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Ares
Statue of Ares at Hadrian's Villa
Statue of Ares at Hadrian's Villa
God of war and bloodshed
Abode Thrace, Mount Olympus & Laconia
Symbol Vulture, burning torch, and spear
Consort Aphrodite
Parents Zeus and Hera
Siblings Hebe, Hephaestus, Eris, and Eileithyia
Children Adrestia, Alcipe, Anteros, Antiope, Ascalaphus, Biston, Cycnus, Deimos, Diomedes, Enyalius, Eros, Eurytion, Evenus, Harmonia, Himeros, Hippolyte, Ixion, Melanippe, Molus, Mygdon, Oenomaus, Otrera, Penthesilea, Phlegyas, Phobos, Pylus, Spartoí, Tereus, Thestius, Thrax
Roman equivalent Mars
.Ares (Ancient Greek: Ἄρης [árɛːs], Μodern Greek: Άρης [ˈaris]) is a major deity and a member of the Twelve Olympians, a son of Zeus and Hera, in Greek mythology.^ Ares was a son of Zeus and Hera, and was known as the Roman god, Mars .

^ In Greek mythology, there are twelve chief gods, known as Olympians.

^ Ares was the brother of Hebe , Eileithyia and possibly of Hephaestus , though most writers say that Hephaestus was son of Hera, alone.

Though often referred to as the Olympian god of warfare, he is more accurately the god of bloodlust, or slaughter personified: "Ares is apparently an ancient abstract noun meaning throng of battle, war."[1] He also presides over the weapons of war, the defence and sacking of cities, rebellion and civil order, banditry, manliness and courage.

Contents

Etymology

.The etymology of his name is traditionally connected with the Greek word ἀρή (are), the Ionic form of the Doric ἀρά (ara), "bane, ruin, curse, imprecation".[2] There may also be a connection with the Roman god of war Mars, via hypothetical Proto-Indo-European *M̥rēs; compare Ancient Greek μάρναμαι (marnamai), "to fight, to battle", or Hindi and Punjabi 'marna' (to kill).^ Ares was actually fighting beside his son, when Heracles wounded the war god.

^ As a god of war, many Greek kingdoms did not worship him, because Ares personified uncontrolled and murderous killing in war, and he engaged in bloody strife for the sheer love of combat itself.

^ According to the early Roman accounts, Mars was known more as a god of agriculture than that of war.

[3]

Identity

.He is an important Olympian god in the epic tradition represented by the Iliad.^ One pantheon has Hades , god of the dead, in the list, but the most common tradition has Demeter , goddess of corn, as the Olympian deity.

The reading of his character remains ambiguous, in a late 6th-century funerary inscription from Attica: "Stay and mourn at the tomb of dead Kroisos/ Whom raging Ares destroyed one day, fighting in the foremost ranks".[4]
.The Romans identified him as Mars, the god of war and agriculture, whom they had inherited from the Etruscans; but, among them, Mars stood in much higher esteem.^ He was identified as the Roman god, Mercury .

^ He was also the most powerful of the gods, because he wielded the thunderbolts, which the Cyclopes had created for him in the war against the Titans.

^ According to the early Roman accounts, Mars was known more as a god of agriculture than that of war.

(See also Athena.)
Among the Hellenes, Ares was always distrusted.[5] .Although Ares' half-sister Athena was also considered a war deity, her stance was that of strategic warfare, whereas Ares's tended to be one of unpredictable violence.^ Athena represented the more noble aspects of war such as courage and self-control, whereas Ares symbolised the more brutal aspects of war.

^ The other possible children were Eris , goddess of discord and strife, and Enyo , the goddess of war; mainly because both goddesses were often called Ares' sisters.

^ During the Trojan War, when Ares charged at Athena, brandishing his sword, the goddess coolly hurled a stone at the god of war.

Athena and Ares were enemies. .His birthplace and true home was placed far off, among the barbarous and warlike Thracians,[6] to whom he withdrew after his affair with Aphrodite was revealed.^ When she tried to rescue her wounded son, Diomedes wounded her and drove Aphrodite off the battlefield; the rash hero harshly rebuked the goddess that the battlefield was no place for her.

[7]
."Ares" remained an adjective and epithet in Classical times, which could be applied to the war-like aspects of other gods: Zeus Areios, Athena Areia, even Aphrodite Areia Burkert (1985).^ Athena represented the more noble aspects of war such as courage and self-control, whereas Ares symbolised the more brutal aspects of war.

^ In Knossos, Crete, his name was AR-E, but in Mycenaean Pylos, he name was spelt A-RE-JA. Enyalius (E-NU-WA-RI-JO, also found in the Linear B tablet in Knossos), Greek god of war, was probably an epithet of Ares.

^ However many of the nymphs were unsuccessful in remaining virgin, like their goddess, because the gods often amorously pursue these unwilling nymphs.

Greek Religion. pp. 169.
  .In Mycenaean times, inscriptions attest to Enyalios, a name that survived into Classical times as an epithet of Ares.^ In Knossos, Crete, his name was AR-E, but in Mycenaean Pylos, he name was spelt A-RE-JA. Enyalius (E-NU-WA-RI-JO, also found in the Linear B tablet in Knossos), Greek god of war, was probably an epithet of Ares.

Vultures and dogs, both of which prey upon carrion in the battlefield, were sacred to him.

Symbols

.Ares had a quadriga – a chariot drawn by four gold-bridled(Iliad v.352) fire-emitting immortal stallions.^ Ares had a chariot pulled by his horses: Aithon ("Red Fire"), Conabos ("Tumult"), Phlogios ("Flame") and Phobos ("Terror").

.Among the gods, Ares was recognized by his bronze armor; he brandished a spear in battle.^ Similarly, he rescued Ares, who was confined in a bronze storage jar for thirteen months, when the god of war was captured by Otus and Ephialtes .

^ During the Trojan War, when Ares charged at Athena, brandishing his sword, the goddess coolly hurled a stone at the god of war.

^ As Ares charged her, with his sword brandishing, Athena calmly hurled a large rock at Ares, knocking the war god unconscious.

.His keen and sacred birds were the woodpecker, the eagle owl and, especially in the south, the vulture.^ The olive tree was sacred to her, and her sacred animals were horses, sea eagles, cocks and serpents, but her favourite bird was the owl.

.According to Argonautica (ii.382ff and 1031ff; Hyginus, Fabulae 30) the birds of Ares (Ornithes Areioi) were a flock of feather-dart-dropping birds that guarded the Amazons' shrine of the god on a coastal island in the Black Sea.^ Cadmus had only married Harmonia, after he was to serve the war god for 8 years, because Cadmus had killed the dragon, which guarded the spring dedicated to Ares, at Thebes.

In Sparta, the chthonic night-time sacrifice of a dog to Enyalios became assimilated to the cult of Ares. .Sacrifice might be made to Ares on the eve of battle to enlist his support.^ Gabrielle starts,"Ares, when you gave up your immortality to save Eve and me, that was...that was quite a sacrifice.
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.In the Iliad (v.890ff) Ares rode into battle and when he was wounded he went back to Olympus where Zeus healed him, but with angry words.^ Xena gets back into her warrior clothes and tells Gabrielle and Ares to keep working whilst she goes to see the warlord.
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^ Then here he comes, Horace bounding back onto the scene, and into Ares arms.
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^ He's heard of some of the things Ares has done to Xena, but wants to know why she didn't take him out when she killed the other gods on Olympus.
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Then Ares went straight back to battle with a shield in hand. .Though involved in the founding myth of Thebes, he only appeared in a few short chapters within the myths.^ Dionysus was the only one of the twelve Olympians to be born from a mortal woman, Semele , daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia (though she was later transformed into a goddess in the Dionysus myth).

[8]

Ares in cult

.Although important in poetry, Ares was rarely included in cult in ancient Greece, save at Sparta, where he was propitiated before battle, and where youths each sacrificed a puppy to Enyalios before engaging in the all-out ritual fighting at the Phoebaeum.^ Gaskar wants to know why Xena didn't take out Ares when she was killing all the other Olympians.
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[9] .Just east of Sparta there was an archaic statue of the god in chains, to show that the spirit of war and victory was never to leave the city.^ Even though he was god of war, Athena always seemed to be a better fighter, whenever there was a confrontation between the two.

[10] .The temple to Ares in the agora of Athens that Pausanias saw in the second century AD had only been moved and rededicated there during the time of Augustus; in essence it was a Roman temple to Mars.^ Mars became the second most important god in the Roman pantheon, after his father Jupiter (Zeus).

^ Ares was a son of Zeus and Hera, and was known as the Roman god, Mars .

^ In Athens, there was a hill near the Acropolis, called Areopagus (Areiopagos), which means the "Hill of Ares".

.The Areopagus, the "mount of Ares" where Paul of Tarsus preached, is sited at some distance from the Acropolis; from archaic times it was a site of trials.^ In Athens, there was a hill near the Acropolis, called Areopagus (Areiopagos), which means the "Hill of Ares".

Its connection with Ares, perhaps based on a false etymology, is purely etiological myth. A second temple has also been located at the archaeological site of Metropolis in Western Turkey.
Main doctrines
Polytheism · Mythology · Hubris · Orthopraxy · Reciprocity · Virtue
Practices
Deities
Twelve Olympians:
Aphrodite · Apollo · Ares · Artemis · Athena · Demeter · Dionysus · Hades · Hestia · Hera · Hermes · Hephaestus · Poseidon · Zeus
---
Primordial deities:
Aether · Chaos · Cronos · Erebus · Gaia · Hemera · Nyx · Tartarus · Uranus
---
Lesser gods:
Eros · Hebe · Hecate · Helios · Herakles · Iris · Selene · Pan · Nike
Texts
Iliad · Odyssey · Theogony · Works and Days · Bibliotheca · Argonautica
See also:
Decline of Hellenistic polytheism · Hellenic Polytheistic Reconstructionism · Supreme Council of Ethnikoi Hellenes

Attendants

.Deimos, "terror", and Phobos "fear", were his companions in war[11] his children, borne by Aphrodite, according to Hesiod.^ While others, like Hesiod, say that Aphrodite was born from the sea foams, formed by the severed genitals of the deposed Uranus .

[12] The sister and companion of the violent Ares was Eris, the goddess of discord or Enyo, the goddess of war, bloodshed, and violence. .He was also attended by the minor war-god Enyalius, his son by Enyo,[13] whose name ("warlike", the same meaning as the name Enyo) also served as a title for Ares himself.^ The man tells her, "The god of war, Ares.
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^ "You're going to be dead in thirty seconds, you and your little dog too, if you don't tell me, have you seen Ares, the god of war."
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Ares was also accompanied by Nike, the deathless spirit of victory.
The presence of Ares was also accompanied by Kydoimos, the demon of the din of battle, as well as the Makhai (battles), the "Hysminai" (manslaughters), Polemos (a minor spirit of war: probably an epithet of Ares, since it had no specific dominion), and Polemos's daughter, Alala, the goddess or personification of the Greek war-cry, whose name Ares used as his own war-cry. Ares's sister Hebe also supposedly drew baths for him.

Founding of Thebes

.One of the roles of Ares that was sited in mainland Greece itself was in the founding myth of Thebes: Ares was the progenitor of the water-dragon slain by Cadmus, for the dragon's teeth were sown into the ground as if a crop and sprung up as the fully armored autochthonic Spartoi.^ She rolls and one hand ends up on Ares' forehead and her other hand ends up...uh...not on his forehead.
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^ From the Official Fanclub Site at target="_blank"> Creation Entertainment : "Ares is on the farm, the lights are out and three in a bed makes one too many!
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^ He straightens up and follows her outside, only to watch Gabbers pull up on a wagon fully loaded with a bunch of chickens and at least one pig.
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To propitiate Ares, Cadmus took as a bride Harmonia, daughter of Ares' union with Aphrodite, thus harmonizing all strife and founding the city of Thebes.

Consorts and children

.There are accounts of a son of Ares, Cycnus (Κύκνος) of Macedonia, who was so murderous that he tried to build a temple with the skulls and the bones of travelers.^ Some say that Hera threw her son out of Olympus, while others say that it was Zeus who threw Hephaestus out of heaven, when Hephaestus tried to protect Hera from Zeus' attack.

^ Ares was the first being to be tried for murder on this hill.

^ Aside from the initial skull-kicking (and a pinch or two) there was surprisingly little combat in an episode centered on a band of bloodthirsty warlords after Ares' head.
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.Heracles slaughtered this abominable monstrosity, engendering the wrath of Ares, whom Heracles wounded.^ Ares was actually fighting beside his son, when Heracles wounded the war god.

^ She recalls her grandmother telling her stories of the Olympian gods -- "whom you then slaughtered," Ares interrupts -- and how good it all was.
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Ares also had a romance with the goddess Aphrodite. .Their union created the minor gods Eros, Anteros, Phobos, Deimos, Harmonia, and Adrestia.^ Through Aphrodite, Ares was the father of Anteros (Passion), Eros , Deimus (Fear), Phobus (Panic), and a daughter named Harmonia , wife of Cadmus of Thebes .

^ To Ares, she was said to have become the mother of Anteros (Passion), Eros (Love), Deimus (Fear), Phobus (Panic) and Harmonia , wife of Cadmus of Thebes .

.While Eros and Anteros' godly stations favored their godly mother, Adrestia by far preferred to emulate her father, often accompanying him to war.^ Through Aphrodite, Ares was the father of Anteros (Passion), Eros , Deimus (Fear), Phobus (Panic), and a daughter named Harmonia , wife of Cadmus of Thebes .

^ Other possible children of Zeus and Hera were Tyche and Enyo, since Enyo often accompanied "her brother" Ares to war.

^ To Ares, she was said to have become the mother of Anteros (Passion), Eros (Love), Deimus (Fear), Phobus (Panic) and Harmonia , wife of Cadmus of Thebes .

.Ares, upon one occasion, incurred the anger of Poseidon by slaying his son Halirrhothios, who had insulted Alcippe, another daughter of the war-god.^ The man tells her, "The god of war, Ares.
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^ When Alcippe was raped by Halirrhothius (Halirrhothios, or Seafoam according to Pausanias), son of Poseidon and the nymph Euryte, Ares came to his daughter's aid and killed Halirrhothius.

^ Ares was actually fighting beside his son, when Heracles wounded the war god.

.For this deed, Poseidon summoned Ares to appear before the tribunal of the Olympic gods, which was held upon a hill in Athens.^ In Athens, there was a hill near the Acropolis, called Areopagus (Areiopagos), which means the "Hill of Ares".

.Ares was acquitted, and this event is supposed to have given rise to the name Areopagus (or Hill of Ares), which afterwards became so famous as a court of justice.^ So Ares became the father of a daughter named Alcippe.

^ In Athens, there was a hill near the Acropolis, called Areopagus (Areiopagos), which means the "Hill of Ares".

[14]

Other accounts

.In the tale sung by the bard in the hall of Alcinous,[15] the Sun-god Helios once spied Ares and Aphrodite enjoying each other secretly in the hall of Hephaestus, and he promptly reported the incident to Aphrodite's Olympian consort.^ Gaskar wants to know why Xena didn't take out Ares when she was killing all the other Olympians.
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^ Hephaestus knew that Aphrodite was having a long term affair with Ares, so he decided to punish them.

^ Of all the gods in Olympus, only one other god demand human sacrifice – Ares .

.Hephaestus contrived to catch the couple in the act, and so he fashioned a finely-knitted and nearly invisible net with which to snare the illicit lovers.^ Hephaestus wanted to leave them trapped in his net but he reluctantly released them on the insistence of Poseidon who admired the beauty of Aphrodite and paid reparations in return for her and her lover's freedom.

.At the appropriate time, this net was sprung, and trapped Ares and Aphrodite locked in very private embrace.^ Ares and Aphrodite hanged suspended in a golden net, without a stitch of clothes upon them.

^ Hephaestus wanted to leave them trapped in his net but he reluctantly released them on the insistence of Poseidon who admired the beauty of Aphrodite and paid reparations in return for her and her lover's freedom.

But Hephaestus was not yet satisfied with his revenge — he invited the Olympian gods and goddesses to view the unfortunate pair. For the sake of modesty, the goddesses demurred, but the male gods went to witness the sight. .Some commented on the beauty of Aphrodite, others remarked that they would eagerly trade places with Ares, but all who were present mocked the two.^ Gaskar wants to know why Xena didn't take out Ares when she was killing all the other Olympians.
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^ The leader says he's sure if Ares had been around, the farmer's "woman" would have been all over him.
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Once the couple were loosed, Ares, embarrassed, sped away to his homeland, Thrace.[16]
.In a much later interpolated detail, Ares put the youth Alectryon by his door to warn them of Helios' arrival, as Helios would tell Hephaestus of Aphrodite's infidelity if the two were discovered, but Alectryon fell asleep.^ Hephaestus knew that Aphrodite was having a long term affair with Ares, so he decided to punish them.

^ Though Aphrodite was married to Hephaestus, she had a long term affair with Ares (see Hephaestus about Hephaestus capturing his wife and Ares in bed).

^ "Uh huh," she tells Ares, "but I would much rather stay and work on the house."
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Helios discovered the two and alerted Hephaestus. .Ares was furious and turned Alectryon into a rooster, which now never forgets to announce the arrival of the sun in the morning.^ Now the leader turns into another fan.
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^ Xena tells him that's exactly what she's going to find out, and grabs Ares, who's on his feet by now, by the collar, and turns him to face her.
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Ares and the giants

.In one obscure archaic myth related in the Iliad by the goddess Dione to her daughter Aphrodite, two chthonic giants, the Aloadae, named Otus and Ephialtes, threw Ares into chains and put him in a bronze urn, where he remained for thirteen months, a lunar year.^ Iphimedia – Otus and Ephialtes – once captured Ares and put him in a bronze vessel.

^ Through Aphrodite, Ares was the father of Anteros (Passion), Eros , Deimus (Fear), Phobus (Panic), and a daughter named Harmonia , wife of Cadmus of Thebes .

^ She caused the death of the giants Otus and Ephialtes , when they pursuit her through the woods.

."And that would have been the end of Ares and his appetite for war, if the beautiful Eriboea, the young giants' stepmother, had not told Hermes what they had done," she related (Iliad 5.385–391).^ They say it's to take a young, beautiful, helpless maiden, and to spoil her chastity, again and again and again and AGAIN!" Excuse me, but can't that only happen once?
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^ In the Iliad , he is known as husband of Aglaea, the youngest of the Graces , but in the Odyssey , his wife was Aphrodite (Venus), who had numerous affairs, particularly with the war god Ares .

"In this one suspects a festival of licence which is unleashed in the thirteenth month."[17] .Ares remained screaming and howling in the urn until Hermes rescued him and Artemis tricked the Aloadae into slaying each other.^ He was held there for 13 months, until Hermes eventually rescued him.

^ To hide Dionysus, Zeus changed him into a kid (goat) and Hermes left him in the care of Nysa, a nymph.

^ Zeus rescued the unborn Dionysus from the dead mother's womb, and sewed the premature baby into his thigh, until the baby was ready to be born.

.In Nonnus' Dionysiaca[18] Ares also killed Ekhidnades, the giant son of Echidna and a great enemy of the gods; it is not clear whether the nameless Ekhidnades ("of Echidna's lineage") was entirely Nonnus' invention or not.^ Despite being a god of war, Ares was not a great fighter.

^ Ares replies, "If Eve had died, and Xena would have lost the power to kill gods, then Athena would have killed Xena.
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^ He's heard of some of the things Ares has done to Xena, but wants to know why she didn't take him out when she killed the other gods on Olympus.
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Zeus helped him heal after.

The Iliad

.In the Iliad,[19] Homer represented Ares as having no fixed allegiances nor respect for Orcan, the right ordering of things: he promised Athena and Hera that he would fight on the side of the Achaeans (Iliad V.830–834, XXI.410–414), but Aphrodite was able to persuade Ares to side with the Trojans.^ Athena represented the more noble aspects of war such as courage and self-control, whereas Ares symbolised the more brutal aspects of war.

^ Hephaestus knew that Aphrodite was having a long term affair with Ares, so he decided to punish them.

^ So during the Trojan War , Poseidon sided with the Greeks, though he saved a Trojan hero, Aeneas , son of the goddess Aphrodite and Anchises.

.During the war, Diomedes fought with Hector and saw Ares fighting on the Trojans' side.^ During the Trojan War, he favoured the Greeks.

^ Ares was actually fighting beside his son, when Heracles wounded the war god.

^ The sea goddess Thetis saved Hephaestus, which was why he was later willing to make new armour for her son during the Trojan War .

Diomedes called for his soldiers to fall back slowly (V.590–605). .Hera, Ares's mother, saw his interference and asked Zeus, his father, for permission to drive Ares away from the battlefield, which Zeus granted (V.711–769).^ Hephaestus was sometimes said to be the son of Zeus and Hera, while others argued that Hephaestus had no father.

^ The myth goes that Hera was jealous that Zeus had produced a child (Athena) without a mother, which is not exactly true.

^ By his sister and consort Hera , he was the father of Ares , Hebe and Eileithyia .

.Hera and Athena encouraged Diomedes to attack Ares (V.780–834).^ With Athena's encouragement, Diomedes not only wounded Aeneas , but also the two gods, Aphrodite and Ares.

^ Diomedes was divinely inspired, by Athena, when he wounded Aeneas , and then Aphrodite and later Ares .

^ Hera , Zeus , Aphrodite , Ares , Athena , Poseidon .

.Diomedes thrust with his spear at Ares, with Athena driving it home, and Ares' cries made Achaeans and Trojans alike tremble (V.855–864).^ During the Trojan War, when Ares charged at Athena, brandishing his sword, the goddess coolly hurled a stone at the god of war.

^ With Athena's encouragement, Diomedes not only wounded Aeneas , but also the two gods, Aphrodite and Ares.

^ Diomedes was divinely inspired, by Athena, when he wounded Aeneas , and then Aphrodite and later Ares .

Ares fled to Mt. Olympus, forcing the Trojans to fall back.
.When Hera during a conversation with Zeus mentioned that Ares' son Ascalaphus was killed, Ares wanted to again join the fight on the side of the Achaeans disregarding Zeus' order that no Olympic god should enter the battle, but Athena stopped him (XV.110–128).^ Ares was a son of Zeus and Hera, and was known as the Roman god, Mars .

^ Ares was actually fighting beside his son, when Heracles wounded the war god.

^ Ares was the brother of Hebe , Eileithyia and possibly of Hephaestus , though most writers say that Hephaestus was son of Hera, alone.

.Later, when Zeus allowed the gods to fight in the war again (XX.20–29), Ares was the first to act, attacking Athena to avenge himself for his previous injury, but Athena managed to overpower him striking Ares with a boulder (XXI.391–408).^ The man tells her, "The god of war, Ares.
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^ Ares was actually fighting beside his son, when Heracles wounded the war god.

^ Similarly, he rescued Ares, who was confined in a bronze storage jar for thirteen months, when the god of war was captured by Otus and Ephialtes .

Renaissance

.In Renaissance and Neoclassical works of art, Ares' symbols are a spear and helmet, his animal is a dog, and his bird is the vulture.^ Ares' favourite animals were the dog and the vulture.

^ Also, the scene when Xena puts the pinch on Ares and the dog comes running and bites Xena in the tushy and all the animals laugh; I still think of it and giggle.
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.In literary works of these eras, Ares is replaced by the Roman Mars, an emblem of manly valor rather than the cruel and blood-thirsty god of Greek myth.^ Ares was a son of Zeus and Hera, and was known as the Roman god, Mars .

^ According to the early Roman accounts, Mars was known more as a god of agriculture than that of war.

^ Mars became the second most important god in the Roman pantheon, after his father Jupiter (Zeus).

Popular culture

.As god of war in the most generally familiar classical mythology, Ares figures in war-themed video games and in popular fictions.^ The man tells her, "The god of war, Ares.
  • Whoosh! XWP Episode Guide: OLD ARES HAS A FARM 10 February 2010 11:34 UTC www.whoosh.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ares was actually fighting beside his son, when Heracles wounded the war god.

^ He was also the most powerful of the gods, because he wielded the thunderbolts, which the Cyclopes had created for him in the war against the Titans.

.Ares is also the name of NASA's transport ship replacing the Space Shuttle, an extension of NASA's uses of Saturn for manned rockets, Mercury for a satellite program, and the Apollo program, rather than as any reflection of the intrinsic nature of the war god.^ The man tells her, "The god of war, Ares.
  • Whoosh! XWP Episode Guide: OLD ARES HAS A FARM 10 February 2010 11:34 UTC www.whoosh.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ares was actually fighting beside his son, when Heracles wounded the war god.

^ According to the early Roman accounts, Mars was known more as a god of agriculture than that of war.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Walter Burkert, Greek Religion (Harvard) 1985:pt III.2.12 p 169
  2. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary; Are, Georg Autenrieth, A Homeric Dictionary, at Perseus; Are, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, at Perseus
  3. ^ Marnamai, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, at Perseus
  4. ^ Athens, NM 3851) quoted in Andrew Stewart, One Hundred Greek Sculptors: Their Careers and Extant Works, Introduction: I. "The Sources"
  5. ^ "You are the most hateful to me of the gods who hold Olympus," Zeus tells him in the Iliad (5.890); "forever strife is dear to you and wars and slaughter".
  6. ^ Iliad 13.301; Ovid, Ars Amatoria, II.10.
  7. ^ Homer Odyssey viii. 361; for Ares/Mars and Thrace, see Ovid, Ars Amatoria, book ii.part xi.585, which tells the same tale: "Their captive bodies are, with difficulty, freed, at your plea, Neptune: Venus runs to Paphos: Mars heads for Thrace."; for Ares/Mars and Thrace, see also Statius, Thebaid vii. 42; Herodotus, iv. 59, 62.
  8. ^ Burkert 1985, p. 169.
  9. ^ "Here each company of youths sacrifices a puppy to Enyalius, holding that the most valiant of tame animals is an acceptable victim to the most valiant of the gods. I know of no other Greeks who are accustomed to sacrifice puppies except the people of Colophon; these too sacrifice a puppy, a black bitch, to the Wayside Goddess." Pausanias, 3.14.9.
  10. ^ "Opposite this temple [the temple of Hipposthenes] is an old image of Enyalius in fetters. The idea the Lacedaemonians express by this image is the same as the Athenians express by their Wingless Victory; the former think that Enyalius will never run away from them, being bound in the fetters, while the Athenians think that Victory, having no wings, will always remain where she is." Pausanias, 3.15.7.
  11. ^ Iliad 4.436f, and 13.299f' Hesiodic Shield of Heracles 191, 460; Quintus Smyrnaeus, 10.51, etc.
  12. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 934f.
  13. ^ Eustathius on Homer 944
  14. ^ Berens, E.M.: Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome, page 113. Project Gutenberg, 2007.
  15. ^ Odyssey 8.300
  16. ^ "Odyssey, 8.295". http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0218;query=card%3D%2371;layout=;loc=8.333. "In Robert Fagles' translation ""…and the two lovers, free of the bonds that overwhelmed them so, sprang up and away at once, and the Wargod sped Thrace, while Love with her telltale laughter sped to Paphos…"." 
  17. ^ Burkert (1985). Greek Religion. pp. 169. 
  18. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca 18. 274 ff; Theoi.com, "Ekhidnades".
  19. ^ References to Ares' appearance in the Iliad are collected and quoted at www.theoi.com

External links

Greek deities series
Primordial deities | Titans | Aquatic deities | Chthonic deities
Twelve Olympians
Zeus | Hera | Poseidon | Hades | Hestia | Demeter | Aphrodite
Athena | Apollo | Artemis | Ares | Hephaestus | Hermes | Dionysus
Chthonic deities
Hades | Persephone | Gaia | Demeter | Hecate | Iacchus | Trophonius | Triptolemus | Erinyes


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also ares, and Arès

Contents

English

Ares

Etymology

From the Ancient Greek Ἄρης (Arēs)

Proper noun

Ares
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  1. (Greek mythology) The god of war, son of Zeus and Hera, brother Hephaestus, sister Eris, who is his companion.^ It was Zeus who threw Hephaestus out of heaven, for aiding Hera.

    ^ Some say that Hephaestus was the son of Zeus and Hera.

    ^ Ares was a son of Zeus and Hera, and was known as the Roman god, Mars .

    Attended by his sons, (to Aphrodite), Deimos and Phobos, and old war-goddess Enyo.

Translations

See also

Anagrams


Bosnian

Proper noun

Ares m.
  1. Ares

Synonyms


Serbian

Proper noun

Ares m.
  1. Ares

Cyrillic spelling

Synonyms


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Rhizaria
Phylum: Retaria
Subphylum: Radiozoa
Classis: Polycystinea
Ordo: Nassellaria
Familia: Incertae sedis
Genus: Ares
Species: A. armatus - A. mexicoensis - A. moresbyensis

Name

Ares De Wever 1982
Type-species: Ares armatus De Wever 1982

External Links


Simple English

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 25, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Ares, which are similar to those in the above article.








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