The Full Wiki

Apiaceae: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Carrot family
Umbelliferae: Apium leaves and tiny inflorescences, Daucus habit, Foeniculum inflorescences, Eryngium inflorescences, Petroselinum root.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae (or Umbelliferae)
Lindl.
Type genus
Apium
L.
Genera

Including:

For complete list, see List of Apiaceae genera.

The Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (both names are allowed by the ICBN) is a family of usually aromatic plants with hollow stems, commonly known as umbellifers. It includes cumin, parsley, anise, carrot, coriander/cilantro, dill, caraway, fennel, parsnip, celery, Queen Anne's Lace and other relatives. It is a large family with about 300 genera and more than 3,000 species. The earlier name Umbelliferae derives from the inflorescence being generally in the form of a compound "umbel", and has the same root as the word "umbrella". The botanical subspeciality that studies Apiaceae is sometimes called sciadophytography.

Contents

Description

The small flowers are radially symmetrical with 5 small sepals, 5 petals and 5 stamens.

The family includes some highly toxic plants, such as hemlock. Many plants in this family, such as wild carrot, have estrogenic properties and have been used as folk medicine for birth control. Most notable for this use is the extinct giant fennel, silphium. The cultivated plants in this category are almost all considered good companion plants, as the umbrella of tiny flowers attracts omnivorous beneficial insects, especially parasitic wasps and predatory flies, which then will hunt insect pests on nearby crops.

The family is closely related to Araliaceae and the boundaries between these families remain unclear. Some recent systems include Araliaceae in an expanded Apiaceae but this has not been widely followed. Hydrocotyle and Trachymene, traditionally included in Apiaceae, are now generally included in Araliaceae.

Notable members include Anethum graveolens - Dill, Anthriscus cerefolium - Chervil, Angelica spp. - Angelica, Apium graveolens - Celery, Arracacia xanthorrhiza - Arracacha, Carum carvi - Caraway, Centella asiatica - Gotu Kola (pennywort), Conium maculatum - Poison hemlock, Coriandrum sativum - Coriander, Cuminum cyminum - Cumin, Daucus carota - Carrot, Eryngium spp. - Sea holly, Foeniculum vulgare - Fennel, Myrrhis odorata - Cicely, Ferula gummosa - galbanum, Pastinaca sativa - Parsnip, Petroselinum crispum - Parsley, Pimpinella anisum - Anise, Levisticum officinale - Lovage

Cultivation

Many members of this plant group are cultivated, for various purposes. The plant structure includes a tap root, which on more than one occasion has been bred to grow large enough to be useful in food, as with parsnips, carrots, and hamburg root parsley. Plants of this category also are adapted to conditions that encourage heavy concentrations of essential oils, so that some are used as flavorfull/aromatic herbs, including parsley, cilantro, and dill. The plentiful seeds of the umbers, likewise, are sometimes used in cuisine, as with coriander, fennel, cumin, and caraway.

Advertisements

Companion Plants

Almost every widely cultivated plant of this group is a companion plant. In large part, this is because the tiny flowers forming the umbels, for which the group is named, are perfectly suited for parasitic wasps and predatory flies, which actually drink nectar when not reproducing. They then will prey upon insect pests on nearby plants.

Some of the plants, too, are herbs that produce enough scent to possibly dilute the odors of nearby plants, or the pheromones emitted by insects that find those plants, which would otherwise attract more pests.

Chaerophyllum bulbosum
Anise (Pimpinella anisum)
from Medical botany by William Woodville. London, James Phillips, 1793

See also

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

Etymology

formed from the name of the genus Apium (Art 18 ICBN)

Proper noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Apiaceae

  1. (taxonomy) A taxonomic family within the order Apiales — the carrots or umbellifers, also called Umbelliferae.
Wikispecies-logo.svg
Wikispecies has information on:

Wikispecies

See also

  • Apiales
  • See Wikipedia for list of genera

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Bupleurum falcatum

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids II
Ordo: Apiales
Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamiliae: Apioideae - Azorelloideae - Mackinlayoideae - Saniculoideae


Genera Overview: Aciphylla - Acronema - Actinanthus - Actinolema - Actinotus - Adenosciadium - Aegokeras - Aegopodium - Aethusa - Aframmi - Afrocarum - Afroligusticum - Afrosison - Agasyllis - Agrocharis - Ainsworthia - Alepidea - Aletes - Alococarpum - Alposelinum - Ammi - Ammiopsis - Ammodaucus - Ammoides - Ammoselinum - Anethum - Angelica - Angelocarpa - Anginon - Angoseseli - Anisopoda - Anisosciadium - Anisotome - Annesorhiza - Anthriscus - Aphanopleura - Apiastrum - Apiopetalum - Apium - Apodicarpum - Arafoe - Arctopus - Arracacia - Artedia - Asciadium - Asteriscium - Astomaea - Astrantia - Astrodaucus - Astydamia - Athamanta - Aulacospermum - Austropeucedanum - Autumnalia - Azilia - Azorella - Berula - Bifora - Bilacunaria - Bolax - Bonannia - Bowlesia - Bunium - Bupleurum - Cachrys - Calyptrosciadium - Capnophyllum - Carlesia - Caropsis - Carum - Caucalis - Cenolophium - Centella - Cephalopodium - Chaerophyllopsis - Chaerophyllum - Chaetosciadium - Chamaele - Chamaesciadium - Chamaesium - Chamarea - Changium - Chlaenosciadium - Choritaenia - Chuanminshen - Chymsydia - Cicuta - Cnidiocarpa - Cnidium - Coaxana - Conioselinum - Conium - Conopodium - Coriandrum - Cortia - Cortiella - Cotopaxia - Coulterophytum - Coxella - Crithmum - Cryptotaenia - Cuminum - Cyathoselinum - Cyclorhiza - Cyclospermum - Cymbocarpum - Cymopterus - Cynosciadium - Dactylaea - Dasispermum - Daucosma - Daucus - Demavendia - Dethawia - Dichosciadium - Dickinsia - Dicyclophora - Dimorphosciadium - Diplaspis - Diplolophium - Diplotaenia - Diposis - Distichoselinum - Domeykoa - Donnellsmithia - Dorema - Dracosciadium - Drusa - Ducrosia - Dystaenia - Echinophora - Elaeoselinum - Elaeosticta - Eleutherospermum - Enantiophylla - Endressia - Eremocharis - Eremodaucus - Ergocarpon - Erigenia - Eriocycla - Eriosynaphe - Eryngium - Erythroselinum - Eurytaenia - Exoacantha - Falcaria - Fergania - Ferula - Ferulago - Ferulopsis - Foeniculum - Frommia - Froriepia - Fuernrohria - Galagania - Geocaryum - Gingidia - Glaucosciadium - Glehnia - Glia - Glochidotheca - Gongylosciadium - Grafia - Grammosciadium - Guillonea - Gymnophyton - Hacquetia - Halosciastrum - Haplosciadium - Haplosphaera - Harbouria - Harrysmithia - Haussknechtia - Hellenocarum - Heptaptera - Heracleum - Hermas - Heteromorpha - Hladnikia - Hohenackeria - Homalocarpus - Homalosciadium - Horstrissea - Huanaca - Hyalolaena - Hydrocotyle - Hymenolaena - Imperatoria - Itasina - Johrenia - Johreniopsis - Kadenia - Kafirnigania - Kalakia - Kandaharia - Karatavia - Karnataka - Kedarnatha - Keraymonia - Kitagawia - Klotzschia - Komarovia - Korshinskia - Kosopoljanskia - Kozlovia - Krasnovia - Krubera - Kundmannia - Ladyginia - Lagoecia - Lalldhwojia - Laretia - Laser - Laserpitium - Lecokia - Ledebouriella - Lefebvrea - Leibergia - Leutea - Levisticum - Lichtensteinia - Lignocarpa - Ligusticella - Ligusticopsis - Ligusticum - Lilaeopsis - Limnosciadium - Lipskya - Lisaea - Lomatium - Lomatocarpa - Mackinlaya - Magadania - Magydaris - Malabaila - Mandenovia - Margotia - Marlothiella - Mastigosciadium - Mathiasella - Mediasia - Meeboldia - Melanosciadium - Melanoselinum - Meum - Micropleura - Microsciadium - Mogoltavia - Molopospermum - Monizia - Mulinum - Musineon - Myrrhidendron - Myrrhis - Myrrhoides - Naufraga - Neoconopodium - Neogoezia - Neonelsonia - Neoparrya - Neosciadium - Niphogeton - Nirarathamnos - Nothosmyrnium - Notiosciadium - Notopterygium - Oedibasis - Oenanthe - Oligocladus - Oliveria - Opopanax - Oreocome - Oreomyrrhis - Oreonana - Oreoschimperella - Oreoxis - Orlaya - Ormopterum - Ormosciadium - Ormosolenia - Orogenia - Oschatzia - Osmorhiza - Ottoa - Oxypolis - Pachyctenium - Pachypleurum - Palimbia - Pancicia - Paraligusticum - Paraselinum - Parasilaus - Pastinaca - Pastinacopsis - Paulita - Pedinopetalum - Perideridia - Perissocoeleum - Petagnia - Petroedmondia - Petroselinum - Peucedanum - Phellolophium - Phlojodicarpus - Phlyctidocarpa - Physospermopsis - Physospermum - Physotrichia - Pilopleura - Pimpinella - Pinacantha - Pinda - Pituranthos - Platysace - Pleurospermopsis - Pleurospermum - Podistera - Polemannia - Polemanniopsis - Polylophium - Polytaenia - Polyzygus - Portenschlagiella - Pozoa - Prangos - Prionosciadium - Psammogeton - Pseudocarum - Pseudocymopterus - Pseudorlaya - Pseudoselinum - Pseudotaenidia - Pternopetalum - Pterygopleurum - Pteryxia - Ptilimnium - Ptychotis - Pycnocycla - Pyramidoptera - Registaniella - Rhabdosciadium - Rhodosciadium - Rhopalosciadium - Rhysopterus - Ridolfia - Rouya - Rumia - Rupiphila - Rutheopsis - Sajanella - Sanicula - Saposhnikovia - Scaligeria - Scandia - Scandix - Schizeilema - Schoenolaena - Schrenkia - Schtschurowskia - Schulzia - Sclerochorton - Sclerotiaria - Selinopsis - Selinum - Semenovia - Seseli - Seselopsis - Shoshonea - Silaum - Sinocarum - Sinodielsia - Sinolimprichtia - Sison - Sium - Smyrniopsis - Smyrnium - Sonderina - Spananthe - Spermolepis - Sphaenolobium - Sphaerosciadium - Sphallerocarpus - Sphenocarpus - Sphenosciadium - Spuriodaucus - Spuriopimpinella - Stefanoffia - Steganotaenia - Stenocoelium - Stenotaenia - Stewartiella - Stoibrax - Symphyoloma - Szovitsia - Taenidia - Tamamschjania - Tauschia - Tetrataenium - Thamnosciadium - Thapsia - Thaspium - Thecocarpus - Tilingia - Tinguarra - Todaroa - Tommasinia - Tongoloa - Tordyliopsis - Tordylium - Torilis - Tornabenea - Trachydium - Trachymene - Trachyspermum - Trepocarpus - Tricholaser - Trigonosciadium - Trinia - Trochiscanthes - Turgenia - Uldinia - Vanasushava - Vicatia - Vvedenskya - Xanthosia - Xatardia - Yabea - Zeravschania - Zizia - Zosima

Name

Apiaceae Lindley, 1836

Synonyms

Reference

  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Website[1]

Vernacular names

Česky: miříkovité
Deutsch: Doldenblütler
English: Umbellifers
Español: Umbelíferas
فارسی: چتریان
Français: Apiacées, Ombellifères
Italiano: Apiacee
עברית: סוככים
Nederlands: Schermbloemenfamilie
日本語: セリ科
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Skjermplantefamilien
‪Norsk (nynorsk)‬: Skjermplantefamilien
Polski: Selerowate
Русский: Зонтичные
Suomi: Sarjakukkaiskasvit
Svenska: Flockblommiga Växter
Türkçe: Maydanozgiller

Simple English

Carrot family
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae (or Umbelliferae)
Lindl.
Type genus
Apium
L.
Genera

including:

  • Anethum
  • Anthriscus
  • Angelica
  • Apium
  • Arracacia
  • Carum
  • Centella
  • Conium
  • Coriandrum
  • Cuminum
  • Daucus
  • Eryngium
  • Foeniculum
  • Levisticum
  • Myrrhis
  • Pastinaca
  • Petroselinum
  • Pimpinella

For complete list, see List of Apiaceae genera.

The Apiaceae or Umbelliferae is a family of usually aromatic plants with hollow stems, commonly known as umbellifers. It includes cumin, parsley, carrot, coriander/cilantro, dill, caraway, fennel, parsnip, celery, Queen Anne's Lace and other relatives. It is a large family with about 300 genera and more than 3,000 species.


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message