009-03-09
  35. ^ LA Weekly, 2005-12-22
  36. ^ Los Angeles Times, 2008-08-12
  37. ^ April 24, 2009, Daily News, Rick Orlov, Ed Boks resigns as L.A. Animal Services chief
  38. ^ April 23, 2009, Indybay Media, Antonio Villaraigosa's Director guilty of racial discrimination
  39. ^ May 1, 2009, Daily News, Activist to get $130,000 in sexual-harassment complaint against Animal Services' Ed Boks
  40. ^ Los Angeles Times, 2009-04-23
  41. ^ Financial Times, 2008-10-27
  42. ^ Ibid.
  43. ^ Ibid.
  44. ^ Ibid.
  45. ^ LAist.com, 2008-09-23
  46. ^ Los Angeles Times, 2007-08-10
  47. ^ Los Angeles Times, 2006-09-20
  48. ^ City Of Los Angeles
  49. ^ The Jerusalem Post, 2008-07-19
  50. ^ Yedioth Internet, 2008-06-13
  51. ^ Jewish Daily Forward, 2008-02-20
  52. ^ John and Ken
  53. ^ San Francisco Chronicle
  54. ^ LA Weekly, 2008-09-11
  55. ^ Mayor Sam's Sister City
  56. ^ LA Weekly, 2009-01-01
  57. ^ LA Observed, 2008-12-09
  58. ^ Los Angeles Magazine, June, 2009
  59. ^ Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles, 2009-06-10
  60. ^ Tom Bradley Legacy Foundation at UCLA
  61. ^ USC
  62. ^ InsideSocal.com
  63. ^ The Free Library
  64. ^ World Mayor
  65. ^ Los Angeles Times, 2009-02-04
  66. ^ The Occidental Weekly, 2009-02-18
  67. ^ Mayor Sam's Sister City, 2009-06-03
  68. ^ Los Angeles Times, 2009-03-04
  69. ^ Los Angeles Times, 2009-03-23
  70. ^ a b c Los Angeles Times, 2009-03-27
  71. ^ Ibid.

References

Further reading

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
James Hahn
Mayor of Los Angeles, California
July 1, 2005–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Nick Pacheco
Member of the Los Angeles City Council
14th District

2003–2005
Succeeded by
José Huizar
California Assembly
Preceded by
Cruz Bustamante
Speaker of the California State Assembly
February 26, 1998–April 13, 2000
Succeeded by
Bob Hertzberg
Preceded by
Richard Polanco
California State Assemblyman
45th District

1994–2000
Succeeded by
Jackie Goldberg
Preceded by
Richard Katz
California State Assembly Majority & Democratic Leader
November 30, 1996–February 1998
Succeeded by
Kevin Shelley
United States order of precedence
Preceded by
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Governor of California
United States order of precedence
Mayor of Los Angeles, California
Succeeded by
Nancy Pelosi
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives

Simple English

Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa
File:Antonio Villaraigosa


41st Mayor of Los Angeles
Incumbent
Assumed office 
July 1, 2005
Preceded by James Hahn

63rd Speaker of the California State Assembly
In office
February 26, 1998 – April 13, 2000
Preceded by Cruz Bustamante
Succeeded by Robert Hertzberg

Member of the Los Angeles City Council from the 14th district
In office
2003 – 2005
Preceded by Nick Pacheco
Succeeded by José Huizar

Member of the California State Assembly
from the 45th district
In office
1994 – 2000
Preceded by Richard Polanco
Succeeded by Jackie Goldberg

California State Assembly Majority & Democratic Leader
In office
November 30, 1996 – February 1998
Preceded by Richard Katz
Succeeded by Kevin Shelley

Born January 23, 1953 (1953-01-23) (age 58)
Boyle Heights, California
Political party Democratic
Spouse Corina Villaraigosa (divorced 2007)
Profession Politician
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature File:Antonio Villaraigosa

Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa (born Antonio Ramon Villar, Jr. on January 23, 1953) is the mayor of Los Angeles, California. He was elected on May 17, 2005, defeating the mayor in office, James Hahn. He was then re-elected for a second term in 2009. Prior to his election as mayor, Villaraigosa was the California State Assemblyman for the 45th District, the Speaker of the California State Assembly, and the Los Angeles City Councilman for the 14th District.

Before being elected to public office, Villaraigosa was a labor organizer. Villaraigosa served as a national co-chairman of Hillary Rodham Clinton's 2008 Presidential campaign, and as a member of President Barack Obama's Transition Economic Advisory Board.[1]

References

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Political offices
Preceded by
James Hahn
Mayor of Los Angeles, California
July 1, 2005–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Nick Pacheco
Member of the Los Angeles City Council
14th District

2003–2005
Succeeded by
José Huizar
California Assembly
Preceded by
Cruz Bustamante
Speaker of the California State Assembly
February 26, 1998–April 13, 2000
Succeeded by
Bob Hertzberg
Preceded by
Richard Polanco
California State Assemblyman
45th District

1994–2000
Succeeded by
Jackie Goldberg
Preceded by
Richard Katz
California State Assembly Majority & Democratic Leader
November 30, 1996–February 1998
Succeeded by
Kevin Shelley
Order of Precedence of the United States of America
Preceded by
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Governor of California
United States order of precedence
Mayor of Los Angeles, California
Succeeded by
Nancy Pelosi
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Persondata
NAME Villaraigosa, Antonio Ramon
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Villar, Antonio Ramon, Jr.
SHORT DESCRIPTION Mayor of Los Angeles, California
DATE OF BIRTH January 23, 1953
PLACE OF BIRTH Boyle Heights, California
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH









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