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Archduke Franz Karl

Archduke Franz Karl Joseph of Austria (17 December 1802 ‚Äď 8 March 1878) was father of two emperors (Franz Joseph I of Austria and Maximilian I of Mexico) and the grandfather of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, whose assassination helped precipitate the start of World War I.

He was born in Vienna, the second son of Emperor Francis II and his wife Maria Theresa of the Two Sicilies.

On 4 November 1824 in Vienna he married Sophie of Bavaria, a daughter of King Maximilian I of Bavaria by his second wife Karoline of Baden. Franz Karl was an unambitious and generally ineffectual man, although he was a member of the Council that ruled in the stead of his mentally retarded brother Emperor Ferdinand from 1835 to 1848. At the urging of his wife, he renounced his claims to the throne at the time of his brother's abdication in December 1848, allowing their eldest son Franz Joseph to take the throne. Archduke Franz Karl died in Vienna in 1878, six years after the death of his wife.

Issue

Monarchical Styles of
Archduke Franz Carl of Austria
Wappen Kaisertum √Ėsterreich 1815 (Klein).png
Reference style His Imperial and Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Imperial and Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir
Name Birth Death Notes
By Sophie, Princess of Bavaria (27 January 1805-28 May 1872; married on 4 November 1824 in St. Augustine's Church, Vienna)
Franz Joseph 18 August 1830 21 November 1916 succeeded as Emperor of Austria
married his first cousin Elisabeth, Duchess in Bavaria, and had issue
Maximilian 6 July 1832 19 June 1867 proclaimed Emperor of Mexico
executed by a firing squad
married Charlotte, Princess of Belgium, no issue
Karl Ludwig 30 July 1833 19 May 1896 married 1) his first cousin Margaretha, Princess of and Duchess in Saxony, (1840-1858) from 1856 to 1858, no issue, married 2) to Maria Annunziata, Princess of the Two-Sicilies (1843-1871) from 1862 to 1871, had issue (three sons and one daughter) and married 3) to Maria Theresia, Infanta of Portugal, (1855-1944), from 1873 to 1899, had issue (two daughters)
Maria Anna Karolina 27 October 1835 5 February 1840 died in childhood, no issue
Stillborn son 24 October 1840 24 October 1840
Ludwig Viktor 15 May 1842 18 January 1919 died unmarried, no issue

Ancestors

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