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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 41°0′31″N 16°30′46″E / 41.00861°N 16.51278°E / 41.00861; 16.51278

Puglia
—  Region of Italy  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Country Italy
Capital Bari
Government
 - President Nichi Vendola (Left Ecology Freedom)
Area
 - Total 19,366 km2 (7,477.3 sq mi)
Population (2008-10-31)
 - Total 4,080,311
 Density 210.7/km2 (545.7/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
GDP/ Nominal € 68.9 billion (2006)
NUTS Region ITF
Website www.regione.puglia.it

Apulia (from Greek Ἀπουλία, in Italian: Puglia, pronounced [ˈpuʎːa]) is a region in southeastern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto in the south. Its southern portion known as Salento, a peninsula, forms a high heel on the "boot" of Italy. The region comprises 19,345 km² (7,469 square miles), and its population is about 4 million. It is bordered by the other Italian regions of Molise to the north, Campania to the west, and Basilicata to the southwest. It neighbors Greece and Albania, across the Ionian and Adriatic Seas, respectively. The region extends as far north as Monte Gargano, and was the scene of the last stages in the Second Punic War.

Contents

Geography

Landscape of the Murge plateau.

Situated at the south-eastern tip of the Italian peninsula, Apulia covers over 19,357 km2 in succession of broad plains and low-lying hills. The only mountainous areas, the Gargano promontory and the Monti Dauni, do not exceed 1,150 m and are to be found in the north of Apulia, which is the least mountainous region in Italy.

Apulia is a very dry region. Its few rivers are torrential and are to be found on the Tavoliere delle Puglie, a tableland at the foot of the Gargano promontory that is one of the largest and agriculturally most productive plains in Italy. Elsewhere, rainwater permeates the limestone bedrock to form underground watercourses that resurface near the coast. Groundwater is therefore abundant, and there are many caves and potholes. The caves at Castellana Grotte are particularly spectacular.

History

Castel del Monte, built by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II between 1240 and 1250.

In ancient times only the northern part of the region was called Apulia; the southern peninsula was known as Calabria, a name later used to designate the "toe" of the Italian "boot."

One of the richest in Italy for archeological findings, the region was settled from the 1st millennium BC by several Illyric and Italic peoples. Later, the Greeks expanded until reaching the area of Taranto and the Salento. In the fifth and fourth centuries BC, the Greek settlement at Taras produced a distinctive style of pottery (Apulian vase painting).

Apulia was an important area for the ancient Romans, who conquered it during the course of wars against the Samnites and against Pyrrhus in the fourth and third centuries B.C.

in the 4th century BC but also suffered a crushing defeat here in the battle of Cannae against Hannibal. However, after the Carthaginians left the region, the Romans captured the ports of Brindisi and Taranto, and established dominion over the region. During the Imperial age Apulia was a flourishing area for production of grain and oil, becoming the most important exporter to the Eastern provinces.

After the fall of Rome, Apulia was held successively by the Goths, the Lombards and, from the 6th century onwards, the Byzantines. Bari became the capital of a province that extended to modern Basilicata, and was ruled by a catepano (governor), hence the name of Capitanata of the Barese neighbourhood. From 800 on, Saracen domination in the area was intermittent, but Apulia was mostly under Byzantine authority until the 11th century, when the Normans conquered it with relative ease.

The medieval town of Ostuni.

Robert Guiscard set up the duchy of Apulia in 1059. After the Norman conquest of Sicily in the late 11th century, Palermo replaced Melfi (just west of present day Apulia) as the center of Norman power, and Apulia became a mere province, first of the Kingdom of Sicily, then of the Kingdom of Naples. From the late 12th to early 13th centuries, Apulia was a favorite residence of the Hohenstaufen emperors, notably Frederick II. After the fall of the latter's heir, Manfred, under the Angevine and Aragonese/Spanish dominations Apulia became largely dominated by a small number of powerful landowners (Baroni). In 1734 there were the battle of Bitonto, a Spanish victory over Austrian forces. The coast was occupied at times by the Turks and by the Venetians. The French also controlled the region in 1806-1815, resulting in the abolition of feudalism and the reformation of the justice system.

Liberation movements began to spread in the 1820s. In 1861, with the fall of Two Sicilies, the region joined Italy. Social and agrarian reforms that had proceeded slowly from the 19th century accelerated in the mid-20th century.

The characteristic Apulian architecture of the 11th–13th centuries reflects Greek, Arab, Norman, and Pisan influences. Universities are located in Bari, Lecce, Brindisi and Foggia.

Economy

The city and seaport of Bari.

The region's contribution to Italy's gross value added was around 4.6% in 2000, while its population was 7% of the total. The per capita GDP is very low compared to the national average and represents about 65% of the EU average[1].

In comparison with the country as a whole, the economy of Apulia is characterised by a greater emphasis on agriculture and services and a smaller part played by industry. The share of gross value added generated by the agricultural and services sectors in the total gross value added of the region is above the national average in 2000, whereas the share of industry is below[1].

In the last 20 years the industrial base of the region's economy has changed radically. Alongside highly capital-intensive large-scale plants - such as ILVA (steel-making) in Taranto and Eni (petrochemicals) in Brindisi and Manfredonia - a network of small and medium-sized firms has gradually expanded, and these now provide approximately 70% of the jobs in the region. The majority of such firms are financed by local capital. As a result, highly specialised areas have developed, producing on a scale not only of domestic but also of international significance: food processing and vehicles in the province of Foggia; footwear, textiles, wood and furniture in the Barletta area north of Bari; wood and furniture in the Murge area to the west; engineering, rubber, wood and furniture and computer software around Bari itself; textiles and clothing at Monopoli-Putignano to the south; and footwear and textiles in the Casarano area. In certain of these sectors - especially textiles, clothing, footwear, vehicles and food products - the region has attained a significant degree of competitiveness with foreign producers. A major contribution to the competitiveness of the region's economy stems from the existence of important research and development centres such as Tecnopolis-CSATA near Bari, the Cittadella della ricerca (Centre for research and new materials) near Brindisi and the new software development centres, again near Bari[1].

The region has a good network of roads but the railway network is somewhat inadequate, particularly in the south. Apulia's 800 km of coastline is studded with ports, which make this region an important terminal for transport and tourism to Greece and the eastern Mediterranean[1].

Demographics

Historical populations
Year Pop.  %±
1861 1,335,000
1871 1,440,000 7.9%
1881 1,609,000 11.7%
1901 1,987,000 23.5%
1911 2,195,000 10.5%
1921 2,365,000 7.7%
1931 2,508,000 6.0%
1936 2,642,000 5.3%
1951 3,220,000 21.9%
1961 3,421,000 6.2%
1971 3,583,000 4.7%
1981 3,872,000 8.1%
1991 4,032,000 4.1%
2001 4,021,000 −0.3%
2008 (Est.) 4,080,000 1.5%
Source: ISTAT 2001

The population density in Apulia is just above the national average. In 2008 it was equal to 211 inhabitants per km2. Foggia is by far the less densely populated province (96 inhabitants per km2 in 2008), whereas Bari is the most densely populated province (308 inhabitants per km2 in 2008).

Emigration from the region's depressed areas to northern Italy and the rest of Europe was very intense in the years between 1956 and 1971. Subsequently the trend declined as economic conditions improved, to the point where there was net immigration in the years between 1982 and 1985. Since 1986 the stagnation in employment has led to a new inversion of the trend, caused not so much by an increase in the number of people leaving but by a fall in the number coming to live in the region [2], but in the 2000s net immigration has been positive again. As of 2008, the Italian national institute of statistics ISTAT estimated that 63,868 foreign-born immigrants live in Apulia, equal to 1.6% of the total regional population.

Government and politics

Apulia is traditionally a right wing region; despite this at the 2005 regional elections a Communist, Nichi Vendola, was elected as the region's President. At the April 2006 elections, Apulia gave about 51.54% of its votes to Silvio Berlusconi, and at the April 2008 election apulians gave about 47% of their votes to the People of Freedom-led coalition, eleven points more than to the Democratic Party-led coalition.

Administrative divisions

Apulia is divided into six provinces (official data for the 6th province (Barletta-Andria-Trani), instituted in 2009, will be available only after the 2011 census) :

Apulia Provinces.png

Province Area (km²) Population Density (inh./km²)
Province of Bari 5,138 1,601,675 311.7
Province of Brindisi 1,839 402,973 219.1
Province of Foggia 7,190 682,476 94.9
Province of Lecce 2,759 812,690 294.5
Province of Taranto 2,437 580,497 238.2

Culture

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Language

The official national language (since 1861) is Italian. However, as a consequence of its long and varied history, other historical languages have been spoken in this region for centuries. In the northern and central sections, some dialect of the Neapolitan language are spoken: for example Bari dialect, spoken in the zone of Bari or Foggiano near Foggia. In the southern part of the region, dialects of the Sicilian language called Tarantino and Salentino are spoken. In isolated pockets of the Southern part of Salento, a dialect of modern Greek called Griko,[3] is spoken by just a few thousand people. A rare dialect of the Franco-Provençal language called Faetar is spoken in two isolated towns in the Province of Foggia. In a couple of villages, the Arbëreshë[4] dialect of the Albanian language has been spoken by a very small community since a wave of refugees settled there in the 15th century. The Messapic language formerly spoken in the region was extinct by the 1st century BC due to the Romanization/Latinization of this area that took place after the definitive conquest of the region by the Romans during the 3rd century BC (see Punic Wars).

See also

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

noborder

Apulia (Italian: Puglia) is a region in southeastern Italy.

Understand

Apulia (Puglia in Italian) is sometimes referred to as "the heel of Italy", in reference to the country's boot-like shape.

Fasano

Get in

By plane

Bari Palese international airport has flights to international destination s including the UK, Belgium and Germany, also flights to Italian destinations including Milan and Rome.

From Brindisi airport there are flights to Switzerland and the UK as well as Italian destinations.

From the UK Ryanair[1] flies to Bari and Brindisi from Stansted in London.

British Airways also flies to Bari with a summer schedule.

By train

Train from Rome can take about 6 hours and is usually very packed. Don't forget to validate your ticket!

By boat

There are many ferry companies providing service several times daily from Greece (i.e. Corfu, Igoumenitsa, Cephalonia, Zante, Patras) to Bari and Brindisi.

Get around

Ferrovie del sud est offers train and bus serivce in the region.

See

There are a lot of things to see in Puglia: Trulli in Alberobello, Old town in Bari, Trani, beaches in Monopoli.

You can also see the Castellana Grotte, Castel del Monte, the castle of Federick II, Polignano, Conversano, Martina Franca and Ostuni, the "white city".

Do

In July there's a typical music festival in Melpignano near Lecce where you hear the famous "Pizzica".

  • Stile Mediterraneo Cooking School in Puglia, Italy, Lecce, 3484514324, [2]. cookery classes in Lecce, wine tours in Puglia Italy   edit

Visit the Gargano National Park and the Tremiti islands.

  • Masseria Salamina, pezze di Greco - Fasano, 080 4897307, [3]. beautiful Masseria near Fasano and Ostuni. Typical Apulian food. They produce extra virgin olive oil. All the best Apulian wines!! Fantastic!! 25-30€.  edit
  • Masseria Salamina, Pezze di Greco - Fasano (ss 16 exit pezze di greco, before the little town of pezze di greco turn on the right after 500 mt you find the coloumn of the Masseria), 080 4897307, [4]. checkin: 12; checkout: 11. Masseria Salamina it's abeautiful building near Fasano, Ostuni and the valle d'itria. It's near the sea (5 km). Fantastic the Manor's rooms: all original old fornitures! 47,50 €.  edit
  • Torre Maizza, Contrada Coccaro - 72015 Savelletri di Fasano, Apulia, Italy., +39 080.482.78.38 - Fax +39 080.441.40.59. 5 star luxury spa resort in Fasano with wellness center, golf courses and swimming pool. Room rates from €279 up to €1200.  edit
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

Apulia

  1. A region of southern Italy.

Translations

  • Bulgarian: Апулия
  • French: Pouille f., Pouilles fpl
  • German: Apulien
  • Italian: Puglia it(it) f.

Synonyms


Simple English

Puglia
Apulia
Flag Coat of arms
[[Image:|120px|border]] [[Image:|75px|Coat of arms of Apulia]]
Location
File:Italy Regions Apulia
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
Country Italy
NUTS Region ITF
Capital Bari
President Nichi Vendola (PRC)
Basic statistics
Area  19,366 km² (7,477 sq mi)
(Ranked 7th, 6.4 %)
Population 4,076,546 (12/2007)
(Ranked 7th, 6.8 %)
 - Density 211 /km² (545 /sq mi)
Other information
GDP/ Nominal € 68.9 billion (2006)
Website www.regione.puglia.it

Apulia is a region in south Italy on the Adriatic Sea. The capital is Bari. The population was about 4.071.518 in 2004.

Provinces

In the year 2009 there will another province:

  • Barletta-Andria-Trani

Other pages

  • Salento

Other websites


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