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Archduke Friedrich, Duke of Teschen: Wikis

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Archduke Friedrich of Austria
Duke of Teschen
Spouse Princess Isabella of Cro√Ņ
Issue
Archduchess Maria Christina
Archduchess Maria Anna
Archduchess Maria Henrietta
Archduchess Natalie Maria
Archduchess Stephanie Maria Isabelle
Archduchess Gabriele Maria Theresia
Archduchess Isabella
Archduchess Maria Alice
Archduke Albrecht Franz, Duke of Teschen
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Archduke Karl Ferdinand of Austria
Mother Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria
Born 4 June 1856(1856-06-04)
Gross-Seelowitz, Moravia
Died 30 December 1936 (aged 80)
Ungarisch-Altenburg, Hungary

Friedrich Maria Albrecht Wilhelm Karl, Archduke and Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Duke of Teschen (In German: Erzherzog Friedrich Maria Albrecht Wilhelm Karl von √Ėsterreich-Toskana, Herzog von Teschen) - (4 June 1856, ‚Äď 30 December 1936) was a member of the House of Habsburg and the Supreme Commander of the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I.

Contents

Early life

Friedrich was born at the castle Gross-Seelowitz (now ŇĹidlochovice, near Brno in Moravia) the son of Karl Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria.
Amongst his siblings were Queen Maria Theresia of Bavaria, Queen Maria Cristina of Spain, Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria, and Archduke Eugen of Austria. When Friedrich's uncle Archduke Albert, Duke of Teschen died in 1895, he and his brothers each inherited large estates. Friedrich owned properties at Ungarisch-Altenburg (now Mosonmagyar√≥v√°r in Hungary), Belleje, Saybusch (now ŇĽywiec in Poland), Seelowitz (now ŇĹidlochovice) and Fr√Ĺdek in the Czech Republic, and Pressburg (now Bratislava in Slovakia). His Vienna residence, the Palais-Albrecht, housed the Albertina art collection which he owned.

Marriage

On 8 October 1878 Friedrich married at Ch√Ęteau L'Hermitage in Belgium Princess Isabella of Cro√Ņ (1856 - 1931), daughter of Rudolf, Duke of Cro√Ņ, and his wife Princess Natalie of Ligne. They had nine children together.

Military career

On 11 July 1914 Friedrich was appointed Supreme Commander of the Austro-Hungarian Army by Emperor Franz Joseph I; it was thought that he would not interfere with the operational and tactical talents of Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf. He was promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall on 8 December 1914. Friedrich remained Supreme Commander until February 1917 when Emperor Charles I decided to take the office himself.

Retirement and death

After World War I the governments of Austria and Czechoslovakia confiscated all of Friedrich's properties within their borders. These included his palace in Vienna and his art collection. He retained his properties in Hungary however. In 1929 he won a court case requiring compensation from the Czechoslovak government. [1]

Friedrich died at Ungarisch-Altenburg (now Mosonmagyaróvár) in 1936. His death was the biggest royal event for Hungary since the coronation of King Karl in 1916. The funeral was attended by his nephew, the exiled King of Spain; by numerous archdukes; by all the surviving Austro-Hungarian Feldmarshals; by personal representatives of Hitler; by members of the House of Savoy; by the diplomatic corps; by a son of exiled German Kaiser Wilhelm; by representatives of the governments of Germany, Italy and Austria, and by Hungary's Regent, Miklós Horthy and his wife. There were members of the Hungarian government and delegates of the German and Austrian in attendance as well. Entire battalions of the Hungarian army were present to pay their last respects to their former Supreme Commander.

Ancestry

Notes

  1. ^ "Papa Friedrich Preferred", Time Magazine ( 18 February 1929)

References

External links

Archduke Friedrich, Duke of Teschen
Cadet branch of the House of Lorraine
Born: 4 June 1856 Died: 30 December 1936
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Albert
Duke of Teschen
1895-1918
Succeeded by
Monarchy abolished
Titles in pretence
Loss of title
Monarchy abolished
‚ÄĒ TITULAR ‚ÄĒ
Duke of Teschen
1918 ‚Äď 1930
Succeeded by
Albrecht Franz
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