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Antsiferova / Shirinki
Native name: Чиринкотан
志林規島 /
Antsiferova - Landsat 7.jpg
NASA picture of Chirinkotan from space
Geography
Kuriles Antsiferov.PNG
Location Sea of Okhotsk
Coordinates 50°12′N 154°59′E / 50.20°N 154.98°E / 50.20; 154.98
Archipelago Kurile Islands
Area 7 km2 (2.7 sq mi)
Country
Russia
Demographics
Population 0
Ethnic groups Ainu (formerly)

Antsiferov Island (Russian: Остров Анциферова; also known as Shirinki (Russian: Ширинки Japanese 志林規島; Shirinki-tō) is an unihabited volcanic island located in the northern the Kuril Islands chain in the Sea of Okhotsk in the northwest Pacific Ocean. Its former Japanese name is derived from the Ainu language for "place of tall waves". Its nearest neighbor is Paramushir, located 15 kilometers away across the Luzhin Strait. It is currently named for the cossack explorer Danila Antsiferov, who first described it along with other northern Kuril islands in the early eighteenth century.

Contents

Geology

Antsiferov is a roughly circular island with an area of 6 km² [1] and is part of a spur range extending to the west of the main Kurile islands arc. The island is a stratovolcano with a diameter of 4.25 kilometers and with a central peak (Japanese 蓮華岳; Renge-dake) with a height of 761 meters which is marked by a caldera which is 0.75 kilometer in diameter, which is breached to the south. Two lava domes are located near the walls of the breach, which appear to be of relatively recent origin, although no volcanic eruptions have been observed on Antsiferov in modern times. Much of the island is covered by pumice from pyroclastic-fall deposits.

The southern end of Antsiferov is the site of one of five major Steller sea lion reproductive rookeries (about 600 animals) on the Kuril Islands. Because of the absence of terrestrial predators, it is also the home of very dense colonies of northern fulmars and tufted puffins which nest in the hummocks along its slopes. Cliff-dwelling birds, such as kittiwakes and thick-billed murres are also abundant.

History

Antsiferov had no permanent habitation prior to European contact, but was visited in summer by the Ainu tribes for hunting. Claimed by the Empire of Russia, sovereignity was passed to the Empire of Japan per the Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1875) along with the rest of the Kurile islands. The island was formerly administered as part of Shimushu District of Nemuro Subprefecture of Hokkaidō. After World War II, the island came under the control of the Soviet Union, and is now administered as part of the Sakhalin Oblast of the Russian Federation. The island is now part of a wildlife refuge, and approach within 20 kilometers by fishing vessels is prohibited.

See also

References

External links

Further reading

  • Gorshkov, G. S. Volcanism and the Upper Mantle Investigations in the Kurile Island Arc. Monographs in geoscience. New York: Plenum Press, 1970. ISBN 0-306-30407-4
  • Krasheninnikov, Stepan Petrovich, and James Greive. The History of Kamtschatka and the Kurilski Islands, with the Countries Adjacent. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1963.
  • Rees, David. The Soviet Seizure of the Kuriles. New York: Praeger, 1985. ISBN 0-03-002552-4
  • Takahashi, Hideki, and Masahiro Ōhara. Biodiversity and Biogeography of the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin. Bulletin of the Hokkaido University Museum, no. 2-. Sapporo, Japan: Hokkaido University Museum, 2004.

Notes

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