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Statistics
Province: Madrid
Autonomous Community: Madrid
Location: 40.019/40°2'11' N lat.
3.17/3°37'3' W long.
Area: 189'13 km²
Population: 48,139 (2005)
Population density: 254'52 inhabitants/km²
Elevation: 494 m
Postal code: 28300
Name of habitants: Ribereño (usual), Arancetano (very rare)
Website: www.aranjuez.es

Aranjuez is a town lying 48 km south of Madrid, in the southern part of the Community of Madrid. It is located at the confluence of the Tagus and Jarama rivers. The municipality of Aranjuez has a population of 56,734 (2009). It is located 48 km from Toledo.

Aranjuez is known for the Palacio Real de Aranjuez, one of the Spanish royal sites, and its vast gardens. The Tagus valley has been intensively farmed since medieval times and the strawberries of Aranjuez are famous throughout Spain. Internationally, Aranjuez has become known through the Concierto de Aranjuez by Joaquin Rodrigo. Rodrigo is buried in the town cemetery.

Palace of Aranjuez at night
Chinese Kiosks in the Prince's Garden
Apollo Fountain in the Prince's Garden
Map of the districts of Aranjuez

Contents

Population

  • 2002: 40,928
  • 2004: 46,891
  • 2005: 48,139
  • May 2007: 52,873

Government and administration

The city of Aranjuez is divided into the following districts: Centro, Vergel, Olivas, Las Aves, Nuevo Aranjuez, Foso, Moreras and La Montaña. Since 2003, Aranjuez has been governed by Mayor Jesús Miguel Dionisio Ballesteros, of the Socialist Party.

Economy

The main pillars of the local economy are hotels and tourism. Aranjuez has always been an attractive city for tourists with its Royal Palace, the gardens, the Tagus river and the landscapes. In 2001 this city was designated as a World Heritage Cultural landscape by UNESCO, and since then, tourism has kept on increasing. Much money was spent in order to beautify Aranjuez and many pubs and restaurants were opened (from 2001 to 2004 their number increased 22%). In 2005 a large casino was opened in the city and in March 2008 the Tagus Hospital was opened.

Agriculture

Aranjuez is located on the fertile plain of the Tagus river, and its soil is suitable for growing wheat and other cereals. There are also horticulture plantations (asparagus and strawberries), both irrigated and unirrigated products, vines and melons, which are also typical of the neighbouring region of Castilla-La Mancha.

Industry

The proximity to Madrid and the good communications by road and rail made Aranjuez a suitable location for industry: detergents, mechanical construction, computer and electrical material, photographic materials, pharmaceutical products, paints and varnishes, sugar refineries, and oil mills.

In recent decades, the sugar refinery and the Agfa photographic factory have closed. Cortefiel, a garment company, plans to build a factory in Aranjuez in the next few years.

The majority of the industries are located to the west of the railway station or in the "Gonzalo Chacón" industrial park, in the south. The main existing industries are:

Transportation

Local media

Print media

Radio stations

  • Onda Aranjuez, 107.8 FM.
  • Cadena Ser Aranjuez, 89.3 FM.
  • Onda Cero Aranjuez, 90.7 FM.
  • Radio Fuga, 92.1 FM.

Sports facilities

  • The city has a long tradition of water sports due to its connection with the Tagus river, such as canoeing and rowing. In the Olympic bid of Madrid for the 2012 Olympics, which will be held in London, Aranjuez was the selected site for these sports. In spite of this, there are plans to continue the construction of the necessary sport facilities, which should be finished by 2010.
  • Aranjuez has a football team, Real Aranjuez C.F., which plays in the Local Stadium, called "El Deleite".
  • Nearby Ocaña has a skydiving and gliding centre at the Aerodrome, and most of the skydivers there base themselves in Aranjuez.

History

Notable people connected with Aranjuez

Santiago Rusiñol Statue, who died in Aranjuez in 1931

Monuments and places of interest

Royal Palace
Façade of the Royal Convent of Saint Pascual
Wharf in Tagus River
  • Royal Palace.
  • Isle Garden.
  • Parterre Garden.
  • Prince's Garden.
  • Isabella II's Garden.
  • House of Trades and Knights.
  • House of Infantes and Atarfe.
  • Pleasure craft Museum.
  • Farmhand's House.
  • Saint Anthony Square and Royal Chapel.
  • House of Employees (currently Town Hall).
  • Alpajes Church.
  • Saint Pascual's Royal Convent.
  • Old Saint Charles' Hospital (to be restored).
  • Charles III's Royal Theatre (to be restored, currently in ruins).
  • Supply Market.
  • Plaza de Toros and Bullfighting Museum "Una Gran Fiesta".
  • Medinaceli Palace.
  • Governor's House (currently University of High Studies Centre Phillip II).
  • Mother Queen's old garage, today cultural centre "Isabel de Farnesio".
  • Typical corralas.
  • Godoy and Osuna Palaces.
  • Silvela's Palace (also known as Bavaria's Palace).
  • Centre of Interpretation of the Natural Reserve "El Regajal-Mar de Ontígola".
  • Historical sotos.
  • Royal Country Estate of Saint Isidro.

Culture

Traditions

  • In summer it is traditional to eat dinner in the picnic areas next to the Tagus river. These places are called gangos, a Spanish word used only in Aranjuez.

Gastronomy

Twin cities

See also

External links

Coordinates: 40°01′01″N 3°37′59″W / 40.017°N 3.633°W / 40.017; -3.633


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Iberia : Spain : Aranjuez
Contents

Aranjuez[1] is a municipality (pop ~47,000) at the confluence of the Tagus and Jarama rivers. It is about 50 km south of Madrid in Spain.

  • Royal Palace of Aranjuez [2]: It dates from the 18th century. Some of the famous rooms are The Porcelain Study, Throne Room. It is surrounded by great gardens. One of the exterior facades of the Palace: [3], the Gardens surrounding the Palace [4]

Eat

The strawberries of Aranjuez are famous throughout Spain.

  • NH Principe de la Paz, C/ San Antonio, 22, +34 91.8099222 [5]. This hotel, which is situated in the old part of the town centre facing the south side of the Royal Palace, occupies an emblematic building dating from the 18th and 19th Century destined to be the residential palace of King Carlos IV's favourite, Sir Manuel Godoy.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ARANJUEZ (perhaps the ancient Ara Jovis), a town of central Spain, in the province of Madrid, 30 m. S. of Madrid, on the left bank of the river Tagus, at the junction of the main southern railways to Madrid, and at the western terminus of the AranjuezCuenca railway. Pop. (1900) 12,670. Aranjuez occupies part of a wide valley, about 150o ft. above the sea. Its formal, straight streets, crossing one another regularly at right angles, and its uniform, two-storeyed houses were built in imitation of the Dutch style, under the direction of Jeronimo, marquis de Grimaldi (1716-1788), ambassador of Charles III. at the Hague.

A rapid in the Tagus, artificially converted into a weir, renders irrigation easy, and has thus created an oasis in the midst of the barren plateau of New Castile. On every side the town is surrounded by royal parks and woods of sycamores, plane-trees and elms, often of extraordinary size. The prevalence of the dark English elms, first introduced into the country and planted here by order of Philip II. (1527-1598), gives to the Aranjuez district a character wholly distinct from that of other Spanish landscapes; and at an early period, despite the unhealthy climate, and especially the oppressive summer heat, which often approaches loo° F., Aranjuez became a favourite residence of the Spanish court. In the 14th and 15th centuries, the master of the Order of Santiago had a country seat here, which passed, along with the mastership, into the possession of the crown of Spain in 1522. Its successive occupants, from the emperor Charles V. (1500-1558) down to Ferdinand VII. (1784-1833), modified it according to their respective tastes. The larger palace was built by Pedro Caro for Philip V. (1683-1746), in the French style of the period. It overlooks the Jardin de la Isla, a beautiful garden laid out for Philip II. on an island in the Tagus, which forms the scene of Schiller's famous drama Don Carlos. The Casa del Labrador, or Labourer's Cottage, as it is called, is a smaller palace built by Charles IV. in 1803, and full of elaborate ornamentation. The chief local industry is farming, and an annual fair is held in September for the sale of live stock. Great attention is given to the rearing of horses and mules, and the royal stud used to be remarkable for the beauty of its cream-coloured breed. The treaty of 1772 between France and Spain was concluded at Aranjuez, which afterwards suffered severely from the French during the Peninsular War. Here, also, in 1808, the insurrection broke out which ended in the abdication of Charles IV.

For a fuller description of Aranjuez see D.S. Vinas y Rey,A ranjuez (Madrid, 1890); F. Nard, Guia de Aranjuez, su historia y description (Madrid, 1851), (illustrated); Alvarez de Quindos, Descripcion historica del real bosque y casa de Aranjuez (Madrid, 1804).


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