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Arcadia Prefecture
Νομός Αρκαδίας
Location of Arcadia Prefecture in Greece
Location of Arcadia Prefecture municipalities
Country:  Greece
Capital: Tripoli
Periphery: Peloponnese
Population: 100,611 (2005)Ranked 38th
Area: 4,419 km² 
(1,706 sq.mi.) Ranked 5th
Density: 23 /km² 
(59 /sq.mi.)
Number of municipalities: 22
Number of communities: 1
Postal codes: 22x xx
Area codes: 2710, 275x0, 279x0
Licence plate code: ΤΡ
ISO 3166-2 code: GR-12
Website: www.arcadia.gr/

Arcadia, Arkadía (Greek: Αρκαδία), or Arcady is a region of Greece in the Peloponnesus. It takes its name from the mythological character Arcas.

Contents

Modern times

Arcadia has its present-day capital at Tripoli. It forms the largest prefecture on the Peloponnesian peninsula. It currently covers about 18% of the entire peninsula, although it once extended to about 20 to 25% of the peninsula.

The prefecture has a skiing resort on Mount Maenalus, the Mainalon, located about 20 km NW of Tripoli. The other mountains include the Parnon in the southeast, the Artemisio, the Saita, the Skiathio, the Lykaia and Tsiberou.

The Greek National Road 7 (E65) highway, which was extended after 1997 and in 2003, runs through Arcadia on a north-west to south-east axis and nearly forms in the southwest the end of the highway. A thermoelectric power station which produces electricity for most of southern Greece, operates to the south of Megalopolis, along with a coal mine.

Arcadia has two tunnels. The Artemisio Tunnel opened first, followed by the tunnel east of Megalopolis; both serve traffic flowing between Messenia and Athens.

In agriculture, potato farms (dominant in central and northcentral Arcadia), mixed farming, olive groves, and pasture dominate the plains of Arcadia, especially in the area around Megalopolis and between Tripoli and Levidi. One of these cuisines were featured on Mega Channel's cooking show hosted by Mamalakis that was shown on prime time.

History

Ancient history

Medieval history

After the collapse of the Roman power in the west, Arcadia became part of the Byzantine Empire. Arcadia remained a rustic, secluded area, and its inhabitants became proverbial as primitive herdsmen leading simple pastoral unsophisticated yet happy lives, to the point that Arcadia may refer to some imaginary idyllic paradise, immortalized by Virgil's Eclogues, and later by Jacopo Sannazaro in his pastoral masterpiece, Arcadia (1504); see also Arcadia (utopia).

After the fourth crusade, the area became a part of the Principality of Achaea. In the mid-15th century, the region fell into the hands of the Ottoman Turks with some exceptions in the 16th century for a couple of years.

The Latin phrase Et in Arcadia ego which is usually interpreted to mean "I am also in Arcadia" or "I am even in Arcadia" is an example of memento mori, a cautionary reminder of the transitory nature of life and the inevitability of death. The phrase is most often associated with a 1647 painting by Nicolas Poussin, also known as "The Arcadian Shepherds". In the painting the phrase appears as an inscription on a tomb discovered by youthful figures in classical garb.

Modern history

After 400 years of occupation by the Ottomans, Arcadia was the centre of the Greek War of Independence which saw victories in their battles including one in Tripoli. After a victorious revolutionary war, Arcadia was finally incorporated into a newly-created Greek state. Arcadia saw economic growth and small emigration.

In the 20th century, Arcadia experienced extensive population loss through emigration, mostly to the Americas. Many Arcadian villages lost almost half their inhabitants, and fears arose that they would turn into ghost towns. Arcadia now has a smaller population than Corinthia. Demographers expected that its population would halve between 1951 and the early 21st century. The prefectural population is in a range to a point that could fall below the 100,000 mark which could make it the next prefecture in Greece to have fewer than 100,000 people.

After World War II and the Greek Civil War, many villages and towns were rebuilt. An enormous earthquake measuring 5.9 on the Richter scale range shook Megalopoli and the surrounding area in 1965. Many buildings were destroyed, leaving people homeless. Within a couple of years, the buildings were rebuilt anti-seismically. In 1967, construction began on the Megalopoli Power Plant. It began operating in 1970, producing electricity for southern Greece. A mining area south of the plant is the largest mining area in the peninsula and continues to the present day with one settlement moved.

Water problems troubled local residents protesting over the rights of water usage with the Argolida and its new reservoir near Saga, on July 3, 2007. On July 27, a wildfire broke out in Gortynia in the western portion, threatening several nearby villages and burning a small portion of the forested area. Less than a month later, another minor forest fire occurred near Tropaia, on Thursday August 23. A day later, the minor fire became a major blaze beginning in the southwest of Arcadia Soulos. Arson-related fires spread and burned villages including Chrousa, Leontari, Vasta, Tourkoleka, Dirahi, near Megalopoli, Makryssi and Anavryto, and burned around 5% of the prefecture and the southwestern portion. The fire raging in the southern Ilia prefecture spread into Arcadia, and began to burn Atsicholos and the area around Karytaina. Residents prevented the fire from entering Megalopoli, Karytaina, and its surrounding area by chopping down trees, preventing it from entering the village; helicopters received water from Lake Taka and the sea. The fires continued from Friday August 24, with high winds and hot temperatures reported at 42°C; the outbreaks slowed three days later but progressed on Tuesday August 27. The blazes finally died down when temperatures dropped and a low pressure system from southern Europe brought rain into the area; roads had been closed and electricity cut off for several days. At the extinguishing of the fire, hundreds of mobile homes were sent to inhabitants who had lost houses. Trees and a number of groves are to be planted, but it is expected to take a few years to restore part of the area's natural beauty and forest. Less seriously for the area, Kynouria experienced weather problems in the winter, with a snowstorm affecting Leonidi and the village of Agios Petros on February 10, 2008.

Language

When, during the Greek Dark Age, Doric Greek dialects were introduced to the Peloponnese, the older language apparently survived in Arcadia, and formed part of the Arcado-Cypriot group of Greek languages. Arcadocypriot never became a literary dialect, but it is known from inscriptions. Tsan is a letter of the Greek alphabet occurring only in Arcadia, shaped like Cyrillic И; it represents an affricate that developed from labiovelars in context where they became t in other dialects.

Tsakonian Greek, still spoken on the coast of the modern prefecture of Arcadia, in the Classical period considered the southern Argolid coast immediately adjoining Arcadia, is a descendant of Doric Greek, and as such is an extraordinary example of a surviving regional dialect of archaic Greek. The capitals of Tsakonia is the Arcadian coastal towns of Leonidio and Tyros.

Provinces

Arcadia has four provinces:

Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.

Municipalities and communities

Municipality YPES code Seat (if different) Postal code
Dimitsana 0506 220 07
Falaisia 0522 Leontari 220 21
Falanthos 0523 Davia 221 00
Gortyna 0505 Karytaina 220 22
Iraia 0507 Paloumba 220 28
Kleitor 0507 Mygdalia 220 28
Kontovazaina 0509 220 15
Korythio 0510 Steno 221 00
Lagkadia 0512 220 03
Leonidio 0514 223 00
Levidi 0513 220 02
Mantineia 0515 Nestani 220 05
Megalopoli 0516 222 00
North Kynouria 0503 Astros 220 01
Skyritida 0517 Vlachokerasia 220 16
Tegea 0518 Stadio 220 12
Trikolonoi 0519 Stemnitsa 220 24
Tripoli 0520 221 00
Tropaia 0521 220 08
Tyros 0501 220 29
Valtetsi 0502 Asea 220 27
Vytina 0504 220 10
Community YPES code Seat (if different) Postal code
Kosmas 0511 230 58

Former municipalities

  • Mylaon (1830s–1912)

Ancient and modern towns and cities

The chief cities and communities in the prefecture include Tripoli, Astros, Vytina, Dimitsana, Lagkadia,Tyros, Leonidio, Leontari, Levidi, Megalopolis, Paloumba and Stemnitsa.

Ancient cities include Acacesium (founded by Acacus), Asea, Astros, Athinaio, Daseae, Falaisia (Phalesia), Gortys, Hypsus (Stemnitsa), Heraia, Lusi, Lykaio, Lykosoura, Mantineia, Megalopoli, Orchomenus (Orchomenos), Tegea, Thoknia, Trapezus, Trikolonoi, Tropaia ,Tripoli,Tyros, other cities includes Basilis, Caphya or Kaphya, Charisia, Ellison, Enispe, Kaous, Karyes, Methydrio, Melangeia, Oryx, Paroria, Pelagos, Phoizon, Rhipi, Stratii, Teuthis and several more. Cities which once belonged in Arcadia include Alea (now in Argolis) and Amilos (now in Achaia).

Climate

The climate consists of hot summers and mild winters in the eastern part, the southern part, the low lying areas and the central area at altitudes lower than 1,000 m. The area primarily receives rain during fall and winter months in the rest of Arcadia. Winter snow occurs commonly in the mountainous areas for much of the west and the northern part, the Taygetus area, the Mainalon.

Transport

Television

Sports teams

  • Arcadia Shepherds is the South African football (soccer) club from the city of Pretoria. The club was formed in 1903 and has been a source of players from its youth system that have gone on to higher profile careers overseas. The club's glory year was 1974, when it won every competition entered.
  • Asteras Tripolis is the Greek soccer club from the city of Tripoli.
  • Leonidio FC is the Greek soccer club from the town of Leonidio.

Notable Arcadians

References in popular culture

  • A book titled A Modern Arcadia: Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. & The Plan For Forest Hills Gardens written by Susan L. Klaus about a utopian community in Queens, NY, and a beautiful example of the early twentieth century garden city movement here in America, that still exists today.
  • The Greek and Latin name Arcadius/Arkadios was derived from "Arcadia" (see the Emperor Arcadius, the grammarian Arcadius of Antioch, the patriarch Arkadios II). From Greek it passed in Russian, Ukrainian, and other Slavic languages, where it is a common male name as Arkady or Arcady.
  • The word Arcadia has become a poetic idyllism meaning "Utopia". The Libertines and Pete Doherty, whose first solo album Grace/Wastelands features an opening track titled "Arcady", are among many who has used this symbol in their work.
  • Arcadia was a band created as a project by the 1980's English iconic pop band, Duran Duran, in 1985. It included Duran Duran members, Simon LeBon, Nick Rhodes, and Roger Taylor. The name of this band was chosen for the mystique surrounding Arcadia as a place of mystery and symbolic secrecy.
  • The area of the prefecture were featured in several ERT programs including documentaries on the Megalopoli Mine and Ladon Lake
  • In the 2006 Doctor Who episode "Doomsday", the Doctor mentions being "there at the fall of Arcadia", where Arcadia is insinuated to be an unspecified area of possible strategic importance in the Time War, unlikely to be the Arcadia of Greece.
  • An early incarnation of Sonic Youth was known as The Arcadians.
  • The tactical RPG Fire Emblem features a hidden Utopian city where man and dragon lives in harmony. This city is called Arcadia, and is founded by the legendary Archsage Athos.
  • In the video game BioShock, "Arcadia" is the name of an area in one of the levels, with an artificial forest and touted as a vacation paradise.
  • In the 1988 video game The Battle of Olympus, Arcadia is the initial starting point of the game.
  • In the Stardust Classics children's fantasy novels, Arcadia is the name of a kingdom ruled by the young Princess Alissa.
  • In the film 300 Leonidas is joined by a group of Arcadians to help him fight against the Persians.
  • In Space Pirate Captain Harlock, the show's main ship is called Arcadia, perhaps hinting that the ship itself is a sort of refuge to pirates.
  • In the text MUD Achaea, Arcadia is the home of a race of winged humans (Atavians).
  • In the series of games Mega Man Zero (video game), (Neo) Arcadia is the utopian city where humans live in apparent peace with reploids.
  • The name of the planet in the game Skies of Arcadia is Arcadia. It is a planet with a completely barren wasteland floor level, but is mainly populated in its sky, which has a large system of floating islands, each flourishing under six different-colored moons that orbit the planet.
  • In the PlayStation 2 game Final Fantasy XII there is a militaristic empire known as Archadia
  • In The Legend of Zelda (TV series), the White Knight character appearing in episode 3 comes from a city called Arcadia.
  • In the TV series The X-Files, the thirteenth episode of the sixth season is named "Arcadia".
  • In the TV series Space: 1999, Arkadia is a planet from where the life came to Earth
  • The mythic world that adorns the album covers of the rock band Asia, specifically the albums Alpha (1983) and Astra (1985).
  • Arcadia is one of twin worlds in the popular computer game The Longest Journey and its sequel, Dreamfall.
  • In Armored Core 3, Arcadia is the name of the number 1 ranked AC.
  • In Metal Gear Online, Arcadia is the name of a glitcher.
  • In the game Penny Arcade Adventures: On the Rain-Slick Precipice of Darkness, the areas of the game are all said to be within the city of New Arcadia.
  • In the RTS game Halo Wars, Arcadia is a civilian world under attack by an alien race called The Covenant.
  • In the opera Semele_(Handel), Jupiter sends winged Zephyrs to fetch Semele's sister, Ino, and he sings "Now shall all this scene unto Arcadia turn, the seat of happy nymphs and swains."
  • Tom Stoppard's 1993 play, Arcadia.
  • In the game Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, Arcadia is a suburb located in North Eastern Virginia, U.S.A in which you must evacuate civilians and key personnel in the level Exodus.
  • In the TV series Joan of Arcadia, the story of a teenage girl who communicates with God and performs tasks she is given took place in the fictional Arcadia, Maryland.
  • In the manga series Digimon Adventure V-Tamer 01, the antagonist Neo Saiba attempts to create a Utopian world using his Digimon, which he names Arkadimon.

Strika Entertainment, a South African comic publisher best known for their global Supa Strikas title, also produces a comic called Arcadia. The story follows three friends and their dog who, every week, are sucked into an arcade machine, and are taken on incredible adventures in the computer game world of Arcadia.

External links

Coordinates: 37°35′N 22°15′E / 37.583°N 22.25°E / 37.583; 22.25


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Arcadia is a city in Los Angeles County in Southern California.

Get in

Arcadia is accessible by Interstate 210. There are three exits: Baldwin Avenue, Santa Anita Avenue, and Huntington Drive

From Interstate 10, get off at Temple City Blvd. (Westbound), Baldwin Avenue (Eastbound), or Santa Anita Avenue and head north for about 4.5 miles.

  • Los Angeles County Arboretum, 301 North Baldwin Ave, [1]. Occupying the heart of the historic Rancho Santa Anita, The Los Angeles County Arboretum & Botanic Garden is a unique 127 acre botanical garden and historical site jointly operated by the Los Angeles Arboretum Foundation and the Los Angeles County Department of Parks and Recreation and located in the city of Arcadia. Home to plant collections from all over the world, including many rare and endangered species, The Arboretum also houses outdoor historical landmarks representative of the major phases of California history.  edit
  • Santa Anita Park (Santa Anita Race Track), 285 W Huntington Drive Arcadia CA 91007, 626-574-7223, [2]. Santa Anita is the oldest thoroughbred race track in Southern California. The Art Deco style grandstand dates back to the 1930s. In 2000, Santa Anita Race Track was listed on the National Trust for Historic Preservation's list of "America's 11 Most Endangered Historic Places" [3].  edit

Do

Live Oak Library: 4153-55 E. Live Oak Ave. Fancy hitting a library and just checking out some books? This library is rather obscure compared to the Arcadia library, but is very cosy and has a good selection of books. Its front is near invisible as it's small - there is a parking lot in the back however, just turn the corner and slide through the small alley-like road right after (there are green signs marking direction). Located between Foss and 10th on Live Oak Ave. Open Mon-Weds 11AM - 8PM, 12-6PM Thurs, 12-5PM Fri, and 11AM-5 PM Sat. It's closed on Sunday. Tel: (626) 446-8803

Buy

Westfield Shoppingtown (commonly known as Arcadia Mall) is on the northeast corner of Baldwin Avenue and Huntington Drive. It is right beside the famous Santa Anita Park.

Joann: A large, well-stocked fabrics store located on Durate Rd., just after Baldwin if you're heading towards Rosemead. It's part of the plaza with the Burlington Coat Factory (Joann's up the ramp to the higher floor when viewed from the road, although you can walk up to it once inside the plaza). Contains many fabrics, arts and crafts materials, decorations, etc. Great for sewing/designing needs.

American Life Plaza: Also in the same plaza as Joann, next to the Au 79 Tea House. Sells Asian trinkets, CDs, DVDs, and souvenir items.

  • May Mei (美味居): 639 W. Durate Rd: On Durate Rd., before its intersection with Baldwin Ave, in the Arcadia Supermarket plaza. Excellent Chinese restaurant, open Sun-Thurs 11AM - 10PM, Fri-Sat 11AM - 10:30PM. A personal favorite is Beef Cubes French Style. It's located near several other good Chinese restaurants in the same plaza. Clientele is mostly Chinese, but don't be intimidated! They speak English (although Mandarin is probably preferred) and their menus are bilingual. Tel: (626) 574-1318.
  • J.J. Bakery: In the adjourning plaza [Baldwin Plaza] to the Arcadia Supermarket one (you can walk to this plaza via a small road at the corner), located on Baldwin, just to the right of the Durate Rd. and Baldwin Ave intersection if you were facing Rosemead. Rather popular and serves Taiwanese-style baked goods.
  • Din Tai Fung Dumpling House: Also located in Baldwin Plaza. Popular and its Chinese food is said to be excellent.
  • In-N-Out: 420 N. Santa Anita Ave. More drive-thru than restaurant, although it has outside sitting. Very popular, part of a unique southern CA burger chain. Simple selection, good prices, excellent hamburgers.
  • Taco Lita, 120 E Duarte Road (1.5 blocks east of Santa Anita Ave.), (626) 445-2889. 9AM - 11PM Mon - Sat. A favorite of the locals. Get there early for lunch unless you want to stand in a pretty long line. American Tacos and Burritos done well. Great Hot Sauce. Decent value. Can get crowded at lunchtime. Very little seating area.  edit
  • Motel 6 Los Angeles - Arcadia/Pasadena, 225 Colorado Place, +1 626 446-2660, Fax: +1 626 821-1060, [4]
  • Residence Inn Pasadena Arcadia, 321 East Huntington Drive, +1 626 446-6500, Fax: +1 626 446-5824, [5]
  • SpringHill Suites Pasadena Arcadia, 99 N 2nd Avenue, +1 626 821-5400, Fax: +1 626 821-0770, [6].
  • Hampton Inn Arcadia, 311 E, Huntington Dr, +1 626 574-5600, [7].  edit
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Pronunciation

Proper noun

Arcadia

  1. A district or a prefecture in the central and mid SE Peloponnese that has a population of more than 110,000. Tripoli is the capital and a main city with a population over 22,000.
  2. A mountainous region of ancient Greece.
  3. A city in California, USA.
  4. A city in Louisiana, USA.
  5. Used as a name for an ideal region of rural and idyllic contentment.

Derived terms

Translations


Simple English

Arcadia is one of 51 prefectures of Greece. It is on the Peloponnese peninsula. The capital of Arcadia is the Tripoli.








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