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Arezzo
—  Comune  —
Comune di Arezzo
Piazza Grande; from left - S. Maria della Pieve, the old Tribunal Palace and the Lay Fraternity.

Coat of arms
Arezzo is located in Italy
Arezzo
Location of Arezzo in Italy
Coordinates: 43°28′24″N 11°52′12″E / 43.47333°N 11.87°E / 43.47333; 11.87Coordinates: 43°28′24″N 11°52′12″E / 43.47333°N 11.87°E / 43.47333; 11.87
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Arezzo (AR)
Frazioni see list
Government
 - Mayor Giuseppe Fanfani
Area
 - Total 386.25 km2 (149.1 sq mi)
Elevation 296 m (971 ft)
Population (31 March 2009)
 - Total 99,156
 - Density 256.7/km2 (664.9/sq mi)
 - Demonym Aretini
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 52100
Dialing code 0575
Patron saint Saint Donatus of Arezzo
Saint day 7 August
Website Official website

Arezzo About this sound listen or Arretium (Latin: Arrētium) is a city and comune in central Italy, capital of the province of the same name, located in Tuscany. Arezzo is about 80 km (50 mi) south-east of Florence, at an elevation of 296 meters above sea level. In 2009 the population was about 99,000 people.

Contents

Geography

Arezzo is set on a steep hill rising from the floodplain of the Arno. In the upper part of the town are the cathedral, the town hall and the Medici Fortress (Fortezza Medicea), from which the main streets branch off towards the lower part as far as the gates. The upper part of the town maintains its medieval appearance despite the addition of later structures.

History

Described by Livy as one of the Capitae Etruriae (Etruscan capitals), Arezzo is believed to have been one of the twelve most important Etruscan cities—the so-called Dodecapolis. Etruscan remains establish that the acropolis of San Cornelio, a small hill next to that of San Donatus, was occupied and fortified in the Etruscan period. There is other significant Etruscan evidence: parts of walls, an Etruscan necropolis on Poggio del Sole (still named "Hill of the Sun"), and most famously, the two bronzes, the "Chimera of Arezzo" (5th century BC) and the "Minerva" (4th century BC) which were discovered in the 16th century and taken to Florence. Increasing trade connections with Greece also brought some elite goods to the Etruscan nobles of Arezzo: the krater painted by Euphronios ca 510 BC with a battle against Amazons (in the Museo Civico, Arezzo 1465) is unsurpassed.

Roman piece of pottery from Arezzo, Latium, found at Arikamedu in India (1st century CE), an evidence of the role of the city in Roman trade with India through Persia during the Augustan period. Musée Guimet.

Conquered by the Romans in 311 BC, Arretium became a military station on the via Cassia, the road to expansion by republican Rome into the basin of the Po. Arretium sided with Marius in the Roman Civil War, and the victorious Sulla planted a colony of his veterans in the half-demolished city, as Arretium Fidens ("Faithful Arretium"). The old Etruscan aristocracy was not extinguished: Caius Cilnius Maecenas, whose name is eponymous with "patron of the arts", was of the noble Aretine Etruscan stock. The city continued to flourish as Arretium Vetus ("Old Arretium"), the third largest city in Italy in the Augustan period, well-known in particular for its widely-exported pottery manufactures, the characteristic moulded and glazed Arretine ware , bucchero-ware of dark clay, and red-painted vases (the so-called "coral" vases).

Around 26-261 AD the town-council of Arezzo dedicated an inscription to its patron L. Petronius Taurus Volusianus. See that article for discussion of the possible political/military significance of Volusianus's association with the city.

In the 3rd to 4th century, Arezzo became an episcopal seat: it is one of the few cities whose succession of bishops are known by name without interruption to the present day, in part because they were the feudal lords of the city in the Middle Ages. The Roman city was demolished, partly through the Gothic War and the invasion of the Lombards, partly dismantled, as elsewhere throughout Europe, and the stones reused for fortifications by the Aretines. Only the amphitheater remained.

The commune of Arezzo threw off the control of its bishop in 1098 and was an independent city-state until 1384. Generally Ghibelline in tendency, it opposed Guelph Florence. In 1252 the city founded its university, the Studium. After the rout of the Battle of Campaldino (1289), which saw the death of Bishop Guglielmino Ubertini, the fortunes of Ghibelline Arezzo started to ebb, apart from a brief period under the Tarlati family, chief among them Guido Tarlati, who became bishop in 1312 and maintained good relations with the Ghibelline party. The Tarlati sought support in an alliance with Forlì and its overlords, the Ordelaffi, but failed: Arezzo yielded to Florentine domination in 1384; its individual history was subsumed by that of Florence and the Medicean Grand Duchy of Tuscany. During this period Piero della Francesca worked in the church of San Francesco di Arezzo producing the splendid frescoes, recently restored, which are Arezzo's most famous works. Afterwards the city began an economical and cultural decay, which fortunately ensured that its medieval centre was preserved.

In the 18th century the neighbouring marshes of the Val di Chiana, south of Arezzo, were drained and the region became less malarial. At the end of the century French troops led by Napoleon Bonaparte conquered Arezzo, but the city soon turned into a resistance base against the invaders with the "Viva Maria" movement, winning the city the role of provincial capital. In 1860 Arezzo became part of the Kingdom of Italy. City buildings suffered heavy damage during World War II.

Main sights

Piazza Grande.
City wall.
The Vasari Loggia on Piazza Grande.
Cathedral of Arezzo.
The Communal Palace in Arezzo.
Church of San Domenico.
Santa Maria della Pieve.
Cimabue's Crucifix in the church of San Domenico, 1265/1268.
The Tarlati polyptych by Pietro Lorenzetti, 1320, at Santa Maria della Pieve, includes a depiction of Donatus of Arezzo (far left)
Amphitheatre.

Piazza Grande

The Piazza Grande is the most noteworthy medieval square in the city, opening behind the thirteenth-century Romanesque apse of S. Maria della Pieve. Once the main marketplace of the city, it is currently the site of the Giostra del Saracino ("Joust of the Saracen"). It has a sloping pavement in red brick with limestone geometrical lines. Aside from the apse of the church, other landmarks of the square include:

  • The Palace of the Lay Fraternity (Fraternita dei Laici): 14th-15th century palazzo, with a Gothic ground floor and a quattrocento second floor by Bernardo Rossellino.
  • The Vasari Loggia along the north side, a flat Mannerist façade designed by Giorgio Vasari.
  • Episcopal Palace, seat of the bishops, rebuilt in the mid-13th century. The interior has frescoes by Salvi Castellucci, Teofilo Torri, and Pietro Benvenuti. In front of the Palace is the Monument to Grand Duke Ferdinando I de' Medici (1595), by Pietro Francavilla, following a design of Giambologna.
  • Palazzo Cofani-Brizzolari, with the Torre Faggiolana.
  • Remains of the Communal Palace and the Palazzo del Popolo can also be seen.

Churches

  • the Gothic Cathedral of Saint Donatus (13th-early 16th centuries). The façade remained unfinished, and was added in the twentieth century. The interior has a nave and aisles divided by massive pilasters. The left aisle has a fresco by Piero della Francesca portraying the Madeleine. Noteworthy are also the medieval stained glass, the Tarlati Chapel (1334) and the Gothic tomb of Pope Gregory X.
  • Basilica of San Francesco (13th-14th centuries), in Tuscan-Gothic style. Of the projectd façade cover in sculpted stone only the lower band was completed. The interior has a single nave: the main attraction is the History of the True Cross fresco (1453–1464) cycle by Piero della Francesca in the Bacci Chapel. Under the church is another Basilica with a nave and two aisles (Basilica inferiore), today used for art exhibitions.
  • Romanesque church of Santa Maria della Pieve. Its most striking feature is the massive, square-planned bell tower with double orders of mullioned windows. The church was built in the 12th century over a pre-existing Palaeo-Christian edifice, and renovated a century later with the addition of the characteristic façade made of loggias with small arches surmounted by all different-styled columns. Also from the same century is the lunette with the Virgin between Two Angels and the sculptures of the months (1216) over the main portal. the interior has a nave and two aisles, with a transept also added in the 13th century. In the following century chapels, niches and frescoes were added, including the polyptych of Virgin with Child and Saints by Pietro Lorenzetti (1320). In the crypt is a relic bust of St. Donatus (1346). From the same epoch is the hexagonal baptismal font, with panels of the Histories of St. John the Baptist, by Giovanni d'Agostino. The Pieve was again renovated by Giorgio Vasari in 1560.
  • Basilica of San Domenico (founded in 1275 and completed in the early 14th century). The interior has a single nave with a Crucifix by Cimabue, a masterwork of 13th century Italian art. Other artworks include a Sts. Philip and James the Younger and St. Catherine by Spinello Aretino and other 14th century painting and sculpture decorations.
  • church of San Michele, with a modern façade. Traces of the original Romanesque edifice and the Gothic restoration can be seen in the interior.
  • Santa Maria in Gradi is a medieval church from the 11th or the 12th century, but was rebuilt in the late 16th century by Bartolomeo Ammannati. The interior has a single nave with stone altars (17th century) and a Madonna of Misericordia, terracotta by Andrea della Robbia.
  • Church of St. Augustine, founded in 1257, modified in the late 15th and the late 18h centuries. The façade and the interior decoration are largely from Baroque times. The square plan bell tower is from the 15th century.
  • Badia di SS. Flora e Lucilla (12th century). Built by Benedictine monks in the 12th century, it was totally restored in the 16th century under the direction of Giorgio Vasari. The octagonal bell tower is from 1650. The interior, in Mannerist style, has an illusionistic canvas depicting a false dome by Andrea Pozzo (1702). There are also a St. Lawrence fresco by Bartolomeo della Gatta (1476) and a Crucifix by Segna di Buonaventura (1319).
  • San Lorenzo, one of the most ancient of the city, having been built before the year 1000, most likely in Palaeo-Christian times. Rebuilt in the 13th century and restored in 1538, it was totally remaed in 1705. The apse exterior is in Romanesque style.
  • Santa Maria delle Grazie, a late Gothic sanctuary with a Renaissance portal by Benedetto da Maiano (1490). It has also a marble high altar by Andrea della Robbia including a pre-existing fresco by Parri di Spinello (1428–1431). The sanctuary was built over a font dedicated to Apollo, which was destroyed by San Bernardino of Siena in 1428, building an oratory in its place. The church was erected in 1435–1444 and has a chapel entitled to St. Bernardino.
  • Santa Maria a Gradi (1591), a monastery existing already in 1043. It has a Baroque interior, but with an altar by a collaborator of Andrea della Robbia.
  • Church of Santissima Trinità. Built in 1348, it was totalle renovated in 1723–1748 in Baroque style. It houses a 14th century Crucifix, a banner painted by Giorgio Vasari in 1572, a painting of Noli me tangere by Alessandro Allori (1584) and other artworks.
  • Santa Maria Maddalena, built in 1561 over a pre-14th century structure. It houses a Madonna with Child (Madonna of the Rose) by Spinello Aretino, visible in the high altar (c. 1525) designed by Guillaume de Marcillat. It is now private property.
  • Pieve di San Paolo, in San Paolo, erected as Palaeo-Christian baptismal church, remade in the 8th-9th centuries and then rebuilt in Romanesque style in the 13th century. The bell tower is from the 14th-15th centuries. The entire church was again renovated after the 1796 earthquake. It has kept 15th-century frescoes by Lorentino d'Andrea and a cyborium. The transept entrance has granite columns with marble capitals from the 5th century AD.
  • Pieve di Sant'Eugenia al Bagnoro, in Bagnoro. Documented from 1012, it was one of the most important pievi of the diocese during the Middle Ages. The presbytery area is from the 12th century, while the rest is from the 11th century. The bell tower, partially ruined, stands on one of the three apses.
  • Pieve di San Donnino a Maiano, at Palazzo del Pero (6th-9th centuries). Documented from 1064, it replaced a Palaeo-Christian baptismal church. The fronal part was rebuilt in the 14th century. The apse has 15th century frescoes and a wooden Madonna with Child from the same age.

Others

  • Roman amphitheatre and museum.
  • Palazzo dei Priori, erected in 1333, has been the seat of the city's magistratures until today. The edifice was numerous times restored and renovated; the interior has a court from the 16th century, a stone statue portraying a Madonna with Child (1339), frescoes, busts of illustrious Aretines, two paintings by Giorgio Vasari. The square tower is from 1337.
  • Medici Fortress (Fortezza Medicea), designed by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger and completed in 1538–1560. It was partly dismantled by the French in the early 19th century.
  • Palazzo Camaiani-Albergotti (14th century, renovated in the 16th century), with the Torre della Bigazza.
  • Palazzo Bruni-Ciocchi, Renaissance edifice attributed to Bernardo Rossellino. It is seat of the State Museum of Medieval and Modern Art.
  • Palazzo Pretorio, which was seat of the People's Captain until 1290. The façade has coat of armas of the captains, podestà and commissaries of the city from 14th to 18th century. Only one of the two original towers remains.
  • House of Petrarch (Casa del Petrarca).
  • Casa Vasari (in Via XX Settembre) an older house rebuilt in 1547 by Giorgio Vasari and frescoed by him; now open as a museum, it also contains sixteenth-century archives. The main rooms were decorated by Vasari in an illusionist manner. the drawing room, where Vasare painted the life journey of an artist, with the artistic virtues protected by the gods of antiquite represented as heavenly bodies, is remarkable.
  • Ivan Bruschi House and Museum (Casa-Museo "Ivan Bruschi").
  • Gaio Cilnio Mecenate Archeological Museum.
  • Civic Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art.
  • UnoAErre Jewelry Museum

Festivals

  • Arezzo is home to an annual international competition of choral singing Concorso Polifónico Guido d'Arezzo (International Guido d'Arezzo Polyphonic Contest)
  • Arezzo is home to an annual medieval festival called the Saracen Joust (Giostra del Saracino). In this, "knights" on horseback representing different areas of the town charge at a wooden target attached to a carving of a Saracen king and score points according to accuracy. Virtually all the town's people dress-up in medieval costume and enthusiastically cheer on the competitors.
  • From 1986 to 2006 Arezzo was also home to an annual popular music and culture festival, each July, called Arezzo Wave. Publicly funded, it attracts bands of high repute and attendees from all over Europe and North America. It also features literary and film expositions. In 2007 it was replaced by PLAY Arezzo Art Festival, still about rock music. Some artist invited in 2007 and 2008 are: Negrita,Peter Gabriel, Lou Reed, Joan Baez, Ben Harper, Goran Bregovic, Carmen Consoli, Max Gazzè, Peter Brook.

In popular culture

Famous residents

See Category:People from Arezzo (city), which includes people actually born in town.

Sports

  • Associazione Calcio Arezzo (A.C. Arezzo)
  • Vasari Rugby Arezzo
  • Club sommozzatori Calypso - Federazione Italiana Attività Subacquee - Sez. Terr. Arezzo (diving)

Frazioni

Agazzi, Antria, Badia San Veriano, Bagnoro, Battifolle, Campoluci, Campriano, Capolona, Ceciliano, Chiani, Chiassa Superiore, Cincelli, Frassineto, Gaville, Giovi, Gragnone, Il Matto, Indicatore, La Pace, Le Poggiola, Meliciano, Misciano, Molinelli, Molin Nuovo, Monte Sopra Rondine, Montione, Mugliano, Olmo, Ottavo, Palazzo del Pero, Patrignone, Pieve a Ranco, Poggio Ciliegio, Policiano, Pomaio, Ponte a Chiani, Ponte alla Chiassa, Pieve a Quarto, Ponte Buriano, Poti, Pratantico, Puglia, Policiano, Quarata, Rigutino, Ripa di Olmo, Rondine, Ruscello, San Firenze, San Giuliano, San Leo, San Marco Vill'Alba, San Polo, Santa Firmina, Santa Maria alla Rassinata, Sant'Andrea a Pigli, San Zeno, Sargiano, Staggiano, Stoppe d'Arca, Subbiano, Torrino, Tregozzano, Venere, Vitiano.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Arezzo is twinned with:

Arezzo participates in town twinning and friendship links with foreign towns.

See also

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Piazza Grande - Arezzo's historical centre
Piazza Grande - Arezzo's historical centre

Arezzo is a city in Tuscany, Italy that was an important Etruscan town. It was known to the Romans as Arretium. Arezzo was made in the 11th cent. a free commune, siding with the Ghibellines. Arezzo is also famous for Guido d'Arezzo, the Medieval abbot who originated solfeggio (the mnemonic music system known to many from the song in The Sound of Music that starts "Doe, a deer"). Nowadays, it is an agricultural trade center and has machine, clothing, gold, and jewelry industries and is also a tourist center.

Get in

By plane

Arezzo can be reached by flying to Italian major international airports in Rome and Milan, or to the two airports in Tuscany:

  • Pisa International Airport Galileo Galilei (IATA:PSA) [1], located 1.5km (1 mile) south of Pisa city centre.
  • Florence Airport Amerigo Vespucci (IATA:FLR) [2], Located four kilometers from the center of Florence.

By train

Arezzo's train station which is located at the edge of the historic old town, offers frequent connections to cities like Florence and Rome.

Get around

Arezzo's historic old town is small enough to explore on foot. If you have a rental car, you can park in one of the municipal lots for under ten Euros for the entire day, then walk up into the historic centre. WARNING: Arezzo is atop a steep incline, and you will feel as though you are walking uphill pretty much everywhere. Wear comfortable shoes.

ATAM [3] runs the city bus service (there is also a "Centro Storico" line that covers the historic old town).

The taxi service is efficient and not too expensive.

  • Piazza Grande, the most beautiful square in Arezzo, is surrounded by marvelous old buildings and hosts the Giostra del Saracino twice a year.
  • Arezzo Cathedral (Duomo), Piazza del Duomo. Daily 7AM-12:30PM and 3-6:30PM.
  • Church of San Francesco, Piazza San Francesco, Tel. +39-0575-20630.
  • Church of Santa Maria della Pieve, Corso Italia 7, Tel. +39-0575-22629.
  • Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie, via S. Maria delle Grazie 1.
  • Museo del Duomo, (on the back side of the Duomo).
  • Museo Archeologico "Gaio Cilnio Mecenate", Via Margaritone 10
  • Museo Statale d'Arte Medievale e Moderna, Via San Lorentino 8
  • House-Museum of Ivan Bruschi [4], Corso Italia 14
  • Casa del Petrarca Only open if you knock and ask nicely if you can come in; this is the home of famous Italian medieval poet Petrarch. Hours vary depending on the mood of the proprietor, but it is totally worth it.
  • La Vita è Bella Roberto Begnini's Academy Award-winning film was shot here in Arezzo, and as you proceed through the city centre, you will see colorful signs featuring pictures from the film at the specific locations of actual filming. Spend at least an hour wandering from sign to sign.
  • The Antiques Fair [5] that occupies Piazza Grande and many of the streets leading to it, with an array of some 500 stalls by which is fun to browse though. Arriving by car it's best to leave it in the Pietri free parking lot and go up to the Duomo on the escalator.
Dates: Takes place on the first Sunday and the Saturday preceding it of every month -
03-04 March 2007
31 March - 01 April 2007
05-06 May 2007
02-03 June 2007
30 June - 01 July 2007
04-05 August 2007
01-02 September 2007
06-07 October 2007
03-04 November 2007
01-02 December 2007
  • Not being a big touristic city like Firenze it is most recommended to stroll in the charming old city center along the small alleys and enjoy its quiet streets. a good panoramic view of the city can be seen from the tower of "Palazzo dei Priori" in Piazza della Libertà, or walking through the "Il Prato" park up to the Medicea fortress.
  • Arezzo is home to an annual medieval festival called the Joust of the Saracens (Giostra del Saracino). In this, "knights" on horseback representing different areas of the town charge at a wooden target attached to a carving of a Saracen king and score points according to accuracy. Virtually all the town's people dress-up in medieval costume and enthusiastically cheer on the competitors.
Dates: The third Sunday of June and on the first Sunday of September - 23 June (by night) and 2 September 2007.
  • Arezzo is also home to an annual popular music and culture festival, each July (17-22 July 2007), called ArezzoWave [6]. Publicly funded, it attracts bands of high repute and attendees from all over Europe and North America. It also features literary and film expositions. From summer 2007 Arezzo Wave will move to Florence.
  • The Arezzo Festival [7] - an annual summer theatre festival that brings together emerging professional and university-based performance groups from all over the world.
  • Typical Tuscany wine Miseria e Nobiltà, Piaggia s. Bartolomeo 2 - near Piazza grande, +39-338-2056240, [8]. 11:00-24:00.  edit

Eat

Arezzo is famous for its cuisine too. The most famous dishes of Arezzo are Acquacotta, a bread soup made with porcini mushrooms and Ribollita, a bread soup made with many different vegetables but you can also taste the wonderful Chianina Steak and all sorts of pastas. Arezzo's wines are also very appreciated all around the world.

Restaurants:

  • La Taverna del Pittore, via Vittorio Veneto n.72, +39-0575-908050. 19:00-23:00. € 15-30.  edit
  • Miseria e Nobiltà, Piaggia S.Bartolomeo 2-near Piazza Grande, +39-057521245, [9]. 11:30-24:00. € 15-30.  edit
  • Miseria e Nobiltà, Piaggia S.Bartolomeo 2-near Piazza Grande, +39-057521245, [10]. 11:30-24:00. € 15-30.  edit
  • il paradisino, delle paniere, Tel. +39-348-6412433, Fax +39-0575-295567. Rates: Double €50-60.
  • Hotel Euro, [11], Località Pieve S. Stefano, Arezzo, Tel. +39 0575.797055 Fax +39 0575.797166. The Hotel is the best solution for indipendent travellers and also for groups of people who wants to discover Tuscan Arts and Heritage, culture, traditions and religion sights.
  • Residence Il Pozzeto, Via Casale, 16 Località Preconne 52031 Anghiari (Arezzo), 0575 723248 (fax: 0575 724351), [12]. In Preconne, a small village between Arezzo Cortona, and S. Sepolcro, you can find IL POZZETO, a wonderful residence which is the result of the refurbishment of an architectural work.  edit
  • Castelletto di Montebenichi Locality Montebenichi, Bucine, Ph. +39.055.9910110 Fax +39.055.9910113. [13]. A luxury hotel in an antique castle in the heart of Chianti. Standard double room €250.
  • Etrusco Palace Hotel, Via Fleming 39. Tel. +39-0575-984066, Fax. +39-0575-382131, email: etrusco@etruscohotel.it. Rates: €143-214.
  • Hotel & Apartment Villa Cassia Di Baccano, Via Setteponti Levante, 132. Tel. +39-055-9772310, Fax +39-055-9772898, email: info@villacassiadibaccano.it. Single €113-180, Double €157-260, Triple €171-290, Quadriple (2 bathrooms) €190-330.
  • Agriturismo Foresteria Il Giardino di Fontarronco, Località Monte San Savino. [14] A Cozy Agriturismo and wonderful base location.email: info@foresteria.it.
  • Badia Di Campoleone Green Resort, Località Castelluccio 38, Capolona. Tel. +39-0575-451561, Fax +39-0575-451492, email: info@badiacampoleone.it. [15]. 4-star resort with modern comforts and services to surrender to the relaxation of Tuscan country. Double from € 200.
  • Relais Villa I Bossi B&B [16] Arezzo, Tel. +39 0575 365642 Fax +39 0575 964900 E-mail franvig@ats.it Bed and Breakfast in Tuscany, in a relais with a beautiful and quiet Italian-style gardens with two swimming pool.

More information

Tourism agency of Arezzo[17] - Piazza Risorgimento, 116 Tel: 0575 23952/3 Fax: 0575 28042, apt@arezzo.turismo.toscana.it

Information offices - Piazza della Repubblica, 28 Tel: 0575 377678 Fax: 0575 20839, info@arezzo.turismo.toscana.it

Centro Accoglienza e Informazioni Turistiche - Via Ricasoli Tel: 0575 377829

Get out

Cortona and Lucignano are both within a short drive. Florence can be easily reached by train.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Proper noun

Singular
Arezzo

Plural
-

Arezzo

  1. Province of Tuscany, Italy.
  2. Town and capital of Arezzo.

Translations

  • French: Arezzo (1, 2)
  • Italian: Arezzo (1) , Arezzo (2) f.

Italian

Wikipedia-logo.png
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Arezzo

Wikipedia it

Proper noun

Arezzo f.

  1. Arezzo (province)
  2. Arezzo (town)

Related terms

Anagrams


Simple English

Comune di Arezzo
Coordinates: 43°28′N 11°53′E / 43.467°N 11.883°E / 43.467; 11.883
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Arezzo
Government
 - Mayor Giuseppe Fanfani (since June 2006)
Population (2004)
 - Total 94,675
 Density 237/km2 (613.8/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Postal code 52100
Website www.comune.arezzo.it

Arezzo is an old city in central Italy. It is the capital of the Province of Arezzo, located in the region of Tuscany. Arezzo is about 80 km (50 mi) south-east of Florence. It is at an elevation of 296 m above sea level. In 2001 the population was about 91,600 people.

Contents

Geography

Arezzo is placed on the floodplain of the Arno. In the upper part of the town are the cathedral and the squares.

History

Arezzo may have been one of the twelve most important Etruscan cities, the so-called Dodecapolis. Conquered by the Romans in 311 BC, Arretium became a military station on the via Cassia, the road to expansion by republican Rome into the basin of the Po. In the 3rd to 4th century, Arezzo became an episcopal place: it is one of the few cities whose succession of bishops are known by name without interruption to the present day, in part because they were the feudal lords of the city in the Middle Ages.

Until 1384, Arezzo was an independent city-state, generally Ghibelline in tendency, thus opposing Guelph Florence. In 1252 the city founded its university, the Studium. Arezzo in 1384 was under Florentine dominationDuring this period Piero della Francesca worked in the church of San Francesco di Arezzo producing the splendid frescoes.

In the 18th century the neighbouring marshes of the Val di Chiana, south of Arezzo, were drained and the region became less malarial. At the end of the century French troops led by Napoleon Bonaparte conquered Arezzo, but the city soon turned into the hands of the resistance against the invaders with the movement of "Viva Maria": this gained the city the role of provincial capital. In 1860 Arezzo became part of the Kingdom of Italy.

Squares

[[File:|thumb|thumb|View of the edifices of Piazza Grande. From the left: the Romanesque apse of S. Maria della Pieve, the Tribunal Palace and the Lay Fraternity.]] The Piazza Grande is the most noteworthy medieval square in the city, it is currently the site of the Giostra del Saracino ("Joust of the Saracin").

  • The Palace of the Lay Fraternity (Fraternita dei Laici): 14th-15th century palazzo, with a Gothic style.
  • The Vasari Loggia.
  • Episcopal Palace,
  • Palazzo Cofani-Brizzolari, with the Torre Faggiolana.

Churches

  • the Gothic Cathedral of Saint Donatus (13th-early 16th centuries).
  • Basilica of San Francesco (13th-14th centuries), in Tuscan-Gothic style.
  • Romanesque church of Santa Maria della Pieve.
  • Basilica of San Domenico (founded in 1275 and completed in the early 14th century).
  • Church of San Michele,
  • Santa Maria in Gradi is a medieval church from the 11th or the 12th century, but was rebuilt in the late 16th century by Bartolomeo Ammannati.
  • Church of St. Augustine, founded in 1257,
  • Badia di SS. Flora e Lucilla (12th century). Built by Benedictine monks in the 12th century, it was totally restored in the 16th century under the direction of Giorgio Vasari.
  • San Lorenzo,
  • Santa Maria delle Grazie, a late Gothic sanctuary with a Renaissance portal by Benedetto da Maiano (1490).
  • Santa Maria a Gradi (1591), a monastery existing already in 1043.
  • Church of Santissima Trinità. Built in 1348,
  • Santa Maria Maddalena, built in 1561.
  • Pieve di San Paolo, in San Paolo, erected as Palaeo-Christian baptismal church,
  • Pieve di Sant'Eugenia al Bagnoro,
  • Pieve di San Donnino a Maiano, at Palazzo del Pero (6th-9th centuries).

Others places

[[File:|thumb|Amphitheatre.]]

  • Roman amphitheatre and museum.
  • Palazzo dei Priori, erected in 1333, has been the seat of the city's magistratures until today. The edifice was numerous times restored and renovated; the interior has a court from the 16th century, a stone statue portraying a Madonna with Child (1339), frescoes, busts of illustrious Aretines, two paintings by Giorgio Vasari. The square tower is from 1337.
  • Medici Fortress (Fortezza Medicea), designed by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger and completed in 1538-1560. It was partly dismantled by the French in the early 19th century.
  • Palazzo Camaiani-Albergotti (14th century, renovated in the 16th century), with the Torre della Bigazza.
  • Palazzo Bruni-Ciocchi, Renaissance edifice attributed to Bernardo Rossellino.
  • Palazzo Pretorio.
  • House of Petrarch (Casa del Petrarca).
  • Casa Vasari (in Via XX Settembre) an older house rebuilt in 1547 by Giorgio Vasari
  • Ivan Bruschi House and Museum (Casa-Museo "Ivan Bruschi").
  • Gaio Cilnio Mecenate Archeological Museum.
  • Civic Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art.

Festivals

  • Arezzo is home to an annual international competition of International Guido d'Arezzo Polyphonic Contest
  • Arezzo is home to an annual medieval festival called the Saracen Joust (Giostra del Saracino). In this, "knights" on horseback must attack,the "Saracen king" and score points according to accuracy.
  • Arezzo is also home to an annual popular music and culture festival, in July, called Arezzo Wave.

Notable people from Arezzo

Sport clubs

  • Associazione Calcio Arezzo (A.C. Arezzo)
  • Vasari Rugby Arezzo
  • Club sommozzatori Calypso - Federazione Italiana Attività Subacquee - Sez. Terr. Arezzo (diving)

Twin cities

Others websites








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