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There are thirty-five indigenous groups in Argentina, or Argentine Amerindians, according to the Complementary Survey of the Indigenous Peoples of 2004,[1] in the first attempt in more than a hundred years that the government tried to recognize and classify the population according to ethnicity. In the survey, based on self-identification or self-ascription, around 600,000 Argentines declared to be Amerindian or first-generation descendants of Amerindians, that is, nearly 2% of the population. The most populous of these were the Mapuche, Kolla, Wichí and Toba peoples.[1] Nonetheless, in a recent genetic study conducted by the University of Buenos Aires, more than 56% of the 320 Argentines sampled were shown to have at least one Amerindian ancestor, of which 10% had Amerindian ancestors in both parental lineages.[2] Indigenous cultures in Argentina have been affected by a process of invisibilization, promoted by the government since the second half of the 19th century.[3]


  1. ^ a b Encuesta Complementaria de Pueblos Indígenas
  2. ^ [1]Estructura genética de la Argentina, Impacto de contribuciones genéticas - Ministerio de Educación de Ciencia y Tecnología de la Nación
  3. ^ Miguel Alberto Bartolomé, «Los pobladores del “desierto”», Amérique Latine Histoire et Mémoire, Numéro 10-2004 - Identités: positionnements des groupes indiens en Amérique Latine, -En ligne-, mis en ligne le 21 février 2005. Consulté le 9 septembre 2006; NAVARRO FLORIA, Pedro: "Un país sin indios: la imagen de la Pampa y la Patagonia en la geografía naciente del Estado Argentino", en Scripta Nova Revista Electrónica de Geografía y Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad de Barcelona.- Noviembre(No. 51): 1999.- ISSN 1138-9788


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