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In the Roman Catholic
Church, the Apostolic Pardon is an indulgence given for the
remission of sins. The Apostolic
Pardon is given by a priest,
usually along with Viaticum (i.e. reception of Communion by a
dying person, see Pastoral Care of the Sick, USA numbers 184, 187,
195, 201). It is not usually given as part of the sacrament of Anointing of the Sick. However if
the Anointing of the Sick is given with Viaticum, in exceptional
circumstances or an emergency, it may be given then. (See Pastoral
Care of the Sick, USA numbers 243, 265) Prior to the Second Vatican Council, the
Apostolic Pardon was called the Apostolic Blessing.
According to the church, a person who is properly disposed by
being in the state of grace- i.e., the person has committed no
known and unconfessed mortal sins- who receives the Apostolic
Pardon gains the complete pardon of all temporal punishment due to
sin that has already been forgiven by the reception of absolution
and the doing of penance, i.e., a plenary indulgence. The Apostolic
Pardon does not forgive sins by the act of absolution; it deals
only with the punishment (purgation) due for those sins that have
already been sacramentally forgiven.
The current form of the Apostolic Pardon usually takes one of
- Latin: "Ego facultáte mihi ab Apostólica Sede tribúta,
indulgéntiam plenáriuam et remissiónem ómnium peccatórum tibi
concédo, in nómine Patris, et Fílii, + et Spíritus Sancti.
- English: "By the authority which the Apostolic See has
given me, I grant you a full pardon and the remission of all your
the name of the Father, and of the Son, + and of the Holy
- Latin: "Per sancrosáncta humánæ reparatiónis mystéria,
remíttat tibi omnípotens Deus omnes præséntis et futúræ vitae pœnas
paradísi portas apériat et ad gáudia te sempitérna perdúcat.
- English: "Through the holy mysteries of our redemption, may
almighty God release you from all
punishments in this life and in the life to come. May He open to
you the gates of paradise
and welcome you to everlasting joy."
The older form of the Apostolic Blessing is as follows;
- "Ego facultate mihi ab Apostolica Sede tributa,
indulgentiam plenariam et remissionem omnium peccatorum tibi
concedo et benedico te. In nomine Patris, et Filii, + et Spirtus
Sancti, Amen." - "By the Faculty which the Apostolic See
has given me, I grant you a plenary indulgence and the remission of
all your sins, and I bless you. In the Name of the Father and the
Son + and the Holy Spirit. Amen."
- Eternal sin -
the "Unpardonable" or "Unforgivable" sin (or blasphemy) against the
Spirit. On the word of Jesus of Nazareth there are actions that
will not, cannot be forgiven either in "this world or the