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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Due to technical restrictions, some page names are not allowed on Wiktionary. Since Wiktionary uses the term being defined as the page name, there are thus some terms that cannot have their own entry. Some of these are collected here instead. (For more information on the technical restrictions, which are in the software that Wiktionary runs on, see the MediaWiki Handbook).

Contents

The Universal Character Set
Unicode name SPACE
Basic Latin U+0020

Translingual

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Symbol

] [

  1. separation between words (called a space).

See also


 

The Universal Character Set
Unicode name IDEOGRAPHIC SPACE
Codepoint U+3000

Translingual

Symbol

] [

  1. fullwidth (Ideographic) space;

#

See also
The Universal Character Set
Unicode name NUMBER SIGN
Basic Latin U+0023

Translingual

Symbol

#

  1. (computing) The hash character

Usage notes

English

Etymology

The symbol # derives from the abbreviation lb for Latin libra (pound), via the medieval convention of indicating abbreviations with an over-stroke, which in this case crossed the risers of the l and b (approximately l͞b, or lb).

Noun

Singular
#

Plural
or #s

# (plural # or #s)

  1. (food packaging, US) Pound (unit of weight)
    3# — "three pounds"
  2. (followed by a numeral: used attributively) Number
    #3 — "number three"

Related terms

See also

.

The Universal Character Set
Unicode name FULL STOP
Basic Latin U+002E

Translingual

Symbol

.

  1. indicates the end of a sentence.
  2. end of abbreviation
    etc. — “et cetera”
  3. In some counting systems, the decimal separator.
  4. In some counting systems, the thousands separator.
  5. (computing) a delimiter
    en.wiktionary.org — “the Internet domain name with components ‘en’, ‘wiktionary’, and ‘org’”
    document.txt — “the file with the base name ‘document’ and the extension ‘txt’”
  6. (computing, various operating systems) the current directory
    ls . — “list the contents of the current directory”
  7. (computing, various programming languages) structure access operator
    point.x — “the ‘x’ property of the ‘point’ variable”

Usage notes

In English, the symbol . has various names, used in different contexts:

  • To signify the end of a sentence: period or full stop
    • My name is John. - My name is John period (US) or My name is John full stop (UK)
  • For use as a decimal separator: point
    • 3.45 - three point four five
  • For use of a thousand separator: - (not pronounced)
    • There are 1.000 species left. - There are one thousand species left
  • In names in computing contexts (file-names, domain-names, and so on): dot
    • john.smith@example.com - john dot smith at example dot com

Synonyms

  • (decimal separator): , (in some counting systems)
  • (thousand separator): , (in some counting systems)

See also


..

Translingual

Symbol

..

  1. (computing) the parent directory.

:

See also , , , , , and
The Universal Character Set
Unicode name COLON
Basic Latin U+003A

Translingual

Symbol

:

  1. Separates numbers in a ratio.
    There is a 5:4 ratio of boys to girls in my class.
  2. Separates hours, minutes, and seconds when reporting time
    The train leaves at 5:40.
  3. Separation of the chapter and the verse number(s) indication
    John 3:14–16 (or John III:14–16)
  4. Introduces a series of itmes
    I have three things to pickup at the store: eggs, milk, and bread.
  5. Separation of a title and the corresponding subtitle
    Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope

See also

English

Symbol

:

  1. Introduces a quotation
    Mary gave advice to her children: a stitch in time saves nine.
    Patient: Is there a doctor in here?
  2. Introduces a sentence with the role of apposition with respect to the previous one
    Luruns could not speak: he was drunk
  3. Introduces the logical consequence, or effect, of a fact stated before
    There was only one possible explanation: the train had never arrived
  4. Separation of clauses in a periodic sentence

::

Translingual

Symbol

::

  1. (rare) (Used in a proportion to separate one ratio from another.)

:(

Translingual

Symbol

:(

  1. Alternative form of :-(.

Antonyms


:)

Translingual

Smiley head happy.png

Symbol

:)

  1. Alternative form of :-).

Antonyms


:-(

Translingual

Etymology

First used with the intended purpose of expressing emotion in a post by Scott Fahlman to the Carnegie Mellon University computer science general bulletin board on 19 September 1982[1].

Symbol

:-(

  1. (Internet, instant messaging) sad face.

Synonyms


:-)

Translingual

Etymology

First used with the intended purpose of expressing emotion in a post by Scott Fahlman to the Carnegie Mellon University computer science general bulletin board on 19 September 1982[1].

Symbol

:-)

  1. a smiley face

Usage notes

  • Where it would otherwise precede a right parenthesis (")"), sometimes the two are combined so that only one right parenthesis is used.

Synonyms


 :=

Translingual

Symbol

:=

  1. Indicates that the thing on the left is defined to be the thing on the right

<

The Universal Character Set
Unicode name LESS-THAN SIGN
Basic Latin U+003C

Translingual

Symbol

<

  1. Less than; used to show the number on the left has a lower value than the one on the right.
    \forall x< 3for all x less than three
    x < 3 — x is less than three

Synonyms

Antonyms

Related terms

See also


<3

Translingual

Etymology

From its shape as a heart.

Verb

<3

  1. (emoticon) Love.

<>

Translingual

Symbol

<>

  1. unequal

Usage notes

  • Used especially in plaintext, wherein the more usual symbol cannot be used.

Translingual

Symbol

  1. covers. "is covered by"

See also

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia


>

The Universal Character Set
Unicode name GREATER-THAN SIGN
Basic Latin U+003E

Translingual

Symbol

>

  1. Greater than, more than; used to show the number on the left has a greater value than the one on the right.
    \forall x>3
    for all x greater than three
    x > 3
    x is greater than three

Synonyms

Antonyms

Related terms

See also


[

The Universal Character Set
Unicode name LEFT SQUARE BRACKET
Basic Latin U+005B

Translingual

Symbol

[

  1. left square bracket
  2. (mathematics) In set builder notation, an inward facing bracket represents a closed endpoint of an interval (an inward facing parenthesis denotes an open endpoint).
    [a,b)=\{x\in\R\,|\,a\le x<b\},
  3. (mathematics) In ISO 31-11 notation, an inward facing bracket denotes a closed endpoint of an interval and an outward facing bracket denotes an open endpoint.
    \left[a,b\right[ = \{x\,|\, a\le x < b\}

Related terms

See also


]

The Universal Character Set
Unicode name RIGHT SQUARE BRACKET
Basic Latin U+005D

Translingual

Symbol

]

  1. right square bracket

Related terms

See also


_

The Universal Character Set
Unicode name LOW LINE
Basic Latin U+005F

Translingual

Symbol

_

  1. The underscore symbol, often used in place of a space in email addresses.
    My email address is jon_smith@example.com.

See also


{

The Universal Character Set
Unicode name LEFT CURLY BRACKET
Basic Latin U+007B

Translingual

Symbol

{

  1. left curly bracket

Related terms

See also


|

See also , ׀, and ǀ
The Universal Character Set
Unicode name VERTICAL LINE
Basic Latin U+007C

Translingual

Symbol

|

  1. (logic) vertical bar, or pipe (used to join two statements of which not both are true.)
  2. (mathematics) Such that; having the property that.
    \lbrace x\in\mathbb{R}|x>0\rbrace
  3. (mathematics, of an expression) Evaluated at.
    x + 2 | x = 1 = 3
  4. (mathematics) absolute value, or, more generally, modulus
    |-3| = 3
    For x = (1,1), and y = (4,5), |x – y| = √([1–4]2 + [1–5]2) = 5
  5. determinant
    |A| means the determinant of the matrix A
  6. (mathematics) cardinality
    \left|\{3, 5, 7, 9\}\right| = 4
  7. (mathematics) number of connected components
    \left|S^0\right|=2
  8. (statistics) conditional probability
    Pr(X|Y) — "The probability of X given Y"

See also


}

The Universal Character Set
Unicode name RIGHT CURLY BRACKET
Basic Latin U+007D

Translingual

Symbol

}

  1. right curly bracket

Related terms

See also

References

  • Notes:
  1. 1.0 1.1 ":) turns 25", 2007-09-20. Retrieved on 2007-09-20.

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