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.An archipelago (pronounced /ɑrkɨˈpɛləɡoʊ/) is a chain or cluster of islands that are formed tectonically.^ On maps , the archipelago usually appears as the Solovetski Islands , but the diminutive form of the name, Solovki , is how most Russians refer to it.
  • Solovetski Islands: The Gulag's Archipelago 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.anatol.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The most common way archipelagos are formed is through volcanic activity combined with tectonic movement...
  • Archipelago - Ask.com 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ Art from the Bismarck Archipelago -- a chain of islands...obscurity".
  • Bismarck Archipelago Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Bismarck Archipelago 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

.The word archipelago, is directly derived from the Greek ἄρχι- - arkhi- ("chief") and πέλαγος - pelagos ("sea").^ The word "archipelago" literally means "chief sea".
  • LondonTown.com | Archipelago - Whitfield Street Fitzrovia London 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.londontown.com [Source type: General]

.In Italian, possibly following a tradition of antiquity, the Archipelago (from medieval Greek *ἀρχιπέλαγος) was the proper name for the Aegean Sea and, later, usage shifted to refer to the Aegean Islands (since the sea is remarkable for its large number of islands).^ Excursions An island where you can experience the remarkable maritime terrain of the outer archipelago.
  • Excursions: Stockholm’s official visitors guide 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC beta.stockholmtown.com [Source type: General]

^ On maps , the archipelago usually appears as the Solovetski Islands , but the diminutive form of the name, Solovki , is how most Russians refer to it.
  • Solovetski Islands: The Gulag's Archipelago 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.anatol.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The archipelago has been known by many different names, including the " Enchanted Islands " because of the way in which the strong and shifting currents made navigation difficult.

.It is now used to generally refer to any island group or, sometimes, to a sea containing a large number of scattered islands like the Aegean Sea.^ A group of islands in the sea.
  • Contractor School Online® - Contractor Glossary of Terms 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.contractorreferral.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Improve ] An archipelago is a group, chain or cluster of islands surrounded by a large body of water, usually the open sea.
  • WikiAnswers - What is an archipelago 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ A California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus) checking me out in Broken Group Islands, Barkley Sound.

[1]

Contents

Types of archipelagos

The Ksamil Archipelago in Albania
.Archipelagos are usually found in the open sea; less commonly, a large land mass may neighbour them.^ One of the seven large land masses.
  • Archived: Early Childhood: Where Learning Begins - Geography; Glossary 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.ed.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A large arm of an ocean or sea extending into a land mass.
  • Archived: Early Childhood: Where Learning Begins - Geography; Glossary 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.ed.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A sea may be partly or completely surrounded by land.

.For example, Scotland has more than 700 islands surrounding its mainland.^ Study Island products are utilized by approximately 9 million students in more than 21,500 schools in 50 states and Canada.
  • Archipelago Learning Introduces Study Island SAT - news from Boston.com 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC finance.boston.com [Source type: News]
  • Financial Content - Financial Content Provider - Financial Data Provider 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC studio-5.financialcontent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nothing in the general physiognomy of the islands is more remarkable than the number and distribution of the volcanoes, active or extinct.

^ Largest group of islands in the world, consisting of the more than 13,000 islands of Indonesia & 7,000 islands of the Philippines.
  • Archipelago - Ask.com 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

.Archipelagos are often volcanic, forming along island arcs generated by subduction zones or hotspots, but there are many other processes involved in their construction, including erosion, deposition and land elevation.^ Dotted around the randomly generated maps are neutral islands, which are your first port of call in dominating the entire archipelago.
  • Archipelago review | Android reviews | Pocket Gamer 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.pocketgamer.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ There are many reasons why you might consider using archipelago candles during the Christmas holiday this year.

^ As old and new media companies increasingly form alliances with Wall Street, look to Archipelago to strike other deals that may well put it in the spotlight.
  • CNBC floats Archipelago's boat 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.redherring.com [Source type: News]

.The five largest modern countries that are mainly archipelagos are Japan, the Philippines, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Indonesia.^ While the Dutch were thus consolidating their authority, other countries were acquiring new commercial or colonial interests in the archipelago.

^ The archipelago was included in Papua New Guinea when it established as a self-governing country in 1973.
  • Bismarck Archipelago Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Bismarck Archipelago 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It contains 6 of the world's 30 largest islands; BAFFIN ISLAND (fifth) is larger than the United Kingdom.

.The largest archipelago in the world, by size, is Indonesia.^ The Philippines is an archipelago of 7,107 islands and is one of the largest archipelagos in the world.

^ Apart from GREENLAND , which is almost entirely ice-covered (and geologically an extension of the archipelago), the Canadian Arctic Archipelago forms the world's largest high-arctic land area.

^ Largest group of islands in the world, consisting of the more than 13,000 islands of Indonesia & 7,000 islands of the Philippines.
  • Archipelago - Ask.com 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

[2] .The archipelago with the most islands is the Archipelago Sea in Finland, but these islands are generally small.^ Dotted around the randomly generated maps are neutral islands, which are your first port of call in dominating the entire archipelago.
  • Archipelago review | Android reviews | Pocket Gamer 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.pocketgamer.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ The House on the Sea was born from the need to force the world’s leaders to look towards the islands of the archipelago.
  • Abitare - international design magazine » Mineral Geopolitics 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.abitare.it [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On maps , the archipelago usually appears as the Solovetski Islands , but the diminutive form of the name, Solovki , is how most Russians refer to it.
  • Solovetski Islands: The Gulag's Archipelago 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.anatol.org [Source type: Original source]

It is said to be the home of the fictional character Crash Bandicoot, and abundant with Wumpa fruit.

See also

Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha

References

  1. ^ "Archipelago". Farlex, Inc.. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/archipelago. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  2. ^ "Indonesia". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2008-12-04. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/id.html. Retrieved 2008-12-07. 

External links

.Wikisource-logo.svg "Archipelago". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.^ Retrieved January 26, 2010, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/114743/Zhoushan-Archipelago .
  • Zhoushan Archipelago (archipelago, China) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Skip this Advertisement Encyclopædia Britannica Zhoushan Archipelago CREATE MY Zhoushan Arc...
  • Zhoushan Archipelago (archipelago, China) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

). 1911.
 

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.ARCHIPELAGO, a name now applied to any island-studded sea, but originally the distinctive designation of what is now generally known as the Aegean Sea (Aiyaiov 7rEXayos), its ancient name having been revived.^ Archipelagos were known by a variety of names.
  • Strange Horizons Fiction: Archipelago, by Anil Menon 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.strangehorizons.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The main islands of the archipelago (with their English names) are: .

^ What are the names of some of the islands in the Bismarck Archipelago?
  • Bismarck Archipelago Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Bismarck Archipelago 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Several etymologies have been proposed: e.g. (I) it is a corruption of the ancient name, Egeopelago; (2) it is from the modern Greek, `Ayco iraayo, the Holy Sea; (3) it arose at the time of the Latin empire, and means the Sea of the Kingdom (Arche); (4) it is a translation of the Turkish name, Ak Denghiz, Argon Pelagos, the White Sea; (5) it is simply Archipelagus, Italian, arcipelago, the chief sea.^ Aigaion pelagos "Aegean Sea" (M.L. Egeopelagus ), or influenced by that name.
  • Archipelago Definition | Definition of Archipelago at Dictionary.com 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: Reference]

^ [Italian Arcipelago , the Aegean Sea , alteration (influenced by arci- , chief, archi- ) of Medieval Latin Ēgēopelagus : Latin Aegaeus, Ēgēus , Aegean (from Greek Aigaios ) + Latin pelagus , sea (from Greek pelagos ; see plāk- 1 in Indo-European roots).
  • Archipelago Definition | Definition of Archipelago at Dictionary.com 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: Reference]

.For the Grecian Archipelago see Aegean Sea.^ Archipelago, the Aegean Sea.
  • Archipelago Definition | Definition of Archipelago at Dictionary.com 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Also see on Answers.com Archipelago (history, the Aegean Sea) Antonio Crispo, Governor of the Duchy of the Archipelago (died 1584) Can you answer these travel questions?
  • WikiAnswers - What is the largest archipelago 1 February 2010 1:01 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

Other archipelagoes are described in their respective places.


Simple English

An archipelago (pronounced /ɑrkəˈpɛləgoʊ/) is a chain or group of islands. The word archipelago means "chief sea", from Greek arkhon (arkhi-) ("leader") and pelagos ("sea").

Types of archipelagos

Archipelagos are usually found in the open sea; less commonly, a big land mass may neighbor them, an example being Scotland which has more than 700 islands surrounding the mainland. Archipelagoes are often volcanic, forming along mid-ocean ridges or hotspots, but there are many other processes involved in their construction, including erosion, deposition, and land elevation.

The four biggest countries that are mainly archipelagos are Japan, the Philippines, the United Kingdom and Indonesia (the world's biggest archipelagic country according to the CIA World Factbook) [1].

The biggest archipelago in the world by size is in Northern Canada, the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, which is in the Arctic Ocean.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Archipelago, which are similar to those in the above article.








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