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Lieutenant-Colonel Archibald Campbell, 1st Baron Blythswood (22 February 1835 – 8 July 1908) was a Scottish Conservative politician.

Born Archibald Campbell Douglas (he dropped the Douglas from his name in 1838) in Florence, Italy, he was the son of Archibald Campbell, 17th Laird of Mains.

Campbell fought in the Crimean War in 1855 (where he was severely wounded) and rose to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the service of the Scots Fusilier Guards. On 7 July 1864, he married Hon. Augusta Clementina Carrington, a daughter of the 2nd Baron Carrington, at Whitehall Chapel, London. He was Member of Parliament (MP) for Renfrewshire from 1873 to 1874, and for West Renfrewshire from 1885 to 1892. He was also Lord Lieutenant of Renfrewshire from 1904 to 1908. On 4 May 1880, he was created Baronet Campbell of Blythswood and was an Aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria. In 1888 he was awarded an honorary doctorate of Law from the University of Glasgow and made a Freeman of the City of Glasgow. On 24 August 1892, he was created Baron Blythswood, with a special remainder to his five younger brothers.

He died on at age 73 at Blythswood House, Renfrewshire, without issue and was buried on 11 July 1908 at Inchinnan. His baronetcy became extinct but his barony passed to his brother, Sholto.

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Bruce
Member of Parliament for Renfrewshire
1873–1874
Succeeded by
William Mure
New constituency Member of Parliament for West Renfrewshire
18851892
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Bine Renshaw
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Michael Shaw-Stewart
Lord Lieutenant of Renfrewshire
1904–1908
Succeeded by
Thomas Glen Glen-Coats
Masonic offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Mar
Grand Master of the
Grand Lodge of Scotland

1885–1892
Succeeded by
The Earl of Haddington
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Blythswood
1892–1908
Succeeded by
Sholto Campbell
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Blythswood)
1880–1908
Extinct
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