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Sir Archibald Hunter
1856 – 1936
Sir Archibald Hunter.jpg
General Sir Archibald Hunter
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1875-1918
Rank General
Commands held 10th Division
Scotland
Western Army Corps in India
GOC Southern Army in India
Gibraltar
13th (Western) Division
3rd Army
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
Distinguished Service Order

General Sir Archibald Hunter GCB GCVO DSO (1856 – 1936) was a General in the British Army who distinguished himself during the Boer War. He was Governor of Omdurman, in Sudan, and later of Gibraltar.

Contents

Early life

Hunter was the son of a London businessman. However, his maternal grandfather had been a Major. Having chosen not to follow his business routes, Hunter began military education in Glasgow, and then at the Royal College, Sandhurst. In 1875, the nineteen year old Sub Lieutenant joined the King's Own 4th Lancashire Regiment.[1]

The Mahdi Uprising

Between 1884 and 1885, Hunter joined the Gordon Relief Expedition which sought to rescue Charles George Gordon (or Chinese Gordon) from his Mahdi captives. The Expedition was, however, too late; Gordon had been killed two days before their arrival.

During the time in which the Mahdi's were being suppressed, Hunter saw much front line action. He led a brigade under the command of Major-General Grenfell in Sawakin. He was wounded on this mission.

He was appointed Governor of Dongola Province in the Sudan and Commandant of the Frontier Field Force in 1895.[1] In 1896, he joined the Anglo-Egyptian Nile Expeditionary Force under Lord Kitchener and the Sirdar (commander of the Egyptian Army). Sudan was recaptured, and Hunter was put in charge of the Egyptian division. He was made Governor of Omdurman in Sudan in 1899.[1]

The Second Boer War

Between 1899 and 1901, Hunter served as General Officer Commanding 10th Division in the Second Boer War.[1]

Later life

He was GOC Scotland from 1901 to 1903.[1] He was then GOC Western Army Corps in India from 1904 to 1907 when he became GOC Southern Army in India.[1]

From 1910 until 1913 he was Governor of Gibraltar.[1] In 1914 he became GOC 13th (Western) Division.[1]

He served in World War I as Commander of the 3rd Army; he retired in 1918.[1]

He was elected at the 1918 general election as a Coalition Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) for Lancaster, but stood down at the 1922 general election.[2][3]

He died in 1936.

Legacy

His archive of over one hundred letters and documents was recently sold.[4] A highlight of the £15,000 collection included twenty six Autograph Letters from Kitchener.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  2. ^ "House of Commons constituencies beginning with "L" (part 1)". Leigh Rayment's House of Commons pages. http://www.leighrayment.com/commons/Lcommons1.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-12.  
  3. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 399. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.  
  4. ^ HUNTER, Sir Archibald, autographs, letters, documents, manuscripts

Further reading

  • Kitchener's Sword-Arm: the Life and Campaigns of General Sir Archibald Hunter, Archie Hunter.
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Frederick Forestier-Walker
Governor of Gibraltar
1910–1913
Succeeded by
Sir Herbert Miles
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Norval Watson Helme
Member of Parliament for Lancaster
19181922
Succeeded by
John Edward Singleton
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