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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ashland County, Wisconsin from 1895 U.S. Atlas with Apostle Islands located in the north.

The Apostle Islands are a group of 22 islands in Lake Superior, off the Bayfield Peninsula in northern Wisconsin.[1] The majority of the islands are located in Ashland County—only Sand, York, Eagle, and Raspberry Islands are located in Bayfield County. All the islands except for Madeline Island and Long Island are part of the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore.

The islands are the spiritual home for the Lake Superior Chippewa. The islands were named the Apostle Islands by New France historian Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix,[2] who named them after the 12 apostles (even though there were 22 islands).[3]

Contents

Environment

"The Apostle Islands National Lakeshore provides regionally diverse and unique plant communities."[4] "Over 800 plant species occur within the lakeshore, including Wisconsin listed endangered and threatened species."[4] The Apostles are dominated by boreal forest, composed largely of white spruce (Picea glauca) and balsam-fir (Abies balsamea), often mixed with white birch (Betula papyrifera), white cedar (Thuja occidentalis), white pine (Pinus strobus), balsam-poplar (Populus balsamifera) and quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides). On Madeline Island, Stockton Island, and several other islands, a unique bog-dune ecosystem can be found near deep bays and enclosed lagoons.

According to the National Park Service, "One of the greatest concentrations of black bears in North America is found on Stockton Island in the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore. Bears also regularly inhabit Sand and Oak islands, and, due to their mobility, may be found on just about any of the Apostle Islands."[5]

"The Lakeshore provides important nesting habitat for the following colonial nesting birds: herring and ring-billed gulls, double-crested cormorants, great blue herons, and cliff swallows. Gull and Eagle Islands combined have 88% of the lakeshore's breeding herring gull populations and 80% of the herring gull breeding population on the entire Wisconsin shore of Lake Superior. Eagle Island has the only great blue heron rookery in the park."[6]

Sea caves

Some of the best sea caves of the Great Lakes are located on the shorelines of the Apostle Islands. Many of the best sea caves to visit are located at the following locations: Swallow Point on Sand Island, the North Shore of Devils Island, and near Squaw Bay on the mainland. Arches and delicate chambers are visible . During the winters, visitors can see frozen waterfalls and chambers filled with millions of delicate icicles.

Islands

Name Size (hectare) Notes
Madeline Island Largest

6,215.97

(24 mi2)

Not part of the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore
Stockton Island 4,003.48

(15.6 mi2)

Gull Island 1.42

(3.51 ac.)

Smallest
Eagle Island 11.22

(27.7 ac.)

Outer Island 3,181.30

(12.3 mi2)

Oak Island 2,033.25

(7.85 mi2)

Sand Island 1,157.17

(4.47 mi2)

Basswood Island 774.71

(2.99 mi2)

Bear Island 734.14

(2.83 mi2)

Michigan Island 622.73

(2.4 mi2)

Hermit Island 316.72

(1.22 mi2)

Cat Island 541.92

(2.09 mi2)

Otter Island 535.29

(2.07 mi2)

Manitou Island 536.31

(2.07 mi2)

Rocky Island 424.66

(1.64 mi2)

Long Island 124.94

(308.7 ac.)

not geologically part of the Apostle Islands, but rather an extension of Chequamegon Point
Ironwood Island 269.55

(1.04 mi2)

York Island 110.82

(273.8 ac.)

Raspberry Island 116.39

(287.6 ac.)

Devils Island 125.57

(310.3 ac.)

South Twin Island 136.13

(336.4 ac.)

North Twin Island 67.04

(165.7 ac.)

(source)

See also

References

  1. ^ Apostle Islands
  2. ^ Historic Diaries: James Doty, 1820; Wisconsin Historical Society; Retrieved July 26, 2008
  3. ^ Paprock, John-Brian; Teresa Peneguy Paprock (2001). Sacred Sites of Wisconsin. Big Earth Publishing. p. 105. ISBN 1931599017. http://books.google.com/books?id=sgf7JmzmBO0C&pg=PA105&dq=%22madeline+island%22+%22spiritual%22&sig=ACfU3U1uKT0om-SpBWYlOS5_MtP1F2ks_g.  
  4. ^ a b Plants. National Park Service. 4 March 2008.
  5. ^ Bear of the Apostles. National Park Service. 4 March 2008.
  6. ^ Birds. 8 January 2008. National Park Service. 4 March 2008.

External links

Coordinates: 46°57′55″N 90°39′51″W / 46.96528°N 90.66417°W / 46.96528; -90.66417

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Apostle Islands National Lakeshore article)

From Wikitravel

North America : United States of America : Midwest : Wisconsin : Apostle Islands National Lakeshore
Contents

Apostle Islands National Lakeshore [1] is a United States National Lakeshore that is located in the state of Wisconsin. The park is a collection of twenty-one islands and twelve miles of coastline along Lake Superior.

Get around

The lakeshore has 20+ miles of shoreline on the mainland between Redcliff and Cornucopia. The shore has been carved by the wind and waves of the biggest lake in the world with many interesting rock outcroppings and caves. Truly a sea kayakers freshwater paradise.

  • Ehlers Store, 88545 Superior Av, Cornucopia WI (1 block off State Highway #13), 715-742-3232, [2]. Old time general store  edit
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