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Arabian Sea
Coordinates 15°55′10″N 63°54′22″E / 15.91944°N 63.90611°E / 15.91944; 63.90611Coordinates: 15°55′10″N 63°54′22″E / 15.91944°N 63.90611°E / 15.91944; 63.90611
Max. width 2,400 km (1,500 mi)
Surface area 3,862,000 km2 (1,491,000 sq mi)
Max. depth 4,652 m (15,262 ft)

The Arabian Sea (Sanskrit: सिन्धु सागर, transliterated: Sindhu Sagar; Arabic: بحر العرب‎, transliterated: Baḥr al-'Arab; Marathi: अरबी समुद्र, transliterated: Arabi samudra; Malayalam: അറബിക്കടൽ, transliterated: Aṟabikkaṭal) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by the Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia, Socotra, and Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin) in India.



Arabian Sea as seen from Kannur Fort, Kannur, Kerala.

The Arabian Sea's surface area is about 3,862,000 km2 (1,491,130 sq mi).[1] The maximum width of the Arabian Sea is approximately 2,400 km (1,490 mi), and its maximum depth is 4,652 metres (15,262 ft), in the Arabian Basin approximately at the same latitude as the southernmost tip of India. The Indus River, the largest river in Pakistan, also known as the Sindhu river, is the largest river flowing directly into this sea; others include the Netravathi, Sharavathi, Narmada, Tapti, Mahi, and the numerous rivers of Kerala in India. The Arabian Sea coast of central India is known as the Konkan Coast, and that of southern India is known as the Malabar Coast.

The Arabian Sea has two important branches — the Gulf of Aden in the southwest, connecting with the Red Sea through the strait of Bab-el-Mandeb; and the Gulf of Oman to the northwest, connecting with the Persian Gulf. Besides these larger ramifications, there are the gulfs of Cambay and Kutch on the Indian coast. Its islands are few, the chief being Socotra, off the African, and the Lakshadweep, off the Indian coast.

The countries with coastlines on the Arabian Sea are India, Yemen, Oman, Iran, Pakistan, the Maldives, and Somalia.

Cities on the coast include Karachi and Gwadar in Pakistan, Mumbai (Formerly known as Bombay), Surat, Panjim, Mangalore, Kozhikode(also known as Calicut), Kochi (also known as Cochin, nicknamed as The Queen of Arabian Sea) and Thiruvananthapuram(also known as Trivandrum) in India, Aden in Yemen, Salalah in Oman, Chabahar in Iran and Mogadishu in Somalia.



The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Arabian Sea as follows:[2]

On the West. The Eastern limit of the Gulf of Aden [The meridian of Cape Guardafui (Ras Asir, 51°16'E)].

On the North. A line joining Ràs al Hadd, East point of Arabia (22°32'N) and Ràs Jiyùni (61°43'E) on the coast of Pakistan.

On the South. A line running from the South extremity of Addu Atoll (Maldives), to the Eastern extreme of Ràs Hafun (Africa, 10°26'N).

On the East. The Western limit of the Laccadive Sea [A line running from Sadashivgad Lt. on West Coast of India (14°48′N 74°07′E / 14.8°N 74.117°E / 14.8; 74.117) to Corah Divh (13°42′N 72°10′E / 13.7°N 72.167°E / 13.7; 72.167) and thence down the West side of the Laccadive and Maldive Archipelagos to the most Southerly point of Addu Atoll in the Maldives].

Trade routes

It is known as the Sindhu Sagar to Indians since the Vedic period of their history, and an important marine trade route in the era of the coastal sailing vessels from possibly as early as the 3rd millennium BCE, certainly the late 2nd millennium BCE through the later days known as the Age of Sail. By the time of Julius Caesar, several well-established combined land-sea trade routes depended upon water transport through the Sea around the rough inland terrain features to its north.

These routes usually began in the Far East or down river from Madhya Pradesh with transshipment via historic Bharuch (Bharakuccha), traversed past the inhospitable coast of today's Iran then split around Hadhramaut into two streams north into the Gulf of Aden and thence into the Levant, or south into Alexandria via Red Sea ports such as Axum. Each major route involved transshipping to pack animal caravan, travel through desert country and risk of bandits and extortionary tolls by local potentiates. These are the reality of the conditions which gave rise to the truth behind the tales of the Arabian Nights stories, and those of Sinbad the Sailor.

So important was this southern coastal route past the rough country in the southern Arabian peninsula (Yemen and Oman today), that the Egyptian Pharaohs built several shallow canals to service the trade, one more or less along the route of today's Suez canal, and another from the Red Sea to the Nile River, both shallow works that were swallowed up by huge sand storms in antiquity. Later the kingdom of Axum arose in Ethiopia to rule a mercantile empire rooted in the trade with Europe via Alexandria.

Surathkal beach, Mangalore on the shores of Arabian sea

Ocean trade routes have crossed the Arabian Sea since ancient times, linking the Near East with East Africa, India, Southeast Asia, and China. Historically, sailors in a type of ship called a dhow used the seasonal monsoon winds to cross the water. The sea forms part of the chief shipping route between Europe and India via the Suez Canal, which links the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea.

See also


This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

  1. ^ Arabian Sea, Encyclopædia Britannica
  2. ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition". International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
Karachi beach on the Arabian Sea, the historical sea route between Arabia and South Asia

External links

Simple English

[[File:|right|250px|thumb|Ariabian Sea]]
File:Locatie Arabische
Map of the Arabian Sea.

The Arabian Sea is a sea between Arabian Peninsula and the Indian peninsula. It covers around 4,600,000, km. The Arabian Sea one of the warmest seas.


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