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Architecture of Finland: Wikis


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The architecture of Finland has a notable history spanning over 800 years [1] and the architecture has contributed to several styles internationally, such as Nordic modernism, through the works of Alvar Aalto. [2].

Most commonly, Finland's architectural achievements are related to modern architecture, mostly because the current building stock has less than 13% that date back to before 1920, which relates to the reconstruction following World War II.

In addition to Aalto, notable Finnish architects include Eliel Saarinen, Erik Bryggman, Reima Pietilä, Eero Saarinen, and Lars Sonck.

In his review article of twentieth century Finnish architecture, Le Monde critic, Frédéric Edelmann, published in autumn 2000, suggested that Finland has more great architects of the status of Alvar Aalto in relation to population than any other country in the world. [3]

There is a long tradition in Finnish architecture to take influences internationally. For example, The German architect Carl Ludvig Engel, who moved to Helsinki from St Petersburg in 1816, was the mastermind behind all the monumental buildings in the heart of the capital.[4].Similarly, the rise of national romanticism in architecture of the end of the 19th century, despite its name, was a direct adaptation of the European Jugend or Art Nouveau style.

Finnish architects have had a significant influence in American architecture. Often dubbed as the "Architect of the American Century[5]," Eero Saarinen (1910-61), although born in Finland, was raised and educated mostly in the United States, and created remarkable pieces of architecture throughout the United States, from the TWA Flight Center at New York's Kennedy Airport to the Gateway Arch over St. Louis.

External links


  1. ^ Richards, J.M. 800 Years of Finnish Architecture. London: David & Charles, 1978. ISBN 0715375121
  2. ^ Alvar Aalto-thisisFINLAND
  3. ^ Frédéric Edelman, article in Le Monde, Paris, September 19, 2000.
  4. ^ Helsinki's Senate Sqare- ThisisFINLAND
  5. ^ Eero Saarinen: Architect of the American Century


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