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The Arab Capital of Culture is an initiative undertaken by the Arab League under the UNESCO[1] Cultural Capitals Program to promote and celebrate Arab culture and encourage cooperation in the Arab region.

Contents

Cultural Capitals

Year City Participating member
1996 Cairo[2] Egypt Egypt
1997 Tunis[3] Tunisia Tunisia
1998 Sharjah[4] United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
1999 Beirut[1] Lebanon Lebanon
2000 Riyadh[5] Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
2001 Kuwait City[6] Kuwait Kuwait
2002 Amman[7] Jordan Jordan
2003 Rabat[6] Morocco Morocco
2004 Sana'a[8] Yemen Yemen
2005 Khartoum[9] Sudan Sudan
2006 Muscat[10] Oman Oman
2007 Algiers[11] Algeria Algeria
2008 Damascus[12] Syria Syria
2009 Jerusalem[i] Palestinian territories Palestine[13]
2010 Doha[14] Qatar Qatar

Endnotes

i.   ^ Israel controls all of Jerusalem including East Jerusalem (part of the Israeli-occupied territories captured in 1967), regards the whole of the city as its own indivisible capital, and has enacted the Jerusalem Law to that effect. Jerusalem was designated the capital of Palestine by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in 1988, and again by the Palestinian Legislative Council in May 2002.[1]). Palestine is a member of the Arab League and Secretary General Amr Moussa supported the Arab ministers' decision that Jerusalem be designated the Arab Capital of Culture for 2009. The city's final status awaits the outcome of future negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (see "Negotiating Jerusalem", University of Maryland and Positions on Jerusalem for more information). In the context of the Arab Capital of Culture, the organising committee is Palestinian and the Israeli authorities have discouraged the holding of events in Jerusalem itself.
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References

  1. ^ a b Herbert, Ian; Nicole Leclercq, International Theatre Institute (2003). The World of Theatre: An Account of the World's Theatre Seasons 1999-2000, 2000-2001 and 2001-2002. Routledge. p. 225. ISBN 0415306213. 
  2. ^ alquds2009
  3. ^ "Human Civilizations and Cultures: from Dialogue to Alliance". ISESCO. 01-02-2006. http://www.isesco.org.ma/english/publications/Human%20Civilizations/p3.php. Retrieved 28 August 2009. 
  4. ^ Sayyid Hamid, Hurreiz (2002). Folklore and Folklife in the United Arab Emirates. Routledge. p. 63. ISBN 0700714138. 
  5. ^ Peter Harrigan (July/August 2000). "Riyadh: Arab Cultural Capital 2000". http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/200004/riyadh-arab.cultural.capital.2000.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  6. ^ a b "Para fomentar el debate democrático". UNESCO. http://portal.unesco.org/es/ev.php-URL_ID=30540&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html. Retrieved 28 August 2009. 
  7. ^ Hada Sarhan (December 12, 2001). "Jordan braces for Amman Cultural Capital of the Arab World 2002". Jordan Embassy US (Original in Jordan Times). http://www.jordanembassyus.org/12122001002.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-29. 
  8. ^ "Yemen: Sana'a nominated as Arab Cultural Capital". Progressio. March 2, 2004. http://www.ciir.org/progressio/internal/89853/sana_a_nomination/. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  9. ^ Bernard Jacquot. "Khartoum, Arab Cultural Capital 2005". UNESCO. http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/ev.php-URL_ID=35661&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  10. ^ http://www.khaleejtimes.com/DisplayArticleNew.asp?col=&section=middleeast&xfile=data/middleeast/2006/November/middleeast_November540.xml
  11. ^ http://www.magharebia.com/cocoon/awi/xhtml1/en_GB/features/awi/reportage/2008/01/11/reportage-01
  12. ^ "Damascus: The Arab cultural capital". Al Jazeera English. February 2, 2008. http://english.aljazeera.net/focus/arabunity/2008/01/2008525172619958297.html. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  13. ^ Aghabekian, Varsen (Summer 2009). "Under Occupation:Celebrations and Contradictions of al-Quds Capital of Arab Culture 2009". Jerusalem Quarterly (Institute of Jerusalem Studies) (38). http://www.jerusalemquarterly.org/ViewArticle.aspx?id=307. Retrieved 2009 August 25. 
  14. ^ TheNational - "Taking to the road to showcase Jerusalem"

External Websites


The Arab Capital of Culture is an initiative taken by the Arab League under the UNESCO[1] Cultural Capitals Program to promote and celebrate Arab culture and encourage cooperation in the Arab region.

Contents

Cultural Capitals

Year City Participating member
1996 Cairo[2] Egypt
1997 Tunis[3] Tunisia
1998 Sharjah[4] United Arab Emirates
1999 Beirut[1] Lebanon
2000 Riyadh[5] Saudi Arabia
2001 Kuwait City[6] Template:Country data Kuwait Kuwait
2002 Amman[7] Template:Country data Jordan Jordan
2003 Rabat[6] Morocco
2004 Sana'a[8] Yemen
2005 Khartoum[9] Sudan
2006 Muscat[10] Oman
2007 Algiers[11] Algeria
2008 Damascus[12] Syria
2009 Jerusalem[13][14] Palestine (Arab League)[i]
2010 Doha[15] Qatar
2011 Sirte[16] Libya
2012 Manama[17] Bahrain
2013 Baghdad[18] Template:Country data Iraq Iraq

Endnotes

i.   ^ The award for Jerusalem was presented to "Palestine"[19] but Israel controls all of Jerusalem including East Jerusalem (captured in the Six Days War in 1967 and designated as a part of the Israeli-occupied territories), and unilaterally designated the whole of the city as its own indivisible capital, and has enacted the Jerusalem Law to that effect in a move denounced by the UN Security Council. Jerusalem was unilaterally designated as the capital of the State of Palestine (Arabic: دولة فلسطين‎, dawlat filastin), officially simply Palestine, by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in 1988, and again by the Palestinian Legislative Council in May 2002.[1]). 'Palestine' is a member of the Arab League and Secretary General Amr Moussa supported the Arab ministers' decision that Jerusalem be designated the Arab Capital of Culture for 2009. The city's final status awaits the outcome of future negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (see "Negotiating Jerusalem", University of Maryland and Positions on Jerusalem for more information). In the context of the Arab Capital of Culture, the organising committee is Palestinian and the Israeli authorities have discouraged the holding of events in Jerusalem itself.

References

  1. ^ a b Herbert, Ian; Nicole Leclercq, International Theatre Institute (2003). The World of Theatre: An Account of the World's Theatre Seasons 1999-2000, 2000-2001 and 2001-2002. Routledge. p. 225. ISBN 0415306213. 
  2. ^ alquds2009
  3. ^ "Human Civilizations and Cultures: from Dialogue to Alliance". ISESCO. 01-02-2006. http://www.isesco.org.ma/english/publications/Human%20Civilizations/p3.php. Retrieved 28 August 2009. 
  4. ^ Sayyid Hamid, Hurreiz (2002). Folklore and Folklife in the United Arab Emirates. Routledge. p. 63. ISBN 0700714138. 
  5. ^ Peter Harrigan (July/August 2000). "Riyadh: Arab Cultural Capital 2000". http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/200004/riyadh-arab.cultural.capital.2000.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  6. ^ a b "Para fomentar el debate democrático". UNESCO. http://portal.unesco.org/es/ev.php-URL_ID=30540&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html. Retrieved 28 August 2009. 
  7. ^ Hada Sarhan (December 12, 2001). "Jordan braces for Amman Cultural Capital of the Arab World 2002". Jordan Embassy US (Original in Jordan Times). http://www.jordanembassyus.org/12122001002.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-29. 
  8. ^ "Yemen: Sana'a nominated as Arab Cultural Capital". Progressio. March 2, 2004. http://www.ciir.org/progressio/internal/89853/sana_a_nomination/. Retrieved 2009-08-28. [dead link]
  9. ^ Bernard Jacquot. "Khartoum, Arab Cultural Capital 2005". UNESCO. http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/ev.php-URL_ID=35661&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  10. ^ http://www.khaleejtimes.com/DisplayArticleNew.asp?col=&section=middleeast&xfile=data/middleeast/2006/November/middleeast_November540.xml
  11. ^ http://www.magharebia.com/cocoon/awi/xhtml1/en_GB/features/awi/reportage/2008/01/11/reportage-01
  12. ^ "Damascus: The Arab cultural capital". Al Jazeera English. February 2, 2008. http://english.aljazeera.net/focus/arabunity/2008/01/2008525172619958297.html. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  13. ^ Capitals of Arab Culture - Jerusalem (2009)
  14. ^ Jerusalem: Capital of Arab Culture events jeopardized by occupation - Jerusalem was chosen in 2006
  15. ^ TheNational - "Taking to the road to showcase Jerusalem"
  16. ^ "Selection of the City of Sirte as the ‬capital of Arab culture in the year 2011.". Libyaonline.com. 2008-11-19. http://www.libyaonline.com/business/details.php?id=6710. 
  17. ^ Hi-tech amphitheatre 'a beacon of culture' Gulf Daily News
  18. ^ Iraqi Cultural Week opens Doha Press
  19. ^ Under Occupation: Celebrations and Contradictions of al-Quds Capital of Arab Culture 2009 Jerusalem Quarterly, Summer 2009. "The celebration of al-Quds Jerusalem as the 2009 Capital of Arab Culture has been debated ever since the decision was made by the Ministers of Arab Culture in 2006 and accepted by Palestine."

External Websites


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