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Ants Piip


In office
20 December 1920 – 25 January 1921
Succeeded by Konstantin Päts
In office
26 October 1920 – 20 November 1921

Born 28 February 1884(1884-02-28)
Tuhalaane, Viljandi County, Estonia
Died 1 October 1942 (aged 58)
Nyrybi concentration camp, Soviet Union
Nationality Estonian
Political party Estonian Labor Party, later none
Profession lawyer, diplomat, politician

Ants Piip VR III/1 (February 28, 1884, Tuhalaane, now in Karksi Parish, Viljandi County, Estonia – October 1, 1942) was an Estonian lawyer, diplomat and politician.

Piip studied at the Teachers' Seminar in Kuldīga (formerly Goldingen), now in Latvia. In 1903–1905, he was a parish clerk and schoolteacher at Alūksne (Alulinn, Marienburg, today in Latvia), also a teacher in the Emperor Nikolai Greek Orthodox Parish School in Kuressaare in 1905–1906, in the Kuressaare Marine School in 1906–1912, and in the Janson Merchant School in St. Petersburg in 1913–1915. He took his High School exams at the Kuressaare State High School, studied at the law department of the St. Petersburg University in 1908–1913, took additional courses in the Berlin University in 1912, received a scientific scholarship from the St. Petersburg University in 1913–1916.

Piip in the United States in 1923

Piip was a member of the Estonian Province Assembly (Eesti Maapäev), and later a member of the Constituent Assembly (Asutav Kogu), and after that, of the Riigikogu. In 1917–1919, Piip was a member of the Estonian Foreign Mission in St. Petersburg and in London, he participated in the Paris Peace Conference. In 1919 he was Deputy to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1919–1920 Member of the Estonian delegation in the Tartu peace negotiations between Estonia and the Russian SFSR. In 1919–1940 he was Professor of International Law in Tartu University. In 1920, he was the diplomatic representative the Republic of Estonia in Great Britain. 1920–1921, while Elder of State, Piip was also the Minister of War. He held position of Minister of Foreign Affairs five times, also he was in 1923–1925 the Envoy of Estonia to the United States of America. During 1938–1940, Piip was also member of the Riigivolikogu (second chamber of the Riigikogu under its temporary structure).

Piip was arrested by the NKVD in June, 1941 and he died in a Soviet prison camp the next year.

References

  • Ants Piip
  • Ülo Kaevats et al. 2000. Eesti Entsüklopeedia, volume 14. Tallinn: Eesti Entsüklopeediakirjastus, ISBN 9985-70-064-3
Preceded by
Jaan Tõnisson
Prime Minister of Estonia
1920
Succeeded by
State Elder of Estonia
Preceded by
Prime Minister of Estonia
State Elder of Estonia
1920 – 1921
Succeeded by
Konstantin Päts
Preceded by
Aleksander Tõnisson
Minister of War
1920 – 1921
Succeeded by
Jaan Soots
Preceded by
Jaan Poska
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1919
Succeeded by
Ado Birk
Preceded by
Otto Strandmann
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1921 – 1922
Succeeded by
Aleksander Hellat
Preceded by
Kaarel Robert Pusta
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1925 – 1926
Succeeded by
Friedrich Akel
Preceded by
August Rei
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1933
Succeeded by
Julius Seljamaa
Preceded by
Karl Selter
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1939 – 1940
Succeeded by
August Rei (in exile)
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