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Arkansas's 1st congressional district
Current Representative Marion Berry (D)
Area 17,521 mi² (45,379 km²)
Distribution 44.5% urban, 55.5% rural
Population (2000) 668,360
Median income $28,940
Ethnicity 80.2% White, 16.6% Black, 0.3% Asian, 1.9% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.9% other
Occupation 35% blue collar, 48.8% white collar, 16.2% gray collar
Cook PVI R+8

Arkansas's First Congressional District is a U.S. congressional district in northeastern Arkansas that elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It encompasses the counties of Arkansas, Baxter, Clay, Cleburne, Craighead, Crittenden, Cross, Fulton, Greene, Independence, Izard, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Lonoke, Mississippi, Monroe, Phillips, Poinsett, Prairie, Randolph, Saint Francis, Searcy, Sharp, Stone, and Woodruff.

It is currently represented by Democrat Marion Berry.



The Mississippi Delta has long been home to American industrial agriculture, with cotton, rice and soybeans by far the biggest export from the region. The 1st District covers most of the Arkansas Delta area and stretches as far west to the Ozarks. The farming areas, despite their fertility, are generally poor by national standards, with unemployment and undereducation as some of the greatest problems. Rice farms are the amongst the greatest recipients of federal farming subsidization - and three of the top five subsidy farms in the United States are in the 1st District, receiving over $100 million since 1996. The district is also notable for its large population of ducks.

Some manufacturing has been sited in the region recently, with several auto parts factories being built in Marion and Toyota considering it as the site for its seventh North American plant.

Jonesboro is the largest town, home to a sizable food processing industry with companies such as Nestle and Frito-Lay sited here. Jonesboro is also home to Arkansas State University (ASU)-Jonesboro. Whilst Jonesboro itself sports a Republican trend, along with some of the hill counties, it is balanced by the strong Democratic presence in the African American-dominated Mississippi River Delta. The result is a fairly closely divided vote in national politics. While Al Gore narrowly carried the district in 2000 with 50% of the vote, George W. Bush won the district in 2004. The district swung even more Republican in 2008, giving John McCain 58.69% of the vote while Barack Obama received 38.41% here.

List of representatives

The district was created in 1853 after the 1850 United States Census added a second seat to the state. The at-large seat then was split between this district and the second district.

Representative Party Year Notes
District created March 4, 1853
Alfred B. Greenwood Democratic March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1859
Thomas C. Hindman Democratic March 4, 1859 – March 3, 1861
Civil War and Reconstruction
Logan H. Roots Republican June 22, 1868 – March 3, 1871
James M. Hanks Democratic March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873
Asa Hodges Republican March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875
Lucien C. Gause Democratic March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1879
Poindexter Dunn Democratic March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1889
William H. Cate Democratic March 4, 1889 – March 5, 1890 Lost contested election
Lewis P. Featherstone Labor March 5, 1890 – March 3, 1891 Won contested election
William H. Cate Democratic March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1893
Philip D. McCulloch, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1903
Robert B. Macon Democratic March 4, 1903 – March 3, 1913
Thaddeus H. Caraway Democratic March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1921
William J. Driver Democratic March 4, 1921 – January 3, 1939
Ezekiel C. Gathings Democratic January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1969
Bill Alexander, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1993
Blanche Lincoln Democratic January 3, 1993 – January 3, 1997
Marion Berry Democratic January 3, 1997 – present Incumbent

See also

United States House of Representatives elections in Arkansas, 2010




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