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Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria
Princess of Salerno
Spouse Leopold, Prince of Salerno
Prince Louis
Princess Maria Carolina Augusta
Full name
German: Maria Clementina Franziska Josepha
Italian: Maria Clementina Francesca Giuseppa
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Father Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Maria Teresa of Naples and Sicily
Born 1 March 1798(1798-03-01)
Died 3 September 1881 (aged 83)
Château de Chantilly, Chantilly, France

Archduchess Maria Clementina Franziska Josepha of Austria[1] (born 1 March 1798 in Vienna[1]; died 3 September 1881 at Château de Chantilly in Chantilly, France[1]) was the third surviving daughter of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, later Francis I of Austria after the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, and his wife Maria Teresa of Naples and Sicily.[1] Maria Clementina was the Princess consort of Salerno upon her marriage to Prince Leopold of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Prince of Salerno.

Maria Clementina was a younger sister of Marie Louise, Empress of France, Ferdinand I of Austria, and Maria Leopoldina, Empress of Brazil. She was also an older sister of Marie Caroline, Crown Princess of Saxony, Archduke Franz Karl of Austria, and Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria.[1]

Through her sister, Marie Louise, she was a sister-in-law of Napoleon I of France; through Maria Leopoldina a sister-in-law of Peter I of Brazil; through Marie Caroline a sister-in-law of Frederick Augustus II of Saxony.

Maria Clementina was married, 28 July 1816, at Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, to her mother's younger brother, Prince Leopoldo of the Two Sicilies, Prince of Salerno, the youngest son of King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria.

Three of the couple's four children died in their first year: Prince Ludovico (1824-1824) and two infants.

They had a surviving daughter, Princess Maria Carolina Augusta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1822-1869), who on 25 November 1844, in Naples, married her paternal first cousin, Prince Henri d'Orléans, duc d'Aumale (1822-1897). Henri was the fourth (and second-youngest) surviving son of King Louis Philippe I of France and his wife Princess Marie-Amelie of the Two Sicilies.

Through their daughter, Maria Clementina and Leopoldo had four grandchildren, two of whom reached adulthood:

  • Louis Philippe Marie Léopold, Prince de Condé (1845–1866)
  • François Louis d'Orléans, Duc de Guise (1854–1872)

However, neither of these grandchildren married or produced children of their own.

Maria Clementina died 3 September 1881 at the Chateau de Chantilly, France, the home of her widowed son-in-law Duke Henry. She was eighty-three years old; all her descendants having predeceased her.


Titles, styles, honours and arms


Titles and styles

  • 1 March 1798 – 28 July 1816: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria
  • 28 July 1816 – 10 March 1851: Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Princess of Salerno
  • 10 March 1851 – 3 September 1881: Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Dowager Princess of Salerno



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