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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pelican Flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Piperales
Family: Aristolochiaceae
Genus: Aristolochia
Species: A. grandiflora
Binomial name
Aristolochia grandiflora
Vahl, 1791

Aristolochia grandiflora, or Pelican Flower, is a deciduous vine with enormous flowers that emit an odor that humans consider unpleasant but attractive to insects. The plant is native to the Caribbean, and has been introduced to Florida in the United States as an attractor of butterflies.

Detail of Pelican Flower with pollinators

Other species

Other species of Aristolochia are also called "pelican flowers"; e.g. A. gigantea (Giant Pelican Flower) and A. nana (Tiny Pelican Flower).

See also

  • Aristolochia erecta – Swanflower
  • Aristolochia labiata (or A. brasiliensis) - Rooster Flower
  • Aristolochia ornithocephala – Bird's Head Pipevine

External links


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Aristolochia grandiflora


Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Ordo: Piperales
Familia: Aristolochiaceae
Subfamilia: Aristolochioideae
Genus: Aristolochia
Species: Aristolochia grandiflora


Aristolochia grandiflora Sw., 1788.


  • Howardia grandiflora (Sw.) Klotzsch, Monatsber. Konigl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1859: 610. 1859.
  • Aristolochia cordiflora Mutis ex Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. (quarto ed.) 2: 149. 1817
  • Aristolochia foetens Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 21: t. 1824. 1836.
  • Aristolochia gigantea Hook., Bot. Mag. 72: t. 4221. 1846.
  • Aristolochia gigas Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 28: t. 60, misc. 51-52. 1842.
  • Aristolochia gigas var. sturtevantii W.Watson, Gard. & Forest 4(195): 546. 1891.
  • Aristolochia grandiflora var. hookeri Duch., Prodr. 15(1): 473. 1864.
  • Aristolochia pichinchensis Pfeifer, Selbyana 2(1): 29, pl. 8A. 1977.
  • Aristolochia scandens P.Browne, Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica 329. 1756.
  • Howardia foetens (Lindl.) Klotzsch, Monatsber. Konigl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1859: 610. 1859.
  • Howardia gigantea (Mart. & Zucc.) Klotzsch, Monatsber. Konigl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1859: 610. 1859.


  • Sweet 1788. Nova Genera et Species Plantarum seu Prodromus 126.
  • Missouri Botanical Garden. 20 Jan 2010 [1].
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [2]

Data compiled from various sources by Mark W. Skinner. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.


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