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Areca
Areca catechu
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Areca
L., 1753
Species

See text

Worldwide areca yield

Areca is a genus of about 50 species of single-stemmed palms in the family Arecaceae, found in humid tropical forests from Malaysia to the Solomon Islands.[citation needed] The generic name Areca is derived from a name used locally on the Malabar coast of India.

Contents

Usage

The best-known member of the genus is A. catechu, the areca nut palm. Several species of Areca nuts, known for their bitter and tangy taste, raw or dried nuts are routinely used for chewing , especially in combination with the leaves of Betel, tobacco, and Calcium hydroxide (lime). This practice is popular among elderly people in southeastern Asia.

Family

The areca nut tree belongs to the same family as the oil palm and talipot palm, but its straight and slender appearance is quite different.[citation needed]

Species

  • Areca abdulrahmanii J.Dransf. (1980).
  • Areca ahmadii J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca andersonii J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca arundinacea Becc. (1877).
  • Areca brachypoda J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca caliso Becc. (1919).
  • Areca camarinensis Becc. (1919).
  • Areca catechu L. (1753) : Betel Palm
  • Areca celebica Burret (1933).
  • Areca chaiana J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca concinna Thwaites (1864).
  • Areca congesta Becc. (1923).
  • Areca costulata Becc. (1919).
  • Areca dayung J.Dransf. (1980).
  • Areca furcata Becc. (1877).
  • Areca glandiformis Lam. (1783).
  • Areca guppyana Becc. (1914).
  • Areca hutchinsoniana Becc. (1919).
  • Areca insignis (Becc.) J.Dransf. (1984).
    • Areca insignis var. insignis
    • Areca insignis var. moorei (J.Dransf.) J.Dransf. (1984)
  • Areca ipot Becc. (1909).
  • Areca jobiensis Becc. (1877).
  • Areca jugahpunya J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca kinabaluensis Furtado (1933).
  • Areca klingkangensis J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca laosensis Becc. (1910).
  • Areca ledermanniana Becc. (1923).
  • Areca macrocalyx Zipp. ex Blume (1839).
  • Areca macrocarpa Becc. (1909).
  • Areca minuta Scheff., (1876).
  • Areca montana Ridl., (1907).
  • Areca multifida Burret (1936).
  • Areca nannospadix Burret (1931).
  • Areca nigasolu Becc. (1914).
  • Areca novohibernica (Lauterb.) Becc. (1914).
  • Areca oxycarpa Miq. (1868).
  • Areca parens Becc. (1919).
  • Areca rechingeriana Becc. (1910).
  • Areca rheophytica J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca ridleyana Becc. ex Furtado (1933).
  • Areca rostrata Burret (1935).
  • Areca salomonensis Burret (1936).
  • Areca subacaulis (Becc.) J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca torulo Becc. (1914).
  • Areca triandra Roxb. ex Buch.-Ham. (1826).
  • Areca tunku J.Dransf. & C.K.Lim (1992).
  • Areca vestiaria Giseke (1792).
  • Areca vidaliana Becc. (1907).
  • Areca warburgiana Becc. (1914).
  • Areca whitfordii Becc. (1907).

See also

References

Bibliography

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Areca catechu

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Arecales
Familia: Arecaceae
Subfamilia: Arecoideae
Tribus: Areceae
Subtribus: Arecinae
Genus: Areca
Species: A. alicae - A. calisco - A. catechu - A. concinna - A. glandiformis - A. ipot - A. latiloba - A. macrocalyx - A. macrocarpa - A. madagascariensis - A. triandra - A. whitfordii

Name

Areca L.

Vernacular names

中文: 檳榔屬







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