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Archduke Johann Salvator
Spouse Milly Stubel
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Mother Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
Born 25 November 1852(1852-11-25)
Florence

Archduke Johann Salvator of Austria (German: Johann Salvator, Italian: Giovanni Salvatore; 25 November 1852 - presumed lost at sea 1890), was a member of the Tuscan branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. He was Archduke and Prince of Austria, Prince of Hungary, Bohemia and Tuscany. After renouncing those titles, he was known as John Orth. He disappeared in 1890 and was declared dead in 1911.

Contents

Early life

Johann Salvator was born in Florence the youngest son of Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and his second wife, Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies. He pursed a career in the Austrian Army and was a close friend of Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria, with both sharing liberal views.[1]

After Bulgaria was granted autonomy by the Ottoman Empire, Johann Salvator was an unsuccessful candidate for the throne.[2] Prince Alexander of Battenberg would be elected Prince of Bulgaria in 1879. During the Austro-Hungarian occupation of the Ottoman territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878, he was put in command of a division of the occupying army and won numerous honours.[3][4]

On 16 October 1889, he resigned his army commission and renounced his title and the privileges he enjoyed as a member of the Austrian Imperial Family.[5] After dropping his titles he assumed the name John Orth. Orth was taken from the name of a castle he had owned, Schloss Orth.

Disappearance

Johann Salvator married Milly Stubel, an opera dancer in a London registry office, and after purchasing a ship called the Santa Margareta, he and his wife sailed for South America. In February 1890 he set off from Montevideo, Uruguay, heading for Valparaíso in Chile.[6] He was never heard from again and his ship is believed to have been lost off Cape Horn, though rumours persisted that he survived[1] and settled in Patagonia. He was officially declared dead in 1911.

In 1945, Hugo Køhler of Kristiansand, Norway, claimed on his deathbed that he was actually Johann Salvator. In 2007, relatives of Køhler requested that Køhler's grave be opened, so that a DNA test can be performed. Should Køhler and Johann Salvator actually be the same person, the descendants may be entitled to Johann Salvator's heritage, including Schloss Orth.[7 ]

References

  1. ^ a b Fanthorpe, Lionel; Patricia Fanthorpe (2004). Unsolved Mysteries of the Sea. Dundurn Press Ltd. pp. 161, 162. ISBN 1550024981.  
  2. ^ Barkeley, Richard (1959). The Road to Mayerling: Life and Death of Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria. Macmillan. pp. 158.  
  3. ^ "Europe's Latest Treaty". New York Times. 1878-07-24. p. 1.  
  4. ^ "Orth Officially Dead". New York Times. 1911-05-28. p. 1.  
  5. ^ Almanach de Gotha. Justus Perthes. 1891. pp. 12.  
  6. ^ "The Missing Archduke". New York Times. 1890-12-26. p. 1.  
  7. ^ "Arvinger får åpne grav - NRK Nyheter". NRK. 2009-01-08. http://www.nrk.no/nyheter/distrikt/sorlandet/1.6423392. Retrieved 2009-01-08.  

External links

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Archduke John Salvator
File:Johann Salvator Austria Toscana
Spouse Milly Stubel
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Mother Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
Born 25 November 1852(1852-11-25)
Florence

Archduke John Salvator of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (Italian: Giovanni Salvatore, German: Johann Salvator; 25 November 1852 - presumed lost at sea 1890), was a member of the Tuscan branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. Later known as John Orth he disappeared in 1890 and was declared dead in 1911. He bore a striking resemblance, better seen in some portraits, with his multiple ancestor Ferdinand II of Aragon.

Contents

Early life

John Salvator was born in Florence the youngest son of Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany and his second wife Marie Antoinette of the Two Sicilies. He pursed a career in the Austrian Army and was a close friend of Crown Prince Rudolf with both sharing liberal views.[1]

After Bulgaria was granted autonomy by the Ottoman Empire John Salvator was an unsuccessful candidate for the throne.[2] Prince Alexander of Battenberg would be elected Prince of Bulgaria in 1879. During the Austro-Hungarian occupation of the Ottoman territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878 he was put in command of a division of the occupying army and won numerous honours.[3][4]

On 16 October 1889 he resigned his army commission and renounced his title and the privileges he enjoyed as a member of the Austrian Imperial Family.[5] After dropping his titles he assumed the name John Orth. Orth was taken from the name of the castle he owned Schloss Orth.

Disappearance

John Salvator married Milly Stubel, an opera dancer in a London registry office and after purchasing a ship called the Santa Margareta he and his wife sailed for South America. In February 1890 he set off from Montevideo in Uruguay heading for Valparaíso in Chile.[6] He was never heard from again and his ship is believed to have been lost of Cape Horn though rumours persisted that he survived[1] and settled in Patagonia. He was officially declared dead in 1911.

In 1945, Hugo Køhler of Kristiansand, Norway, claimed on his deathbed that he was actually John Salvator. Relatives of Køhler requested in 2007 that Køhler's grave be opened, so that a DNA test can be performed. Should Køhler and John Salvator actually be the same person, the descendants may be entitled to Salvator's heritage, including Schloss Orth.[7]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Fanthorpe, Lionel; Patricia Fanthorpe (2004). Unsolved Mysteries of the Sea. Dundurn Press Ltd. pp. 161, 162. ISBN 1550024981. 
  2. Barkeley, Richard (1959). The Road to Mayerling: Life and Death of Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria. Macmillan. pp. 158. 
  3. "Europe's Latest Treaty". New York Times. 1878-07-24. p. 1. 
  4. "Orth Officially Dead". New York Times. 1911-05-28. p. 1. 
  5. Almanach de Gotha. Justus Perthes. 1891. pp. 12. 
  6. "The Missing Archduke". New York Times. 1890-12-26. p. 1. 
  7. "Arvinger får åpne grav - NRK Nyheter". NRK. 2009-01-08. http://www.nrk.no/nyheter/distrikt/sorlandet/1.6423392. Retrieved on 2009-01-08. 

External links


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