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Arkhangelsk Oblast (English)
Архангельская область (Russian)
-  Oblast  -
Map of Russia - Arkhangelsk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Coat of Arms of Arkhangelsk oblast (2003).png
Coat of arms of Arkhangelsk Oblast
Flag of Arkhangelsk Oblast.png
Flag of Arkhangelsk Oblast
Anthem Anthem of Arkhangelsk Oblast[citation needed]
Political status
Country Russia
Political status Oblast
Federal district Northwestern[1]
Economic region Northern[2]
Administrative center Arkhangelsk[citation needed]
Official languages Russian[3]; Russian[4]
Statistics
Population (2002 Census)[5] 1,336,539 inhabitants
- Rank within Russia 40th
- Urban[5] 74.8%
- Rural[5] 25.2%
- Density 2 /km2 (0/sq mi)[6]
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[7] 587,400 km2 (226,796.4 sq mi)
- Rank within Russia 8th
Established September 23, 1937[citation needed]
License plates 29
ISO 3166-2:RU RU-ARK
Time zone MSK/MSD (UTC+3/+4)
Government (as of June 2009)
Governor[8] Ilya Mikhalchuk[9]
Legislature Assembly of Deputies[10]
Charter Charter of Arkhangelsk Oblast
Official website
http://www.dvinaland.ru/

Arkhangelsk Oblast (Russian: Арха́нгельская о́бласть, Arkhangelskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). It includes the Arctic archipelagos of Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya, as well as the Solovki Islands in the White Sea.

Arkhangelsk Oblast also has administrative jurisdiction over Nenets Autonomous Okrug ("Nenetsia"). Including Nenetsia, Arkhangelsk Oblast has an area of 587,400 km². Population (including Nenetsia): 1,336,539 (2002 Census);[11] 1,570,256 (1989 Census).[12]

Arkhangelsk, with a population of 356,051 (2002 Census),[11] is the administrative center of the oblast. The second largest city is the nearby Severodvinsk, home to Sevmash, the main shipyard for the Russian Navy.

Among the oldest cities of the region are Kholmogory, Kargopol, and Solvychegodsk. One can find medieval wooden chapels and the Antoniev Siysky Monastery lost in impassable woods. The Solovetsky Islands in the White Sea are a World Heritage Site.

Plesetsk Cosmodrome is one of three spaceports in Russia (the other two are Kapustin Yar in Astrakhan Oblast and Svobodny in Amur Oblast).

Contents

Geography and ecology

Plesetsky District of Arkhangelsk Oblast

Arkhangelsk Oblast, which includes Nenets Autonomous Okrug, borders Kirov Oblast, Vologda Oblast, the Republic of Karelia, the Komi Republic, and the White, Pechora, Barents and Kara seas. Cape Fligely in Franz Josef Land (the northermost point of Russia, Europe and Eurasia) and Cape Zhelaniya in Novaya Zemlya (the easternmost point of Europe) are both located within Arkhangelsk Oblast.

This region has a genetically distinct population of polar bears associated with the Barents Sea area.[13]

Administrative divisions

Demographics

According to the 2002 Census, ethnic Russians, at 1,258,938, made up 94% of the population. Other prominent ethnic groups in the region include Ukrainians at 27,841 (2%), Belorussians at 10,412 (0.8%), and Nenets at 8,326 (0.6%). The rest of the respondents identified with 114 ethnic groups, with each group making up less than 0.5% of the population. A small number of respondents (2,212) chose not to state their ethnicity.[14]

The Northern Land (Viktor Vasnetsov, 1899)
  • Population: 1,336,539
    • Urban: 999,591 (74.8%)
    • Rural: 336,948 (25.2%)
    • Male: 630,011 (47.1%)
    • Female: 706,528 (52.9%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1,121
  • Average age: 36.5 years
    • Urban: 35.4 years
    • Rural: 39.3 years
    • Male: 33.3 years
    • Female: 39.3 years
  • Number of households: 509,035 (with 1,302,734 people)
    • Urban: 379,212 (with 975,832 people)
    • Rural: 129,823 (with 326,902 people)

Vital Statistics for 2007: Source

  • Birth Rate: 11.77 per 1000 (Average for Russia is 11.30)
  • Death Rate: 14.67 per 1000
  • Net Immigration: -3.7 per 1000
  • NGR: -0.29% per Year
  • PGR: -0.66% per Year
  • Births (2008): 15,404
  • Deaths (2008): 18,653 [15]

References

Notes

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ According to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia, Russian is the official language on the whole territory of the Russian Federation. Article 68.2 further stipulates that only the republics have the right to establish official languages other than Russian.
  4. ^ According to Article 68.2 of the Constitution of Russia, only republics have the right to establish official languages other than Russian
  5. ^ a b c Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2002 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the Census (2002).
  7. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_03.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 
  8. ^ Charter, Chapter V
  9. ^ Official website of Arkhangelsk Oblast. Ilya Filippovich Mikhalchuk (Russian)
  10. ^ Charter, Chapter IV
  11. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2008-07-25. 
  12. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg2.php. Retrieved 2007-12-13. 
  13. ^ C. Michael Hogan (2008) Polar Bear: Ursus maritimus, Globaltwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Stromberg
  14. ^ The total area and area rank mentioned here include the area of both the Arkhangelsk Oblast and the Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Similarly, the population rank, density and all of the demographics data include numbers from the autonomous okrug in their calculations.
  15. ^ http://www.regnum.ru/news/1112676.html

Sources

  • Архангельское областное Собрание депутатов. №36 23 мая 1995 г. «Устав Архангельской области», в ред. Закона №18-3-ОЗ от 20 мая 2009 г «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Устав Архангельской области». (Arkhangelsk Oblast Assembly of Deputies. #36 May 23, 1995 Charter of Arkhangelsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #18-3-OZ of May 20, 2009 On Amending and Supplementing the Charter of Arkhangelsk Oblast. ).

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Russia : Northwestern Russia : Arkhangelsk Oblast
Solovetsky Monastery on the White Sea
Solovetsky Monastery on the White Sea

Arkhangelsk Oblast is a region in Northwestern Russia, which borders Karelia to the west, the White Sea to the north, Nenetsia to the northeast, Komi Republic to the east, Kirov Oblast to the southeast, and Vologda Oblast to the south.

  • Arkhangelsk — the capital, chief sea port of medieval Russia, which houses Europe's largest museum of wooden architecture (Malye Korely) and is a great place to see ships on the White Sea
  • Kargopol — a 1000 year old historic town near Kenozersky National Park, notorious for sasquatch/bigfoot sightings
  • Kholmogory — a historic town, whose sights were demolished by the Soviets save the beautiful Antonievo-Siysky Monastery outside the town in the woods
  • Kotlas — an important rail junction in the region's southeast; served as a major gulag destination and transit point during the USSR—entire Polish villages were relocated here to do forced labor
  • Mirny — a large closed town, home to the Plesetsk Cosmodrome and near major nuclear ballistic missle launch platforms
  • Onega — a small, old port and a base for tours heading out to Kiy Island
  • Severodvinsk — the center of the Russian Northern Fleet and a principal submarine base and construction site
  • Solvychegodsk — a historic town on the Vychegda River with an impressive Blagoveshchensky Cathedral and Vvedensky Monastery
  • Franz Josef Land — east of Svalbard, an icy archipelago only ~1,000 km from the North Pole, which served as a base for early North Pole expeditions and later for Soviet military purposes
  • Kenozersky National Park
  • Kiy Island — an uninhabited island in the White Sea that is a popular tourist destination for its disbanded Kiysky Monastery
  • Solovetsky Islands — home to a hauntingly beautiful monastery which has served as a Russian fortress in numerous wars for the past 500 years as well as one of the first Soviet gulags; a UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • Vodlozero National Park

Understand

Arkhangelsk Oblast is a big region (about the same size as Ukraine) in the Russian north. It is most famous for its capital, Arkhangelsk, and its fleet of Russian icebreaker ships, and for the Solovetsky Islands, where a beautiful northern monastery/citadel served as a brutal gulag during the Soviet years.

Talk

See Russian phrasebook.

Get in

Flights arrive at Arkhangelsk from Moscow, Naryan-Mar, Murmansk, and Saint Petersburg.

The overnight train ride from Saint Petersburg takes a full 25 hours.

Get out

Travelers heading to Komi Republic by rail will need to pass through Kotlas. In the late summer, it may be possible to get on a boat heading east along the north coast of Russia towards Nenetsia and Yamalia.

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