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Argentine Chamber of Deputies
Honorable Cámara de Diputados de la Nación
Type
Type Lower House
Leadership
President of the Chamber Eduardo Fellner, PJ / Front for Victory
since 2007
1st Vice-President of the Chamber Ricardo Alfonsín, UCR
since 2009
Majority Leader Agustín Rossi, PJ / Front for Victory
since 2007
Minority Leader Oscar Raúl Aguad, Radical Civic Union
since 2007
Structure
Members 254
Political groups Front for Victory - PJ
Radical Civic Union
Federal Peronism
Civic Coalition- ARI
PRO

Civic Front for Santiago
Socialist Party
Peronist Party
New Popular and Solidary Encounter
GEN

Project South
Córdoba Civic Front
Neuquén People's Movement
Solidarity and Equality
Concerted Party

Current for Federal Thought
La Pampa Justicialist Party
Free Southerners Movement
Córdoba Federal Party
Dialogue for Buenos Aires

Party of the Concertation-FORJA
Progressive Project
Federal Consensus
Civic and Social Front of Catamarca
Democratic Party of Mendoza

Values for My Country
Front for Everyone
Salta Renewal Party
Liberal Party of Corrientes
Jujuy Peronist party

Federal Peronist Front
Fueguino People's Movement
Salta Is All of Us
Democratic Progressive Party
[1]
Election
Last election 28 June, 2009
Meeting place
Sala de la Cámara de Diputados.jpg
Chamber of Deputies, Argentine Congress,
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Website
http://www.diputados.gov.ar
Argentina

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The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the National Congress, Argentina's parliament. This Chamber holds exclusive rights to create taxes, to draft troops, and to accuse the President, the ministers and the members of the Supreme Court before the Senate.

Contents

Composition

It has 256 seats and one-half of the members are elected every two years to serve four-year terms by the people of each district (23 provinces and the Federal Capital) using proportional representation, D'Hondt formula with a 3% of the district registered voters threshold, and the following distribution:

History

The Chamber of Deputies was provided for in the Constitution of Argentina, ratified on May 1, 1853. Eligibility requisites are that members be at least twenty-five years old, and have been a resident of the province they represent for at least four years; as congressional seats are elected at-large, members nominally represent their province, rather than a district.[2]

Otherwise patterned after Article One of the United States Constitution per legal scholar Juan Bautista Alberdi's treatise, Bases de la Constitución Argentina, the chamber was originally apportioned in one seat per 33,000 inhabitants. The constitution made no provision for a national census, however, and because the Argentine population doubled every twenty years from 1870 to 1930 as a result of immigration (disproportionately benefiting Buenos Aires and the Pampas-area provinces), censuses were conducted generationally, rather than every decade, until 1947.[3]

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Apportionment controversy

The distribution of the Chamber of Deputies is regulated since 1983 by Law 22.847, also called Ley Bignone, enacted by the last Argentine dictator, General Reynaldo Bignone, ahead of the 1983 general elections. This law establishes that, initially, each province shall have one deputy per 161,000 inhabitants, with standard rounding. After this is calculated, each province is granted three more deputies. If a province has fewer than five deputies, the number of deputies for that province is increased to reach that minimum.

The controversy today is that apportionment has not been changed since 1983, when this was based on the 1980 population census; there have been two other censuses since then (1991 and 2001, the next being in 2010). The minimum of five seats per province allotted the smaller ones a disproportionately large representation, as well. Accordingly, this distribution does not reflect Argentina's current population balance.

The President of the Chamber is elected by the majority caucus. Since 1983, the officeholders in this post have been:

Leading deputies

Leadership positions include:

2009 election

See List of current Argentine Deputies and Argentine legislative election, 2009

e • d  Argentine Chamber of Deputies: Composition, 2009-2011
  Political Party

Seats
Net
Change
in seats
% of
Votes
Caucus leader
Front for Victory 87 -20 26.7 Agustín Rossi
Radical Civic Union 43 +14 9.0 Oscar Aguad
Federal Peronism 29 +25 8.7 Felipe Solá
Civic Coalition 19 +4 18.1 Elisa Carrió
Republican Proposal 11 +3 18.5 Federico Pinedo
Civic Front for Santiago (allied with Front for Victory) 7 +1 1.0 Daniel Brue
Socialist Party 6 -4 0.8 Mónica Fein
Peronist Party 6 -2 0.7 ~
New Popular and Solidary Encounter 5 +5 2.1 Martín Sabbatella
Generation for a National Encounter 5 +3 2.0 Margarita Stolbizer
Project South 4 +3 2.3 Fernando Solanas
Córdoba Civic Front (allied with Civic Coalition) 3 +3 2.4 Ernesto Martínez
Neuquén People's Movement 3 0 0.4 Alicia Comelli
Solidarity and Equality 3 -4 0.5 Eduardo Macaluse
Others (21 parties) 26 -31 6.8
Total 254

2007 election

See Argentine general election, 2007

External links


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