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Apocalypse 91… The Enemy Strikes Black
Studio album by Public Enemy
Released October 3, 1991
Recorded 1991
Music Palace
(Long Island, New York)
Genre Hip hop
Length 51:54
Label Def Jam/Columbia
CK-47374
Producer The Bomb Squad (exec.), The Imperial Grand Ministers of Funk
Professional reviews
Public Enemy chronology
Fear of a Black Planet
(1990)
Apocalypse 91… The Enemy Strikes Black
(1991)
Muse Sick-n-Hour Mess Age
(1994)

Apocalypse 91… The Enemy Strikes Black is the fourth studio album by American hip hop group Public Enemy, released October 3, 1991 on Def Jam Recordings in the United States. It debuts production team Imperial Grand Ministers of Funk, which consisted of producers Stuart Robertz, Cerwin 'C-Dawg' Depper, Gary G-Wiz, and The JBL.[11] The album peaked at number 4 on the Billboard 200 chart and at number 1 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart.[12] On November 26, 1991, it was certified platinum in sales by the Recording Industry Association of America, following sales in excess of 1 million copies.[13]

Contents

Background

The singles released from the album were "Can't Truss It", "Shut Em Down" and its B-side "By the Time I Get to Arizona" (samples "Two Sisters of Mystery" by Mandrill), in which Public Enemy was depicted in the video killing the Arizona governor, Fife Symington III, who refused to recognize Martin Luther King, Jr.'s birthday as a national holiday.

The album also included the thrash cover of their earlier hit "Bring The Noise" featuring Anthrax and "Get the Fuck Outta Dodge" - a previously released B-Side to the "Can't Do Nuttin' For Ya Man" single from Fear of a Black Planet.

Reception

  • Rolling Stone (10/3/91) - 4 Stars - Excellent - "...attempts nothing short of setting a sociopolitical agenda for the black community....Apocalypse '91 needs to be watched..."
  • Q magazine (9/95, p. 132) - 4 Stars - Excellent - "...fine by any but their own Olympian standards...showed Public Enemy ploughing old furrows..."
  • New York Times (9/29/91) - "...hip-hop's prophets of rage...with songs that mix political, personal and promotional statements in quick-cutting, often oblique language..."
  • NME (7/15/95, p. 47) - 7 (out of 10) - "...a more soulful, funkier stew than previously served but there were a couple of fillers....Good, but not as indispensable as its predecessors..."
  • Spin - Ranked #7 in Spin's list of the 20 Best Albums of 1991.
  • Melody Maker (12/91) - Ranked #21 in Melody Maker's list of the top 30 albums of 1991.

Track listing

All tracks written by Ridenour/Robertz/Gary G/Wiz/Depper, unless otherwise noted.

  1. "Lost at Birth" – 3:49
  2. "Rebirth" – 0:59
  3. "Nighttrain" – 3:27 (Ridenhour/Robertz/Gary G/Wiz/The JBL/Depper)
  4. "Can't Truss It" – 5:21
  5. "I Don't Wanna Be Called Yo Niga" – 4:23 (Drayton/Gary G/Wiz/Robertz)
  6. "How to Kill a Radio Consultant" – 3:09
  7. "By the Time I Get to Arizona" – 4:48 (Ridenhour/Robertz/Gary G/Wiz/Depper/Mandrill/Santiago)
  8. "Move!" – 4:59
  9. "1 Million Bottlebags" – 4:06
  10. "More News at 11" – 2:39 (Drayton/Gary G/Wiz/Robertz)
  11. "Shut 'em Down" – 5:04
  12. "A Letter to the New York Post" – 2:45 (Drayton/Gary G/Wiz/Robertz)
  13. "Get the Fuck Outta Dodge" – 2:38 (Ridenhour/Houston)
  14. "Bring the Noise" (w/Anthrax) – 3:47 (Ridenhour/Shocklee/Sadler/Anthrax)

Sample credits

  • "How to Kill a Radio Consultant"
    • "Cold Sweat" by James Brown
    • "I Got Ants in My Pants" by James Brown
    • "It's a New Day" by Skull Snaps
    • "Radio" by LL Cool J
  • "By the Time I Get to Arizona"
    • "Walk On/The Love You Save" by the Jackson 5
    • "Two Sisters of Mystery" by Mandrill
  • "Move!"
  • "1 Million Bottlebags"
    • "Make it Good to Yourself" by James Brown
    • "Hot Pants... I'm Coming, I'm Coming, I'm Coming" by Bobby Byrd
    • "Damn Right I Am Somebody" by The JB's
    • "More Bounce to the Ounce" by Zapp
    • "Take Me to the Mardi Gras" by Bob James
  • "Shut Em Down"
    • "The Rainmaker" by 5th Dimension
    • "Get Up, Get Into It, Get Involved" by James Brown
    • "Ain't I Been Good to You?" by the Isley Brothers
  • "Get the Fuck Outta Dodge"
    • "Sing a Simple Song" by Sly & the Family Stone

Personnel

Public Enemy
Additional personnel
  • Anthrax – performer (track 14)
  • Frank Able – keyboards
  • Allen Givens – horns
  • Ricky Gordon – percussion
  • Tyrone Jefferson – horns
  • Al MacDowell – bass guitar
  • Steve Moss – percussion
  • Fred Wells – guitar
  • Lorenzo "Tony" Wyche – horns
  • Michael Angelo - mixing

Chart history

Billboard (North America)

Year Chart Position
1991 The Billboard 200 4
1991 Top R&B/hip-hop albums 1
1991 UK Albums Chart[14] 8

Notes

  1. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Review: Apocalypse 91… The Enemy Strikes Black. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2009-12-28.
  2. ^ Christgau, Robert. "Consumer Guide: Apocalypse 91… The Enemy Strikes Black". The Village Voice: November 5, 1991. Archived from the original on 2009-12-28.
  3. ^ White, Armond. Review: Apocalypse 91… The Enemy Strikes Black. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved on 2009-12-28.
  4. ^ Hochman, Steve. "Review: Apocalypse 91… The Enemy Strikes Black". Los Angeles Times: 64. September 29, 1991. (Transcription of original review at talk page)
  5. ^ Pareles, Jon. Review: Apocalypse 91… The Enemy Strikes Black. The New York Times. Retrieved on 2009-12-28.
  6. ^ Columnist. "Review: Apocalypse 91… The Enemy Strikes Black". NME: 47. July 15, 1995.
  7. ^ DeCurtis, Anthony. Review: Apocalypse 91… The Enemy Strikes Black. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2009-12-28.
  8. ^ Hoard, Christian. "Review: Apocalypse 91… The Enemy Strikes Black". Rolling Stone: 661–662. November 2, 2004.
  9. ^ Spencer, Trey. Review: Apocalypse 91… The Enemy Strikes Black. Sputnikmusic. Retrieved on 2009-12-28.
  10. ^ Mills, David. "Review: Apocalypse 91… The Enemy Strikes Black". The Washington Post: g.01. September 29, 1991. (Transcription of original review at talk page)
  11. ^ Imperial Grand Ministers of Funk. Discogs. Retrieved on 2009-12-28.
  12. ^ Billboard Albums: Apocalypse 91… The Enemy Strikes Black. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2009-12-28.
  13. ^ Gold & Platinum: Searchable Database. Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved on 2009-12-28.
  14. ^ [1]

References

  • Nathan Brackett, Christian Hoard (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Completely Revised and Updated 4th Edition. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-74320-169-8.  

External links








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