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Argentine austral
austral argentino (Spanish)
User(s)  Argentina
Subunit
1/100 centavo
Symbol
centavo ¢
Plural australes
Coins ½, 1, 5, 10, 50 centavos, 1, 5, 10, 100, 500, 1000 australes
Banknotes 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5000, 10 000, 50 000, 100 000, 500 000 australes
Central bank Banco Central de la República Argentina
Website www.bcra.gov.ar
This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.
Symbol of the Argentine austral (Unicode U+20B3)

The austral was the currency of Argentina between June 15, 1985 and December 31, 1991. It was subdivided into 100 centavos. The symbol was an uppercase A with an extra horizontal line (see image). This symbol appeared on all coins issued in this currency (including centavos), to distinguish them from earlier currencies. The ISO 4217 code is ARA.

Contents

History

The austral replaced the peso argentino at a rate of 1 austral = 1000 pesos argentinos. It was itself replaced by the peso at a rate of 1 peso = 10,000 australes.

Coins

In 1985, coins were introduced for ½, 1, 5, 10 and 50 centavos. The ½ centavo was only issued in 1985, whilst production of the 1 centavo ceased in 1987, 5 centavo ceased in 1988, and that of the other centavo coins ended in 1989. In 1989, 1, 5 and 10 austral coins were issued, followed in 1990 and 1991 by 100, 500 and 1,000 austral denominations.

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Centavo

Value Obverse Emission start date Withdrawn Composition Diameter
½ Hornero 23 Sep 1985 31 Dec 1991 Copper-Aluminium (92/8) 19 mm
1 Rhea 23 Sep 1985 31 Dec 1991 Copper-Aluminium (92/8) 20 mm
5 Puma 23 Sep 1985 31 Dec 1991 Copper-Aluminium (92/8) 23 mm
10 Coat of arms 14 Oct 1985 31 Dec 1991 Copper-Aluminium (92/8) 21 mm
50 Liberty 14 Oct 1985 31 Dec 1991 Copper-Aluminium (92/8) 23 mm

Austral

Value Obverse Emission start date Withdrawn Composition Diameter
1 Buenos Aires Cabildo 27 Mar 1989 31 Dec 1991 Aluminium 20 mm
5 House of Tucumán 22 May 1989 31 Dec 1991 Aluminium 22 mm
10 Casa del Acuerdo 26 Jun 1989 31 Dec 1991 Aluminium 22 mm
100 Coat of arms 28 Nov 1990 31 Oct 1993 Aluminium 21 mm
500 Coat of arms 1 Nov 1990 31 Oct 1993 Aluminium 23 mm
1000 Coat of arms 28 Nov 1990 31 Oct 1993 Aluminium 24 mm

Banknotes

In 1985, provisional issues were made consisting of 1000, 5000 and 10,000 peso argentino notes over stamped with the values 1, 5 and 10 australes.

Value Comments Portrait Emission start date Withdrawn Image
1 Provisional José de San Martín 31 Oct 1985 31 Oct 1991
5 Provisional Juan Bautista Alberdi 31 Oct 1985 31 Oct 1991
10 Provisional Manuel Belgrano 31 Oct 1985 31 Oct 1991 Stamped Austral 10 A.jpg Stamped Austral 10 B.jpg

Between 1985 and 1991, the following notes were issued by the Banco Central:

Value Comments Portrait Emission start date Withdrawn Image
1 Definitive Bernardino Rivadavia 31 Oct 1985 31 Oct 1991 Austral 1 A.jpg Austral 1 B.jpg
5 Definitive Justo José de Urquiza 28 Feb 1986 31 Oct 1991 Austral 5 A.jpg Austral 5 B.jpg
10 Definitive Santiago Derqui 30 Dec 1985 31 Oct 1991 Austral 10 A.jpg Austral 10 B.jpg
50 Definitive Bartolomé Mitre 23 Jun 1986 31 Dec 1991 Austral 50 A.jpg Austral 50 B.jpg
100 Definitive Domingo F. Sarmiento 25 Nov 1985 1 Jun 1992 Austral 100 A.jpg Austral 100 B.jpg
500 Definitive Nicolás Avellaneda 2 May 1988 1 Jun 1992 Austral 500 A.jpg Austral 500 B.jpg
1,000 Definitive Julio A. Roca 30 Sep 1988 1 Jun 1992 Austral 1000 A.jpg Austral 1000 B.jpg
5,000 Definitive Juárez Celman 26 May 1989 1 Oct 1992 Austral 5000 A.jpg Austral 5000 B.jpg
10,000 Provisional José de San Martín 31 Jul 1989 31 Aug 1991
10,000 Definitive Carlos Pellegrini 25 Aug 1989 1 Oct 1992 Austral 10000 A.jpg Austral 10000 B.jpg
50,000 Provisional José de San Martín 2 Jun 1989 31 Aug 1991
50,000 Definitive Luis Sáenz Peña 8 Nov 1989 2 Jan 1993 Autral 50000 A.jpg Autral 50000 B.jpg
100,000 Definitive José E. Uriburu 21 May 1990 2 Jan 1993 Austral 100000 A.jpg Austral 100000 B.jpg
500,000 Provisional José de San Martín 2 Jul 1990 31 Oct 1991 PAustral 500000 A.jpg PAustral 500000 B.jpg
500,000 Definitive Manuel Quintana 1 Nov 1990 2 Jan 1993 Austral 500000 A.jpg Austral 500000 B.jpg

All banknotes except the provisional types show on the back Liberty with a torch and shield. The provisional banknotes were produced from modified peso ley plates. On the obverses, the word PESOS erased, whilst the reverse designs substituted the picture with the denomination written in words without spaces in several rows. The denomination was shown on both faces in the form A 10 MIL (10,000 australes), A 50 MIL (50,000 australes) and A 500 MIL (500,000 australes).

References

  • Krause, Chester L. and Clifford Mishler (1991). Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1801–1991 (18th ed. ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0873411501.  
  • Pick, Albert (1994). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: General Issues. Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (editors) (7th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-207-9.  
  • Silveyra, Jorge; Lozano, Sergio; & Díaz, Oscar (2001). Falsificación de moneda. Editorial Policial. ISBN 950-9071-66-8.  

External links


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