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Apalachicola River
Apalachicola watershed.png
Map of the Apalachicola River watershed showing the two main tributaries, the Chattahoochee River and the Flint River.
Origin Confluence of Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers at Chattahoochee, Florida
Mouth Gulf of Mexico
at Apalachicola, Florida
Basin countries United States
Length 112 miles (180 km)
Source elevation 77 feet (23 m)
Avg. discharge 16,600 cu ft/s (470 m3/s)
Basin area 19,500 sq mi (50,505 km2)

The Apalachicola River is a river, approximately 112 mi (180 km) long in the U.S. state Florida. The river's large watershed, known as the ACF River Basin for short, drains an area of approximately 19,500 square miles (50,505 km2) into the Gulf of Mexico. The distance to its farthest headstream in northwest Georgia is approximately 500 mi (800 km). Its name comes from the Apalachicola tribe, which used to live along the river.

It is formed on the state line between Florida and Georgia, near the town of Chattahoochee, Florida, approximately 60 mi northeast of Panama City, by the confluence of the Flint and Chattahoochee rivers. The actual confluence is submerged in the Lake Seminole reservoir formed by the Jim Woodruff Dam. It flows generally south through the forests of the Florida Panhandle, past Bristol. In northern Gulf County, it receives the Chipola River from the west. It flows into Apalachicola Bay, an inlet of the Gulf of Mexico, at Apalachicola. The lower 30 mi (48 km) of the river is surrounded by extensive swamps and wetlands except at the coast. The channel of the river is being dredged by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to provide navigation due to a lawsuit with Florida. Except for the area around its mouth, the river provides the boundary between the Eastern and Central time zones in the United States.

View of the Apalachicola River near Fort Gadsden, Florida.

The Apalachicola River is famous for its tupelo honey, a high quality Monofloral honey, which is produced wherever the Tupelo trees bloom in the southeastern United States, but the purest and most expensive version (which is certified by pollen analysis) is produced mainly in this basin and, to a lesser extent, in other panhandle river basins. In a good harvest year, the value of the tupelo honey crop produced by a group of specialized Florida beekeepers approaches US$1,000,000. [1]

During Florida's British colonial period the river formed the boundary between East Florida and West Florida.

Contents

List of crossings

Crossing Carries Location Coordinates
Jim Woodruff Dam Chattahoochee
Victory Bridge US 90.svg US 90 Chattahoochee
Rail bridge CSX Chattahoochee
I-10.svg Interstate 10 Marianna to Quincy
Trammell Bridge Florida 20.svg FL 20 Bristol
Rail bridge Apalachicola Northern Railway Apalachicola
John Gorrie Memorial Bridge US 98.svg US 98 Apalachicola

See also

External links

Further reading

  • Light, H.M., M.R. Darst, and J.W. Grubbs. (1998). Aquatic habitats in relation to river flow in the Apalachicola River floodplain, Florida [U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1594]. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.

Coordinates: 29°43′36″N 84°58′39″W / 29.72667°N 84.9775°W / 29.72667; -84.9775

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