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Appenzeller Sennenhund
Appenzeller Sennenhund.JPG
An Appenzeller Sennenhund
Other names Appenzeller
Appenzell Cattle Dog
Appenzeller Mountain Dog
Country of origin Switzerland
Traits

The Appenzeller Sennenhund is a medium-size breed of dog, one of the four regional breeds of Sennenhund-type dogs from the Swiss Alps. The name Sennenhund refers to people called Senn, herders in the Swiss Alps. Appenzell is an alpine region in the northeast of Switzerland.

Contents

Appearance

The Appenzeller Sennenhund is a large dog, 18.5-23 ins (47-58 cm) at the withers and weighing 49-70 lbs (22-32 kg). Like the other Sennenhunds, the Appenzeller Sennenhund has a heavy, molosser-like build and a distinctive tricolour coat. The breed's ears are small and triangular, set high and hanging down against the dog's cheeks, similar to a button ear. Faults in the breed's appearance include wall eye, kinked tail, a single coat, and a coat that is not tricolour.[1]

Four breeds of Sennenhund

The four breeds of Sennenhund, with the original breed name followed by the most popular English version of the breed name.

History and purpose

The Appenzeller Sennenhund is descended from the general Sennenhund type which may have existed in antiquity, or descended from "cattle dogs left there by the Romans",[1] but the first breed club for the breed was founded and the stud book for the breed started in 1906 by Albert Heim and others, who wrote the first breed standard in 1916. An early reference to the breed's predecessors was made in an 1853 book, "Tierleben der Alpenwelt" (Animal Life in the Alps), referring to dogs in the Appenzell region. The Appenzeller Sennenhund was only recognised internationally as a separate breed in 1989.[2]

The Appenzeller Sennenhund was originally kept as a flock guardian, a draft dog, and general farm dog. The breed also was used for herding and as a guard dog. Today the breed is primarily kept as a companion, and excels in obedience competitions and Schutzhund.

Temperament

As with all large, very active working dogs, this breed should be well socialized early in life with other dogs and people and provided with regular activity and training if they are to be safely kept as a pet. According to the breed standard, the dogs are lively, high spirited, and suspicious of strangers.[3]

Kennel club recognition

The breed is recognised with the Swiss breed standard under the name Appenzeller Sennenhund, translated into English as Appenzell Cattle Dog, by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds- Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds, Section 3 Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. The breed is also recognised in the United States by the United Kennel Club in their Guardian Dog Group under the name Appenzeller, and is listed as a breed in the Foundation Stock Service by the American Kennel Club with the name Appenzeller Sennenhunde. The breed is not currently recognised by The Kennel Club or the other major kennel clubs in the English-speaking world, although it is also registered by small clubs and internet-based breed registries, and is promoted in North America as a rare breed for puppy buyers seeking a unique pet.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Clark, Anne Rogers; Andrew H. Brace (1995). The International Encyclopedia of Dogs. Howell Book House. pp. 88. ISBN 0-87605-624-9. [Booklist Reviews 1996 April #2 Lay summary].  
  2. ^ Appenzeller Sennenhund, Vertebrate Animals Department, Naturhistorische Museum Bern (in English)
  3. ^ Appenzeller Sennenhund breed standard

External links

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