Arantxa Sánchez Vicario: Wikis

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Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Nickname(s) The Barcelona Bumblebee
Country  Spain
Residence Andorra Andorra
Date of birth 18 December 1971 (1971-12-18) (age 38)
Place of birth Spain Barcelona
Height 1.69 m (5 ft 6+12 in)
Weight 56 kg (120 lb; 8.8 st)
Turned pro 1985
Retired 2002/2004
Plays Right-handed (two-handed backhand)
Career prize money US$16,942,640
Int. Tennis HOF 2007 (member page)
Singles
Career record 759–295
Career titles 29
Highest ranking No. 1 (6 February 995)
Grand Slam results
Australian Open F (1994, 1995)
French Open W (1989, 1994, 1998)
Wimbledon F (1995, 1996)
US Open W (1994)
Doubles
Career record 676–224
Career titles 69
Highest ranking No. 1 (19 October 1992)
Australian Open W (1992, 1995, 1996)
French Open F (1992, 1995)
Wimbledon W (1995)
US Open W (1993, 1994)
Mixed Doubles
Career record 4-4
Career titles 4
Grand Slam mixed doubles results
Australian Open W (1993)
French Open W (1990, 1992)
US Open W (2000)
Last updated on: 18 September 2009.
Olympic medal record
Women's Tennis
Silver 1996 Atlanta Singles
Silver 1992 Barcelona Doubles
Bronze 1992 Barcelona Singles
Bronze 1996 Atlanta Doubles

Aránzazu Arantxa Isabel Maria Sánchez Vicario[1] (born December 18, 1971 in Barcelona, Spain) is a Spanish former professional tennis player. She won four Grand Slam singles titles, six Grand Slam women's doubles titles, and four Grand Slam mixed doubles titles.

Contents

Career

Sánchez Vicario started playing tennis at age four, when she followed her older brothers Emilio Sánchez and Javier Sánchez (both of whom became professional players) to the court and hit balls against the wall with her first racquet. As a 17-year old, she became the youngest winner of the women's singles title at the 1989 French Open, defeating World No. 1 Steffi Graf in the final. (Monica Seles broke the record the following year when she won the title at age 16.).

Sánchez-Vicario quickly developed a reputation on the tour for her tenaciousness and refusal to concede a point. Commentator Bud Collins described her as "unceasing in determined pursuit of tennis balls, none seeming too distant to be retrieved in some manner and returned again and again to demoralize opponents" and nicknamed her the "Barcelona Bumblebee".[2]

She won six women's doubles Grand Slam titles, including the US Open in 1993 (with Helena Suková) and Wimbledon in 1995 (with Jana Novotná). She also won four Grand Slam mixed doubles titles. In 1991, she helped Spain win its first-ever Fed Cup title, and helped Spain win the Fed Cup in 1993, 1994, 1995, and 1998. Sanchez Vicario holds the records for the most matches won by a player in Fed Cup competition (72) and for most ties played (58).[3]

Sánchez Vicario was also a member of the Spanish teams that won the Hopman Cup in 1990 and 2002.

Over the course of her career, Sánchez Vicario won 29 singles titles and 69 doubles titles before retiring in November 2002[4]. She came out of retirement in 2004 to play doubles in a few select tournaments as well as the 2004 Summer Olympics, where she became the only tennis player to play in five Olympics in the Games history.[5]. Sanchez Vicario is the most decorated Olympian in Spanish history with four medals - two silver and two bronze.[6]

In 2005, TENNIS Magazine put her in 27th place in its list of 40 Greatest Players of the TENNIS era and in 2007, she was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame. She was only the third Spanish player (and the first Spanish woman) to be inducted.

In 2009, Sánchez-Vicario was present at the opening ceremony of Madrid's Caja Mágica, the new venue for the Madrid Masters. The second show court is named Court Arantxa Sanchez Vicario in her honour.[7]

Personal life

She has been married twice: her first marriage, to sportswriter Juan Vehils, ended in 2001. She married businessman Jose Santacana in September 2008.[8] Their first child, a baby girl also named Arantxa, was born in February 2009.[9]

Sanchez-Vicario's fame was also resurrected on an episode of ESPN Trivia Game show Stump the Schwab in 2006. Contestant, and former Mr. Olympia Brian Sandalow correctly answered Sanchez-Vicario to a question, and went on to Stump the Schwab.

Major finals

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Grand Slam finals

Singles: 12 finals (4 titles, 8 runner-ups)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Winner 1989 French Open Clay West Germany Steffi Graf 7–6(6), 3–6, 7–5
Runner-up 1991 French Open Clay Yugoslavia Monica Seles 6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 1992 US Open Hard Serbia and Montenegro Monica Seles 6–3, 6–3
Runner-up 1994 Australian Open Hard Germany Steffi Graf 6–0, 6–2
Winner 1994 French Open (2) Clay France Mary Pierce 6–4, 6–4
Winner 1994 US Open Hard Germany Steffi Graf 1–6, 7–6(3), 6–4
Runner-up 1995 Australian Open Hard France Mary Pierce 6–3, 6–2
Runner-up 1995 French Open Clay Germany Steffi Graf 7–5, 4–6, 6–0
Runner-up 1995 Wimbledon Grass Germany Steffi Graf 4–6, 6–1, 7–5
Runner-up 1996 French Open Clay Germany Steffi Graf 6–3, 6–7(4), 10–8
Runner-up 1996 Wimbledon Grass Germany Steffi Graf 6–3, 7–5
Winner 1998 French Open (3) Clay United States Monica Seles 7–6(5), 0–6, 6–2

Women's doubles: 11 finals (6 titles, 5 runner-ups)

Wins (6)
Year Championship Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
1992 Australian Open Czechoslovakia Helena Suková United States Mary Joe Fernandez
United States Zina Garrison
6–4, 7–6
1993 US Open Czechoslovakia Helena Suková South Africa Amanda Coetzer
Argentina Inés Gorrochategui
6–4, 6–2
1994 US Open (2) Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva
United States Robin White
6–3, 6–3
1995 Australian Open (2) Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–7, 6–4
1995 Wimbledon Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
5–7, 7–5, 6–4
1996 Australian Open (3) United States Chanda Rubin United States Lindsay Davenport
United States Mary Joe Fernandez
7–5, 2–6, 6–4
Runner-ups (5)
Year Championship Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
1992 French Open Spain Conchita Martínez United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–2
1994 Wimbledon Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 6–1
1995 French Open Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–7, 6–4, 7–5
1996 US Open Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
1–6, 6–1, 6–4
2002 Australian Open Slovakia Daniela Hantuchová Russia Anna Kournikova
Switzerland Martina Hingis
6–2, 6–7, 6–1

Mixed doubles: 8 finals (4 titles, 4 runner-ups)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
Runner-up 1989 French Open Clay Spain Horacio de la Peña Netherlands Manon Bollegraf
Netherlands Tom Nijssen
6–3, 6–7, 6–2
Winner 1990 French Open Clay Mexico Jorge Lozano Australia Nicole Provis
South Africa Danie Visser
7–6, 7–6
Runner-up 1991 US Open Hard Spain Emilio Sánchez Netherlands Manon Bollegraf
Netherlands Tom Nijssen
6–2, 7–6
Runner-up 1992 Australian Open Hard Australia Todd Woodbridge Australia Nicole Provis
Australia Mark Woodforde
6–3, 4–6, 11–9
Winner 1992 French Open (2) Clay Australia Mark Woodforde United States Lori McNeil
United States Bryan Shelton
6–2, 6–3
Winner 1993 Australian Open Hard Australia Todd Woodbridge United States Zina Garrison
United States Rick Leach
7–5, 6–4
Runner-up 2000 Australian Open (2) Hard Australia Todd Woodbridge Australia Rennae Stubbs
United States Jared Palmer
7–5, 7–6
Winner 2000 US Open Hard United States Jared Palmer Russia Anna Kournikova
Belarus Max Mirnyi
6–4, 6–3

WTA Tour Championships finals

Singles runner-up

Year Location Opponent in the final Score in the final
1993 New York City Germany Steffi Graf 6–4, 3–6, 6–1, 6-4

Doubles (6)

Wins (2)
Year Location Partner Opponents in Final Score in Final
1992 New York City Czechoslovakia Helena Suková Latvia Larisa Savchenko Neiland
Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
7–6, 6–1
1995 New York City Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 6–1
Runner-ups (4)
Year Location Partner Opponents in Final Score in Final
1990 New York City Argentina Mercedes Paz United States Kathy Jordan
Australia Elizabeth Smylie
7–6, 6–4
1994 New York City Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–7, 6–3
1996 New York City Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná United States Mary Joe Fernandez
United States Lindsay Davenport
6–3, 6–2
1999 New York City Latvia Larisa Neiland Switzerland Martina Hingis
Russia Anna Kournikova
6–4, 6–4

Titles (98)

Singles (29)

Legend
Grand Slam Titles (4)
WTA Tour Championships (0)
Tier I (6)
Tier II (12)
Tier III (3)
Tier IV (2)
Tier V (2)
Titles by Surface
Hard (8)
Clay (19)
Grass (1)
Carpet (1)
No. Date Location Surface Opponent in Final Score in Final
1. 11 July 1988 Brussels, Belgium Clay Italy Raffaella Reggi 6–0, 7–5
2. 24 April 1989 Barcelona, Spain Clay Canada Helen Kelesi 6–2, 5–7, 6–1
3. 29 May 1989 French Open, Paris Clay Germany Steffi Graf 7–6(6), 3–6, 7–5
4. 23 April 1990 Barcelona, Spain Clay Germany Isabel Cueto 6–4, 6–2
5. 16 July 1990 Newport, USA Grass United Kingdom Jo Durie 7–6(2), 4–6, 7–5
6. 19 August 1991 Washington, D.C., USA Hard Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva 6–2, 7–5
7. 16 March 1992 Key Biscayne, USA Hard Argentina Gabriela Sabatini 6–1, 6–4
8. 17 August 1992 Montreal, Canada Hard Serbia and Montenegro Monica Seles 6–3, 4–6, 6–4
9. 15 March 1993 Key Biscayne, USA Hard Germany Steffi Graf 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
10. 5 April 1993 Amelia Island, USA Clay Argentina Gabriela Sabatini 6–2, 5–7, 6–2
11. 19 April 1993 Barcelona, Spain Clay Spain Conchita Martínez 6–1, 6–4
12. 26 April 1993 Hamburg, Germany Clay Germany Steffi Graf 6–3, 6–3
13. 4 April 1994 Amelia Island, USA Clay Argentina Gabriela Sabatini 6–1, 6–4
14. 18 April 1994 Barcelona, Spain Clay Croatia Iva Majoli 6–0, 6–2
15. 25 April 1994 Hamburg, Germany Clay Germany Steffi Graf 4–6, 7–6(3), 7–6(6)
16. 23 May 1994 French Open, Paris Clay France Mary Pierce 6–4, 6–4
17. 15 August 1994 Montreal, Canada Hard Germany Steffi Graf 7–5, 1–6, 7–6(4)
18. 29 August 1994 US Open, New York City Hard Germany Steffi Graf 1–6, 7–6(3), 6–4
19. 19 September 1994 Tokyo, Japan (Nichirei International) Hard United States Amy Frazier 6–1, 6–2
20. 31 October 1994 Oakland, USA Carpet (i) United States Martina Navratilova 1–6, 7–6(5), 7–6(3)
21. 24 April 1995 Barcelona, Spain Clay Croatia Iva Majoli 5–7, 6–0, 6–2
22. 15 May 1995 Berlin, Germany Clay Bulgaria Magdalena Maleeva 6–4, 6–1
23. 1 April 1996 Hilton Head Island, USA Clay Austria Barbara Paulus 6–2, 2–6, 6–2
24. 29 April 1996 Hamburg, Germany Clay Spain Conchita Martínez 4–6, 7–6(4), 6–0
25. 12 January 1998 Sydney, Australia Hard United States Venus Williams 6–1, 6–3
26. 25 May 1998 French Open, Paris Clay United States Monica Seles 7–6(5), 0–6, 6–2
27. 19 April 1999 Cairo, Egypt Clay Romania Irina Spîrlea 6–1, 6–0
28. 2 April 2001 Porto, Portugal Clay Spain Magüi Serna 6–3, 6–1
29. 21 May 2001 Madrid, Spain Clay Spain Ángeles Montolio 7–5, 6–0

Doubles (69)

Grand slam events in boldface.

  • 1986: Athens (with Isabel Cueto)
  • 1990: Hilton Head (with Martina Navratilova)
  • 1990: Amelia Island (with Mercedes Paz)
  • 1990: Tampa (with Mercedes Paz)
  • 1990: Barcelona (with Mercedes Paz)
  • 1991: Sydney (with Helena Suková)
  • 1991: Amelia Island(with Helena Suková)
  • 1991: Barcelona (with Martina Navratilova)
  • 1992: Sydney (with Helena Suková)
  • 1992: Australian Open (with Helena Suková)
  • 1992: Tokyo Pan Pacific (with Helena Suková)
  • 1992: Key Biscayne (with Larisa Neiland)
  • 1992: Hilton Head (with Natasha Zvereva)
  • 1992: Amelia Island (with Natasha Zvereva)
  • 1992: Barcelona (with Conchita Martínez)
  • 1992: Manhattan Beach (with Helena Suková)
  • 1992: Fildestadt (with Helena Suková)
  • 1992: Virginia Slims Championships (with Helena Suková)
  • 1993: Barcelona (with Conchita Martínez)
  • 1993: Rome (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1993: Manhattan Beach (with Helena Suková)
  • 1993: US Open (with Helena Suková)
  • 1993: Essen (with Helena Suková)
  • 1994: Delray Beach (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1994: Wesley Chapel (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1994: Hilton Head (with Lori McNeil)
  • 1994: Amelia Island (with Larisa Neiland)
  • 1994: Barcelona (with Larisa Neiland)
  • 1994: Hamburg (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1994: San Diego (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1994: Montreal (with Meredith McGrath)
  • 1994: US Open (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1994: Tokyo Nichirei International (with Julie Halard)
  • 1994: Oakland (with Lindsay Davenport)
  • 1995: Australian Open (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1995: Key Biscayne (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1995: Barcelona (with Larisa Neiland)
  • 1995: Eastbourne (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1995: Wimbledon (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1995: WTA Championships (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1996: Australian Open (with Chanda Rubin)
  • 1996: Key Biscayne (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1996: Hilton Head (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1996: Amelia Island (with Chanda Rubin)
  • 1996: Hamburg (with Brenda Schultz-McCarthy)
  • 1996: Rome (with Irina Spîrlea)
  • 1996: Madrid (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1996: Eastbourne (with Jana Novotná)
  • 1996: Montreal (with Larisa Neiland)
  • 1997: Sydney (with Gigi Fernández)
  • 1997: Key Biscayne (with Natasha Zvereva)
  • 1997: Madrid (with Mary Joe Fernandez)
  • 1997: San Diego (with Martina Hingis)
  • 1997: Filderstadt (with Martina Hingis)
  • 1997: Zurich (with Martina Hingis)
  • 1997: Moscow (with Natasha Zvereva)
  • 1999: Cairo (with Laurence Courtois)
  • 1999: Hamburg (with Larisa Neiland)
  • 1999: Los Angeles (with Larisa Neiland)
  • 2000: Berlin (with Conchita Martínez)
  • 2000: Leipzig (with Anne-Gaëlle Sidot)
  • 2001: Key Biscayne (with Nathalie Tauziat)
  • 2002: Doha (with Janette Husárová)
  • 2002: Amelia Island (with Daniela Hantuchová)
  • 2002: Sopot (with Svetlana Kuznetsova)
  • 2002: Helsinki (with Svetlana Kuznetsova)
  • 2002: New Haven (with Daniela Hantuchová)
  • 2002: Tokyo Princess Cup (with Svetlana Kuznetsova)
  • 2004: Palermo (with Anabel Medina Garrigues)

Grand Slam performance timelines

Singles

Tournament 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Career SR
Australian Open A A A A SF SF SF F F QF 3R QF 2R QF A 1R 0 / 11
French Open QF QF W 2R F SF SF W F F QF W SF SF 2R 1R 3 / 16
Wimbledon 1R 1R QF 1R QF 2R 4R 4R F F SF QF 2R 4R 2R A 0 / 15
US Open 1R 4R QF SF QF F SF W 4R 4R QF QF 4R 4R 3R 1R 1 / 16
Grand Slam SR 0 / 3 0 / 3 1 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 2 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 1 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 4 / 58

A = did not participate in the tournament.

SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

Doubles

Tournament 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Career SR
Australian Open A A A A 3R W QF SF W W SF QF QF 1R A F A A A 3 / 11
French Open 3R 1R QF QF SF F QF A F SF SF SF QF 1R 1R 1R A 1R 1R 0 / 17
Wimbledon 1R 1R 1R QF QF SF QF F W QF QF QF 3R 3R QF A A 1R A 1 / 16
US Open 2R 2R 1R QF 3R SF W W QF F SF 3R SF 3R QF 1R A A A 2 / 16
Grand Slam SR 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 4 1 / 4 1 / 4 1 / 3 2 / 4 1 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 0 0 / 2 0 / 1 6 / 60

A = did not participate in the tournament.

SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

WTA Tour career earnings

Year Majors WTA wins Total wins Earnings ($) Money list rank
1991 0 1 1 799,340 5
1992 0 2 2 1,376,355 3
1993 0 4 4 1,938,239 2
1994 2 7 9 No information
1995 0 2 2 1,456,516 2
1996 0 2 2 1,858,444 2
1997 0 0 0 890,512 6
1998 1 1 2 1,468,608 5
1999 0 1 1 807,921 9
2000 0 0 0 819,689 10
2001 0 2 2 725,342 13
2002 0 0 0 441,378 24
Career* 4 26 30 16,942,640 5
* As of August 28, 2006.

Notes

  1. ^ Vicario is not her married name. It is her mother's maiden name. In the Spanish naming system, every person has two surnames: the first one comes from the father, the second from the mother. A woman never changes surnames, regardless of whether she marries or divorces.
  2. ^ Collins, Bud; Xander Hollander (1996). Bud Collins' Tennis Encyclopedia. Visible Ink Press. pp. 434. ISBN 1578590000.  
  3. ^ Aranxta Sanchez Vicario WTA Bio Page
  4. ^ "TENNIS; Sánchez-Vicario Ends Her Career". The New York Times. 2002-11-13. http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/13/sports/plus-tennis-sanchez-vicario-ends-her-career.html. Retrieved 2009-05-12.  
  5. ^ "Notebook: Rower makes history". USA TODAY. 2004-07-01. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/olympics/2004-07-01-notebook-rowing_x.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-12.  
  6. ^ "Arantxa sanchez Vicario". International Tennis Hall of Fame. http://www.tennisfame.com/famer.aspx?pgID=867&hof_id=244. Retrieved 2009-05-12.  
  7. ^ "Tennis Stadium Opens (and Closes) in Madrid". http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/09/sports/tennis/09tennis.html.  
  8. ^ Wedding Bells: Sanchez-Vicario Gets Married! Tennis.com, September 21, 2008
  9. ^ Arantxa Sanchez Vicario gave birth to a baby girlZimbio.com, March 3, 2009

External links

Preceded by
Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
World No. 1
February 6, 1995 – February 19, 1995
February 27, 1995 – April 9, 1995
May 15, 1995 – June 11, 1995
Succeeded by
Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Preceded by
Steffi Graf
ITF World Champion
1994
Succeeded by
Steffi Graf

Simple English

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