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Ardennes (department): Wikis

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Coordinates: 49°30′N 4°40′E / 49.5°N 4.667°E / 49.5; 4.667

Ardennes
Coat of Arms of Ardennes
Location
Location of Ardennes in France
Administration
Department number: 08
Region: Champagne-Ardenne
Prefecture: Charleville-Mézières
Subprefectures: Rethel
Sedan
Vouziers
Arrondissements: 4
Cantons: 37
Communes: 463
President of the General Council: Benoît Huré
UMP
Statistics
Population Ranked 75th
 -1999 290,130
Population density: 55/km2
Land area¹: 5229 km2
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2.

Ardennes is a department in the northeast part of France named after the Ardennes area.

Contents

History

The department is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was named after the Ardennes hills, which are located in northeast France, southern Belgium and Luxembourg. It is constituted of parts of the former provinces of Champagne and Argonne (Celtic: "Ar Gonn", meaning "deep forest"), and the principality of Sedan.

Origins: The name of "Ardennes" ("Ar Denn", from Celtic : "the forest") was first mentioned by Julius Caesar who talked in his "War of Gaules" about a celtic female god, who was named "Arduinna" (warrior god usually painted as riding a wild boar).

The area has been the location of much fighting, both in World War I and World War II, such as the Battle of the Ardennes and the Battle of the Bulge.

Geography

The department is surrounded by the French departments of Meuse, Marne, and Aisne and by Belgium on the north.

Situated in the Ardennes uplands on the border with Belgium, the department of Ardennes includes many areas of very dense woodland.

The principal river is the Meuse River.

Politics

The President of the General Council is Benoît Huré of the Union for a Popular Movement.

Party seats
Union for a Popular Movement 20
Socialist Party 8
Miscellaneous Right 5
Miscellaneous Left 3
MoDem 1

Famous "Ardennais"

Demographics

The population of Ardennes has been in steady decrease since 1982 due to exodus to the cities. With 290,000 people (a density of 55/km²), it is one of France's least-populated regions.

See also

References

External links

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