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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Location of Arcot
in Tamil Nadu and India
Coordinates 12°54′N 79°20′E / 12.9°N 79.33°E / 12.9; 79.33
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District(s) Vellore
Population 50267 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)

164 m (538 ft)

Arcot (Tamil: ஆற்காடு) is a locality and part of Vellore city in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Located on the eastern end of the Vellore city on the southern banks of Palar River at 12°54′N 79°20′E / 12.9°N 79.333°E / 12.9; 79.333, the city straddles a highly strategic trade route between Chennai and Bangalore, between the Mysore Ghat and the Javadi Hills - (Javvadhu malai). Its population in 1991 was 45,205; the surrounding area had a population of 114,760.


Origin of the name

The old name of this area is TIHRUVAZHUNDUR in the period of Cholas at 1000AD Its name is commonly believed to have been derived from the Tamil words aaru (River) + kaadu (Forest). However, arkkaTu meant 'a forest of fig trees'.[1]


The town's strategic location has led to it being repeatedly contested and prompted the construction of a formidable fortress. It was captured from the Hindu Marathas by a Muslim Nawab of Karnataka, who made it his capital in 1712. In 1751, Robert Clive captured the town during the conflict between the United Kingdom and France for control of South India. He successfully held it with only 500 men against a powerful opposing army raised by the Marathas, resisting for 56 days (23 September to 14 November 1751). The enemy army eventually dissolved and its leader, Chanda Shahib, was killed. Mohammed Ali Khan Walajah took over as Nawab, effectively serving as a vassal of the British. His successors soon ran up enormous debts at the hands of English speculators. In 1801, the town was annexed by the British East India Company.

In the 20th century, Arcot declined in importance and was incorporated into the district of Vellore. Arcot has the tomb of famous 18th century Sufi Saint - Tipu Mastan Aulia. The story goes that from the blessings of Tipu Mastan Aulia, Hyder Ali had a son, whom he appropriately named after the saint.

In kaspa Sri Vaikunda Varadharaja Perumal Temple is suituated. In that temple Perumal statue posture is differen from others perumal statue here perumal is sitting center with SriDevi and Pudevi this type of posture of Lord Perumal is only present in this temple. More over the three Statues are designed by a Single Stone. This temple has been built under the Pallava era.


Arcot is the principal market for the surrounding agricultural area. It also has a viable local weaving industry and ground nut oil industry.

Culture-Places of Worship

1. Gangadharar Eswaran Temple

2. Sri Varadharaja Perumal Temple (around 1000 years old)

3. Sri Gangai Amman Temple (Seetharamaiyer street)

4. Sri Sundaramoorthi Vinayagar Temple (Radha Krishnan street)

5. Sri Maha Ganapathi Temple (Shashannan street)

6. Sri Kasi viswanather Temple (Kaspa)

7. Nagamman Koil

8. Anjaneyar Temple ( Next to Library )

9. Pillayar Koil (Thoppukana)

10. Green Mosque

11. Pearl Mosque.

12. St Antony's Church

13. CSI Church.

14. Sri Vaikunda Varadharaja Perumal Temple (Kaspa)


The Danish Missionary Society

The people who lived in the Arcot region especially in and near the temple town of Tiruvannamalai, belonged to a clan called the Arcots. The Nawabs fought with and ruled over them for a long period. With the establishment of the Danish Missionary Society, many of these Arcots converted Christians. The Danish Missionary Society (DMS, currently Dan Mission) established many schools and hospitals. The first missionary of the DMS was a German Rev. C.C.E. Ochs. He started his first Mission station, Bethanien, at Melpattambakkam in South Arcot in 1861. Now all its activities have been transferred to the nearby town Nellikuppam.

The second mission station of DMS was opened at Tirukkoyilur in 1869 by Rev. P. Andersen and was called "Siloam". Siloam church was consecrated on the 10th of October, 1886 and on the same day the first Indian pastors were ordained and more than 30 persons were baptized. A week later a church was consecrated in an outstation, Sengalmedu. The beautiful church in Pop ham's Broadway in Madras was built in the year 1892.

Saron, a third mission station of DMS, was opened in the year 1882 and situated just outside the town Tiruvannamalai. In 1898 a mission station was built in the town. From 1905 it was called "Carmel." The fourth mission station in the Arcot District, "Bethesda," in Kallakurichi was built in 1893 by Rev. A. Larsen. Later DMS started mission stations at Panruti, Vriddhachalam, Devanampatnam, Darisanapuram, and Servaroj Hills, etc. In the year 1913 a church constitution was inaugurated. This church is serving the Tamil-speaking population in the districts of South and North Arcot, Tamil Nadu.


Arcot is located at 12°54′N 79°20′E / 12.9°N 79.33°E / 12.9; 79.33.[2] It has an average elevation of 164 metres (538 ft).


As of 2001 India census,[3] Arcot had a population of 50,267. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Arcot has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 54% of the males and 46% of females literate. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.


Places of interests in and around Arcot:

1.Arcot Government Museum

2.Delhi Gate 18th Century Architecture (Built by Robert Clive for his victory)

3.Raja Rani pond (Build by Nawabs)

4.Green Mosque

5.Pancha Pandavar Mountain

6.Green Thunder - Water Theme Park.

7.Bear hills

8.Natham hills

9.Ratnagiri Temple

10. St. Antony's Church

11. Palar Dam

12. Tipu aulliya Darga at Bazzar in Arcot. He is the sufi saint who lived in Hyder Ali period at Arcot and he is the great advisor and well-wisher of Tipu Sultan.

13. Thimiri Murugan Temple

14. Siva Vishnu Temple, New Street

People and Living

People over here follow the traditional Tamil culture. The common language of communication is Tamil, but English is widely used and understood by the locals.

The primary source of income is agriculture and small scale industries. A lot of people in Arcot are employed with Industries in SIPCOT (RANIPET), a large Industrial Park.

The primary entertainment for people are movie theatres and temples. If you are fond of shopping, you can visit Vellore (District Headquarters) which is 21 km. away. Frequent bus services are available by both government and private operators.


The main mode of transport is by bus since it is economical, and well connected by road. A national highway and two state highways pass through Arcot.

There are frequent buses to almost all parts of Tamil Nadu. Buses depart every 15 minutes from Arcot to Chennai and there are also buses to Hosur, Bangalore, Tirupathi, Puducherry (Pondicherry) etc.

There are lot of private bus operators as well, who provide services on local and short-distance routes. The nearest railway station to Arcot is Walaja Road, which is around 7km from Arcot.

Famous Things

Arcot is well known for rice, sweets and mutton biryani.

Arcot dishes were referred called as Royal dishes during the time of Nawabs(ancient Muslim rules of South India) Nawabs time.

The Rice 'Arcot kichalli samba' is famous rice for Biryani, and is named after the town.

The dessert, Makkan-peda, made with butter and sugar syrup is famous throughout the country.

Seetharamiyer Panchangam, an astrological almanac, is famous among Hindus all over India.


  1. Adhiparasakthi College of Arts and Science
  2. Adhiparasakthi Engineering College
  3. C.Abdul Hakeem College of Arts and Science
  4. C.Abdul Hakeem College of Engineering
  5. Ranipettai Engg College
  6. Arcot Sri Mahalakshmi Women's College
  7. SSS College of Arts and Science
  8. Sri Sitheshwarar polytecnic college, Poongodu, Arcot.


  1. Sri Ramakrishna Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  2. Annai Sarada Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  3. Government Boys Higher Secondary School
  4. Government Girls Higher Secondary School
  5. Sarswathi Dhanakoti Primary School.
  6. PNR Matriculation School.
  7. Varadharaja Chettiar Elementary School
  8. Varadharaja Chettiar Secondary School
  9. Shanthiniketan Matriculation School
  10. Gangadhara mudaliyar matric higher secondary school
  11. Morning Star Matriculation School.


  • Arcot Paddy & Rice Merchants Association ( Sangam )
  • Arcot Public Library
  • Thirvalluvar Statue
  • Anna Statue (Turning)
  • Kannamangalam Road Junction
  • Gandhi Statue
  • Govrn. Hospital - Kaspa Junction
  • Devi nagar

Movie Theatres

  • Lakshmi DTS (Kamalam)
  • Sivan Qube DTS
  • Sakthi Qube DTS
  • PNR (Murali)

Small villages near Arcot

1. Kizh minnal (Ratnagiri) 2. Visharam ( Mel , kizh) 3. Muppathu vetti (muppanthotti) 4. Veppur 5. Thakkankulam 6. Kalar 7. Tajpura (Dasipuram) 8. Vannivedu 9. Puduppadi 10.Uppupettai 11. Vilappakkam 12. Masapettai 13. Rendadi 14. Raandham 15. Chakkaramallur

Festivals MAYANA KOLLAI is very famous here. People will paint themself and would appear like god having Goat flesh in their mouth and drum stick in their hand. They will walk over the bazzar street towards the burrial ground. It is very famous function celebrated locally.


Arcot (State Assembly Constituency) is part of Arakkonam (Lok Sabha constituency).[4]


  1. ^ Without knowing the actual meaning of the name of a town ArkkaTu (Arcot), the Sanskrit scholars translated it Sataranyam, which literally means six forests, whereas the Tamil word arkkaTu literally means a forest of fig trees. See Prof. M. Varadarajan, "A History of Tamil literature", (Translated from Tamil by E.Sa. Viswanathan), Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi, 1988, p.1- 17
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Arcot
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies". Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 

External links

  • "Arcot." Encyclopædia Britannica (2005)
  • "Arcot." The Columbia Encyclopedia (2004)
  • "Arcot (S. India)". The Companion to British History, Routledge (2001)
  • "Arcot." The Hobson Jobson Dictionary" (1902) [1]
  • 1751 Delhi Gate Photos of places Around Arcot

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Arcot is an historic town in the northern part of Tamil Nadu, the southernmost state in India.

Get in

Arcot is well served by land transports, both bus and railways.

By Bus

Arcot is 70 miles south of Chennai, the capital city of Tamil Nadu. Arcot is situated on the National Highway which connects Chennai and Bangalore. Hence it is well connected by buses to the State Capital and the IT Capital of India. In addition, many buses ply to/from Arcot to the important cities in Tamil Nadu, like Kancheepuram, Coimbatore, Salem, Erode, Chidambaram, Thanjavur etc.

Inter-state buses to Chittoor, Tirupati(the famous Hindu shrine), Mysore and Pondicherry also run from Arcot.

By Train

The nearest Railway station to Arcot is Katpadi, which is a Junction in the Southern Railways. Almost all trains which run from Chennai to the other Southern cities (in-state and inter-state) go through Katpadi Station. Also, the trains running from Cochin, Mangalore, Coimbatore etc to the Northern States also run through Katpadi. Hence, it is quite easy to reach Arcot by either road or rail.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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