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Arabesque music: Wikis

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Music of Turkey
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General Topics
Ottoman military bands • Whirling Dervishes • Arabesque music • European 'Turkish music' style
Genres
folk • rock • pop • classical • Alternative • Hip hop • Jazz • Military • Ottoman • Opera
Specific Forms
Ethnic music Armenian • Azeri • Bosnian • Greek • Jewish - Kurdish • Pontic • Romani • Zaza • Other immigrants and minorities
Tenth year March • Ottoman marches
Media and Performance
Music awards Kral MV • MÜ-YAP • MGD
Music charts Billboard Charts
Music festivals Music Festivals • International Music Festival • International Jazz Festival • Izmir European Jazz Festival • Aspendos festival
Music media Rolling Stone (Türkiye) • MTV (Türkiye)
National anthem Independence March
Regional Music
Local forms Aegean • Rumeli • Black Sea • Cyprus
Ottoman regional styles Adygean • Albanian • Arabic • Armenian • Balkans • Cypriot • Egyptian • Georgian • Greek • Hungarian • Kurdish • Persian • Pontic • Thracian
Arabesque music
Stylistic origins Turkish music, Pop music, Arabic music, Middle Eastern music
Cultural origins 1970s Turkey
Typical instruments Electric bağlama, Bass guitar, Drum kit, Keyboard, Synthesizer, Turntablism, Drum machine, Sequencer, Sampler, Personal computer, Zurna, other traditional Middle Eastern instruments
Mainstream popularity Continuous in Turkey, and Middle East in general
Subgenres
Turkish music - Traditional pop music - Turkish RnB - Middle Eastern music
Other topics
Turkish music, Middle Eastern music

Arabesque or Arabesk (Turkish: Arabesk) is a genre termed so by Turkish musicologists for Arabic-style music created in Turkey. The genre was particularly popular in Turkey in the decades from the 1960s through 1990s. As with Arabic music itself, its aesthetics have evolved over the decades. Although melodies and rhythms are predominantly Arabic-pop influenced, it also draws ideas from other aspects of Middle Eastern music including Bağlama music, Turkish forms of oriental dance and Ottoman classical music. It continues to be played within Turkey in its purer form today, but its popularity has waned with younger people in more recent times; and it has tended to merge into, and be subsumed by, other genres such as latter-day Western dance music and Turkish pop music.

Contents

Description and history

A very small percentage of Arabesk is exclusively instrumental. For the great majority of it, a singer lies at the center of the music. Male singers dominated the genre in its early years, but female singers probably predominated during its peak years of popularity. Simultaneously with the influx of female singers, the sound grew more dancey and upbeat.[1] Orhan Gencebay is generally considered the founder of the genre (though he disagrees with the usage of the term). Other well known older singers are Müslüm Gürses and Ferdi Tayfur. One of the most prolific and commercially successful is İbrahim Tatlıses, who broke all sales records in Turkey in 1978 and continues to turn out popular music to this day. He has maintained popularity in the Arabesk scene in recent years through remixing his tracks into dance friendly club tracks. The pure Arabesk album "Acıların Kadını" by the singer Bergen was the bestselling album in Turkey in 1986 and may be fairly labelled one of the classic albums of the genre. Bergen had several other hit Arabesk albums during the 1980s. Other singers include Gülben Ergen, Ebru Gündeş, Seda Sayan, Sibel Can, Sotis Volanis, Ebru Yaşar. The singers Muazzez Ersoy and Bülent Ersoy designate themselves as modern exponents of Ottoman classical music but much of their work can be labelled as Arabesk with softer beats, since the strings and vocal melodies sound Arabic—or arabesque.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ "Turkish Music and Artists: Arabesque". Yildirim, Ali. Tarkan DeLuxe, 2006. http://tarkandeluxe.blogspot.com/2004/05/turkish-music-and-artists.html#arab. Retrieved March 21, 2006.  
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