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The Right Honourable
 The Lord Newton of Braintree

In office
11 April 1992 – 2 May 1997
Prime Minister John Major
Preceded by John MacGregor
Succeeded by Ann Taylor

In office
23 July 1989 – 11 April 1992
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
John Major
Preceded by John Moore
Succeeded by Peter Lilley

In office
25 July 1988 – 24 July 1989
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by Kenneth Clarke
Succeeded by Kenneth Baker, Baron Baker of Dorking

Born 29 August 1937 (1937-08-29) (age 72)
London, UK
Political party Conservative

Antony Harold Newton, Baron Newton of Braintree, PC, OBE (born 29 August 1937), known as Tony Newton, is a British Conservative politician and former Cabinet member. He was the member of Parliament for Braintree from 1974-1997, and is now a member of the House of Lords.


Early life

Newton was educated at Friends School Saffron Walden and Trinity College, Oxford, where he was President of the Union.

Member of Parliament

Newton was first elected for the new constituency of Braintree in February 1974 with a majority of 2,001,[1] and successfully retained the seat in the October 1974 general election with a reduced majority of 1,090.[2] The Conservative victory at the 1979 general election boosted his majority dramatically to 12,518,[3] and it increased at every subsequent election to a high of 17,494 at the 1992 general election[4] before his defeat in the Labour landslide at the 1997 general election.


In government

Newton was appointed a government whip when the Conservatives came to power in 1979. In 1982 he moved to a junior ministerial position at the Department of Health and Social Security, where he remained until 1988, becoming Minister for Social Security and Disabled People in 1984, and Minister for Health in 1986.

Newton became Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and a minister at the DTI for a year, before being promoted to Secretary of State for Social Security from 1989 to 1992, and then taking up the positions of Lord President of the Council and Leader of the House of Commons until 1997.


After he lost his seat in 1997 he was created a life peer as Baron Newton of Braintree, of Coggeshall in the County of Essex.

Newton chaired the Hansard Society Commission on Parliamentary Scrutiny which ran from 1999 to 2001, which concluded that Parliament was being left behind by changes in the constitution, government and society and set out reforms for improving its function.[5][6]

On 1 November 2007 he was appointed the first chairman of the new Administrative Justice and Tribunals Council.


Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency Member of Parliament for Braintree
Feb 19741997
Succeeded by
Alan Hurst
Political offices
Preceded by
Kenneth Clarke
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1988 – 1989
Succeeded by
Kenneth Baker
Preceded by
John Moore
Secretary of State for Social Security
1989 – 1992
Succeeded by
Peter Lilley
Preceded by
John MacGregor
Lord President of the Council
1992 – 1997
Succeeded by
Ann Taylor
Leader of the House of Commons
1992 – 1997

Redirecting to Tony Newton


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