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Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton: Wikis

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The Earl of Eglinton 
KT, PC

In office
1 March 1852 – 17 December 1852
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Derby
Preceded by The Earl of Clarendon
Succeeded by The Earl of St Germans
In office
8 March 1858 – 11 June 1859
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Derby
Preceded by The Earl of Carlisle
Succeeded by The Earl of Carlisle

Born 29 September 1812 (1812-09-29)
Palermo, Sicily
Died 4 October 1861 (1861-10-05)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) (1) Hon. Theresa Newcomen
(d. 1853)
(2) Lady Adela Capel
(1828-1860)

Sir Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton KT, PC (29 September 1812 – 4 October 1861), known as Lord Montgomerie from 1814 to 1819, was a British Conservative politician. He was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1852 and again from 1858 to 1859.

Contents

Background and education

Eglinton was born in Palermo, Sicily, the son of Major-General Archibald Montgomerie, Lord Montgomerie (30 July 1773 – 4 January 1814), the eldest son of Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Eglinton. His mother was Lady Mary Montgomerie (d. 1848), daughter of General Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton. He was educated at Eton.

Political career

Eglinton was a staunch Tory, and in February 1852 he became Lord Lieutenant of Ireland under the Earl of Derby. He retired with the ministry in the following December, having by his princely hospitality made himself one of the most popular of Irish viceroys. When Derby returned to office in February 1858 he was again appointed Lord-Lieutenant, and he discharged the duties of this post until June 1859. In this year he was created Earl of Wintoun, an earldom which had been held by his kinsfolk, the Setons, from 1600 until 1716, when George Seton, 5th Earl of Wintoun, was deprived of his honors for high treason.

Horse racing

Lord Eglinton's main object of interest for some years was the turf; he kept a large racing stud and won success and reputation in the sporting world.

The Eglinton Tournament

In 1839 Lord Eglinton's name became more widely known in connection with the Eglinton Tournament. This took place at Eglinton castle and is said to have cost him £30,000 or £40,000. Contemporary ridicule is better remembered today than it successes. It was partly spoiled by the unfavourable weather, the rain falling in torrents, but it was a real tournament, participants having attended regular training during the course of the year prior and lances being broken in the orthodox way. Prince Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III) and Lady Seymour, a granddaughter of Richard Brinsley Sheridan and the wife of Lord Seymour, afterwards 12th Duke of Somerset, took part. A list of the challengers with an account of the jousts and the mêlée will be found in the volume on the tournament written by the Reverend John Richardson, with drawings by James Henry Nixon (1843). It was also described in Disraeli's Endymion.

Family

Lord Eglinton married, firstly, the Hon. Theresa Newcomen, daughter of Thomas Gleadowe-Newcomen, 2nd Viscount Newcomen and Harriet Holland, in 1841. Theresa Newcomen was born in Calcutta on an unknown date, and died on 16 December 1853 at Eglintoun Castle.

They had the following children:

After Lady Theresa's death in December 1853 her widower married, secondly, the Hon. Adela, daughter of Arthur Capell, 6th Earl of Essex, in 1858. They had the following children:

  • Lady Sybil Amelia Montgomerie (d. 3 February 1932)
  • Lady Hilda Rose Montgomerie (d. 18 June 1928)

Lady Adela died in December 1860, aged only 32. Lord Eglinton survived her by less than a year and died in October 1861, aged 49. He was succeeded by his eldest son Archibald.

See also

External links

References

Government offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Clarendon
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1852
Succeeded by
The Earl of St Germans
Preceded by
The Earl of Carlisle
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1858–1859
Succeeded by
The Earl of Carlisle
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Glasgow
Lord Lieutenant of Ayrshire
1842–1861
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Ailsa
Academic offices
Preceded by
Unknown
Rector of Marischal College, Aberdeen
1851—1853
Succeeded by
The Earl of Carlisle
Preceded by
Sir Archibald Alison, Bt
Rector of the University of Glasgow
1852—1854
Succeeded by
The Duke of Argyll
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Wintoun
1859–1861
Succeeded by
Archibald Montgomerie
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Hugh Montgomerie
Earl of Eglinton
1819–1861
Succeeded by
Archibald Montgomerie
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