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Aracaju
—  Municipality  —
The Municipality of Aracaju
Skyline of Aracaju

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): "Cajueiro dos Papagaios" ("Cashew tree of the Parrots")
Motto: "Cidade de Todos" ("City of Everybody")
Location of Aracaju in the State of Sergipe
Country  Brazil
Region Northeast
State Bandeira de Sergipe.svg Sergipe
Founded 1592
Incorporated (as capital) march 17, 1855
Government
 - Mayor Edvaldo Nogueira (PC do B)
Elevation 4.0 m (13 ft)
Population (2006)
 - Total 505,286
 - Density 2,903.9/km2 (7,521.1/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 - Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code 49000-000
HDI (2000) 0.794 – medium
Website Aracaju, Sergipe

Aracaju is the capital of the State of Sergipe, Brazil. It is located in the northeastern part of the country, about 350 km (217 mi) north of Salvador. It has a population around 505,286 inhabitants, which represents approximately 33% of the state population. The coast of Aracaju has many unspoiled beaches, such as the ones in Santa Luzia Island, and urban beaches, such as the Atalaia. These coastal neighborhoods include playgrounds, squares, open-to-the-public football, volleyball, and basketball fields, residential buildings, bars, nightclubs, restaurants, banks and hotels.

Aracaju, one of the first cities to be planned in Brazil, was established there and built with the intention of becoming the state capital. Founded in 1855, the capital of Sergipe.

The new Aracaju International Airport connects Aracaju with many Brazilian cities and also operates some international flights from Montevideo, Uruguay.

The city is home to the Federal University of Sergipe.

Contents

History

Although the first contact of the Portugueses in Sergipe was here, the first and most important city of that place which would be a separated province in the future was São Cristóvão (Saint Christopher), which became city in 1590 and remained capital of Sergipe from 1823 to 1855. In the mid-nineteenth century, there was a sudden vogue for purpose-built harbour and administrative centres (kind of similar to the urge that led to the construction of Brasília a century later), and the core of modern Aracaju was thrown up overnight, becoming the province capital in 1855, and after 1889 the state capital. In 1910, the city was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Aracaju.

Unlike the other Brazilian capitals planned and built in the nineteenth century, Aracaju is known throughout the country for its modern looks, some festivals and pre-carnival feast, and is known to have some good beaches, among other attractions. Oil wealth, sugar cane, and more recently tourism continues to stimulate its growing economy. Colonial towns of Laranjeiras and São Cristóvão are only a short bus ride away (Adapted from The Rough Guide to Brazil (2000), UK).

Geography

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Climate

Aracaju
Climate chart (explanation)
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average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: MSN Weather

Aracaju has a typical tropical climate, with warm to hot temperatures and high relative humidity all throughout the year. However, these conditions are relieved by a near absence of extreme temperatures and pleasant trade winds blowing from the ocean. January is the warmest month, with mean maxima of 32°C (89.6°F) and minima of 22°C (71.6°F) and more sun; July experiences the coolest temperatures, with mean maxima of 27°C (80.6°F) and minima of 17°C (62.6°F) and more rain.

Vegetation

Atalaia beach.

Aracaju has a Tropical forest. Rainforests are characterized by high rainfall, with minimum normal annual rainfall between 2,000 mm (about 78 inches or 2 meters) and 1,700 mm (about 67 inches). The soil can be poor because high rainfall tends to leach out soluble nutrients. There are several common characteristics of tropical rainforest trees. Tropical rainforest species frequently possess one or more attributes not commonly seen in trees of higher latitudes or trees in drier conditions on the same latitude.

Economy

The economy is based on services, industry and tourism.

The GDP for the city was R$ 5,021,660,000 (2005).[1]

Education

Aracaju is the most important educational centre of the state.

Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum.

Educational institutions

Culture

Building of the former Centre of Aracaju, decorated for Christmas.

Museum

Museu do Artesanato, Museu do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico de Sergipe, Museu do Homem Sergipano, Museu Memorial de Sergipe, Museu de Antropologia, Museu de Arte Bélica da Polícia Militar de Sergipe and Museu de Arte e História Rosa Faria.

Library

Arquivo Público Estadual de Sergipe, Biblioteca da FANESE and Biblioteca Pública Epiphâneo Dórea.

Movies

Movie theaters in the Jardins Mall and Riomar Mall(Cinemark).

International Airport of Aracaju.
Viaduct complex.

Infrastructure

International Airport

The city is served by the Santa Maria Airport. It started operating on the 30th of October 1952 with a single 1200m runway. The airport did not have an access road until 1958. In 1961, the runway was extended to 1500m and a terminal of passengers was built in 1962. In February 1975 the airport administration was undertook by Infraero.

Highways

Aracaju is connected to the main cities of Brazil by BR-235 and BR-101 federal highways.

Sister cities

Images

References

  1. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF) GDP. Aracaju, Brazil: IBGE. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/economia/pibmunicipios/2005/tab01.pdf. Retrieved 2007-07-18.  

External links

Coordinates: 10°55′00″S 37°03′00″W / 10.9167°S 37.05°W / -10.9167; -37.05


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Aracaju is the capital of the state of Sergipe, Brazil. It's the capital of northeast with best quality of life (according to Federal Government). It's located on the coast, and cut by rivers such as Sergipe and Poxim. According to the population count conducted by the IBGE in 2007, the city has 520,303 inhabitants. [1] In addition to the populations of cities that form the Great Aracaju, Nossa Senhora do Socorro, Barra dos Coqueiros, Laranjeiras and São Cristóvão, number passes for 760 thousand inhabitants. The toponymy "Aracaju" derives from the expression indigenous "ará acaiú", which in Tupi-guarani means "cashew of parrots". The element "ará" means "Parrots" and "acaiú", "fruit of the cashew."

Get in

Bus and airplane connects with the whole country by São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and other cities.

Sleep

Most tourists will choose the beach at Atalaia, some 5 km from the center.

  • To the south, at the border with the state of Bahia, is Mangue Seco, an easy day trip.
  • Inland is the artificial lake of the river Xingo.
Routes through Aracaju
RecifeMaceió  N noframe S  CachoeiraVitória
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

Singular
Aracaju

Plural
-

Aracaju

  1. State capital of Sergipe, Brazil.

Simple English


Aracaju is the modern capital city of the state of Sergipe in the northeastern region of Brazil. It has about 470.000 inhabitants (estimate 2003) and lies between the cities of Salvador and Maceio, also in the northeast of Brazil. It was planned and built to be the state capital in 1855.


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