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Aphelops: Wikis

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Aphelops
Fossil range: Miocene–Early Pliocene
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Conservation status
Fossil
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Rhinocerotidae
Subfamily: Aceratheriinae
Genus: Aphelops
Owen (1845)
Range of Aphelops based on fossil record

Aphelops is an extinct genus of rhinoceros endemic to North America during the Miocene through Pliocene living from 20.43—5.330 mya, existing for approximately 15.1 million years.[1]

Contents

Taxonomy

Aphelops was named by Owen (1845) and also attributed to Cope 1873 and Cope 1874. It was assigned to Aceratheriinae by Prothero (1998); and to Rhinocerotidae by Owen (1845), Carroll (1988) and Hulbert and Whitmore (2006).[2][3]

Morphology

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Body mass

Five specimens were examined by M. Mendoza, C. M. Janis, and P. Palmqvist.[4] The results were:

  • Specimen 1: 265.7 kg (590 lb)
  • Specimen 2: 474.0 kg (1,000 lb)
  • Specimen 3: 3,327.5 kg (7,300 lb)
  • Specimen 4: 1,283.3 kg (2,800 lb)
  • Specimen 5: 261.9 kg (580 lb)

References

  1. ^ PaleoBiology Database: Aphelops, basic info
  2. ^ D. R. Prothero. 1998. Rhinocerotidae. In C. M. Janis, K. M. Scott, and L. L. Jacobs (eds.), Evolution of Tertiary mammals of North America 595-605
  3. ^ R. C. Hulbert and F. C. Whitmore. 2006. Late Miocene mammals from the Mauvilla Local Fauna, Alabama. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 46(1):1-28
  4. ^ M. Mendoza, C. M. Janis, and P. Palmqvist. 2006. Estimating the body mass of extinct ungulates: a study on the use of multiple regression. Journal of Zoology 270(1):90-101

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