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Appalachian Mountains
Appalachians
Range
.
View from the slopes of Back Allegheny Mountain, looking east, in the Appalachian Mountains.^ Included in the Appalachian system are the Allegheny Mountains, the Blue Ridge Mountains, and the Great Smoky Mountains, along with the Great Valley, which takes in the Shenandoah, the James, the New, and the Tennessee valleys.
  • The Appalachians: America's First and Last Frontier : ISBN 9781400061860 - Buy.com 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.buy.com [Source type: General]

^ The steep slopes and rocky soils of the Southern Appalachians make the region less hospitable to large-scale farming than the regions to the South and East.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Enjoy the breathtaking view of the Tennessee and North Carolina mountains from the back deck of this Brand New isolated cabin at Mount Pisgah.
  • Blue Ridge Cabin Rentals - North Georgia Homes, Chalets 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.findvacationrentals.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Visible are Allegheny Mountain (in the Monongahela National Forest of West Virginia, middle distance) and Shenandoah Mountain (in the George Washington National Forest of Virginia, far distance).
Countries United States, Canada
Region Newfoundland,[1][2]
Highest point Mount Mitchell
 - elevation 6,684 ft (2,037 m)
Orogeny Taconic
Period Ordovician
.The Appalachian Mountains (En-us-Appalachian.ogg ˌæpəˈleɪʃɨn or /ˌæpəˈlætʃɨn/), often called the Appalachians, are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America.^ Moon over Appalachian mountains in North Carolina.
  • Appalachian mountains Stock Photos and Images. 452 Appalachian mountains pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ The Appalachian mountains have been called a microcosm of the Earth.
  • Human Influence on the Appalachian Mountains, Page 2 of 6 - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ Appalachian Mountains - 2 reference results Appalachian Mountains The Appalachian Mountains often called the Appalachians , are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America .
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Definitions vary on the precise boundaries of the Appalachians.^ Definitions vary on the precise boundaries of the Appalachians .
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pánfilo de Narváez’s tions vary on the precise boundaries of the expedition first entered Apalachee territory on June 15, The Appalachians in North Carolina.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A common variant definition does not include the Adirondack Mountains, which are often said to have more in common with the Canadian Shield than the Appalachians.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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.The United States Geological Survey (USGS) defines the Appalachian Highlands physiographic division as consisting of thirteen provinces: the Atlantic Coast Uplands, Eastern Newfoundland Atlantic, Maritime Acadian Highlands, Maritime Plain, Notre Dame And Megantic Mountains, Western Newfoundland Mountains, Piedmont, Blue Ridge, Valley and Ridge, Saint Lawrence Valley, Appalachian Plateaus, New England province, and the Adirondack provinces.^ Additional Information: Bear Mountain State Park - The park rests along the western shore of the Hudson River at the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains offering splendid day use amenities.
  • Wildernet.com - Appalachian Trail - New York 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.wildernet.com [Source type: News]

^ Ellijay is the home of fresh North Georgia Blue Ridge mountain grown apples!
  • NORTH GEORGIA LUXURY CABIN RENTAL IN ELLIJAY - GEORGIA CABINS - ELLIJAY CABINS IN GEORGIA MOUNTAINS 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.ellijaycabins.com [Source type: General]

^ Kristy Petrillo is a true professional when it comes to selling the North Georgia Mountains (the Blue Ridge and Ellijay areas).
  • Blue Ridge GA Real Estate, Ellijay GA Real Estate 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC georgiamountains.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3][4] .A common variant definition does not include the Adirondack Mountains, which are often said to have more in common with the Canadian Shield than the Appalachians.^ Definitions vary on the precise boundaries of the Appalachians .
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Definitions vary on the precise boundaries of the Appalachians.
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A common variant definition does not include the Adirondack Mountains, which are often said to have more in common with the Canadian Shield than the Appalachians.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5][6][7]

Contents

Overview

.The range is mostly located in the United States but extends into southeastern Canada, forming a zone from 100 to 300 miles (160 to 480 km) wide, running from the island of Newfoundland 1,500 miles (2,400 km) south-westward to central Alabama in the United States.^ The range is mostly located in the United States but extends into southeastern Canada, forming a zone from 100 to 300 miles (160 to 480 km) wide, running from the island of Newfoundland 1,500 miles (2,400 km) south-westward to central Alabama in the United States (with foothills in northeastern Mississippi).
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Appalachian Mountains - Flora and fauna: Encyclopedia - Appalachian Mountains The Appalachian Mountains are a vast system of North American mountains, partly in Canada, but mostly in the United States, extending as a zone, from 100 to 300 miles wide, running from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, 1500 miles south-westward to central Alabama in the United States, although the northernmost mainland portion ends at the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec.

^ The range is mostly located in the United States but extends into southeastern Canada , forming a zone from 100 to 300 miles (160 to 480 km) wide, running from the island of Newfoundland 1,500 miles (2,400 km) south-westward to central Alabama in the United States (with foothills in northeastern Mississippi ).
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The system is divided into a series of ranges, with the individual mountains averaging around 3,000 ft (900 m).^ The system is divided into a series of ranges, with the individual mountains averaging around 3000 ft.

^ The system is divided into a series of ranges, with the individual mountains averaging around 3,000 ft (900 m).
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A remarkable feature of the belt is the longitudinal chain of broad valleys, including The Great Appalachian Valley, which in the southerly sections divides the mountain system into two subequal portions, but in the northernmost lies west of all the ranges possessing typical Appalachian features, and separates them from the Adirondack group.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The highest of the group is Mount Mitchell in North Carolina at 6,684 feet (2,037 m), which is the highest point in the United States east of the Mississippi River.^ The highest of the group is Mount Mitchell in North Carolina at 6,684 feet (2,037 m), which is the highest point in the United States east of the Mississippi River .
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United States east of the Mississippi River as well as the second highest point in eastern North America.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their highest peak is Mount Mitchell in North Carolina.
  • Appalachian Mountains (mountains, North America) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

.The term Appalachian refers to several different regions associated with the mountain range.^ Smoky Mountains A range of mountains in the southern Appalachians.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The term Appalachian refers to several different regions associated with the mountain range.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The term Appalachian refers to several different re- elevation 6,684 ft (2,037 m) gions associated with the mountain range.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most broadly, it refers to the entire mountain range with its surrounding hills and the dissected plateau region.^ Most broadly, it refers to the entire mountain range with its surrounding hills and the dissected plateau region.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to the true folded mountains, known as the ridge and valley province, the area of dissected plateau to the north and west of the mountains is usually grouped with the Appalachians .
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The term Appalachia is used to refer to different regions associated with the mountain range.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, the term is often used more restrictively to refer to regions in the central and southern Appalachian Mountains, usually including areas in the states of Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, Maryland, West Virginia, and North Carolina, as well as sometimes extending as far south as northern Georgia and western South Carolina, as far north as Pennsylvania, and as far west as southern Ohio.^ Appalachian Mountains, Southern -- Social conditions .

^ However, the term is often used more restrictively to refer to regions in the central and southern Appalachian Mountains, usually including areas in the states of Kentucky , Tennessee , Virginia , Maryland , West Virginia , and North Carolina , as well as sometimes extending as far south as northern Georgia and western South Carolina , as far north as Pennsylvania , and as far west as southern Ohio .
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The bituminous coal fields of western Pennsylvania , western Maryland , southeastern Ohio , eastern Kentucky , southwestern Virginia , and West Virginia is the sedimentary form.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Ouachita Mountains in Arkansas and Oklahoma were originally part of the Appalachians as well, but were disconnected through geologic history.^ The Ouachita Mountains in Arkansas and Oklahoma were originally part of the Appalachians as well, but were disconnected through geologic history.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ The mountains also yield high-quality marble...from Massachusetts to Canada; the Appalachian Trail runs through the southern...
  • Appalachian Mountains: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Prior to the War for Independence, the vastness of the Appalachian mountain range hindered any large-scale westward expansion, although tales of Daniel Boone’s exploits and his exploration of the Cumberland Gap are a vital part of early Appalachian history and folklore.
  • The Appalachians: America's First and Last Frontier : ISBN 9781400061860 - Buy.com 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.buy.com [Source type: General]

.While exploring inland along the northern coast of Florida in 1528, the members of the Narváez expedition, including Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, found a Native American village near present-day Tallahassee, Florida whose name they transcribed as Apalchen or Apalachen [a.paˈla.tʃɛn].^ While exploring the northern coast of Florida in 1528, the members of the Narvez expedition, including lvar Nez Cabeza de Vaca, found a Native American town whose name they transcribed as Apalachen.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While exploring the northern coast of Florida in 1528, the members of the Narváez expedition , including Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca , found a Native American town whose name they transcribed as Apalachen [a.paˈla.tʃɛn].
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Native American The preferred name for an American Indian.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The name was soon altered by the Spanish to Apalachee and used as a name for the tribe and region spreading well inland to the north.^ Definispreading well inland to the north.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The name was soon altered by the Spanish /ˌæpəˈlætʃɨn/), often called the Appalachians, are a vast to Apalachee and used as a name for the tribe and region system of mountains in eastern North America.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Defends North Carolina regional novelist’s use of dialect in her children’s novels.
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Pánfilo de Narváez's expedition first entered Apalachee territory on June 15, 1528 and applied the name.^ Pánfilo de Narváez’s tions vary on the precise boundaries of the expedition first entered Apalachee territory on June 15, The Appalachians in North Carolina.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now spelled "Appalachian", it is the fourth oldest surviving European place-name in the U.S. [8] After the de Soto expedition in 1540, Spanish cartographers began to apply the name of the tribe to the mountains themselves.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While exploring the northern coast of Florida in 1528, the members of the Narvez expedition, including lvar Nez Cabeza de Vaca, found a Native American town whose name they transcribed as Apalachen.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Now spelled "Appalachian", it is the fourth oldest surviving European place-name in the U.S.[8]
.After the de Soto expedition in 1540, Spanish cartographers began to apply the name of the tribe to the mountains themselves.^ Now spelled "Appalachian", it is the fourth oldest surviving European place-name in the U.S. [8] After the de Soto expedition in 1540, Spanish cartographers began to apply the name of the tribe to the mountains themselves.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The name was soon altered by the Spanish /ˌæpəˈlætʃɨn/), often called the Appalachians, are a vast to Apalachee and used as a name for the tribe and region system of mountains in eastern North America.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The first cartographic appearance of Apalchen is on Diego Gutierrez' map of 1562; the first use for the mountain range is the map of Jacques le Moyne de Morgues in 1565.[9]
.The name was not commonly used for the whole mountain range until the late 19th century.^ The name was not commonly used for the whole mountain range until the late 19th century.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first cartographic appearance of Apalchen is on Diego Gutierrez’ map of 1562; the first use for the mountain range is the map of Jacques le Moyne de Morgues in 1565.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the Cherokeewere eventually dominated by European settlers, the area was used as an open hunting ground until the middle of the 19th century.
  • BlueRidgeTimes.com User Community and News About the Blue Ridge Mountains 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC blueridgetimes.com [Source type: General]

.A competing and often more popular name was the "Allegheny Mountains", "Alleghenies", and even "Alleghania."^ A common variant definition does not include the Adirondack Mountains, which are often said to have more in common with the Canadian Shield than the Appalachians.
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even today, no more than half a dozen roads cross Pine Mountain.
  • Sherpa Guides | Virginia | Mountains | Appalachian Plateau | Breaks Interstate Park 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.sherpaguides.com [Source type: General]

^ A competing and often more popular name was the "Allegheny Mountains", "Alleghenies", and even "Alleghania."
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the early 19th century, Washington Irving proposed renaming the United States either Appalachia or Alleghania.^ In the early 19th century, Washington Irving proposed renaming the United States either Appalachia or Alleghania.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Traces term for trivial and high-sounding verbiage to early 19th-century Congressman from Western North Carolina county by the name.
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The spine of Appalachia is the Appalachian mountain range, which begins in the Saint Lawrence Valley, in Canada, and runs right down the eastern part of the United States.
  • The Appalachians: America's First and Last Frontier : ISBN 9781400061860 - Buy.com 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.buy.com [Source type: General]

[10]
In southern U.S. dialects, the mountains are pronounced /ˌæpəˈlætʃɨnz/, with the third syllable sounding like "latch". In northern U.S. dialects, they are pronounced/ˌæpəˈleɪtʃɨnz/ or /ˌæpəˈleɪʃɨnz/; the third syllable is like "lay", and the fourth "chins" or "shins".[11]

Geography

Regions

USGS Appalachian zones in the United States.
Shaded relief map of the Cumberland Plateau and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians on the Virginia-West Virginia border.
.The whole system may be divided into three great sections: the Northern, from the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador to the Hudson River; the Central, from the Hudson Valley to the New River (Great Kanawha) running through Virginia and West Virginia; and the Southern, from the New River onwards.^ The whole system may be divided into three great sections: the Northern, from the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador to the Hudson River; the Central, from the Hudson Valley to the New River (Great Kanawha), in Virginia and West Virginia ; and the Southern, from the New River onwards.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The whole system may be divided into three great sections: the Northern, from the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador to the Hudson River; the Central, 2 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia southwestern New York, western Pennsylvania, eastern Ohio and northern West Virginia.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The whole system may be divided into three great sections: the Northern , from Newfoundland, Canada to the Hudson river; the Central , from the Hudson Valley to that of New River (Great Kanawha), in Virginia and West Virginia; and the Southern , from New River onwards.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The northern section includes the Long Range Mountains and Annieopsquotch Mountains on the island of Newfoundland, Chic-Choc Mountains and Notre Dame Range in Quebec and New Brunswick, scattered elevations and small ranges elsewhere in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, the Longfellow Mountains in Maine, the White Mountains in New Hampshire, the Green Mountains in Vermont, and The Berkshires in Massachusetts and Connecticut.^ Mount Carleton, the tallest mountain in the New Brunswick section of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These include such mountains as, in the northern area, the Shickshocks (French: Chic-Chocs) and the Notre Dame ranges in Quebec; the Long Range on the island of Newfoundland; the great monadnock (isolated hill of bedrock) of Mount Katahdin in Maine; the White Mountains of New Hampshire ; and Vermont ’s Green Mountains , which become the Berkshire Hills in Massachusetts , Connecticut , and eastern New York .
  • Appalachian Mountains (mountains, North America) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The northern section includes the Long Range Mountains and Annieopsquotch Mountains on the island of Newfoundland, Chic-Choc Mountains and Notre Dame Range in Quebec and New Brunswick, scattered elevations and small ranges elsewhere in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, the Longfellow Mountains in Maine, the White Mountains in New Hampshire, the Green Mountains in Vermont, and The Berkshires in Massachusetts and Connecticut, the Metacomet Ridge Mountains in Connecticut and south-central Massachusetts.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Metacomet Ridge Mountains in Connecticut and south-central Massachusetts, although contained within the Appalachian province, is a younger system and not geologically associated with the Appalachians.^ The Metacomet Ridge Mountains in Connecticut and south-central Massachusetts, although contained within the Appalachian province, is a younger system and not geologically associated with the Appalachians.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Included in the Appalachian system are the Allegheny Mountains, the Blue Ridge Mountains, and the Great Smoky Mountains, along with the Great Valley, which takes in the Shenandoah, the James, the New, and the Tennessee valleys.
  • The Appalachians: America's First and Last Frontier : ISBN 9781400061860 - Buy.com 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.buy.com [Source type: General]

^ They are part of the Unaka chain which is an off-shoot of the Blue Ridge Mountains, but definable in the sense that they contain some of the highest peaks in the master chain of the Appalachian System, which traverses over 2000 miles from Canada to Alabama.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The central section comprises, excluding various minor groups, the Valley Ridges between the Allegheny Front of the Allegheny Plateau and the Great Appalachian Valley, the New York - New Jersey Highlands, the Taconic Mountains in New York, and a large portion of the Blue Ridge.^ Mount Carleton, the tallest mountain in the New Brunswick section of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Included in the Appalachian system are the Allegheny Mountains, the Blue Ridge Mountains, and the Great Smoky Mountains, along with the Great Valley, which takes in the Shenandoah, the James, the New, and the Tennessee valleys.
  • The Appalachians: America's First and Last Frontier : ISBN 9781400061860 - Buy.com 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.buy.com [Source type: General]

^ The central section comprises, excluding various minor groups, the Valley Ridges between the Allegheny Front of the Allegheny Plateau and the Great Appalachian Valley, the New York - New Jersey Highlands, the Taconic Mountains in New York, and a large portion of the Blue Ridge.
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.The southern section consists of the prolongation of the Blue Ridge, which is divided into the Western Blue Ridge (or Unaka) Front and the Eastern Blue Ridge Front, the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, and the Cumberland Plateau.^ The southern section consists of the prolongation of the Blue Ridge, the Unaka Range , and the Valley Ridges adjoining the Cumberland Plateau , with some lesser ranges.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The southern section consists of the prolongation of the Blue Ridge, which is divided into the Western Blue Ridge (or Unaka) Front and the Eastern Blue Ridge Front, the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, and the Cumberland Plateau.
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^ A remarkable feature of the belt is the longitudinal chain of broad valleys, including The Great Appalachian Valley, which in the southerly sections divides the mountain system into two subequal portions, but in the northernmost lies west of all the ranges possessing typical Appalachian features, and separates them from the Adirondack group.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Adirondack Mountains in New York are sometimes considered part of the Appalachian chain but, geologically speaking, are a southern extension of the Laurentian Mountains of Canada.^ Appalachian Tragedy, what...resources in the Appalachian mountain chain.
  • Appalachian Mountains: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Smoky Mountains A range of mountains in the southern Appalachians.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Adirondack Mountains in New York are sometimes considered part of the Appalachian chain but, geologically speaking, are a southern extension of the Laurentian Mountains of Canada.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5][6][7]
.In addition to the true folded mountains, known as the ridge and valley province, the area of dissected plateau to the north and west of the mountains is usually grouped with the Appalachians.^ In addition to the true folded mountains, known as the ridge and valley province , the area of dissected plateau to the north and west of the mountains is usually grouped with the Appalachians.
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moon over Appalachian mountains in North Carolina.
  • Appalachian mountains Stock Photos and Images. 452 Appalachian mountains pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition to the true folded mountains, known as the ridge and valley province, the area of dissected plateau to the north and west of the mountains is usually grouped with the Appalachians.
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.This includes the Catskill Mountains of southeastern New York, the Poconos in Pennsylvania, and the Allegheny Plateau of southwestern New York, western Pennsylvania, eastern Ohio and northern West Virginia.^ The bituminous coal fields of western Pennsylvania , western Maryland , southeastern Ohio , eastern Kentucky , southwestern Virginia , and West Virginia is the sedimentary form.
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^ The bituminous coal fields of western Pennsylvania , western Maryland , southeastern Ohio, eastern Kentucky, southwestern Virginia , and West Virginia is the sedimentary form.
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^ This includes the Catskill Mountains of southeastern New York , the Poconos in Pennsylvania , and the Allegheny Plateau of southwestern New York, western Pennsylvania, eastern Ohio and northern West Virginia .
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This same plateau is known as the Cumberland Plateau in southern West Virginia, eastern Kentucky, western Virginia, eastern Tennessee, and northern Alabama.^ Eastern Kentucky and Southern West Virginia, 19 having moved to Chicago].
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Fastest growth is expected in northern Georgia, eastern Tennessee, and northern and southern Virginia.
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^ This same plateau is known as the Cumberland Plateau in southern West Virginia , eastern Kentucky , western Virginia , eastern Tennessee , and northern Alabama .
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.The dissected plateau area, while not actually made up of geological mountains, is popularly called 'mountains', especially in eastern Kentucky and West Virginia, and while the ridges are not high, the terrain is extremely rugged.^ The dissected plateau area, while not actually made up of geological mountains, is popularly called 'mountains', especially in eastern Kentucky and West Virginia , and while the ridges are not high, the terrain is extremely rugged.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The dissected plateau area, while not actually made up of geological mountains, is popularly called ’mountains’, especially in eastern Kentucky and West Virginia, and while the ridges are not high, the terrain is extremely rugged.
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^ Mountain near Rawl, West Virginia .
  • Mountain near Rawl, West Virginia on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: General]

.In Ohio and New York, some of the plateau has been glaciated, which has rounded off the sharp ridges, and filled the valleys to some extent.^ In Ohio and New York , some of the plateau has been glaciated, which has rounded off the sharp ridges, and filled the valleys to some extent.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Ohio and New York, some of the plateau has been glaciated, which has rounded off the sharp ridges, and filled the valleys to some extent.
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^ Included in the Appalachian system are the Allegheny Mountains, the Blue Ridge Mountains, and the Great Smoky Mountains, along with the Great Valley, which takes in the Shenandoah, the James, the New, and the Tennessee valleys.
  • The Appalachians: America's First and Last Frontier : ISBN 9781400061860 - Buy.com 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.buy.com [Source type: General]

.The glaciated regions are usually referred to as hill country rather than mountains.^ The glaciated regions are usually referred to as hill country rather than mountains.
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^ The term Appalachian refers to several different regions associated with the mountain range.
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^ Classifies forty grammatical features prevalent in the region and finds that a significant majority came from Ulster and Scotland rather than from England or from the British Isles in general.
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The Appalachian region is generally considered the geographical dividing line between the eastern seaboard of the United States and the Midwest region of the country.^ The Appalachian region is generally considered the geographical dividing line between the eastern seaboard of the United States and the Midwest region of the country.
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^ USGS Appalachian zones in the United States.
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^ The second...higher than the rates for the Appalachian region or the United States...
  • Appalachian Mountains: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.The Eastern Continental Divide follows the Appalachian Mountains from Pennsylvania to Georgia.^ Mountain realtors home and land listings for the Great Smoky Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains, North Alabama, North Georgia, Tennessee, Pennsylvania and Virginia.
  • Appalachian Mountain Realty Guide - Real Estate Directory - Site Map 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC webfolks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The death of the Pacific would come as the Americas smash into eastern Asia and Australia, raising up a Himalayan/Appalachian style mountain belt.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ All you have to do is follow in the footsteps of Daniel Boone and the hundreds of thousands of early American settlers who crossed west over the Appalachian Mountains on the Wilderness Trail.
  • Blue Ridge, Smoky, Shenandoah, West Virginia Fall Foliage and Colors Tours 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.tripcart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Appalachian Trail is a 2,175-mile (3,500 km) hiking trail that runs all the way from Mount Katahdin in Maine to Springer Mountain in Georgia, passing over or past a large part of the Appalachian system.^ The Appalachian Trail, one of America’s great hiking challenges, actually runs from Maine to northern Georgia.
  • The Appalachians: America's First and Last Frontier : ISBN 9781400061860 - Buy.com 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.buy.com [Source type: General]

^ (Selections from Hiking the Appalachian Trail 1975.
  • Books for Hikers » Appalachian Trail 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.booksforhikers.com [Source type: General]

^ The Appalachian Trail is a hiking trail that runs all the way from Mount Katahdin in Maine to Springer Mountain in Georgia, passing over or past a large part of the Appalachian system.
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.The International Appalachian Trail is an extension of this hiking trail into the Canadian portion of the Appalachian range.^ (Selections from Hiking the Appalachian Trail 1975.
  • Books for Hikers » Appalachian Trail 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.booksforhikers.com [Source type: General]

^ The International Appalachian Trail is an extension of this hiking trail into the Canadian portion of the Appalachian range.
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^ [One of the 4 sections of the book is about his Appalachian Trail hike.
  • Books for Hikers » Appalachian Trail 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.booksforhikers.com [Source type: General]

Chief summits

.The Appalachian belt includes, with the ranges enumerated above, the plateaus sloping southward to the Atlantic Ocean in New England, and south-eastward to the border of the coastal plain through the central and southern Atlantic states; and on the north-west, the Allegheny and Cumberland plateaus declining toward the Great Lakes and the interior plains.^ The Appalachian belt includes, with the ranges enumerated above, the plateaus sloping southward to the Atlantic Ocean in New England, and south-eastward to the border of the coastal plain through the central and southern Atlantic states; and on the north-west, the Allegheny and Cumberland plateaus declining toward the Great Lakes and the interior plains.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Smoky Mountains A range of mountains in the southern Appalachians.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Why are ruffed grouse declining in the central and southern Appalachians?
  • MAIN - Invasive Speices 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC fwie.fw.vt.edu [Source type: Academic]

.A remarkable feature of the belt is the longitudinal chain of broad valleys, including The Great Appalachian Valley, which in the southerly sections divides the mountain system into two subequal portions, but in the northernmost lies west of all the ranges possessing typical Appalachian features, and separates them from the Adirondack group.^ A remarkable feature of the belt is the longitudinal chain of broad valleys, including The Great Appalachian Valley, which in the southerly sections divides the mountain system into two subequal portions, but in the northernmost lies west of all the ranges possessing typical Appalachian features, and separates them from the Adirondack group.
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^ A remarkable feature of the belt is the longitudinal chain of broad valleys—the Great Appalachian Valley—which in the southerly sections divides the mountain system into two subequal portions, but in the northernmost lies west of all the ranges possessing typical Appalachian features, and separates them from the Adirondack group.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Smoky Mountains A range of mountains in the southern Appalachians.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The mountain system has no axis of dominating altitudes, but in every portion the summits rise to rather uniform heights, and, especially in the central section, the various ridges and intermontane valleys have the same trend as the system itself.^ The mountain system has no axis of dominating altitudes, but in every portion the summits rise to rather uniform heights, and, especially in the central section, the various ridges and intermontane valleys have the same trend as the system itself.
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^ Included in the Appalachian system are the Allegheny Mountains, the Blue Ridge Mountains, and the Great Smoky Mountains, along with the Great Valley, which takes in the Shenandoah, the James, the New, and the Tennessee valleys.
  • The Appalachians: America's First and Last Frontier : ISBN 9781400061860 - Buy.com 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.buy.com [Source type: General]

^ The whole system may be divided into three great sections: the Northern, from the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador to the Hudson River; the Central, from the Hudson Valley to the New River (Great Kanawha), in Virginia and West Virginia ; and the Southern, from the New River onwards.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.None of the summits reaches the region of perpetual snow.^ None of the summits reaches the region of perpetual snow.
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.
Old fault exposed by roadcut near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, along Interstate 81.
^ Appalachian Mountains Old fault exposed by roadcut near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, along Interstate 81.
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Such faults are common in the folded Appalachians.
.Mountains of the Long Range in Newfoundland reach heights of nearly 3,000 ft (910 m).^ Mountains of the Long Range in Newfoundland reach heights of nearly 3,000 ft (910 m).
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^ Mountains of the Long Range in Newfoundland reach heights of nearly .
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^ The only other peak in the Appalachian Mountain Range that exceeds 6,000 feet in elevation is Mount Washington (6,288 ft) in New Hampshire’s White Mountains.
  • The Blue Ridge Field Journal - Andrew Young - Falling Run Photography 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.blueridgefieldjournal.com [Source type: General]

.In the Shickshocks and Notre Dame ranges in Quebec the higher summits rise to about 4,000 ft (1,200 m).^ In the Shickshocks and Notre Dame ranges in Quebec the higher summits rise to about .
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^ In the Shickshocks and Notre Dame ranges in Quebec the higher summits rise to about 4,000 ft (1,200 m).
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^ Mountains of the Long Range in Newfoundland reach heights of nearly 3,000 ft (910 m).
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elevation. .Isolated peaks and small ranges in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick vary from of 1,000 - 2,700 ft (820 m).^ Isolated peaks and small ranges in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick vary from of 1,000 - 2,700 ft (820 m).
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^ The northern section includes the Long Range Mountains and Annieopsquotch Mountains on the island of Newfoundland, Chic-Choc Mountains and Notre Dame Range in Quebec and New Brunswick, scattered elevations and small ranges elsewhere in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, the Longfellow Mountains in Maine, the White Mountains in New Hampshire, the Green Mountains in Vermont, and The Berkshires in Massachusetts and Connecticut, the Metacomet Ridge Mountains in Connecticut and south-central Massachusetts.
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^ The northern section includes the Long Range Mountains and Annieopsquotch Mountains on the island of Newfoundland, Chic-Choc Mountains and Notre Dame Range in Quebec and New Brunswick, scattered elevations and small ranges elsewhere in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, the Longfellow Mountains in Maine, the White Mountains in New Hampshire, the Green Mountains in Vermont, and The Berkshires in Massachusetts and Connecticut.
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.In Maine several peaks exceed 4,000 ft (1,200 m)., including Mount Katahdin (5,267 ft).^ In Maine several peaks exceed ., including Mount Katahdin (5,267 ft).
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^ In Maine several peaks exceed 4,000 ft (1,200 m)., including Mount Katahdin (5,267 ft).
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^ The Unaka Ranges (including the Black and Great Smoky Mountains ) have eighteen peaks higher than 5,000 ft (1,500 m)., and eight surpassing 6,000 ft (1,800 m).
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.In New Hampshire, many summits rise above 4,000 feet (1,200 m), including Mount Washington in the White Mountains (6,288 ft/1917 m), plus Adams (5,771), Jefferson (5,712), Monroe (5,380), Madison (5,367), Lafayette (5,260), and Lincoln (5,089).^ General Blue Ridge Mountain Info No Responses » The Blue Ridge is home to 40 mountain peaks that rise above 6,000 feet including Mount Mitchell, which is the highest point east of the Mississippi River.
  • The Blue Ridge Field Journal - Andrew Young - Falling Run Photography 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.blueridgefieldjournal.com [Source type: General]

^ Mount Carleton, the tallest mountain in the New Brunswick section of the Appalachian Mountains.
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^ [Credits : Jeremy Woodhouse/Getty Images] Mount Washington as seen from the Saco River near Conway, N.H.[Credits : Dick Smith] The Tennessee River as seen from Lookout Mountain, Tenn.
  • Appalachian Mountains (mountains, North America) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

.In the Green Mountains the highest point, Mt.^ In the Green Mountains the highest point, Mt.
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^ Mitchell in the Black Mountain range, the highest point in the eastern US at 6684’ and past Craggy Mountain with its acres of rhododendrons.
  • Riding the Blue Ridge Parkway | Bike World News 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.bikeworldnews.com [Source type: General]

^ We had 70 miles to cover and about another 8000’ of climbing that would take us over the highest point on the Blue Ridge at 6053’ Richland Balsam Mountain.
  • Riding the Blue Ridge Parkway | Bike World News 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.bikeworldnews.com [Source type: General]

.Mansfield, is 4,393 feet (1,339 m) in elevation; others include Killington Peak at 4,226 ft (1,288 m)., Camel's Hump at 4,083 ft (1,244 m)., Mt.^ Mansfield, is 4,393 feet (1,339 m) in elevation; others include Killington Peak at 4,226 ft (1,288 m)., Camel’s Hump at 4,083 ft (1,244 m)., Mt.
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^ In the Great Smoky Mountains , Clingmans Dome (6,643 ft) is the highest peak, with several others above 6,000 and many higher than 5,000.
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^ Preview: The South Toe has its headwaters on Mount Mitchell, the highest peak east of the Rockies (elevation 6,684 feet), which is south from the put-in.
  • Appalachian Mountains of NC Whitewater Paddling - Whitewater Kayaking Routes 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.trails.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Abraham at 4,006 ft (1,221 m)., and a number of other heights exceeding 3,000 ft (910 m).^ Mountains of the Long Range in Newfoundland reach heights of nearly 3,000 ft (910 m).
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^ In the Great Smoky Mountains, Clingman's Dome (6,643 ft) is the highest peak, with several others above 6,000 and many higher than 5,000.
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^ In the southern section of the Blue Ridge is Grandfather Mountain (5,964 ft), with three other summits above 5,000, and a dozen more above 4000.
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.In Pennsylvania, there are over sixty summits that rise over 2,500 ft (760 m); the summits of Mount Davis and Blue Knob rise over 3,000 ft (910 m).^ In Pennsylvania, there are over sixty summits that rise over ; the summits of Mount Davis and Blue Knob rise over .
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^ In Pennsylvania, there are over sixty summits that rise over 2,500 ft (760 m); the summits of Mount Davis and Blue Knob rise over 3,000 ft (910 m).
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^ The Blue Ridge Mountains , rising in southern Pennsylvania and there known as South Mountain , attain in that state an elevation of about .; southward to the Potomac its altitudes diminish, but once in Virginia the Blue Ridge again reaches .
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.In Maryland, Eagle Rock and Dans Mountain are conspicuous points reaching 3,162 ft (964 m).^ In Maryland , Eagle Rock and Dans Mountain are conspicuous points reaching 3,162 ft (964 m).
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^ In Maryland, Eagle Rock and Dans Mountain are conspicuous points reaching 3,162 ft (964 m).
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^ In Maryland, Eagle Rock and Dans Mountain are conspicuous points reaching .
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and 2,882 ft (878 m). respectively. .On the same side of the Great Valley, south of the Potomac, are the Pinnacle (3,007 ft) and Pidgeon Roost (3,400 ft).^ On the same side of the Great Valley, south of the Potomac, are the Pinnacle (3,007 ft) and Pidgeon Roost (3,400 ft).
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^ On the same side of the Great Valley , south of the Potomac , are the Pinnacle (3,007 ft) and Pidgeon Roost (3,400 ft).
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^ Long a major north-south travel and settlement corridor, the Great Valley is one of the most fertile areas in the E United States.
  • Appalachian Mountains: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

.In West Virginia, more than 150 peaks rise above 4,000 ft (1,200 m)., including Spruce Knob (4863 ft), the highest point in the Allegheny Mountains.^ Thorny Flat (4,848 ft) and Bald Knob (4,842 ft) are among the more notable peaks in West Virginia.
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^ In West Virginia, more than 150 peaks rise above 4,000 ft (1,200 m)., including Spruce Knob (4863 ft), the highest point in the Allegheny Mountains.
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^ In the Green Mountains the highest point, Mt.
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.A number of other points in the state rise above 4,800 ft (1,500 m).^ A number of other points in the state rise above 4,800 ft (1,500 m).
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^ A number of other points in the state rise above .
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^ The Blue Ridge Mountains, rising in southern Pennsylvania and there known as South Mountain, attain elevations of about 2,000 ft (610 m) in that state.
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.Thorny Flat (4,848 ft) and Bald Knob (4,842 ft) are among the more notable peaks in West Virginia.^ Thorny Flat (4,848 ft) and Bald Knob (4,842 ft) are among the more notable peaks in West Virginia.
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^ In West Virginia, more than 150 peaks rise above 4,000 ft (1,200 m)., including Spruce Knob (4863 ft), the highest point in the Allegheny Mountains.
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^ In West Virginia , more than 150 peaks rise above ., including Spruce Knob (4863 ft), the highest point in the Allegheny Mountains.
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Cliffs overlooking the New River near Gauley Bridge, West Virginia.
.The Blue Ridge Mountains, rising in southern Pennsylvania and there known as South Mountain, attain elevations of about 2,000 ft (610 m) in that state.^ The Blue Ridge Mountains , rising in southern Pennsylvania and there known as South Mountain , attain in that state an elevation of about .; southward to the Potomac its altitudes diminish, but once in Virginia the Blue Ridge again reaches .
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^ Condominium for rent in Blue Ridge Mountains .
  • Blue Ridge Mountains Vacation Rentals - Log Cabins & Holidays Homes in the Blue Ridge Mountains 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.vacationrentalpeople.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Blue Ridge Mountains, rising in southern Pennsylvania and there known as South Mountain, attain elevations of about 2,000 ft (610 m) in that state.
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.South Mountain achieves its highest point just below the Mason-Dixon line in Maryland at Quirauk Mountain (2,145 ft) and then diminishes in height southward to the Potomac River.^ In the Green Mountains the highest point, Mt.
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^ South Mountain achieves its highest point just below the Mason-Dixon line in Maryland at Quirauk Mountain 3 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2,145 ft) and then diminishes in height southward to the Potomac River.
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^ The first major climb, and the longest of the ride, occurs from Otter Creek at the James River to Apple Orchard Mountain, 13 miles with 3200’ of elevation gain, and the highest point on the parkway in Virginia.
  • Riding the Blue Ridge Parkway | Bike World News 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.bikeworldnews.com [Source type: General]

.Once in Virginia the Blue Ridge again reaches 2,000 ft (610 m).^ Once in Virginia the Blue Ridge again reaches 2,000 ft (610 m).
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^ In the Virginia Blue Ridge, the following are the highest peaks east of the New River : Mary's Rock (3,523 ft), Stony Man (4,031), Hawksbill Mountain (4,066), and Peaks of Otter (4001 and 3875).
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Virginia Blue Ridge, the following are some of the highest peaks north of the Roanoke River: Stony Man (4,031), Hawksbill Mountain (4,066), Apple Orchard Mountain (4,225 ft) and Peaks of Otter (4001 and 3875).
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and higher. .In the Virginia Blue Ridge, the following are some of the highest peaks north of the Roanoke River: Stony Man (4,031), Hawksbill Mountain (4,066), Apple Orchard Mountain (4,225 ft) and Peaks of Otter (4001 and 3875).^ Ellijay is the home of fresh North Georgia Blue Ridge mountain grown apples!
  • NORTH GEORGIA LUXURY CABIN RENTAL IN ELLIJAY - GEORGIA CABINS - ELLIJAY CABINS IN GEORGIA MOUNTAINS 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.ellijaycabins.com [Source type: General]

^ In the Virginia Blue Ridge, the following are the highest peaks east of the New River : Mary's Rock (3,523 ft), Stony Man (4,031), Hawksbill Mountain (4,066), and Peaks of Otter (4001 and 3875).
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once in Virginia the Blue Ridge again reaches 2,000 ft (610 m).
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.South of the Roanoke River, along the Blue Ridge, are Virginia's highest peaks including Whitetop Mountain (5,520 ft) and Mount Rogers (5,729 ft), the highest point in the Commonwealth.^ Condominium for rent in Blue Ridge Mountains .
  • Blue Ridge Mountains Vacation Rentals - Log Cabins & Holidays Homes in the Blue Ridge Mountains 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.vacationrentalpeople.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once in Virginia the Blue Ridge again reaches 2,000 ft (610 m).
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^ In the Green Mountains the highest point, Mt.
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.Chief summits in the southern section of the Blue Ridge are located along two main crests— the Western or Unaka Front along the Tennessee-North Carolina border and the Eastern Front in North Carolina— or one of several "cross ridges" between the two main crests.^ Includes Western North Carolina, pp.
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Chief summits in the southern section of the Blue Ridge are located along two main crests— the Western or Unaka Front along the Tennessee-North Carolina border and the Eastern Front in North Carolina— or one of several "cross ridges" between the two main crests.
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^ It also grows southward along the Appalachian crest to the highest elevations of the southern Appalachians, as in North Carolina and Tennessee.
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.Major subranges of the Eastern Front include the Black Mountains, Great Craggy Mountains, and Great Balsam Mountains, and its chief summits include Grandfather Mountain (5,964 feet (1,818 m)) near the Virginia-North Carolina border, Mount Mitchell (6,684 feet (2,037 m)) in the Blacks, and Black Balsam Knob (6,214 feet (1,894 m)) and Cold Mountain (6,030 feet (1,840 m)) in the Great Balsams.^ Major subranges of the Eastern Front include the Black Mountains, Great Craggy Mountains, and Great Balsam Mountains, and its chief summits include Grandfather Mountain (5,964 feet (1,818 m)) near the Virginia-North Carolina border, Mount Mitchell (6,684 feet (2,037 m)) in the Blacks, and Black Balsam Knob (6,214 feet (1,894 m)) and Cold Mountain (6,030 feet (1,840 m)) in the Great Balsams.
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^ Moon over Appalachian mountains in North Carolina.
  • Appalachian mountains Stock Photos and Images. 452 Appalachian mountains pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Mountain near Rawl, West Virginia .
  • Mountain near Rawl, West Virginia on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: General]

.The Western Blue Ridge Front is subdivided into the Unaka Range, the Bald Mountains, the Great Smoky Mountains, and the Unicoi Mountains, and its major peaks include Roan Mountain (6,285 feet (1,916 m)) in the Unakas, Big Bald (5,516 feet (1,681 m)) and Max Patch (4,616 feet (1,407 m)) in the Bald Mountains, Clingmans Dome (6,643 feet (2,025 m)), Mount Le Conte (6,593 feet (2,010 m)), and Mount Guyot (6,621 feet (2,018 m)) in the Great Smokies, and Big Frog Mountain (4,224 feet (1,287 m)) near the Tennessee-Georgia-North Carolina border.^ Ellijay is the home of fresh North Georgia Blue Ridge mountain grown apples!
  • NORTH GEORGIA LUXURY CABIN RENTAL IN ELLIJAY - GEORGIA CABINS - ELLIJAY CABINS IN GEORGIA MOUNTAINS 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.ellijaycabins.com [Source type: General]

^ Mountain realtors home and land listings for the Great Smoky Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains, North Alabama, North Georgia, Tennessee, Pennsylvania and Virginia.
  • Appalachian Mountain Realty Guide - Real Estate Directory - Site Map 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC webfolks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ELLIJAY GEORGIA MOUNTAINS SUMMER In summer, the North Georgia Blue Ridge Mountains are alive with life and sunshine.
  • NORTH GEORGIA CABIN RENTAL IN ELLIJAY GEORGIA MOUNTAINS 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC ellijaycabin.com [Source type: General]

.Prominent summits in the cross ridges include Waterrock Knob (6,292 feet (1,918 m)) in the Plott Balsams.^ Prominent summits in the cross ridges include Waterrock Knob (6,292 feet (1,918 m)) in the Plott Balsams.
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^ Major subranges of the Eastern Front include the Black Mountains, Great Craggy Mountains, and Great Balsam Mountains, and its chief summits include Grandfather Mountain (5,964 feet (1,818 m)) near the Virginia-North Carolina border, Mount Mitchell (6,684 feet (2,037 m)) in the Blacks, and Black Balsam Knob (6,214 feet (1,894 m)) and Cold Mountain (6,030 feet (1,840 m)) in the Great Balsams.
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^ Waterrock Knob rises in the distance to 6,292 feet, making it the second highest peak in the Great Balsam Mountains.
  • North Carolina Blue Ridge Parkway Map Great Smoky Mountains 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Across northern Georgia, numerous peaks exceed 4000 feet, including Brasstown Bald, the state's highest, at 4,784 feet (1,458 m) and 4,696-foot (1,431 m) Rabun Bald.^ Across northern Georgia, numerous peaks exceed 4000 feet, including Brasstown Bald, the state’s highest, at 4,784 feet (1,458 m) and 4,696-foot (1,431 m) Rabun Bald.
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^ Waterrock Knob rises in the distance to 6,292 feet, making it the second highest peak in the Great Balsam Mountains.
  • North Carolina Blue Ridge Parkway Map Great Smoky Mountains 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Maine several peaks exceed ., including Mount Katahdin (5,267 ft).
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Drainage

.The Appalachian Mountains are such an ancient mountain range that it has at least one river that flows across it: something that is impossible with newer and higher mountain ranges such as the Rocky Mountains or the Andes.^ The creeks, rivers and lake hug the foothills of the Ancient Appalachian Mountains.
  • North Georgia Blue Ridge Mountains Real Estate Blog, Donna Yates, Realtor 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC activerain.com [Source type: General]

^ Smoky Mountains A range of mountains in the southern Appalachians.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One will wonder how such a small stream can grow to a full-size river between here and Iotla.
  • Appalachian Mountains of NC Whitewater Paddling - Whitewater Kayaking Routes 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.trails.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The New River, whose name is totally anachronistic, rises east of the Appalachians in central North Carolina.^ Moon over Appalachian mountains in North Carolina.
  • Appalachian mountains Stock Photos and Images. 452 Appalachian mountains pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ North Carolina; 25 whites, Central North Carolina].
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ East Tennessee, western North Carolina].
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.This river must have been even older than the mountain range, and as the Appalachians and the Blue Ridge Mountains rose, the New River kept pace with the growth of the mountains, cutting its gorge ever deeper, and continuing to flow west.^ IMAGES Blue Ridge, part of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Appalachian Mountains (mountains, North America) :: Geology -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Condominium for rent in Blue Ridge Mountains .
  • Blue Ridge Mountains Vacation Rentals - Log Cabins & Holidays Homes in the Blue Ridge Mountains 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.vacationrentalpeople.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ridges of the Kittatinny Mountains run parallel to the Delaware River to the west.
  • Appalachian Trail in New Jersey 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.njskylands.com [Source type: General]

.After flowing through the Blue Ridge into West Virginia, the New River continues in the New River Gorge until it flows into the Kanawha River, which is a mere change-of-name for the river.^ Hudson Valley to the New River (Great Kanawha) running through Virginia and West Virginia; and the Southern, from the New River onwards.
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^ The drainage divide of the Appalachians follows a tortuous course which crosses the mountainous belt just north of the New River in Virginia; south of the New River the rivers head in the Blue Ridge, cross the higher Unakas, receive important tributaries from the Great Valley, and traversing the Cumberland Plateau in spreading gorges, escape by way of the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers to the Ohio and Mississippi, and thus to the Gulf of Mexico.
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^ In the central section, north of the New River, the rivers, rising in or just beyond the Valley Ridges, flow through great gorges (water gaps) to the Great Valley, and then across the Blue Ridge to tidal estuaries penetrating the coastal plain via the Roanoke, Paleogeographic reconstruction showing the Appalachian Basin area during the Middle Devonian period.
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.This river flows into the Ohio River, which continues to flow west.^ Preview: The Henry Fork heads up in the South Mountains and flows east out of Burke County into Catawba County, where it meets the Jacob Fork and forms the South Fork of the Catawba River.
  • Appalachian Mountains of NC Whitewater Paddling - Whitewater Kayaking Routes 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.trails.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Appalachian Divide Crest of the Appalachians Mountains where rivers flow either east or west.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The river flows generally west and north into Tennessee, eventually reaching the impoundme ...
  • Appalachian Mountains of NC Whitewater Paddling - Whitewater Kayaking Routes 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.trails.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are many other geological issues concerning the rivers and streams of the Appalachians.^ Other streams downcut so rapidly that they cut right across the resistant folded rocks of the mountain core, carving canyons across rock layers and geologic structures.
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^ Because Appalachian studies crosses many disciplines, there is no one call number area where you can find all of the books on the topic.
  • Marshall University Libraries - Appalachian Studies Research Guide 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.marshall.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ There are so many other Things To Do in and around Blue Ridge , and I am sure there is something for everyone.
  • Blue Ridge | Blue Ridge, Blairsville Real Estate, Homes For Sale, Georgia Mountains 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.thefrontporchview.com [Source type: General]

.In spite of the existence of the Great Appalachian Valley, many of the main rivers are transverse to the axis of this mountain system.^ Drainage In spite of the existence of the Great Appalachian Valley, the master streams are transverse to the axis of the system.
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^ In spite of the existence of the Great Appalachian Valley, the master streams are transverse to the axis of the system.
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A remarkable feature of the belt is the longitudinal chain of broad valleys, including The Great Appalachian Valley, which in the southerly sections divides the mountain system into two subequal portions, but in the northernmost lies west of all the ranges possessing typical Appalachian features, and separates them from the Adirondack group.
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.The drainage divide of the Appalachians follows a tortuous course which crosses the mountainous belt just north of the New River in Virginia.^ Moon over Appalachian mountains in North Carolina.
  • Appalachian mountains Stock Photos and Images. 452 Appalachian mountains pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ The drainage divide of the Appalachians follows a tortuous course which crosses the mountainous belt just north of the New River in Virginia; south of the New River the rivers head in the Blue Ridge, cross the higher Unakas, receive important tributaries from the Great Valley, and traversing the Cumberland Plateau in spreading gorges, escape by way of the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers to the Ohio and Mississippi, and thus to the Gulf of Mexico.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Virginia Blue Ridge, the following are the highest peaks east of the New River : Mary's Rock (3,523 ft), Stony Man (4,031), Hawksbill Mountain (4,066), and Peaks of Otter (4001 and 3875).
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.South of the New River the rivers head into the Blue Ridge, cross the higher Unakas, receive important tributaries from the Great Valley, and traversing the Cumberland Plateau in spreading gorges, escape by way of the Cumberland River and the Tennessee River rivers to the Ohio River and the Mississippi River, and thence to the Gulf of Mexico.^ Recently, a new road has been constructed traversing these valleys and ridges.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ The drainage divide of the Appalachians follows a tortuous course which crosses the mountainous belt just north of the New River in Virginia; south of the New River the rivers head in the Blue Ridge, cross the higher Unakas, receive important tributaries from the Great Valley, and traversing the Cumberland Plateau in spreading gorges, escape by way of the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers to the Ohio and Mississippi, and thus to the Gulf of Mexico.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With their followers of both German and Scots-Irish origin, they worked their way southward and soon occupied all of the Shenandoah Valley , ceded by the Iroquois, and the upper reaches of the Great Valley tributaries of the Tennessee River , ceded by the Cherokee.
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the central section, north of the New River, the rivers, rising in or just beyond the Valley Ridges, flow through great gorges (water gaps) to the Great Valley, and then across the Blue Ridge to tidal estuaries penetrating the coastal plain via the Roanoke River, James River, Potomac River, and Susquehanna River.^ Appalachian Mountains James, Potomac and Susquehanna rivers.
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^ In the central section, north of the New River, the rivers, rising in or just beyond the Valley Ridges, flow through great gorges (water gaps) to the Great Valley, and then across the Blue Ridge to tidal estuaries penetrating the coastal plain via the Roanoke, Paleogeographic reconstruction showing the Appalachian Basin area during the Middle Devonian period.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mountain system has no axis of dominating altitudes, but in every portion the summits rise to rather uniform heights, and, especially in the central section, the various ridges and intermontane valleys have the same trend as the system itself.
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.In the northern section the height of land lies on the inland side of the mountainous belt, and thus the main lines of drainage runs from north to south, exemplified by the Hudson River.^ The drainage divide of the Appalachians follows a tortuous course which crosses the mountainous belt just north of the New River in Virginia; south of the New River the rivers head in the Blue Ridge, cross the higher Unakas, receive important tributaries from the Great Valley, and traversing the Cumberland Plateau in spreading gorges, escape by way of the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers to the Ohio and Mississippi, and thus to the Gulf of Mexico.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The drainage divide of the Appalachians follows a tortuous course which crosses the mountainous belt just north of the New River in Virginia; south of the New River the rivers head in the Blue Ridge, cross the higher Unakas, receive important tributaries from the Great Valley, and traversing the Cumberland Plateau in spreading gorges, escape by way of the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers to the Ohio and Mississippi, and thus to the Gulf of Mexico; in the central section the rivers, rising in or beyond the Valley Ridges, flow through great gorges ( water gaps ) to the Great Valley, and by south-easterly courses across the Blue Ridge to tidal estuaries penetrating the coastal plain; in the northern section the height of land lies on the inland side of the mountainous belt, the main lines of drainage running from north to south.
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ South Mountain achieves its highest point just below the Mason-Dixon line in Maryland at Quirauk Mountain 3 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2,145 ft) and then diminishes in height southward to the Potomac River.
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.However, the valley through which the Hudson River flows was cut by the gigantic glaciers of the Ice Ages - the same glaciers that deposited their terminal moraines in southern New York State and formed the east-west Long Island.^ Hudson Valley to the New River (Great Kanawha) running through Virginia and West Virginia; and the Southern, from the New River onwards.
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^ Only by way of the Hudson and Mohawk Valleys, and round about the southern termination of the system were there easy routes to the interior of the country, and these were long closed by powerful Native American tribes such as the Iroquois, Creek, and Cherokee, among others.
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^ Only by way of the Hudson and Mohawk Valleys , and round about the southern termination of the system were there easy routes to the interior of the country, and these were long closed by powerful Native American tribes such as the Iroquois , Creek , and Cherokee , among others.
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Geology

.
Paleogeographic reconstruction showing the Appalachian Basin area during the Middle Devonian period.
^ Before the French and Indian War , the Appalachian Mountains lay on the indeterminate boundary between Britain's colonies along the Atlantic and French areas centered in the Mississippi basin.
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Piedmont rocks got metamorphosed during Appalachian mountain-building, and then when Pangea broke up, the Culpeper Basin (one of the Newark Supergroup basins) opened up and got filled in.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ When the ocean basin closed during Appalachian mountain-building, the sediments of the ocean got squished and squeezed between North America and Africa.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

[12]
.A look at rocks exposed in today's Appalachian mountains reveals elongated belts of folded and thrust faulted marine sedimentary rocks, volcanic rocks and slivers of ancient ocean floor, which provides strong evidence that these rocks were deformed during plate collision.^ A look at rocks exposed in today's Appalachian mountains reveals elongated belts of folded and thrust faulted marine sedimentary rocks , volcanic rocks and slivers of ancient ocean floor, which provides strong evidence that these rocks were deformed during plate collision.
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Exposed there are Devonian sedimentary rocks that have been folded by the Appalachian mountain-building event.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ Such faults are common in the folded Appalachians.
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.The birth of the Appalachian ranges, some 480 million years ago, marks the first of several mountain building plate collisions that culminated in the construction of the supercontinent Pangaea with the Appalachians near the center.^ Smoky Mountains A range of mountains in the southern Appalachians.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The birth of the Appalachian ranges, some 300 million years ago, marks the first of several mountain building plate collisions that culminated in the construction of the supercontinent Pangaea with the Appalachians near the center.
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^ During the middle Ordovician Period (about 496-440 million years ago), a change in plate motions set the stage for the first Paleozoic mountain building event (Taconic orogeny) in North America.
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.Because North America and Africa were connected, the Appalachians formed part of the same mountain chain as the Anti-Atlas in Morocco.^ Because North America and Africa were connected, the Appalachians form part of the same mountain chain as the Anti-Atlas in Morocco.
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^ Because North America and Africa were connected, the Appalachians form part of the same mountain chain as the Anti-Atlas in Morocco .
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They are part of the Unaka chain which is an off-shoot of the Blue Ridge Mountains, but definable in the sense that they contain some of the highest peaks in the master chain of the Appalachian System, which traverses over 2000 miles from Canada to Alabama.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To the northeast, the same mountain chain continued into Scotland, from the North America/Europe collision - see Caledonian orogeny.^ To the northeast, the same mountain chain continues into Scotland, from the North America/Europe collision.
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^ During the middle Ordovician Period (about 496-440 million years ago), a change in plate motions set the stage for the first Paleozoic mountain building event (Taconic orogeny) in North America.
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^ During the middle Ordovician Period (about 496-440 million years ago), a change in plate motions set the stage for the first Paleozoic mountain building event ( Taconic orogeny ) in North America .
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During the middle Ordovician Period (about 496-440 million years ago), a change in plate motions set the stage for the first Paleozoic mountain building event (Taconic orogeny) in North America.^ The Taconic Orogeny was just the first of a series of mountain building plate collisions that contributed to the formation of the Appalachians, culminating in the collision of North America and Africa (see Appalachian orogeny).
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^ These folds were produced about 300 to 250 million years ago, during the Alleghenian phase of Appalachian mountain-building.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Taconic Orogeny was just the first of a series of mountain building plate collisions that contributed to the formation of the Appalachians, culminating in the collision of North America and Africa (see Appalachian orogeny ).
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.The once-quiet Appalachian passive margin changed to a very active plate boundary when a neighboring oceanic plate, the Iapetus, collided with and began sinking beneath the North American craton.^ The once-quiet Appalachian passive margin changed to a very active plate boundary when a neighboring oceanic plate, the Iapetus, collided with and began sinking beneath the North American craton.
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^ The once-quiet Appalachian passive margin changed to a very active plate boundary when a neighboring oceanic plate, the Iapetus , collided with and began sinking beneath the North American craton .
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^ Mapping the Ohio Valley: South Midland, Lower North, or Appalachian?” American Speech 75.344-47.
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.With the birth of this new subduction zone, the early Appalachians were born.^ With the birth of this new subduction zone, the early Appalachians were born.
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^ As soon as one subduction zone is snuffed out, a new one develops outboard of the continent, where the weaker, denser oceanic crust gets shoved downward.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ Once that had happened, a new subduction zone developed on the ocean side ("outboard") of the islands/ accreted terranes .
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

.Along the continental margin, volcanoes grew, coincident with the initiation of subduction.^ Along the continental margin, volcanoes grew, coincident with the initiation of subduction.
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.Thrust faulting uplifted and warped older sedimentary rock laid down on the passive margin.^ Thrust faulting uplifted and warped older sedimentary rock laid down on the passive margin.
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^ Thrust faults, formed when a rock mass is pushed over another at an angle, tilted the strata perpendicular to the original formation.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Valley & Ridge province of the mid-Atlantic region is defined by folded (and thrust-faulted) sedimentary strata.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

.As mountains rose, erosion began to wear them down.^ As mountains rose, erosion began to wear them down.
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.Streams carried rock debris down slope to be deposited in nearby lowlands.^ Streams carried rock debris down slope to be deposited in nearby lowlands.
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.The Taconic Orogeny was just the first of a series of mountain building plate collisions that contributed to the formation of the Appalachians, culminating in the collision of North America and Africa (see Appalachian orogeny).^ The Taconic Orogeny was just the first of a series of mountain building plate collisions that contributed to the formation of the Appalachians, culminating in the collision of North America and Africa (see Appalachian orogeny ).
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moon over Appalachian mountains in North Carolina.
  • Appalachian mountains Stock Photos and Images. 452 Appalachian mountains pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ During the middle Ordovician Period (about 496-440 million years ago), a change in plate motions set the stage for the first Paleozoic mountain building event ( Taconic orogeny ) in North America .
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the end of the Mesozoic era, the Appalachian Mountains had been eroded to an almost flat plain.^ By the end of the Mesozoic era, the Appalachian Mountains had been eroded to an almost flat plain.
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.It was not until the region was uplifted during the Cenozoic Era that the distinctive topography of the present formed.^ It was not until the region was uplifted during the Cenozoic Era that the distinctive topography of the present formed.
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^ Examines distinctive ways in which superlative degree of adjectives and adverbs are formed in Appalachian speech, especially with nongradable adjectives such as present participles that are subject to variable interpretation.
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Uplift rejuvenated the streams, which rapidly responded by cutting downward into the ancient bedrock.^ Uplift rejuvenated the streams, which rapidly responded by cutting downward into the ancient bedrock.
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^ Other streams downcut so rapidly that they cut right across the resistant folded rocks of the mountain core, carving canyons across rock layers and geologic structures.
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.Some streams flowed along weak layers that define the folds and faults created many millions of years earlier.^ Some streams flowed along weak layers that define the folds and faults created many millions of years earlier.
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^ Other streams downcut so rapidly that they cut right across the resistant folded rocks of the mountain core, carving canyons across rock layers and geologic structures.
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^ On top of this base rock, now called the Ocoee supergroup, came many layers of mud, sand, and pebbles that eroded from a land mass onto a continental sea shelf over six hundred million years ago.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other streams downcut so rapidly that they cut right across the resistant folded rocks of the mountain core, carving canyons across rock layers and geologic structures.^ Other streams downcut so rapidly that they cut right across the resistant folded rocks of the mountain core, carving canyons across rock layers and geologic structures.
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^ Sandstone comprised of feldspars, quartz, and limestone characterize the visible strata of mountain rocks cut by the rivers and highways today.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More locally, the Shenandoah Valley and Massanutten Mountain are structurally underlain by a great fold, the Massanutten Synclinorium.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

Mineral resources

.The Appalachian Mountains contain major deposits of anthracite coal as well as bituminous coal.^ Survey of major and minor grammatical features of Appalachian English, based primarily on the Smoky Mountains of Tennessee and North Carolina.
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.In the folded mountains the coal is in metamorphosed form as anthracite, represented by the Coal Region of northeastern Pennsylvania.^ In the folded mountains the coal is in metamorphosed form as anthracite represented by the Coal Region of northeastern Pennsylvania.
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^ The bituminous coal fields of western Pennsylvania , western Maryland , southeastern Ohio, eastern Kentucky, southwestern Virginia , and West Virginia is the sedimentary form.
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^ Appalachian Mountains removal method of coal mining, in which entire mountain tops are removed, is currently threatening vast areas and ecosystems of the Appalachian Mountain region.
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.The bituminous coal fields of western Pennsylvania, western Maryland, southeastern Ohio, eastern Kentucky, southwestern Virginia, and West Virginia contain the sedimentary form of coal.^ The bituminous coal fields of western Pennsylvania , western Maryland , southeastern Ohio, eastern Kentucky, southwestern Virginia , and West Virginia is the sedimentary form.
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^ The bituminous coal fields of western Pennsylvania, western Maryland, southeastern Ohio, eastern Kentucky, southwestern Virginia, and West Virginia is the sedimentary form.
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^ This includes the Catskill Mountains of southeastern New York , the Poconos in Pennsylvania , and the Allegheny Plateau of southwestern New York, western Pennsylvania, eastern Ohio and northern West Virginia .
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.The mountain top removal method of coal mining, in which entire mountain tops are removed, is currently threatening vast areas and ecosystems of the Appalachian Mountain region.^ Appalachian Mountains removal method of coal mining, in which entire mountain tops are removed, is currently threatening vast areas and ecosystems of the Appalachian Mountain region.
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^ Appalachian State Testing the Appalachian Trail The Appalachian Trail could be environmental 'canary in coal mine' for eastern U. S. The Trail gives hikers around nearly 2,200 mile trek through the mountains.

^ Since the Europeans arrived in America, the mountain range has seen mines, war, and buildings, which has affected the natural geology and ecology of the region.

.The discovery in 1859 of commercial quantities of petroleum in the Appalachian mountains of western Pennsylvania started the modern United States petroleum industry.^ This book chronicles the mountains in the eastern United States that are 6000 feet or above.
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^ Throughout the United States, the Southern Appalachians are well known for their scenery and the recreation opportunities they provide.
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^ The text bemoans the development commercially of the Appalachians and points to the rise of the tourism industry specifically.
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.Recent discoveries of commercial natural gas deposits in the Marcellus Shale formation have once again focused oil industry attention on the Appalachian Basin.^ Recent discoveries of commercial natural gas deposits in the Marcellus Shale formation have once again focused oil industry attention on the Appalachian Basin.
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^ The 1859 discovery of commercial quantities of petroleum in the Appalachian mountains of western Pennsylvania started the modern US petroleum industry.
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^ Under the coal was a Pennsylvanian ( in the time sense of the word ) carbonaceous shale (the Llewellyn Formation), which is now preserved in lovely undulating Appalachian folds.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

.Some plateaus of the Appalachian Mountains contain metallic minerals such as iron and zinc.^ Some plateaus of the Appalachian Mountains contain metallic minerals such as iron and zinc.
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^ They are part of the Unaka chain which is an off-shoot of the Blue Ridge Mountains, but definable in the sense that they contain some of the highest peaks in the master chain of the Appalachian System, which traverses over 2000 miles from Canada to Alabama.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Descriptions of how to make baskets in the styles of the Appalachian Mountains, and also offers some historical background.
  • Resources :: Department of History :: Appalachian State University 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.history.appstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ecology

Flora

View from Mount Mitchell. At 6,684 feet (2,037 m), Mount Mitchell in North Carolina is the highest peak east of the Mississippi River.
.The floras of the Appalachians are diverse and vary primarily in response to geology, latitude, elevation and moisture availability.^ The floras of the Appalachians are diverse and vary primarily in response to geology, latitude, elevation and moisture availability.
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^ The Appalachian floras also include a diverse assemblage of bryophytes (mosses and liverworts), as well as fungi.
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^ Assemblages of contemporary vegetation in the Appalachians are strongly influenced by elevation and moisture (Whittaker 1956), but soils and history, including disturbances and pathogens, have also shaped their composition.
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.Geobotanically, they constitute a floristic province of the North American Atlantic Region.^ Geobotanically, they constitute a floristic province of the North American Atlantic Region.
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^ Valley & Ridge province of the mid-Atlantic region is defined by folded (and thrust-faulted) sedimentary strata.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Regional Accommodation of African American English: Evidence from a Bi-Ethnic Mountain Enclave Community.” Raleigh: North Carolina State University thesis.
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The Appalachians consist primarily of deciduous broad-leaf trees and evergreen needle-leaf conifers, but also contain the evergreen broad-leaf American Holly (Ilex opaca), and the deciduous needle-leaf conifer, the Tamarack, or Eastern Larch (Larix laricina).^ The Appalachians consist primarily of deciduous broadleaf trees and evergreen needle-leaf conifers, but also contain the evergreen broad-leaf American Holly (Ilex opaca), and the deciduous needle-leaf conifer, the Tamarack, or Eastern Larch (Larix laricina).
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^ Eastern or Canada Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) is another important evergreen needle-leaf conifer that grows along the Appalachian chain from north to south, but is confined to lower elevations than Red Spruce and the firs.
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^ The Appalachians are characterized by a wealth of large, beautiful deciduous broadleaf (hardwood) trees.
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.The dominant northern and high elevation conifer is the Red Spruce (Picea rubens), which grows from near sea level to above 4000 feet (1219 m) above sea level (asl) in northern New England and southeastern Canada.^ The dominant northern and high elevation conifer is the Red Spruce (Picea rubens), which grows from near sea level to above 4000 feet (1219 m) above sea level (asl) in northern New England and southeastern Canada.
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^ More characteristic of cooler northern and high elevation habitat is the Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus), whereas the Appalachian Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus), which closely resembles the Southern Flying Squirrel, is confined to northern hardwood and spruce-fir forests.
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^ By contrast, Balsam Fir is found from near sea level to the tree line in the northern Appalachians, but ranges only as far south as Virginia and West Virginia in the central Appalachians, where it is usually confined above 3900 feet (1189 m)asl, except in cold valleys.
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.It also grows southward along the Appalachian crest to the highest elevations of the southern Appalachians, as in North Carolina and Tennessee.^ It also grows southward along the Appalachian crest to the highest elevations of the southern Appalachians, as in North Carolina and Tennessee.
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^ Appalachian Trail Guide to Tennessee-North Carolina./ 12th ed.
  • Books for Hikers » Appalachian Trail 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.booksforhikers.com [Source type: General]

^ Moon over Appalachian mountains in North Carolina.
  • Appalachian mountains Stock Photos and Images. 452 Appalachian mountains pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

.In the central Appalachians it is usually confined above 3000 feet (914 m) asl, except for a few cold valleys in which it reaches lower elevations.^ In the central Appalachians it is usually confined above 3000 feet (914 m) asl, except for a few cold valleys in which it reaches lower elevations.
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^ The foregoing trees, shrubs and herbs are also more widely distributed in less rich mesic forests that generally occupy coves, stream valleys and flood plains throughout the southern and central Appalachians at low and intermediate elevations.
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^ The few settlements beyond the Great Valley were free Appalachian Mountains for self-defence because debarred from general participation in the conflict by reason of their position.
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.In the southern Appalachians it is restricted to higher elevations.^ In the southern Appalachians it is restricted to higher elevations.
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^ Less abundant, and restricted to the southern Appalachians, is Carolina Hemlock (Tsuga caroliniana).
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^ It also grows southward along the Appalachian crest to the highest elevations of the southern Appalachians, as in North Carolina and Tennessee.
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.Another species is the Black Spruce (Picea mariana), which extends farthest north of any conifer in North America, is found at high elevations in the northern Appalachians, and in bogs as far south as Pennsylvania.^ Another species is the Black Spruce (Picea mariana), which extends farthest north of any conifer in North America, is found at high elevations in the northern Appalachians, and in bogs as far south as Pennsylvania.
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^ More characteristic of cooler northern and high elevation habitat is the Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus), whereas the Appalachian Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus), which closely resembles the Southern Flying Squirrel, is confined to northern hardwood and spruce-fir forests.
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^ However, the Period Ordovician term is often used more restrictively to refer to regions in the central and southern Appalachian Mountains, usually including areas in the states of Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, Maryland, West Virginia, and North Carolina, as well as sometimes extending as far south as northern Georgia and western South Carolina, as far north as Pennsylvania, and as far west as southern Ohio.
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.The Appalachians are also home to two species of fir, the boreal Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea), and the southern high elevation endemic, Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri).^ The mountain top 5 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Appalachians are also home to two species of fir, the boreal Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea), and the southern high elevation endemic, Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri), which is confined to the highest parts of the southern Appalachian mountains.
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^ In the southern Appalachians it is restricted to higher elevations.
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^ More characteristic of cooler northern and high elevation habitat is the Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus), whereas the Appalachian Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus), which closely resembles the Southern Flying Squirrel, is confined to northern hardwood and spruce-fir forests.
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.Fraser Fir is confined to the highest parts of the southern Appalachian Mountains, where along with Red Spruce it forms a fragile ecosystem known as the Southern Appalachian spruce-fir forest.^ Appalachian Mountains, Southern -- Social conditions .

^ Filed under: Appalachian Mountains, Southern .

^ More characteristic of cooler northern and high elevation habitat is the Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus), whereas the Appalachian Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus), which closely resembles the Southern Flying Squirrel, is confined to northern hardwood and spruce-fir forests.
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Fraser Fir rarely occurs below 5,500 feet (1,700 m), and becomes the dominant tree type at 6,200 feet (1,900 m).[13] .By contrast, Balsam Fir is found from near sea level to the tree line in the northern Appalachians, but ranges only as far south as Virginia and West Virginia in the central Appalachians, where it is usually confined above 3900 feet (1189 m)asl, except in cold valleys.^ By contrast, Balsam Fir is found from near sea level to the tree line in the northern Appalachians, but ranges only as far south as Virginia and West Virginia in the central Appalachians, where it is usually confined above 3900 feet (1189 m)asl, except in cold valleys.
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^ In the central Appalachians it is usually confined above 3000 feet (914 m) asl, except for a few cold valleys in which it reaches lower elevations.
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^ More characteristic of cooler northern and high elevation habitat is the Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus), whereas the Appalachian Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus), which closely resembles the Southern Flying Squirrel, is confined to northern hardwood and spruce-fir forests.
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.Curiously, it is associated with oaks in Virginia.^ Curiously, it is associated with oaks in Virginia.
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.The Balsam Fir of Virginia and West Virginia is thought by some to be a natural hybrid between the more northern variety and Fraser Fir.^ The Balsam Fir of Virginia and West Virginia is thought by some to be a natural hybrid between the more northern variety and Fraser Fir.
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^ Here's a few more photos from the recent field trip to the Massanutten Synclinorium in the northern Shenandoah Valley, Virginia.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ In West Virginia, more than 150 peaks rise above 4,000 ft (1,200 m)., including Spruce Knob (4863 ft), the highest point in the Allegheny Mountains.
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.While Red Spruce is common in both upland and bog habitats, Balsam Fir, as well as Black Spruce and Tamarack, are more characteristic of the latter.^ While Red Spruce is common in both upland and bog habitats, Balsam Fir, as well as Black Spruce and Tamarack, are more characteristic of the latter.
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^ More characteristic of cooler northern and high elevation habitat is the Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus), whereas the Appalachian Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus), which closely resembles the Southern Flying Squirrel, is confined to northern hardwood and spruce-fir forests.
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^ Other common trees are Red Maple (Acer rubrum), Shagbark and Bitternut Hickories (Carya ovata and C. cordiformis) and Black or Sweet Birch (Betula lenta ).
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.However Balsam Fir also does well in soils with a pH as high as 6 [14].^ However Balsam Fir also does well in soils with a pH as high as 6 [13].
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^ While Red Spruce is common in both upland and bog habitats, Balsam Fir, as well as Black Spruce and Tamarack, are more characteristic of the latter.
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.Eastern or Canada Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) is another important evergreen needle-leaf conifer that grows along the Appalachian chain from north to south, but is confined to lower elevations than Red Spruce and the firs.^ Eastern or Canada Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) is another important evergreen needle-leaf conifer that grows along the Appalachian chain from north to south, but is confined to lower elevations than Red Spruce and the firs.
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^ More characteristic of cooler northern and high elevation habitat is the Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus), whereas the Appalachian Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus), which closely resembles the Southern Flying Squirrel, is confined to northern hardwood and spruce-fir forests.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The steep slopes and rocky soils of the Southern Appalachians make the region less hospitable to large-scale farming than the regions to the South and East.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It generally occupies richer and less acidic soils than the spruce and firs and is characteristic of deep, shaded and moist mountain valleys and coves.^ It generally occupies richer and less acidic soils than the spruce and firs and is characteristic of deep, shaded and moist mountain valleys and coves.
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^ The steep slopes and rocky soils of the Southern Appalachians make the region less hospitable to large-scale farming than the regions to the South and East.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The foregoing trees, shrubs and herbs are also more widely distributed in less rich mesic forests that generally occupy coves, stream valleys and flood plains throughout the southern and central Appalachians at low and intermediate elevations.
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.It is, unfortunately, subject to the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Adelges tsugae), an introduced insect, that is rapidly extirpating it as a forest tree.^ Like Canada Hemlock, this tree suffers severely from the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid.
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^ It is, unfortunately, subject to the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Adelges tsugae), an introduced insect, that is rapidly extirpating it as a forest tree.
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^ Because hardwoods sprout so readily, this moth is not as harmful as the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid.
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.Less abundant, and restricted to the southern Appalachians, is Carolina Hemlock (Tsuga caroliniana).^ Less abundant, and restricted to the southern Appalachians, is Carolina Hemlock (Tsuga caroliniana).
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^ In the southern Appalachians it is restricted to higher elevations.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The steep slopes and rocky soils of the Southern Appalachians make the region less hospitable to large-scale farming than the regions to the South and East.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Like Canada Hemlock, this tree suffers severely from the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid.^ Like Canada Hemlock, this tree suffers severely from the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because hardwoods sprout so readily, this moth is not as harmful as the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is, unfortunately, subject to the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Adelges tsugae), an introduced insect, that is rapidly extirpating it as a forest tree.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Several species of pines characteristic of the Appalachians are Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus ), Virginia Pine (Pinus virginiana), Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida ), Table Mountain Pine (Pinus pungens) and Shortleaf Pine (Pinus echinata).^ Several species of pines characteristic of the Appalachians are Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus ), Virginia Pine (Pinus virginiana), Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida ), Table Mountain Pine (Pinus pungens) and Shortleaf Pine (Pinus echinata).
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All of these species except White Pine tend to occupy sandy, rocky, poor soil sites, which are mostly acidic in character.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ White Pine, a large species valued for its timber, tends to do best in rich, moist soil, either acidic or alkaline in character.
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.Red Pine (Pinus resinosa) is a boreal species that forms a few high elevation outliers as far south as West Virginia.^ Red Pine (Pinus resinosa) is a boreal species that forms a few high elevation outliers as far south as West Virginia.
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^ The mountain top 5 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Appalachians are also home to two species of fir, the boreal Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea), and the southern high elevation endemic, Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri), which is confined to the highest parts of the southern Appalachian mountains.
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^ Preview: Whiteoak Creek is born high in the Nantahala National Forest between Split Whiteoak Ridge and Rocky Bald Ridge, a few miles west of Nantahala Lake.
  • Appalachian Mountains of NC Whitewater Paddling - Whitewater Kayaking Routes 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.trails.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All of these species except White Pine tend to occupy sandy, rocky, poor soil sites, which are mostly acidic in character.^ All of these species except White Pine tend to occupy sandy, rocky, poor soil sites, which are mostly acidic in character.
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^ White Pine, a large species valued for its timber, tends to do best in rich, moist soil, either acidic or alkaline in character.
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^ These occurrences are in line with the prevailing acidic character of most oak forest soils.
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.White Pine, a large species valued for its timber, tends to do best in rich, moist soil, either acidic or alkaline in character.^ White Pine, a large species valued for its timber, tends to do best in rich, moist soil, either acidic or alkaline in character.
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^ The most diverse and richest forests are the Mixed Mesophytic or medium moisture types, which are largely confined to rich, moist montane soils of the southern and central Appalachians, Appalachian Mountains The view from Craggy Gardens on the Blue Ridge Parkway.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These occurrences are in line with the prevailing acidic character of most oak forest soils.
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.Pitch Pine is also at home in acidic, boggy soil, and Table Mountain Pine may occasionally be found in this habitat as well.^ Pitch Pine is also at home in acidic, boggy soil, and Table Mountain Pine may occasionally be found in this habitat as well.
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^ Several species of pines characteristic of the Appalachians are Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus ), Virginia Pine (Pinus virginiana), Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida ), Table Mountain Pine (Pinus pungens) and Shortleaf Pine (Pinus echinata).
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^ This North Georgia mountain home is decked out with comfortable and upscale decor and fun amenities; including a pool table, a hot tub.
  • NORTH GEORGIA CABIN RENTAL IN ELLIJAY GEORGIA MOUNTAINS 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC ellijaycabin.com [Source type: General]

.Shortleaf Pine is generally found in warmer habitats and at lower elevations than the other species.^ Shortleaf Pine is generally found in warmer habitats and at lower elevations than the other species.
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^ (Fingernail = 2.5 on the Mohs scale of hardness; talc = 1) I found it interesting that the soapstone cobbles had less algae growing on them than the other cobbles in the stream...
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ Several species of pines characteristic of the Appalachians are Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus ), Virginia Pine (Pinus virginiana), Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida ), Table Mountain Pine (Pinus pungens) and Shortleaf Pine (Pinus echinata).
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.All the species listed do best in open or lightly shaded habitats, although White Pine also thrives in shady coves, valleys, and on floodplains.^ All the species listed do best in open or lightly shaded habitats, although White Pine also thrives in shady coves, valleys, and on floodplains.
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^ Several species of pines characteristic of the Appalachians are Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus ), Virginia Pine (Pinus virginiana), Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida ), Table Mountain Pine (Pinus pungens) and Shortleaf Pine (Pinus echinata).
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All of these species except White Pine tend to occupy sandy, rocky, poor soil sites, which are mostly acidic in character.
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The view from Craggy Gardens on the Blue Ridge Parkway.
.The Appalachians are characterized by a wealth of large, beautiful deciduous broadleaf (hardwood) trees.^ The Appalachians are characterized by a wealth of large, beautiful deciduous broadleaf (hardwood) trees.
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^ The Appalachians consist primarily of deciduous broadleaf trees and evergreen needle-leaf conifers, but also contain the evergreen broad-leaf American Holly (Ilex opaca), and the deciduous needle-leaf conifer, the Tamarack, or Eastern Larch (Larix laricina).
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^ Fauna Animals that characterize the Appalachian forests include five species of tree squirrels.
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.Their occurrences are best summarized and described in E. Lucy Braun's 1950 classic, Deciduous Forests of Eastern North America (Macmillan, New York).^ New York: Macmillan, 1986.
  • Books for Hikers » Appalachian Trail 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.booksforhikers.com [Source type: General]

^ Their occurrences are best summarized and described in E. Lucy Braun’s 1950 classic, Deciduous Forests of Eastern North America (Macmillan, New York).
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^ The one pictured above is possibly the " Big Bentonite " that accompanied the onset of the Ordovician Taconian Orogeny in eastern North America .
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

.The most diverse and richest forests are the Mixed Mesophytic or medium moisture types, which are largely confined to rich, moist montane soils of the southern and central Appalachians, particularly in the Cumberland and Allegheny Mountains, but also thrive in the southern Appalachian coves.^ The most diverse and richest forests are the Mixed Mesophytic or medium moisture types, which are largely confined to rich, moist montane soils of the southern and central Appalachians, Appalachian Mountains The view from Craggy Gardens on the Blue Ridge Parkway.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cumberland and Allegheny Mountains, but also thrive in the southern Appalachian coves.
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^ More characteristic of cooler northern and high elevation habitat is the Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus), whereas the Appalachian Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus), which closely resembles the Southern Flying Squirrel, is confined to northern hardwood and spruce-fir forests.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Characteristic canopy species are White Basswood (Tilia heterophylla), Yellow Buckeye (Aesculus octandra), Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum), American Beech (Fagus grandifolia), Tuliptree (Liriodendron tulipifera), White Ash (Fraxinus americana ) and Yellow Birch (Betula alleganiensis).^ Characteristic canopy species are White Basswood (Tilia heterophylla), Yellow Buckeye (Aesculus octandra), Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum), American Beech (Fagus grandifolia), Tuliptree (Liriodendron tulipifera), White Ash (Fraxinus americana ) and Yellow Birch (Betula alleganiensis).
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^ Other common trees are Red Maple (Acer rubrum), Shagbark and Bitternut Hickories (Carya ovata and C. cordiformis) and Black or Sweet Birch (Betula lenta ).
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^ In the northern Appalachians and at higher elevations of the central and southern Appalachians these diverse mesic forests give way to less diverse "Northern Hardwoods" with canopies dominated only by American Beech, Sugar Maple, American Basswood (Tilia americana) and Yellow Birch and with far fewer species of shrubs and herbs.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other common trees are Red Maple (Acer rubrum), Shagbark and Bitternut Hickories (Carya ovata and C. cordiformis) and Black or Sweet Birch (Betula lenta ).^ Other common trees are Red Maple (Acer rubrum), Shagbark and Bitternut Hickories (Carya ovata and C. cordiformis) and Black or Sweet Birch (Betula lenta ).
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^ While Red Spruce is common in both upland and bog habitats, Balsam Fir, as well as Black Spruce and Tamarack, are more characteristic of the latter.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Small understory trees and shrubs include Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida), Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana), Witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) and Spicebush (Lindera benzoin).^ Small understory trees and shrubs include Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida), Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana), Witchhazel (Hamamelis virginiana) and Spicebush (Lindera benzoin).
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The oak forests generally lack the diverse small tree, shrub and herb layers of mesic forests.
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.There are also hundreds of perennial and annual herbs, among them such herbal and medicinal plants as American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis), Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) and Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa).^ There are also hundreds of perennial and annual herbs, among them such herbal and medicinal plants as American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis), Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) and Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa).
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.The foregoing trees, shrubs and herbs are also more widely distributed in less rich mesic forests that generally occupy coves, stream valleys and flood plains throughout the southern and central Appalachians at low and intermediate elevations.^ The oak forests generally lack the diverse small tree, shrub and herb layers of mesic forests.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The foregoing trees, shrubs and herbs are also more widely distributed in less rich mesic forests that generally occupy coves, stream valleys and flood plains throughout the southern and central Appalachians at low and intermediate elevations.
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^ In the southern Appalachians it is restricted to higher elevations.
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.In the northern Appalachians and at higher elevations of the central and southern Appalachians these diverse mesic forests give way to less diverse "Northern Hardwoods" with canopies dominated only by American Beech, Sugar Maple, American Basswood (Tilia americana) and Yellow Birch and with far fewer species of shrubs and herbs.^ In the southern Appalachians it is restricted to higher elevations.
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^ In the northern Appalachians and at higher elevations of the central and southern Appalachians these diverse mesic forests give way to less diverse "Northern Hardwoods" with canopies dominated only by American Beech, Sugar Maple, American Basswood (Tilia americana) and Yellow Birch and with far fewer species of shrubs and herbs.
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^ More characteristic of cooler northern and high elevation habitat is the Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus), whereas the Appalachian Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus), which closely resembles the Southern Flying Squirrel, is confined to northern hardwood and spruce-fir forests.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Dryer and rockier uplands and ridges are occupied by Oak-Chestnut type forests dominated by a variety of oaks (Quercus spp.^ Dryer and rockier uplands and ridges are occupied by Oak-Chestnut type forests dominated by a variety of oaks (Quercus spp.
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^ The richest forests, which grade into mesic types, usually in coves and on gentle slopes, have dominantly White and Northern Red Oaks, while the driest sites are dominated by Chestnut Oak, or sometimes by Scarlet or Northern Red Oaks.
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^ Preview: Whiteoak Creek is born high in the Nantahala National Forest between Split Whiteoak Ridge and Rocky Bald Ridge, a few miles west of Nantahala Lake.
  • Appalachian Mountains of NC Whitewater Paddling - Whitewater Kayaking Routes 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.trails.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

), hickories (Carya spp.) and, in the past, by the .American Chestnut (Castanea dentata).^ American Chestnut (Castanea dentata).
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.The American Chestnut was virtually eliminated as a canopy species by the introduced fungal Chestnut Blight (Cryphonectaria parasitica), but lives on as sapling-sized sprouts that originate from roots, which are not killed by the fungus.^ The American Chestnut was virtually eliminated as a canopy species by the introduced fungal Chestnut Blight (Cryphonectaria parasitica), but lives on as sapling-sized sprouts that originate from roots, which are not killed by the fungus.
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.In present day forest canopies Chestnut has been largely replaced by oaks.^ In present day forest canopies Chestnut has been largely replaced by oaks.
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^ Dryer and rockier uplands and ridges are occupied by Oak-Chestnut type forests dominated by a variety of oaks (Quercus spp.
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.The oak forests of the southern and central Appalachians consist largely of Black, Northern Red, White, Chestnut and Scarlet Oaks (Quercus velutina, Q. rubra, Q. alba, Q. prinus and Q. coccinea) and hickories, such as the Pignut (Carya glabra) in particular.^ In present day forest canopies Chestnut has been largely replaced by oaks.
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^ The oak forests of the southern and central Appalachians consist largely of Black, Northern Red, White, Chestnut and Scarlet Oaks (Quercus velutina, Q. rubra, Q. 6 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia alba, Q. prinus and Q. coccinea) and hickories, such as the Pignut (Carya glabra) in particular.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More characteristic of cooler northern and high elevation habitat is the Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus), whereas the Appalachian Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus), which closely resembles the Southern Flying Squirrel, is confined to northern hardwood and spruce-fir forests.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The richest forests, which grade into mesic types, usually in coves and on gentle slopes, have dominantly White and Northern Red Oaks, while the driest sites are dominated by Chestnut Oak, or sometimes by Scarlet or Northern Red Oaks.^ The richest forests, which grade into mesic types, usually in coves and on gentle slopes, have dominantly White and Northern Red Oaks, while the driest sites are dominated by Chestnut Oak, or sometimes by Scarlet or Northern Red Oaks.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The oak forests of the southern and central Appalachians consist largely of Black, Northern Red, White, Chestnut and Scarlet Oaks (Quercus velutina, Q. rubra, Q. 6 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia alba, Q. prinus and Q. coccinea) and hickories, such as the Pignut (Carya glabra) in particular.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Figure 19 Real Prices of delivered red oak sawlogs by quality grade (grade one is the highest quality), 1978-1994.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the northern Appalachians the oaks, except for White and Northern Red, drop out, while the latter extends farthest north.^ In the northern Appalachians the oaks, except for White and Northern Red, drop out, while the latter extends farthest north.
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^ The oak forests of the southern and central Appalachians consist largely of Black, Northern Red, White, Chestnut and Scarlet Oaks (Quercus velutina, Q. rubra, Q. 6 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia alba, Q. prinus and Q. coccinea) and hickories, such as the Pignut (Carya glabra) in particular.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The richest forests, which grade into mesic types, usually in coves and on gentle slopes, have dominantly White and Northern Red Oaks, while the driest sites are dominated by Chestnut Oak, or sometimes by Scarlet or Northern Red Oaks.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The oak forests generally lack the diverse small tree, shrub and herb layers of mesic forests.^ The oak forests generally lack the diverse small tree, shrub and herb layers of mesic forests.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The foregoing trees, shrubs and herbs are also more widely distributed in less rich mesic forests that generally occupy coves, stream valleys and flood plains throughout the southern and central Appalachians at low and intermediate elevations.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Small understory trees and shrubs include Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida), Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana), Witchhazel (Hamamelis virginiana) and Spicebush (Lindera benzoin).
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Shrubs are generally ericaceous, and include the evergreen Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia), various species of blueberries (Vaccinium spp.^ "Mountain Laurel: Monthly Journal of Mountain Life" Two Issues (Jul.1990, Aug.1990) Various Authors From Meadows of Dan, VA .
  • APPALACHIAN REGIONAL STUDIES AT RADFORD UNIVERSITY 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.radford.edu [Source type: Academic]

), Black Huckleberry (Gaylussacia baccata), a number of deciduous rhododendrons (azaleas), and smaller heaths such as Teaberry ( Gaultheria procumbens) and Trailing Arbutus (Epigaea repens ). .The evergreen Great Rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum) is characteristic of moist stream valleys.^ The mountain term for evergreen rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum and Rhododendron catawbiense) , which grows profusely at elevations below 5000 feet and covers extensive tracts in thicket.
  • Dictionary: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These occurrences are in line with the prevailing acidic character of most oak forest soils. In contrast, the much rarer Chinquapin Oak (Quercus muehlenbergii) demands alkaline soils and generally grows where limestone rock is near the surface. Hence no ericaceous shrubs are associated with it.
The Appalachian floras also include a diverse assemblage of bryophytes (mosses and liverworts), as well as fungi. .Some species are rare and/or endemic.^ Some species are rare and/or endemic.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

As with vascular plants, these tend to be closely related to the character of the soils and thermal environment in which they are found.
.Eastern deciduous forests are subject to a number of serious insect and disease outbreaks.^ Eastern deciduous forests are subject to a number of serious insect and disease outbreaks.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their occurrences are best summarized and described in E. Lucy Braun’s 1950 classic, Deciduous Forests of Eastern North America (Macmillan, New York).
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Appalachian Mountains serious is the introduced Beech Bark Disease Complex, which includes both a scale insect (Cryptococcus fagisuga) and fungal components.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Among the most conspicuous is that of the introduced Gypsy Moth (Lymantria dispar), which infests primarily oaks, causing severe defoliation and tree mortality. .But it also has the benefit of eliminating weak individuals, and thus improving the genetic stock, as well as creating rich habitat of a type through accumulation of dead wood.^ But it also has the benefit of eliminating weak individuals, and thus improving the genetic stock, as well as creating rich habitat of a type through accumulation of dead wood.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yes, the reality is that crustal sagging creating a lowspot is itself a structural phenomenon, which then has sediment accumulate atop it, which can encourage through its weight additional sagging, and additional sediment accumulation, and so on.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

.Because hardwoods sprout so readily, this moth is not as harmful as the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid.^ Because hardwoods sprout so readily, this moth is not as harmful as the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like Canada Hemlock, this tree suffers severely from the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is, unfortunately, subject to the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Adelges tsugae), an introduced insect, that is rapidly extirpating it as a forest tree.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Perhaps more serious is the introduced Beech Bark Disease Complex, which includes both a scale insect (Cryptococcus fagisuga) and fungal components.
.During the 19th and early 20th centuries the Appalachian forests were subject to severe and destructive logging and land clearing, which resulted in the designation of the National Forests and Parks as well many state protected areas.^ A novel that portrays an Appalachian family during the beginning of the 20th Century.
  • Resources :: Department of History :: Appalachian State University 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.history.appstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Accounts of backpacking in the early 20th Century (approx 1914-1938) in the Appalachian Mountains, when backpacking truly was one of the few ways to enter some of the areas now designated “wilderness areas.” Fritsch, Albert J., and Kristin Johannsen.
  • Resources :: Department of History :: Appalachian State University 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.history.appstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Accounts of backpacking in the early 20th Century (approx 1914-1938) in the Appalachian Mountains, when backpacking truly was one of the few ways to enter some of the areas now designated “wilderness areas.” Flack, James M. Ambling and Scrambling on the Appalachian Trail.
  • Resources :: Department of History :: Appalachian State University 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.history.appstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, these and a variety of other destructive activities continue, albeit in diminished forms; and thus far only a few ecologically based management practices have taken hold.

Fauna

.Animals that characterize the Appalachian forests include five species of tree squirrels.^ More species of trees are native to the Southern Appalachians than to any other northern temperate region of the globe.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Attitude Toward Issues in the Southern Appalachian Region Agree Neither Disagree --------------------------------------- ----- ------ ------ Forest issues ------------- It is OK if parts of the landscape are brown and consist of dead trees.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An Appalachian Tragedy: Air Pollution and Tree Death in the Eastern Forests of North America.
  • Resources :: Department of History :: Appalachian State University 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.history.appstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The most commonly seen is the low to moderate elevation Eastern Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis). Occupying similar habitat is the slightly larger Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger) and the much smaller Southern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys volans). .More characteristic of cooler northern and high elevation habitat is the Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus), whereas the Appalachian Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus), which closely resembles the Southern Flying Squirrel, is confined to northern hardwood and spruce-fir forests.^ What are the hardwood timber supply and demand implications of linkages between wood products within the Southern Appalachian region and among other forest product markets in the United States and the world?
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More species of trees are native to the Southern Appalachians than to any other northern temperate region of the globe.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wilderness Use and Major Population Centers Some wildernesses in the Southern Appalachians are close to large population centers.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

As familiar as squirrels are the Eastern Cottontail rabbit (Silvilagus floridanus) and the White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus). The latter in particular has greatly increased in abundance as a result of the extirpation of the Eastern Wolf (Canis lupus lycaon) and the North American Cougar. .This has led to the overgrazing and browsing of many plants of the Appalachian forests, as well as destruction of agricultural crops.^ Many of these uses have continued on national forests, but increased tourism and in-migration have led to conflicts between developers and long-term residents.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other deer include the Moose (Alces alces ), found only in the north, and the Elk (Cervus canadensis), which, although once extirpated, is now making a comeback, through transplantation, in the southern and central Appalachians.^ The steep slopes and rocky soils of the Southern Appalachians make the region less hospitable to large-scale farming than the regions to the South and East.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What are the most important values of wilderness to Southern Appalachian residents and to others outside the region and what role does protected wilderness play in determining social and cultural conditions?
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Survival of ruffed grouse chicks in the central and southern Appalachian region.
  • MAIN - Invasive Speices 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC fwie.fw.vt.edu [Source type: Academic]

In Quebec, the Chic-Chocs host the only population of Caribou (Rangifer tarandus) south of the St. Lawrence River. .An additional species that is common in the north but extends its range southward at high elevations to Virginia and West Virginia is the Varying or Snowshoe Hare (Lepus americanus).^ The other extends from the northeastern corner of Tennessee north to the West Virginia border.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to stories about the Greenbrier Ghost, Zona Shue, and other ghost tales, this collection contains tales of the West Virginia Turnpike, Premonitions, and Mediums.
  • Supernatural Tales from the Appalachian Mountains:  An AnnotedBibliography 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.ferrum.edu [Source type: General]

^ In addition, the nature of the region's forests change as one moves from north to south and with elevation.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, these central Appalachian populations are scattered and very small.^ Changes in Social Patterns The population of the Southern Appalachian region increased by 27.8 percent between 1970 and 1990, however, population increases varied among counties within the region (fig.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Modeling population dynamics of ruffed grouse in the central Appalachians.
  • MAIN - Invasive Speices 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC fwie.fw.vt.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Ruffed grouse population ecology in the central and southern Appalachian region.
  • MAIN - Invasive Speices 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC fwie.fw.vt.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Another species of great interest is the Beaver (Castor canadensis), which is showing a great resurgence in numbers after its near extirpation for its pelt.^ Focus groups of community residents near national forests favor balance between local and regional special interests.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The SAA analysis shows a great deal of price variation with species and grades of material harvested.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This resurgence is bringing about a drastic alteration in habitat through the construction of dams and other structures throughout the mountains.
.Other common forest animals are the Black Bear (Ursus americanus), Striped Skunk (Mephitis mephitis), Raccoon (Procyon lotor), Woodchuck (Marmota monax), Bobcat (Felis rufus), Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) and in recent years, the Coyote (Canis latrans), another species favored by the advent of Europeans and the extirpation of Eastern and Red Wolves.^ Focus groups of community residents near national forests favor balance between local and regional special interests.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to viewing the deer, you will most likely get a glimpse of black bears, rabbits, bobcats, raccoons, river otters.
  • NORTH GEORGIA LUXURY CABIN RENTAL IN ELLIJAY - GEORGIA CABINS - ELLIJAY CABINS IN GEORGIA MOUNTAINS 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.ellijaycabins.com [Source type: General]

^ DON'T: Handle raccoons, skunks, fox, or bats.
  • Get the fACTs! - ACT 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC act.appstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Characteristic birds of the forest are Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo silvestris), Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus), Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura), Common Raven (Corvus corax), Wood Duck (Aix sponsa), Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus), Barred Owl (Strix varia), Screech Owl (Megascops asio), Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis), Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus), and Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), as well as a great variety of "songbirds" (Passeriformes), like the warblers in particular.
Of great importance are the many species of salamanders, and in particular the lungless species (Family Plethodontidae) that live in great abundance concealed by leaves and debris, on the forest floor. Most frequently seen, however, is the Eastern or Red-spotted Newt (Notophthalmus viridescens), whose terrestrial eft form is often encountered on the open, dry forest floor. It has been estimated that salamanders represent the largest class of animal biomass in the Appalachian forests. Frogs and toads are of lesser diversity and abundance, but the Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica) is, like the eft, commonly encountered on the dry forest floor, while a number of species of small frogs, such as Spring Peepers (Pseudacris crucifer), enliven the forest with their calls. Salamanders and other amphibians contribute greatly to nutrient cycling through their consumption of small life forms on the forest floor and in aquatic habitats.
Although reptiles are less abundant and diverse than amphibians, a number of snakes are conspicuous members of the fauna. One of the largest is the non-poisonous Black Rat Snake (Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta), while the Common Garter Snake (Thamnophis sirtalis) is among the smallest but most abundant. The American Copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix) and the Timber Rattler (Crotalus horridus) are poisonous pit vipers. .There are few lizards, but the Broad-headed Skink (Eumeces laticeps), at up to 13 inches (33 cm) in length, and an excellent climber and swimmer, is one of the largest and most spectacular in appearance and action.^ The event was well attended: 37 people showed up, which is apparently the largest group they've had at one of these events all summer!
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ I picked up a few good resources there that I'll use next semester in teaching Environmental Geology.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ Total offset is only a few inches, but it shows up well in a photo like this.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

.The most common turtle is the Eastern Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina), which is found in both upland and lowland forests in the central and southern Appalachians.^ Three of the questions address the economic aspects of recreation: What opportunities are there for public land in the Southern Appalachians to provide unique or unsatisfied forest-related recreation demands?
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since 1980, national forests have provided 10 to 12 percent of Southern Appalachian timber production.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What are the most important values of wilderness to Southern Appalachian residents and to others outside the region and what role does protected wilderness play in determining social and cultural conditions?
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Prominent among aquatic species is the large Common Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina), which occurs throughout the Appalachians.
Appalachian streams are notable for their highly diverse freshwater fish life. Among the most abundant and diverse are those of the minnow family (Family Cyprinidae), while species of the colorful Darters (Percina spp.) are also abundant.[15]
A characteristic fish of shaded, cool Appalachian forest streams is the Wild Brook or Speckled Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis), which is much sought after for its sporting qualities. .However in past years such trout waters have been much degraded by increasing temperatures because of timber cutting, global warming and by pollution from various sources.^ Like strip mining, air pollution and global warming are all interconnected -- so are a whole host of results as a result of global climate change.

^ The cradle is strip-mining, then I will address the effects of the air pollution from the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and from there will follow to global warming (the grave).

^ (Source: Timber cut and sold records, Southern Region, USDA Forest Service) .
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Influence on history

.For a century, the Appalachians were a barrier to the westward expansion of the British colonies (or, from a different perspective, a major protection to the Native American tribes living to the west of the mountains).^ "Native Americans believed West Virginia's dark hollows were haunted by evil spirits.
  • Supernatural Tales from the Appalachian Mountains:  An AnnotedBibliography 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.ferrum.edu [Source type: General]

^ That was the lifestyle of the Native Americans prior to European-led settlement, and it was the dominant lifestyle of settlers and their descendants until the 20th century.
  • SAA Summary Report - Social, Cultural, andEconomic 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Romantic View of the Appalachian Mountains and the people that live there.
  • Resources :: Department of History :: Appalachian State University 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.history.appstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The continuity of the mountain system, the bewildering multiplicity of its succeeding ridges, the tortuous courses and roughness of its transverse passes, a heavy forest, and dense undergrowth all conspired to hold the settlers on the seaward-sloping plateaus and coastal plains.^ There they will look upon all the multi-million dollar retirement homes built on the tops of beautiful forested mountains.

.Only by way of the Hudson and Mohawk Valleys, and round about the southern termination of the system were there easy routes to the interior of the country, and these were long closed by powerful Native American tribes such as the Iroquois, Creek, and Cherokee, among others.^ For information visit appsummer.org "Unto These Hills," an outdoor drama in Cherokee since 1950, has the highest attendance of any outdoor historical drama in the country.
  • Get the fACTs! - ACT 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC act.appstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Preview: Elk Creek cuts through the deep valley below Elk Ridge on its way to join the Yadkin River just below Elkville.
  • Appalachian Mountains of NC Whitewater Paddling - Whitewater Kayaking Routes 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.trails.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During their romantic encounter they find themselves transported to the wilderness, only to be hunted/haunted by a Native American spirit.
  • Supernatural Tales from the Appalachian Mountains:  An AnnotedBibliography 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.ferrum.edu [Source type: General]

.Expansion was also blocked by the alliance system the British Empire had forged with Native American tribes, the proximity of the Spanish colonies in the south and French activity throughout the interior.^ Finds that northern coal-mining areas preserve more British terms while southern areas have more native American ones.
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Through anecdotes and the mental maps of dialect regions, explores the dynamics of dialect negative stereotypes of the American South as held by both non-natives and natives of the region.
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.In eastern Pennsylvania the Great Appalachian Valley, or Great Valley, was accessible by reason of a broad gateway between the end of South Mountain and the Highlands, and here between the Susquehanna and Delaware Rivers settled many Germans and Moravians forming the Pennsylvania Dutch community, some of whom even now speak a unique American dialect of German known as the "Pennsylvania German language" (also known as "Pennsylvania D").^ To remind you of the relationship between the Shenandoah and Fort Valleys, here's a Google Map I've posted before: There, defining the ridges of Massanutten Mountain (and thereby separating the lower Shenandoah Valley from the upper Fort Valley) is the Massanutten Sandstone , a Silurian-aged quartz sandstone (in some places it's a quartz-pebble conglomerate) that is correlated to the Tuscarora Sandstone further west in the Appalachian Mountains' Valley & Ridge province.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ On the way, we crossed the Pennsylvanian Appalachians, and pulled over to examine some beautiful redbed exposures on the Pennsylvania Turnpike.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ Pete and I took a great hike at the end of the first day, poking around in the rocks and watching the sun set over those gorgeous mountains.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

.These were late comers to the New World forced to the frontier to find cheap land.^ These traditions merged in the New World with Anglo/Celtic influences.
  • Supernatural Tales from the Appalachian Mountains:  An AnnotedBibliography 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.ferrum.edu [Source type: General]

.With their followers of both German and Scots-Irish origin, they worked their way southward and soon occupied all of the Shenandoah Valley, ceded by the Iroquois, and the upper reaches of the Great Valley tributaries of the Tennessee River, ceded by the Cherokee.^ More locally, the Shenandoah Valley and Massanutten Mountain are structurally underlain by a great fold, the Massanutten Synclinorium.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ Preview: Elk Creek cuts through the deep valley below Elk Ridge on its way to join the Yadkin River just below Elkville.
  • Appalachian Mountains of NC Whitewater Paddling - Whitewater Kayaking Routes 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.trails.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ People work hard to get where they are and then we pay the people who don't want to work at all, or get paid by the state while they work under the table.
  • Cast Iron Cook Off Boasts Appalachian Flair 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.wsaz.com [Source type: General]

By 1755, the obstacle to westward expansion had been thus reduced by half; outposts of the English colonists had penetrated the Allegheny and Cumberland plateaus, threatening French monopoly in the transmontane region, and a conflict became inevitable. .Making common cause against the French to determine the control of the Ohio valley, the unsuspected strength of the colonists was revealed, and the successful ending of the French and Indian War extended England's territory to the Mississippi.^ Posted By: History, part 2 : After the civil war ended, US Grant, a republican, presided over the south, which was under military control.
  • Cast Iron Cook Off Boasts Appalachian Flair 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.wsaz.com [Source type: General]

.To this strength the geographic isolation enforced by the Appalachian mountains had been a prime contributor.^ Describes the geographical and historical background of the Appalachian Mountains, the life of the people today, and the legends of the area.
  • Resources :: Department of History :: Appalachian State University 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.history.appstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Variation and Change in Geographically Isolated Dialects: Appalachian English and Ozark English.” Publication of the American Dialect Society 74.
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The confinement of the colonies between an ocean and a mountain wall led to the fullest occupation of the coastal border of the continent, which was possible under existing conditions of agriculture, conducing to a community of purpose, a political and commercial solidarity, which would not otherwise have been developed.^ When the ocean basin closed during Appalachian mountain-building, the sediments of the ocean got squished and squeezed between North America and Africa.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

As early as 1700 it was possible to ride from Portland, Maine, to southern Virginia, sleeping each night at some considerable village. In contrast to this complete industrial occupation, the French territory was held by a small and very scattered population, its extent and openness adding materially to the difficulties of a disputed tenure. Bearing the brunt of this contest as they did, the colonies were undergoing preparation for the subsequent struggle with the home government. Unsupported by shipping, the American armies fought toward the sea with the mountains at their back protecting them against British leagued with the Aboriginals. The few settlements beyond the Great Valley were free for self-defence because debarred from general participation in the conflict by reason of their position.
Mount Carleton, the tallest mountain in the New Brunswick section of the Appalachian Mountains.
.Before the French and Indian War, the Appalachian Mountains lay on the indeterminate boundary between Britain's colonies along the Atlantic and French areas centered in the Mississippi basin.^ Our Blue Ridge Mountains vacation rental is located in a beautiful rural setting at the center of four Metropolitan areas: between Asheville, Charlotte and Hickory, NC and Greenville/Spartanburg, SC. The surrounding area is extraordinary.
  • Blue Ridge Mountains Cabin | The Cardinal Lodge on Yellowtop Mtn. 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC rentalo.com [Source type: General]

^ Use 2009 data This program calculates the approxamate walking distance in miles between 2 points along the Appalachian Trail.
  • Appalachian Trail Distance Calculator 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.atdist.com [Source type: General]

^ The Blue Ridge and the Valley and Ridge are deformed, yes, and even lightly metamorphosed, but the Piedmont is really where the action is: this is the center of the ancient Appalachian mountain range .
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

.After the French and Indian War, the Proclamation of 1763 restricted settlement for Great Britain's thirteen original colonies in North America to east of the summit line of the mountains (except in the northern regions where the Great Lakes formed the boundary).^ Since the Europeans arrived in America, the mountain range has seen mines, war, and buildings, which has affected the natural geology and ecology of the region.

^ Preview: The Henry Fork heads up in the South Mountains and flows east out of Burke County into Catawba County, where it meets the Jacob Fork and forms the South Fork of the Catawba River.
  • Appalachian Mountains of NC Whitewater Paddling - Whitewater Kayaking Routes 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.trails.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Preview: The Linville River originates approximately 1 mile east and down slope of Sugar Mountain, just across the valley from Grandfather Mountain.
  • Appalachian Mountains of NC Whitewater Paddling - Whitewater Kayaking Routes 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.trails.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although the line was adjusted several times to take frontier settlements into account and was impossible to enforce as law, it was strongly resented by backcountry settlers throughout the Appalachians.^ The Iapetus was closed via subduction throughout the Paleozoic, and it closed for good when Africa rammed into North America, metamorphosing these rocks and raising the Appalachians.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

The Proclamation Line can be seen as one of the grievances which led to the American Revolutionary War. .Many frontier settlers held that the defeat of the French opened the land west of the mountains to English settlement, only to find settlement barred by the British King's proclamation.^ GSMNP -19:6 Now they's people gets lost in these Smoky Mountains specially before the park has a-opened up so many bridle trails.
  • Dictionary: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Essay stressing that Appalachian English is combination of old forms inherited from British dialects and new forms developed in mountain speech.
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Kephart Our Sthn High 296 Many common English words are used in peculiar senses by the mountain folk, as ...
  • Dictionary: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The backcountry settlers who fought in the Illinois campaign of George Rogers Clark were motivated to secure their settlement of Kentucky.
.With the formation of the United States, an important first phase of westward expansion in the late 18th century and early 19th century consisted of the migration of European-descended settlers westward across the mountains into the Ohio Valley through the Cumberland Gap and other mountain passes.^ He recommended a good outcrop to see the turbidite sequences of the Martinsburg Formation, a late Ordovician clastic unit made of debris shed off the rising Taconian Mountains to the east.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ Journalists, students and concerned citizens from throughout the United States and beyond have visited the cemetery to witness the destruction first hand—Larry hosted over 700 people on the mountain in 2005.

^ It moves south through a mountainous area until it turns west entering the Toe Valley, which is widely known for its mineral depo ...
  • Appalachian Mountains of NC Whitewater Paddling - Whitewater Kayaking Routes 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.trails.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Erie Canal, finished in 1825, formed the first route through the Appalachians that was capable of large amounts of commerce.

See also

References

  1. ^ International Appalachian Trail- Newfoundland
  2. ^ Cees R. van Staal, Mineral Deposits of Canada: Regional Metallogeny: Pre-Carboniferous tectonic evolution and metallogeny of the Canadian Appalachians, Geological Survey of Canada website
  3. ^ "Physiographic divisions of the conterminous U. S.". U.S. Geological Survey. http://water.usgs.gov/GIS/metadata/usgswrd/XML/physio.xml. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  4. ^ "The Atlas of Canada — Physiographic Regions". http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/maps/reference/anniversary_maps/physiographicregions. Retrieved 2007-12-07. 
  5. ^ a b "Geomorphology From Space — Appalachian Mountains". NASA. http://daac.gsfc.nasa.gov/geomorphology/GEO_2/GEO_PLATE_T-11.shtml. Retrieved 2007-12-27. 
  6. ^ a b "Adirondack Mountains". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/range.aspx?rid=1507. Retrieved 2007-12-27. 
  7. ^ a b Weidensaul, Scott (1994). Mountains of the Heart: A Natural History of the Appalachians. Fulcrum Publishing. pp. ix. ISBN 1-55591-139-0. 
  8. ^ After Florida, Cape Canaveral, and Dry Tortugas: Stewart, George (1945). Names on the Land: A Historical Account of Place-Naming in the United States. New York: Random House. pp. 11–13, 17,18. 
  9. ^ Walls, David (1977), "On the Naming of Appalachia," In An Appalachian Symposium, pp. 56-76.
  10. ^ Stewart, George R. (1967). Names on the Land. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  11. ^ David Walls, "Appalachia." The Encyclopedia of Appalachia (Knoxville, Tenn.: University of Tennessee Press, 2006), 1006-1007.
  12. ^ Blakey, Ron. "Paleogeography and Geologic Evolution of North America". Global Plate Tectonics and Paleogeography. Northern Arizona University. http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/rcb7/nam.html. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  13. ^ Rose Houk, Great Smoky Mountains National Park: A Natural History Guide (Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1993), pp. 50-62.
  14. ^ Fowells, H.A., 1965, Silvics of Forest Trees of the United States, Agricultural Handbook No. 271, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington D.C.
  15. ^ Page, Lawrence M. and Brooks M. Burr 1991, A Field Guide to Freshwater Fishes, North America, North of Mexico, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston
  • Topographic maps and Geologic Folios of the United States Geological Survey
  • Bailey Willis, The Northern Appalachians, and C. W. Hayes, The Southern Appalachians, both in National Geographic Monographs, vol. i.
  • chaps, iii., iv. and v. of Miss E. C. Semple's American History and its Geographic Conditions (Boston, 1903).
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Further reading

  • Brooks, Maurice (1965), The Appalachians: The Naturalist's America; illustrated by Lois Darling and Lo Brooks. .Boston; Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Caudill, Harry M. (1963), Night Comes to the Cumberlands.^ Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
    • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .ISBN 0-316-13212-8.
  • Constantz, George (2004), Hollows, Peepers, and Highlanders: an Appalachian Mountain Ecology (2nd edition).^ "Resources for Teaching Appalachian Literature in the Junior High and High School Classroom" Brosi, ed., George Appalachian Mountain Books, Berea, KY .
    • APPALACHIAN REGIONAL STUDIES AT RADFORD UNIVERSITY 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.radford.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Argues that the beginning of the Appalachian tourism industry started in the Southern Highlands during the nineteenth century when planters left the lowlands for the mountains during the summer.
    • Resources :: Department of History :: Appalachian State University 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.history.appstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .West Virginia University Press; Morgantown.^ An Unhappy Farewell.” West Virginia University Alumni Magazine .
    • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Certain Language Habits and Needs of the Senior Class of Harrisville High School.” Morgantown: West Virginia University M.A. thesis.
    • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Smith, Brian, Chris Dobony, Joshua Johnson, and John Edwards, West Virginia University.
    • MAIN - Invasive Speices 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC fwie.fw.vt.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .359 p.
  • Weidensaul, Scott (2000), Mountains of the Heart: A Natural History of the Appalachians.^ Dann, Kevin T. Traces on the Appalachians: A Natural History of Serpentine in Eastern North America.
    • Resources :: Department of History :: Appalachian State University 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.history.appstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Natural history of Serpentine mineral deposits in the Appalachians.
    • Resources :: Department of History :: Appalachian State University 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.history.appstate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Boston: Appalachian Mountain Club Books, 2000.
    • Books for Hikers » Appalachian Trail 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.booksforhikers.com [Source type: General]

    Fulcrum Publishing, 288 pages, ISBN 1-55591-139-0.
Appalachian flora and fauna-related journals:
  • Castanea, the journal of the Southern Appalachian Botanical Society.
  • Banisteria, a journal devoted to the natural history of Virginia.
  • The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

.The Appalachian Mountains [1] are a system of North American mountain ranges running from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada in the north to Alabama, USA in the south.^ The Appalachian Mountains are located in North America and stretched into Canada.
  • Where Are The Appalachian Mountains Located? - Blurtit 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.blurtit.com [Source type: General]

^ Moon over Appalachian mountains in North Carolina.
  • Appalachian mountains Stock Photos and Images. 452 Appalachian mountains pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ The Appalachian Mountains is a range of mountains which is located on the continent of North America.
  • Where Are The Appalachian Mountains Located? - Blurtit 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.blurtit.com [Source type: General]

.The highest peak in the range is Mount Mitchell, located in North Carolina.^ Mitchell in North Carolina at 6,684 feet.
  • Blue Ridge Mountain Lands, Western North Carolina, NC Mountain Land 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.overlookmartinscreek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At 6,684 feet (2,037 m), Mount Mitchell in North Carolina is the highest peak east of the Mississippi River.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The highest peak is Mount Mitchell, North Carolina, at 6684ft (2039m).
  • Blue Ridge Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Blue Ridge 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: General]

Understand

.The Appalachian Mountains are a varied destination.^ A common variant definition does not include the Adirondack Mountains, which are often said to have more in common with the Canadian Shield than the Appalachians.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Mountain Life and Work: The Magazine of the Appalachian South" Two Issues: March 1981 and March 1982 Various Authors .
  • APPALACHIAN REGIONAL STUDIES AT RADFORD UNIVERSITY 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.radford.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Comments Entries Home Gear Reviews Ultralight Manufacturers TGO Challenge Trails About Home » Destinations » Appalachian Mountain Club Huts Appalachian Mountain Club Huts .
  • Appalachian Mountain Club Huts | sectionhiker.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC sectionhiker.com [Source type: General]

.Many visit the mountains as day visitors.^ Visitors to the Foxfire Museum in Mountain City, GA, can imaginatively re-create the works and days of Southern Appalachia in the 1800s.

^ Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the busiest of the flagship National Parks, reports 5% lower visitation at its main entrances and anticipates 250,000 fewer visitors this year.

^ Day Two – North Mountain Vineyard and Winery Before visiting the winery you may want to visit Strasburg.

.Some hike all or part of the Appalachian Trail, a 2,174 mile (3,499 km) hike along the main ridges of the mountain range.^ Appalachian Mountain Trout skip to main .

^ IMAGES Blue Ridge, part of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Appalachian Mountains (mountains, North America) :: Geology -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains (mountains, North America) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ (Selections from Hiking the Appalachian Trail 1975.
  • Books for Hikers » Appalachian Trail 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.booksforhikers.com [Source type: General]

States and Provinces

.The range runs though the following US States and Canadian provinces.^ Most of the interior of this image depicts the Valley and Ridge province which runs from southernmost New York state to Alabama.
  • Remote Sensing Tutorial Page 6-3 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC rst.gsfc.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the north, New York State is a model of big wilderness that should be followed by other states and provinces.
  • Appalachian Mountains chapter for Conservation International book on Wilderness 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The spine of Appalachia is the Appalachian mountain range, which begins in the Saint Lawrence Valley, in Canada, and runs right down the eastern part of the United States.
  • The Appalachians: America's First and Last Frontier : ISBN 9781400061860 - Buy.com 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.buy.com [Source type: General]

(North - South)

Read

.Bill Bryson's A Walk in the Woods, published in 1999, offers an entertaining look at the author's attempt to hike the Appalachian Trail.^ (Selections from Hiking the Appalachian Trail 1975.
  • Books for Hikers » Appalachian Trail 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.booksforhikers.com [Source type: General]

^ Yak and Yo on the Appalachian Trail 1999.
  • Books for Hikers » Appalachian Trail 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.booksforhikers.com [Source type: General]

^ Numerous walking trails meander the 300-acre campus, including the Rivercane Walk, a creekside trail with art honoring the strong Cherokee heritage of the Appalachian area.

This article is still a stub and needs your attention. It does not have a template. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS, the general name given to a vast system of elevations in North America, partly in Canada, but mostly in the United States, extending as a zone, from ioo to 300 m.^ What states do the appalachian mountain range cross?
  • WikiAnswers - Where is the Appalachian Mountain Range 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ The foothills of the Appalachian mountain range are located in the north-eastern part of the state of Mississippi in the United States of America.
  • Where Are The Appalachian Mountains Located? - Blurtit 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.blurtit.com [Source type: General]

^ The Appalachian Mountains are located in North America and stretched into Canada.
  • Where Are The Appalachian Mountains Located? - Blurtit 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.blurtit.com [Source type: General]

wide, from .Newfoundland, Gaspe Peninsula and New Brunswick, 1500 m.^ Newfoundland , Gaspe Peninsula and New Brunswick , 1500 m.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Appalachian Region extends from southern Quebec and Gaspésie to encompass New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and the island of Newfoundland.
  • The Atlas of Canada - Borderlands / Appalachian Region 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC atlas.nrcan.gc.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The New England Province , starting around New York City and stretching up into the Gaspe Peninsula .
  • Appalachian Mountains@Everything2.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]
  • Appalachian Mountains@Everything2.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

south-westward to central Alabama. .The whole system may be divided into three great sections: the Northern, from Newfoundland to the Hudson river; the Central, from the Hudson Valley to that of New river (Great Kanawha), in Virginia and West Virginia; and the Southern, from New river onwards.^ Picture Appalachian Region of Canada Southwest of the Hudson River, the Appalachians are divided into three main sections—the Blue Ridge, the Great Valley, and the Ridge-and-Valley Province.
  • Appalachian Mountains | Article | World Book Student 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The whole system may be divided into three great sections: the Northern, from the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador to the Hudson River; the Central, from the Hudson Valley to the New River (Great Kanawha), in Virginia and West Virginia ; and the Southern, from the New River onwards.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The northern and southern physiographic sections of the province divide near the Roanoke River.

.The northern section includes the Shickshock Mountains and Notre Dame Range in Quebec, scattered elevations in Maine, the White Mountains and the Green Mountains; the central comprises, besides various minor groups, the Valley Ridges between the Front of the Allegheny Plateau and the Great Appalachian Valley, the New York-New Jersey Highlands and a large portion of the Blue Ridge; and the southern consists of the prolongation of the Blue Ridge, the Unaka Range, and the Valley Ridges adjoining the Cumberland Plateau, with some lesser ranges.^ To the west of the Blue Ridge, between it and the bulk of the Appalachians, lies the Great Valley , bordered on the west by the Ridge and Valley province.

^ What’s the peak of the Blue Ridge mountains?
  • Blue Ridge Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Blue Ridge 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Georgia's Blue Ridge Mountains have a rich cultural heritage associated with the southern Appalachians.
  • New Georgia Encyclopedia: Blue Ridge Mountains 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.georgiaencyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • New Georgia Encyclopedia: Blue Ridge Mountains 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.georgiaencyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Chief Summits

.The Appalachian belt includes, with the ranges enumerated above, the plateaus sloping southward to the Atlantic Ocean in New England, and south-eastward to the border of the coastal plain through the central and southern Atlantic states; and on the north-west, the Allegheny and Cumberland plateaus declining toward the Great Lakes and the interior plains.^ Significant ranges include the Cumberland Mts.
  • Landforms of North America � Mountain Ranges of North America, United States Landforms, Map of the Rocky Mountains - Worldatlas.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.worldatlas.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The principal range of the southern Appalachians, which extend south into Alabama from the New River valley in Virginia and West Virginia, is the Cumberland Plateau and Cumberland Mountains.
  • Appalachian Mountains - MSN Encarta 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ The Appalachian belt includes, with the ranges enumerated above, the plateaus sloping southward to the Atlantic Ocean in New England, and south-eastward to the border of the coastal plain through the central and southern Atlantic states; and on the north-west, the Allegheny and Cumberland plateaus declining toward the Great Lakes and the interior plains.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A remarkable feature of the belt is the longitudinal chain of broad valleys - the Great Appalachian Valley - which, in the southerly sections divides the mountain system into two subequal portions, but in the northernmost lies west of all the ranges possessing typical Appalachian features, and separates them from the Adirondack group.^ The day we hiked Grandfather Mountain we divided into two groups.
  • North Carolina's Blue Ridge, Blue Ridge Mountains, North Carolina 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.proseandphotos.com [Source type: General]

^ A remarkable feature of the belt is the longitudinal chain of broad valleys, including The Great Appalachian Valley, which in the southerly sections divides the mountain system into two subequal portions, but in the northernmost lies west of all the ranges possessing typical Appalachian features, and separates them from the Adirondack group.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dividing the Appalachians up into sections is complicated by the virtually continuous nature of the range.
  • Appalachian Mountains - Peakbagger.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.peakbagger.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The mountain system has no axis of dominating altitudes, but in every portion the summits rise to rather uniform heights, and, especially in the central section, the various ridges and intermontane valleys have the same trend as the system itself.^ The mountain system has no axis of dominating altitudes, but in every portion the summits rise to rather uniform heights, and, especially in the central section, the various ridges and intermontane valleys have the same trend as the system itself.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Blue Ridge mountains are the backbone of the system.
  • Mountain Facts 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.ncsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A remarkable feature of the belt is the longitudinal chain of broad valleys, including The Great Appalachian Valley, which in the southerly sections divides the mountain system into two subequal portions, but in the northernmost lies west of all the ranges possessing typical Appalachian features, and separates them from the Adirondack group.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.None of the summits reaches the region of perpetual snow.^ None of the summits reaches the region of perpetual snow.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ None of the summits reaches the region of perpetual snow .
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mountains of the Long Range in Newfoundland reach heights of nearly 2000 ft.^ Mountains of the Long Range in Newfoundland reach heights of nearly 3,000 ft (910 m).
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mountains of the Long Range in Newfoundland , Canada reach heights of nearly 2,000 ft.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mountains of the Long Range in Newfoundland reach heights of nearly 2000 ft.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the Shickshocks the higher summits rise to about 4000 ft.^ In the Shickshocks and Notre Dame ranges in Quebec the higher summits rise to about .
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Shickshocks the higher summits rise to about 4,000 ft.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Shickshocks and Notre Dame ranges in Quebec the higher summits rise to about 4,000 ft (1,200 m).
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

elevation. .In Maine four peaks exceed 3000 ft., including Katandin (5200 ft.^ In Maine four peaks exceed 3000 ft., including Katandin (5200 ft.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Maine several peaks exceed ., including Mount Katahdin (5,267 ft).
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Maine several peaks exceed 4,000 ft., including Katahdin (5,271 ft.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

), .Mount Washington, in the White Mountains (6279 ft.^ Mount Washington - 6288 ft./1917 m.
  • Appalachian Mountains - Peakware 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.peakware.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Mount Washington , in the White Mountains (6279 ft.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only other peak in the Appalachian Mountain Range that exceeds 6,000 feet in elevation is Mount Washington (6,288 ft) in New Hampshire’s White Mountains.
  • The Blue Ridge Field Journal - Andrew Young - Falling Run Photography 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.blueridgefieldjournal.com [Source type: General]

), .Adams (5805), Jefferson (5725), Clay (5554), Monroe (5390), Madison (5380), Lafayette (5269); and a number of summits rise above 4000 ft.^ White Mountains (6,288 ft/1917 m), plus Adams (5,771), Jefferson (5,712), Monroe (5,380), Madison (5,367), Lafayette (5,260), and Lincoln (5,089).
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the southern section of the Blue Ridge is Grandfather Mountain (5,964 ft), with three other summits above 5,000, and a dozen more above 4000.
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A number of other points in the state rise above 4,800 ft (1,500 m).
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the Green Mountains the highest point, Mansfield, is 4364 ft.; Lincoln (4078), Killington (4241), Camel Hump (4088); and a number of other heights exceed 3000 ft.^ A number of other points in the state rise above 4,800 ft (1,500 m).
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Green Mountains the highest point, Mansfield, is 4364 ft.; Lincoln (4078), Killington (4241), Camel Hump (4088); and a number of other heights exceed 3000 ft.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Green Mountains the highest point, Mt.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Catskills are not properly included in the system.^ The Catskills are not properly included in the system.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Blue Ridge, rising in southern Pennsylvania and there known as South Mountain, attains in that state elevations of about 2000 ft.; southward to the Potomac its altitudes diminish, but 30 m.^ What’s the peak of the Blue Ridge mountains?
  • Blue Ridge Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Blue Ridge 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: General]

^ The culminating group of the Blue Ridge is known as the Black Mountains .
  • Appalachian Mountains - MSN Encarta 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC encarta.msn.com [Source type: General]

^ Blue Ridge Mountains, February 2008 .
  • Blue Ridge Mountains, February 2008 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC photos.beckettmw.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

beyond again reach 2000 ft. .In the Virginia Blue Ridge the following are the highest peaks east of New river: Mount Weather (about 1850 ft.^ What’s the peak of the Blue Ridge mountains?
  • Blue Ridge Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Blue Ridge 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Notable Blue Ridge peaks are Mt.
  • Blue Ridge (mountains, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Blue Ridge weather essentials .
  • Serenity in the Mountains - Blue Ridge - Reviews of Serenity in the Mountains - TripAdvisor 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.tripadvisor.com [Source type: General]

), .Mary's Rock (3523), Peaks of Otter (4001 and 3875), Stony Man (4031), Hawks Bill (4066).^ In the Virginia Blue Ridge, the following are the highest peaks east of the New River : Mary's Rock (3,523 ft), Stony Man (4,031), Hawksbill Mountain (4,066), and Peaks of Otter (4001 and 3875).
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of the highest peaks in the Virginia Blue Ridge north of the Roanoke River include, Stony Man, Hawksbill Mountain and Apple Orchard Mountain (4,225 feet).
  • Appalachian Mountain Range Lands, Forests, Trees, Western NC Land 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.overlookmartinscreek.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the Virginia Blue Ridge, the following are the highest peaks east of the New River: Mary's Rock (3,523 ft), Stony Man (4,031), Hawksbill Mountain (4,066), and Peaks of Otter (4001 and 3875).
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Pennsylvania the summits of the Valley Ridges rise generally to about 2000 ft., and in Maryland Eagle Rock and Dans Rock are conspicuous points reaching 3162 ft.^ In Maryland , Eagle Rock and Dans Mountain are conspicuous points reaching 3,162 ft (964 m).
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Pennsylvania the summits of the Valley Ridges rise generally to about 2000 ft., and in Maryland Eagle Rock and Dans Rock are conspicuous points reaching 3162 ft.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Shickshocks the higher summits rise to about 4,000 ft.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

and 2882 ft. above the sea. .On the same side of the Great Valley, south of the Potomac, are the Pinnacle (3007 ft.^ On the same side of the Great Valley, south of the Potomac, are the Pinnacle (3,007 ft) and Pidgeon Roost (3,400 ft).
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the same side of the Great Valley, south of the Potomac, are the Pinnacle (3,007 ft.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the same side of the Great Valley , south of the Potomac , are the Pinnacle (3,007 ft) and Pidgeon Roost (3,400 ft).
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

) and .Pidgeon Roost (3400 ft.^ Pidgeon Roost (3400 ft.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pidgeon Roost (3,400 ft.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the same side of the Great Valley, south of the Potomac, are the Pinnacle (3,007 ft) and Pidgeon Roost (3,400 ft).
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

). .In the southern section of the Blue Ridge are Grandfather Mountain (59 6 4 ft.^ What’s the peak of the Blue Ridge mountains?
  • Blue Ridge Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Blue Ridge 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: General]

^ All places in Blue Ridge Mountains .
  • Blue Ridge Mountains 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.43places.com [Source type: General]

^ The Blue Ridge Parkway is a cross-section of Appalachian Mountain history.
  • Blue Ridge Parkway Appalachian Mountains of North Carolina Virginia Tennessee 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.carolinaoutfitters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

), with three other summits above .5000, and a dozen more above 4000. The Unaka Ranges (including the Black and Smoky Mountains) have eighteen peaks higher than 5000 ft., and eight surpassing 6000 ft.^ The Unaka Ranges (including the Black and Great Smoky Mountains ) have eighteen peaks higher than 5,000 ft (1,500 m)., and eight surpassing 6,000 ft (1,800 m).
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Unaka Ranges (including the Black and Smoky Mountains) have eighteen peaks higher than 5000 ft., and eight surpassing 6000 ft.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Smoky Mountains A range of mountains in the southern Appalachians.
  • Glossary of Appalachian history, culture, folk lore, plants, and wildlife. 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.apptrav.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the Black Mountains, Mitchell (the culminating point of the whole system) attains an altitude of 6711 ft., Balsam Cone, 6645, Black Brothers, 6690, and 6620, and Hallback,6403. In the Smoky Mountains we have Clingman's Peak (6611), Guyot (6636), Alexander (6447), Leconte (6612), Curtis (6588), with several others above 6000 and many higher than 5000.
.In spite of the existence of the Great Appalachian Valley, the master streams are transverse to the axis of the system.^ Drainage In spite of the existence of the Great Appalachian Valley, the master streams are transverse to the axis of the system.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A distinctive feature of the system is the Great Appalachian Valley .
  • Appalachian Mountains (mountains, North America) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ In spite of the existence of the Great Appalachian Valley, the master streams are transverse to the axis of the system.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains Map History Appalachian Mountains Maps 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The main watershed follows a tortuous course which crosses the mountainous belt just north of New river in Virginia; south of this the rivers head in the Blue Ridge, cross the higher Unakas, receive important tributaries from the Great Valley, and traversing the Cumberland Plateau in spreading gorges, escape by way of the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers to the Ohio and Mississippi, and thus to the Gulf of Mexico; in the central section the rivers, rising in or beyond the Valley Ridges, flow through great gorges (water gaps) to the Great Valley, and by southeasterly courses across the Blue Ridge to tidal estuaries penetrating the coastal plain; in the northern section the water-parting lies on the inland side of the mountainous belt, the main lines of drainage running from north to south.^ The Blue Ridge Mountains are in the northeast part of Georgia.
  • North Georgia 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.wacona.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What’s the peak of the Blue Ridge mountains?
  • Blue Ridge Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Blue Ridge 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: General]

^ The Blue Ridge, the Cumberland Plateau, and the Valley and Ridge are all part of the Appalachian Mountains—also known as Appalachia.
  • Sherpa Guides | Georgia | Mountains | The Blue Ridge 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.sherpaguides.com [Source type: General]

.==Geology== The rocks of the Appalachian belt fall naturally into two divisions; ancient (pre-Cambrian) crystallines, including marbles, schists, gneisses, granites and other massive igneous rocks, and a great succession of Paleozoic sediments.^ Geology == The rocks of the Appalachian belt fall naturally into two divisions; ancient (pre-Cambrian) crystallines, including marbles , schists , gneisses, granites and other massive igneous rocks, and a great succession of Paleozoic sediments.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It consists of varied crystalline metamorphic and igneous rocks of Paleozoic age.
  • GO 568 Appalachian Mountains 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC academic.emporia.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A remarkable feature of the belt is the longitudinal chain of broad valleys, including The Great Appalachian Valley, which in the southerly sections divides the mountain system into two subequal portions, but in the northernmost lies west of all the ranges possessing typical Appalachian features, and separates them from the Adirondack group.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The crystallines are confined to the portion of the belt east of the Great Valley where Paleozoic rocks are always highly metamorphosed and occur for the most part in limited patches, excepting in New England and Canada, where they assume greater areal importance, and are besides very generally intruded by granites.^ The crystallines are confined to the portion of the belt east of the Great Valley where Paleozoic rocks are always highly metamorphosed and occur for the most part in limited patches, excepting in New England and Canada, where they assume greater areal importance, and are besides very generally intruded by granites.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They make up what is known as “Old” Appalachia in Canada, New England , and a belt east of the Great Valley with the Blue Ridge at its heart.
  • Appalachian Mountains (mountains, North America) :: Geology -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Included in the Appalachian system are the Allegheny Mountains, the Blue Ridge Mountains, and the Great Smoky Mountains, along with the Great Valley, which takes in the Shenandoah, the James, the New, and the Tennessee valleys.
  • The Appalachians: America's First and Last Frontier : ISBN 9781400061860 - Buy.com 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.buy.com [Source type: General]

.The Paleozoic sediments, ranging in age from Cambrian to Permian, occupy the Great Valley, the Valley Ridges and the plateaus still farther west.^ The range separates the Great Valley of Virginia on the west from the Piedmont on the east.
  • Sherpa Guides | Virginia | Mountains | The Blue Ridge 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.sherpaguides.com [Source type: General]

^ The Paleozoic sediments, ranging in age from Cambrian to Permian , occupy the Great Valley, the Valley Ridges and the plateaus still farther west.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The plateau areas are popularly called "mountains", especially in eastern Kentucky and West Virginia, and while the ridges are not high, the terrain is very rugged.
  • Appalachian Mountain Range Lands, Forests, Trees, Western NC Land 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.overlookmartinscreek.com [Source type: Original source]

.They are rarely metamorphosed to the point of recrystallization, though locally shales are altered to roofing slates, sandstones are indurated, limestones slightly marblized, and coals, originally bituminous, are changed to anthracite in northern Pennsylvania, and to graphite in Rhode Island.^ They are rarely metamorphosed to the point of recrystallization, though locally shales are altered to roofing slates, sandstones are indurated, limestones slightly marblized, and coals, originally bituminous, are changed to anthracite in northern Pennsylvania, and to graphite in Rhode Island .
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example, sandstone was changed to quartzite and shale to slate.
  • CVO Menu - America's Volcanic Past - Appalachians, Blue Ridge, Great Smoky Mountains 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC vulcan.wr.usgs.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mountains contain deposits of iron ore, anthracite, bituminous coal, zinc, slate, limestone, asbestos, mica, granite, and emery.
  • Appalachian Mountains - ninemsn Encarta 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC au.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains - MSN Encarta 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC uk.encarta.msn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Igneous intrusions consist only of unimportant dikes of trap.^ Igneous intrusions consist only of unimportant dikes of trap .
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The most striking and uniformly characteristic geologic feature of the mountains is their internal structure, consisting of innumerable parallel, long and narrow folds, always closely appressed in the eastern part of any crosssection (Piedmont Plateau to Great Valley), less so along a central zone (Great Valley and Valley Ridges), and increasingly open on the west (Allegheny and Cumberland Plateaus).^ Long, parallel ridges, separated by deep valleys define the Blue Ridge Mountains.
  • Blue Ridge Mountains 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC ngeorgia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Blue Ridge, the Cumberland Plateau, and the Valley and Ridge are all part of the Appalachian Mountains—also known as Appalachia.
  • Sherpa Guides | Georgia | Mountains | The Blue Ridge 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.sherpaguides.com [Source type: General]

^ The range separates the Great Valley of Virginia on the west from the Piedmont on the east.
  • Sherpa Guides | Virginia | Mountains | The Blue Ridge 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.sherpaguides.com [Source type: General]

.Asymmetry of the folds is a marked characteristic in the zones of closer folding, the anticlines having long gently inclined easterly limbs, and short, steep and even overturned limbs upon the west.^ Asymmetry of the folds is a marked characteristic in the zones of closer folding, the anticlines having long gently inclined easterly limbs, and short, steep and even overturned limbs upon the west.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Deformation in this province grades from thrusts and tight to overturned folds in the east to more open, gently plunging folds to the west.
  • Chapter 2: Plate T-11 — GES DISC: Goddard Earth Sciences, Data & Information Services Center 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The western side of this fold belt is bounded either by a thrust zone or by an escarpment that separates the steep dips of the fold belt from the gently warped, generally westward-dipping Upper Paleozoic strata of the plateau.
  • Chapter 2: Plate T-11 — GES DISC: Goddard Earth Sciences, Data & Information Services Center 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The effect of such folds is often exaggerated by thrusts, and faulting of this sort is prominent in the southern section, where the existence of over-thrusts measured by several miles has been established.^ The effect of such folds is often exaggerated by thrusts, and faulting of this sort is prominent in the southern section, where the existence of over-thrusts measured by several miles has been established.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such faults are common in the folded Appalachians.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains - Art History Online Reference and Guide 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.arthistoryclub.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Valley & Ridge province of the mid-Atlantic region is defined by folded (and thrust-faulted) sedimentary strata.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

.What may be termed the ancestral Appalachian system was formed during the post-carboniferous revolution, though certain of its elements had been previously outlined, and perhaps at different dates.^ What may be termed the ancestral Appalachian system was formed during the post- carboniferous revolution, though certain of its elements had been previously outlined, and perhaps at different dates.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Site Map • Shipping Policies • Privacy Policy • Terms & Conditions Online prices may differ from in-store prices.
  • Appalachian Mountain Gospel - Compact Disc (UPC 0732351032620) - Buy Books, Music and Movies at Borders 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.borders.com [Source type: General]

^ The Appalachian Trail is marked for daylight travel in both directions, using a system of two-inch by six-inch paint "blazes" on trees, posts, and rocks.

.Folding of the rocks resulted from the operation of great compressive forces acting tangentially to the figure of the earth.^ Folding of the rocks resulted from the operation of great compressive forces acting tangentially to the figure of the earth .
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When the dark green rock adjusts to the conditions at the Earth's surface, it breaks down, resulting in the tan/"buff" color on the outside.
  • NOVA Geoblog 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC nvcc.edu [Source type: General]

^ Its rocks are also Paleozoic sedimentary units that were not strongly folded (the compression effects die down in this region) and are still subhorizontal.
  • Remote Sensing Tutorial Page 6-3 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC rst.gsfc.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Extensive and deep-seated crumpling was necessarily accompanied by vertical uplift throughout the zone affected, but once at least since their birth the mountains have been worn down to a lowland, and the mountains of to-day are the combined product of subsequent uplift of a different sort, and dissection by erosion.^ Extensive and deep-seated crumpling was necessarily accompanied by vertical uplift throughout the zone affected, but once at least since their birth the mountains have been worn down to a lowland , and the mountains of to-day are the combined product of subsequent uplift of a different sort, and dissection by erosion.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Summer trips range in length from 5 to 28 days, and many of them combine different outdoor elements such as backpacking, canoeing, sea and whitewater kayaking, mountain biking, and rock climbing.
  • Appalachian Mountain Club - Good2Gether DoGood Channel 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC dogood.boston.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the time humans first walked their slopes, the Appalachian mountains had worn down from prehistoric peaks over 16,000 ft (5,000 m) high to 6,500 ft (2,000 m) today.
  • Appalachian Mountains Rock Ice Age | The Resilient Earth 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC theresilientearth.com [Source type: News]
  • Appalachian Mountains Rock Ice Age, 460 Million Years Ago 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC merriemarie.amplify.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Produced by long-continued subaerial decay and erosion, in later Cretaceous times this lowland extended from the Atlantic Ocean well toward the interior of North America; since then the whole continent has been generally elevated, and by successive steps the Appalachian belt has been raised to form a wide but relatively low arch.^ Produced by long-continued subaerial decay and erosion, in later Cretaceous times this lowland extended from the Atlantic Ocean well toward the interior of North America ; since then the whole continent has been generally elevated, and by successive steps the Appalachian belt has been raised to form a wide but relatively low arch.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Appalachian Mountains is a range of mountains which is located on the continent of North America.
  • Where Are The Appalachian Mountains Located? - Blurtit 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.blurtit.com [Source type: General]

^ The Appalachians are the oldest mountains in North America.
  • Appalachian Mountains | Article | World Book Student 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC photo.pds.org:5005 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The crosswise courses of the greater rivers result from the rivers being older than the mountains, which indeed have been produced by circumdenudation.^ The crosswise courses of the greater rivers result from the rivers being older than the mountains, which indeed have been produced by circumdenudation.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of the major rivers are older than the mountains.
  • Appalachian Mountains (mountains, North America) :: Geology -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That is why the Appalachian Mountains, being geologically older, are much lower and have gentler slopes compared to the Rockies or the Andes or the Himalayas.
  • THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.main.nc.us [Source type: Original source]

.The master streams of the present have inherited their channels from the drainage systems of the Cretaceous lowland, and though raised athwart the courses of the lowland trunk streams the great arch was developed so slowly that these channels could be maintained through pari passu deepening.^ The master streams of the present have inherited their channels from the drainage systems of the Cretaceous lowland, and though raised athwart the courses of the lowland trunk streams the great arch was developed so slowly that these channels could be maintained through pari passu deepening.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spectacular large-scale trellis drainage has developed on these broad folds and persists well to the northeast of the dark "fingers."
  • Chapter 2: Plate T-11 — GES DISC: Goddard Earth Sciences, Data & Information Services Center 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though cultural change and development is inevitable, prior to the advent of electronic media change occured far more slowly and for different reasons.
  • Mike Seeger - An Historical and Musical Background on the Southern Appalachian Region 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC mikeseeger.info [Source type: General]

.Former tributaries have given place to others developed with reference to the distribution of more or less easily eroded strata, the present longitudinal valleys being determined by the out-crop of soft shales or soluble limestones, and the parallel ridges upheld by hard sandstones or schists.^ Former tributaries have given place to others developed with reference to the distribution of more or less easily eroded strata, the present longitudinal valleys being determined by the out- crop of soft shales or soluble limestones, and the parallel ridges upheld by hard sandstones or schists.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because neighbors are never too far away, streams may have polution and need more careful treatment than other places on the AT. .
  • NYNJTC: The Appalachian Trail 15 September 2009 4:38 UTC www.nynjtc.org [Source type: News]

^ Separated from each other by a sea of ridges, mountain communities had developed since their founding as separate social systems living largely unto themselves.
  • Industrializing the Mountains - Wheeling Jesuit University 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.wju.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Parallelism of mountain ridges and intervening valleys is thus attributable to the folding of the rocks, but the origin of the interior structure of the mountains is to be kept distinct from the origin of the mountains as features of topography.^ Differential erosion of the thrust and folded structures has led to the distinctive valley-and-ridge topography for which this province is famous.
  • GO 568 Appalachian Mountains 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC academic.emporia.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fold belt of the Valley and Ridge Province is distinctive.
  • Remote Sensing Tutorial Page 6-3 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC rst.gsfc.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Parallelism of mountain ridges and intervening valleys is thus attributable to the folding of the rocks, but the origin of the interior structure of the mountains is to be kept distinct from the origin of the mountains as features of topography .
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.==Flora and Fauna== Much of the region is covered with forest yielding quantities of valuable timber, especially in Canada and northern New England.^ Flora and Fauna == Much of the region is covered with forest yielding quantities of valuable timber , especially in Canada and northern New England.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Appalachian Mountain Club The most recent storm in New England dropped a substantial amount of snow in Maine and Northern New Hampshire.
  • Appalachian Mountain Club | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountain Club | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC fr-fr.facebook.com [Source type: General]
  • Appalachian Mountain Club | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountain Club | Facebook 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en-gb.facebook.com [Source type: General]

^ Though hailing from New England, Dana from New Hampshire and Tom living in Vermont, both were knowledgeable of the local flora and fauna.
  • North Carolina's Blue Ridge, Blue Ridge Mountains, North Carolina 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.proseandphotos.com [Source type: General]

.The most valuable trees for lumber are spruce, white pine, hemlock, cedar, white birch, ash, maple and basswood; all excepting pine and hemlock and poplar in addition are ground into wood pulp for the manufacture of paper.^ The tulip tree produces a good clear lumber known as white wood or poplar, and is also a source of pulp.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most valuable trees for lumber are spruce , white pine , hemlock , juniper , birch , ash , maple and basswood ; all excepting pine and hemlock, and poplar in addition, are ground into wood pulp for the manufacture of paper.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most valuable trees for lumber are spruce , white pine , hemlock , cedar , white birch , ash , maple and basswood; all excepting pine and hemlock and poplar in addition are ground into wood pulp for the manufacture of paper.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the central and southern parts of the belt oak and hickory constitute valuable hard woods, and certain varieties of the former furnish quantities of tan bark.^ In the central and southern parts of the belt oak and hickory constitute valuable hard woods, and certain varieties of the former furnish quantities of tan bark.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The oak forests of the southern and central Appalachians consist largely of Black , Northern Red , White , Chestnut and Scarlet Oaks ( Quercus velutina, Q. rubra, Q. alba, Q. prinus and Q. coccinea ) and hickories, such as the Pignut ( Carya glabra ) in particular.
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We now take a detour in our flight to look at parts of the northern, central and southern Appalachians.
  • Remote Sensing Tutorial Page 6-3 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC rst.gsfc.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The tulip tree produces a good clear lumber known as white wood or poplar, and is also a source of pulp.^ The tulip tree produces a good clear lumber known as white wood or poplar, and is also a source of pulp.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tulip-tree produces a good clear lumber known as white wood or poplar, and is also a source of pulp.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most valuable trees for lumber are spruce , white pine , hemlock , juniper , birch , ash , maple and basswood ; all excepting pine and hemlock, and poplar in addition, are ground into wood pulp for the manufacture of paper.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the south both white and yellow pine abounds.^ In the south both white and yellow pine abounds.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many flowering and fruit-bearing shrubs of the heath family add to the beauty of the mountainous districts, rhododendron and kalmia often forming impenetrable thickets.^ Many flowering and fruit -bearing shrubs of the heath family add to the beauty of the mountainous districts, rhododendron and kalmia often forming impenetrable thickets.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many flowering and fruit-bearing shrubs of the heath family add to the beauty of the mountainous districts, rhododendron and kalmia often forming impenetrable thickets.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each season reveals new beauty along the route, from the blooming rhododendron, mountain laurel, dogwood, and numerous wildflowers in spring, to the lush greenery of summer.
  • Plan a vacation to Blue Ridge Parkway - Rand McNally 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.randmcnally.com [Source type: General]

.Bears, mountain lions (pumas), wild cats (lynx) and wolves haunt the more remote fastnesses of the mountains; foxes abound; deer are found in many districts and moose in the north.^ Bears , mountain lions ( pumas ), wild cats ( lynx ) and wolves haunt the more remote vastnesses of the mountains; foxes abound; deer are found in many districts and moose in the north.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Park offers panoramic views, many miles of unspoiled mountains, lush forests and tumbling mountain streams like those found by the early American Settlers.
  • Local Information Appalachian Biltmore Blue Ridge Bryson City Cherohala Cherokee Fontana Gatlinburg Nantahala Pigeon Forge Smoky Mountains 10 February 2010 12:25 UTC www.carolinaoutfitters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mountains in CA have some pretty incredible wilderness as well, including the tallest, oldest, and most massive living things in the world, bear, mountain lion, elk, and pronghorn, as well as some of the tallest waterfalls in North America.
  • Rockies or Appalachians? (delivery, pine, place) - General U.S. - Page 5 - City-Data Forum 11 September 2009 0:00 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: General]

Influence on History

.For a century the Appalachians were a barrier to the westward expansion of the English colonies; the continuity of the system, the bewildering multiplicity of its succeeding ridges, the tortuous courses and roughness of its transverse passes, a heavy forest and dense undergrowth all conspired to hold the settlers on the seaward-sloping plateaus and coastal plains.^ The continuity of the mountain system, the bewildering complexity of its many ridges, the tortuous landscape of its transverse passes, a heavy forest, and dense undergrowth all combined to keep the settlers on the seaward sloping plateaus and coastal plains.
  • Appalachian Mountain Range Lands, Forests, Trees, Western NC Land 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.overlookmartinscreek.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For a century, the Appalachians were a barrier to the westward expansion of the British colonies; the continuity of the system, the bewildering multiplicity of its succeeding ridges, the tortuous courses and roughness of its transverse passes, a heavy forest, and dense undergrowth all conspired to hold the settlers on the seaward-sloping plateaus and coastal plains.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The continuity of the mountain system, the bewildering multiplicity of its succeeding ridges, the tortuous courses and roughness of its transverse passes, a heavy forest, and dense undergrowth all conspired to hold the settlers on the seaward-sloping plateaus and coastal plains.
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Only by way of the Hudson and Mohawk valleys, and round about the southern termination of the system were there easy routes to the interior of the country, and these were long closed by hostile aborigines and jealous French or Spanish colonists.^ Only by way of the Hudson and Mohawk Valley s, and round about the southern termination of the system were there easy routes to the interior of the country, and these were long closed by hostile aborigines as well as French colonists to the north and Spanish colonists to the south.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only by way of the Hudson and Mohawk valleys, and round about the southern termination of the system were there easy routes to the interior of the country, and these were long closed by hostile aborigines and jealous French or Spanish colonists.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only by way of the Hudson and Mohawk Valleys, and round about the southern termination of the system were there easy routes to the interior of the country, and these were long closed by powerful Native American tribes such as the Iroquois, Creek, and Cherokee, among others.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In eastern Pennsylvania the Great Valley was accessible by reason of a broad gateway between the end of South Mountain and the Highlands, and here in the Lebanon Valley settled German Moravians, whose descendants even now retain the peculiar patois known as "Pennsylvania Dutch." These were late comers to the New World forced to the frontier to find unclaimed lands. .With their followers of both German and Scotch-Irish origin, they worked their way southward and soon occupied all of the Virginia Valley and the upper reaches of the Great Valley tributaries of the Tennessee.^ With their followers of both German and Scotch-Irish origin, they worked their way southward and soon occupied all of the Virginia Valley and the upper reaches of the Great Valley tributaries of the Tennessee.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With their followers of both German and ScotsIrish origin, they worked their way southward and soon occupied all of the Shenandoah Valley, ceded by the Iroquois, and the upper reaches of the Great Valley tributaries of the Tennessee River, ceded by the Cherokee.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With their followers of both German and Scots-Irish origin, they worked their way southward and soon occupied all of the Virginia Valley and the upper reaches of the Great Valley tributaries of the Tennessee .
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By 1755 the obstacle to westward expansion had been thus reduced by half; outposts of the English colonists had penetrated the Allegheny and Cumberland plateaus, threatening French monopoly in the transmontane region, and a conflict became inevitable.^ By 1755, the obstacle to westward expansion had been thus reduced by half; outposts of the English colonists had penetrated the Allegheny and Cumberland plateaus, threatening French monopoly in the transmontane region, and a conflict became inevitable.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By 1775, the obstacle to westward expansion had been thus reduced by half, outposts of the English colonists had penetrated the Allegheny and Cumberland plateaus, threatening the French dominance in the region, and war became inevitable.
  • Appalachian Mountain Range Lands, Forests, Trees, Western NC Land 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.overlookmartinscreek.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By 1755 the obstacle to westward expansion had been thus reduced by half; outposts of the English colonists had penetrated the Allegheny and Cumberland plateaus, threatening French monopoly in the transmontane region, and a conflict became inevitable.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Making common cause against the French to determine the control of the Ohio valley, the unsuspected strength of the colonists was revealed,' and the successful ending of the French and Indian War extended England's territory to the Mississippi.^ Making common cause against the French to determine the control of the Ohio valley, the unsuspected strength of the colonists was revealed, and the successful ending of the French and Indian War extended England’s territory to the Mississippi.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Making common cause against the French to determine the control of the Ohio valley , the unsuspected strength of the colonists was revealed, and the successful ending of the French and Indian War extended England's territory to the Mississippi .
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Making common cause against the French to determine the control of the Ohio valley, the unsuspected strength of the colonists was revealed,' and the successful ending of the French and Indian War extended England's territory to the Mississippi.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To this strength the geographic isolation enforced by the Appalachian mountains had been a prime contributor.^ The geographic isolation caused by the Appalachian Mountain lands had been a prime reason for their success.
  • Appalachian Mountain Range Lands, Forests, Trees, Western NC Land 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.overlookmartinscreek.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To this strength the geographic isolation enforced by the Appalachian mountains had been a prime contributor.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Due to the isolation, people in the Appalachian Mountains had little exposure to modern medicine.
  • life in the appalachian mountains of North Carolina & Tennessee 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.ashevillelist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The confinement of the colonies between an ocean and a mountain wall led to the fullest occupation of the coastal border of the continent, which was possible under existing conditions of agriculture, conducing to a community of purpose, a political and commercial solidarity, which would not otherwise have been developed.^ The confinement of the colonies between an ocean and a mountain wall led to the fullest occupation of the coastal border of the continent, which was possible under existing conditions of agriculture , conducing to a community of purpose, a political and commercial solidarity, which would not otherwise have been developed.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The confinement of the colonies between an ocean and a mountain wall led to the concentrated settlement of the coastal border of the continent which led to a community of purpose, a political and commercial solidarity, which would not otherwise have developed.
  • Appalachian Mountain Range Lands, Forests, Trees, Western NC Land 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.overlookmartinscreek.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The confinement of the colonies between an ocean and a mountain wall led to the fullest occupation of the coastal border of the continent, which was possible under existing conditions of agriculture, conducing to a community of purpose, a political and commercial solidarity, which would not otherwise have been developed.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As early as 1700 it was possible to ride from Portland, Maine, to southern Virginia, sleeping each night at some considerable village.^ As early as 1700 it was possible to ride from Portland, Maine , to southern Virginia , sleeping each night at some considerable village.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As early as 1700 it was possible to ride from Portland, Maine, to southern Virginia, sleeping each night at some considerable village.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As early as 1700 it was possible to ride from Portland, Maine , to southern Virginia, sleeping each night at some considerable village.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In contrast to this complete industrial occupation, the French territory was held by a small and very scattered population, its extent and openness adding materially to the difficulties of a disputed tenure.^ In contrast to this complete industrial occupation, the French territory was held by a small and very scattered population, its extent and openness adding materially to the difficulties of a disputed tenure.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In contrast to this significant industrial occupation, the French territory was held by a small and very scattered population.
  • Appalachian Mountain Range Lands, Forests, Trees, Western NC Land 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.overlookmartinscreek.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In contrast to this complete industrial occupation, the French territory was held by a small and very scattered population, its extent and openness adding materially to the difficulties of a disputed tenure .
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bearing the brunt of this contest as they did, the colonies were undergoing preparation for the subsequent struggle with the home government.^ Bearing the brunt of this contest, the colonies were getting prepared for the subsequent struggle with the England.
  • Appalachian Mountain Range Lands, Forests, Trees, Western NC Land 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.overlookmartinscreek.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bearing the brunt of this contest as they did, the colonies were undergoing preparation for the subsequent struggle with the home government.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Here, the state stepped in and filled a conservation role typically played by the federal government - and they did it better.
  • Appalachian Mountains chapter for Conservation International book on Wilderness 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Unsupported by shipping, the American armies fought toward the sea with the mountains at their back protecting them against Indians leagued with the British.^ Unsupported by shipping , the American armies fought toward the sea with the mountains at their back protecting them against Indians leagued with the British.
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unsupported by shipping, the American armies fought toward the sea with the mountains at their back protecting them against British leagued with the Aboriginals.
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unsupported by shipping, the American armies fought toward the sea with the mountains at their back protecting them against British and their native allies.
  • Appalachian Mountain Range Lands, Forests, Trees, Western NC Land 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.overlookmartinscreek.com [Source type: Original source]

.The few settlements beyond the Great Valley were free for self-defence because debarred from general participation in the conflict by reason of their position.^ The few settlements beyond the Great Valley land were freed for self defense because of their geographic location..
  • Appalachian Mountain Range Lands, Forests, Trees, Western NC Land 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.overlookmartinscreek.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The few settlements beyond the Great Valley were free for self-defence because debarred from general participation in the conflict by reason of their position.
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The few settlements beyond the Great Valley were free Appalachian Mountains for self-defence because debarred from general participation in the conflict by reason of their position.
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.See the separate articles on the states, and also the following references: - Topographic maps and Geologic Folios of the United States Geological Survey; Bailey Willis, "The Northern Appalachians," and C. W. Hayes, "The Southern Appalachians," both in National Geographic Monographs, vol.^ English in the Southern United States , ed.
  • Bibliography: Southern Appalachian English 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.cas.sc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Theres a northern Appalachian region and a southern Appalachian region.

^ Geological map of the Appalachian Mountains .
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

i.; and chaps. iii., iv. and v. of .Miss E. C. Semple's American History_and its Geographic Conditions (Boston, 1903).^ Miss E. C. Semple's American History_and its Geographic Conditions (Boston, 1903).
  • Appalachian Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Miss E. C. Semple's American History and its Geographic Conditions (Boston, 1903).
  • Appalachian Mountains at AllExperts 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Appalachian Mountains encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Miss E. C. Semple’s American History and its Geographic Conditions (Boston, 1903).
  • Appalachian 10 February 2010 11:31 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(A. C. SP.)


Simple English

File:Appalachians NC
The Appalachian Mountains in North Carolina

The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a large group of North American mountains. They are partly in Canada, but mostly in the United States. They form an area from 100 to 300 miles wide, running 1,500 miles from the island of Newfoundland in Canada to central Alabama in the United States. The individual mountains average around 3,000 ft (900 m) in height. The highest is Mt. Mitchell in North Carolina (6,684 ft or 2,037m). Mt. Mitchell is also the highest point in the United States east of the Mississippi River as well as the highest point in eastern North America.

The term Appalachia is used to refer to regions associated with the mountain range. It refers to the mountain range and the hills and plateau region around it. The term is often used to refer to just areas in the central and southern Appalachian Mountains. These areas usually include parts of the states of Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, and North Carolina, and sometimes extending as far south as northern Georgia and western South Carolina, as far north as Pennsylvania, and as far west as southeastern Ohio.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 16, 2010

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