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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 44°39′10″N 1°10′09″W / 44.65278°N 1.169186°W / 44.65278; -1.169186

Commune of Arcachon

Arcachon20050318Blorg.jpg
Location
Arcachon is located in France
Arcachon
Administration
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Arcachon
Canton Arcachon
Mayor Yves Foulon
(2001–2008)
Statistics
Elevation 0–45 m (0–150 ft)
(avg. 8 m/26 ft)
Land area1 7.56 km2 (2.92 sq mi)
Population2 11,459  (1999)
 - Density 1,516 /km2 (3,930 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 33009/ 33120
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arcachon (Arcaishon in occitan) is a commune in the Gironde department in south-western France. It is a popular bathing location on the Atlantic coast 55 kilometres (34 mi) southwest of Bordeaux in the Landes forest. It has a fine beach, and a mild climate said to be favourable for invalids suffering from pulmonary complaints.

Arcachon is known for the "Arcachonnaise", the local name for an Arcachon villa, which is the architectural style of many of the older houses built there. It is a type of Victorian architecture, and was criticized for generations, but is now considered to be charming and deeply human.

Arcachon seen by satellite

The town of Arcachon is only 150 years old. Not long before the 2nd of May 1857, when Emperor Napoleon III signed its official "birth certificate", it was just a forest of pine trees, oaks and strawberry trees (arbutus), with no road links, and home - mostly when the weather was expected to be warm, and more in wood huts than in real houses - to fewer than 400 people, mostly fishermen and peasants. In earlier years, when some hygienists began to recommend sea bathing, three sea establishments were laid out by some entrepreneurs especially for the Bordeaux bourgeoisie and other wealthy people. This was the beginning of a new lifestyle, and some of the locals got the opportunity to claim their independence from La Teste-de-Buch, which owned their properties, in order to found a "free" new town, Arcachon.

At its southern entrance from the Atlantic ocean, Arcachon Bay is crowned by Europe's largest sand dune, the Dune de Pyla (or du Pilat), nearly 3 kilometres long, 500 metres wide, reaching 107 metres in height, and moving inland at rate of 5 metres a year.

The area is served by Bordeaux Merignac Airport and the TGV Atlantique.

Notable natives and residents

While Arcachon itself is not home to many well-known figures, the writer Alexandre Dumas once lived in Arcachon's Ville d'Hiver. Puerto Rican politician Ramón Emeterio Betances spent close to six months at Arcachon shortly before his death in 1898. The poet Carmen Bernos de Gasztold was born in Arcachon in 1919.

On the other side of the Bassin d'Arcachon is Cap Ferret, a popular resort for celebrities including Zinedine Zidane and Jean Pierre Pernot, who have holiday homes in the chic resort.

Dawn Kirikou-Milosévitch (socialite) was born in Arcachon.

References

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Arcachon is a beach resort near Bordeaux in the Aquitaine region of Southwestern France.

  • Le Domaine de Gascogne (Résidence Pierre), Biscarrosse, near Bordeaux. (At the end of the Arcachon basin, near Cape Ferret and the Pyla dune.), +33 1 58 21 55 84, [1]. The 4 small buildings of "" are pleasantly laid out around a golf course. The apartments have terraces and balconies offering an attractive open view of the swimming pool or the pine forest or the green. In a beautiful lakeside setting, 300 meters from the beaches of Lake Biscarosse-Cazauz. Biscarrosse-Plage shops 6 km away, so it is "close to the vast sweep of the Atlantic Ocean, with 20 km of beaches. Numerous activities, including 17 hiking trails and 100 km of bike paths." ==Contact== ==Stay safe== ==Cope== ==Get out==
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  *Résidence Maeva La Jetées des Marins, [2]. Located just 200 m from the Arcachon dock, the Town centre is 5 minutes walk away. This 5-story residence with lift is 200 m from the beach and small shops, and 1 km from the town centre and its shops.  edit  edit

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ARCACHON, a coast town of south-western France, in the department of Gironde, 37 m. W.S.W. of Bordeaux on the Southern railway. Pop. (1906) 9006. Arcachon is situated on the southern border of the lagoon of Arcachon at the foot of dunes covered with splendid pine-woods. It comprises two distinct parts, the summer town, extending for 22 m. along the shore, and bordered by a firm sandy beach, frequented by bathers, and the winter town, farther inland, consisting of numerous villas scattered amongst the pines.

Owing to the mildness of its climate the winter town is a resort for consumptive patients. The principal industries are oyster-breeding, which is conducted on a very large scale, and fishing. The port has trade with Spain and England.


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Simple English

Arcachon is a commune. It is found in the region Aquitaine in the Gironde department in the southwest of France.


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