USS Arleigh Burke (DDG-51)
|Name:||Arleigh Burke class destroyer|
|Operators:||United States Navy|
|Preceded by:||Kidd-class guided missile destroyer|
|Succeeded by:||Zumwalt-class guided missile destroyer|
|Displacement:||8,315 tons full load (Flight I)
8,400 tons full load (Flight II)
9,200 tons full load (Flight IIA)
|Length:||505 feet (154 m) (Flights I and II)
509 feet (155 m) (Flight IIA)
|Beam:||59 feet (18 m)|
|Draft:||30.5 feet (9.3 m)|
|Propulsion:||4 General Electric LM2500-30 gas
108,000 total shaft horsepower (4 x 27,000 horsepower) (75 MW)
|Speed:||30+ knots (56+ km/h)|
|Range:||4,400 nautical miles (8,100 km) at 20 knots (37 km/h)|
|Boats and landing
|2 Rigid hull inflatable boats|
|Complement:||23 officers, 250 enlisted|
|Armament:||• 90 cell Mk 41 vertical launch
• BGM-109 Tomahawk
• RGM-84 Harpoon SSM (not in Flight IIa units)
• SM-2 Standard SAM (has an ASuW mode)
• SM-3 Standard Ballistic missile defense missile for Aegis BMD (15 ships as of March 2009 )
• RIM-162 ESSM SAM (DDG-79 onward)
• RUM-139 Vertical Launch ASROC
• one 5 inch (127 mm/54) Mk-45 (lightweight gun) (DDG-51 through -80)
• one 5 inch (127 mm/62) Mk-45 mod 4 (lightweight gun) (DDG-81 on)
• two 20 mm Phalanx CIWS (DDG-51 through -84, one on several later units)
• two Mark 32 triple torpedo tubes (six Mk-46 or Mk-50 torpedoes, Mk-54 in the near future)
|Aircraft carried:||• None, but LAMPS III electronics installed on landing
deck for coordinated DDG-51/helo ASW
operations (Flights I and II)
• two SH-60 Seahawk LAMPS III helos (Flight IIA)
The Arleigh Burke class of guided missile destroyers is the first destroyer of the United States Navy built around the Aegis combat system and the SPY-1D multi-function phased array radar. The first ship was commissioned on 4 July 1991. After the decommissioning of the last Spruance-class destroyer, USS Cushing, on September 21, 2005, the Arleigh Burke class ships became the U.S. Navy's only active destroyers and the class has the longest production run for any US Navy surface combatant.
The Arleigh Burke class are among the most powerful destroyers ever built in the United States. Only the Spruance class destroyers were larger (563 feet). The Burke class destroyers are more heavily armed than previous guided-missile destroyers. However it is important to remember that the mission of the Burke class is significantly different than the Spruance class. The larger Ticonderoga class ships were constructed on Spruance class hullforms, but are designated as cruisers due to their radically different mission and weapons systems.
The Arleigh Burke's designers incorporated lessons learned from the USN Ticonderoga class guided-missile cruisers. The Ticonderoga class cruisers were supposedly becoming too expensive to continue building, and too difficult to upgrade. Visually, the angled rather than traditional vertical surfaces and the tripod mainmast of the Arleigh Burke design are part of "stealth" technologies, which improve the ship's ability to evade and/or destroy anti-ship cruise missiles.
The Arleigh Burke class returns to the traditional all-steel construction. Combining a steel hull with an aluminum superstructure had been an innovation to reduce topweight, but the lighter metal proved vulnerable to cracking. Aluminum is also less fire-resistant than steel. A 1975 fire aboard USS Belknap gutted her aluminum superstructure. Later battle damage to Royal Navy ships during the Falklands War supported the decision to employ a steel superstructure.
Her Collective Protection System makes the Arleigh Burke class the first U.S. warships designed with an air-filtration system against nuclear, biological and chemical warfare.
So vital has the Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System role of the class become that all ships of the class are being updated with BMD capability. Production of Burkes is being restarted in place of the Zumwalt class destroyers.
In 1980 the United States Navy initiated design studies with seven contractors. By 1983 the number of competitors had been reduced to three; Bath Iron Works, Todd Shipyards and Ingalls Shipbuilding. On 3 April 1985 Bath Iron Works received a US$321.9 million contract to build the first of class, USS Arleigh Burke. Gibbs & Cox was awarded the contract to be the lead ship design agent. The total cost of the first ship was put at US$1.1 billion, the other US$778 million being for the ship's weapons systems. She was laid down by the Bath Iron Works at Bath, Maine, on 6 December 1988, and launched on 16 September 1989 by Mrs. Arleigh Burke. The Admiral himself was present at her commissioning ceremony on 4 July 1991, held on the waterfront in downtown Norfolk, Virginia.
The "Flight IIA Arleigh Burke" ships have several new features, beginning with the Oscar Austin (DDG-79). Among the changes are the addition of two hangars for ASW helicopters, and a new, longer Mark 45 Mod 4 5-inch/62-caliber naval gun (fitted on Winston S. Churchill (DDG-81) and later ships). Later Flight IIA ships starting with USS Mustin have a modified funnel design that buries the funnels within the superstructure as a signature-reduction measure. TACTAS towed array sonar was omitted from flight IIA ships and they also lack Harpoon missile launchers. Ships from DDG-68 to DDG-84 have AN/SLQ-32 antennas that resemble V3 configuration similar to those deployed on Ticonderoga class cruisers, while the remainder have V2 variants externally resembling ones deployed on some Oliver Hazard Perry class frigates. V3 has an active electronic countermeasures component while V2 is passive only. A number of Flight IIA ships were constructed without a Phalanx CIWS because of the planned Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile, but later the Navy decided to retrofit all IIA ships to carry at least one Phalanx CIWS by 2013.
USS Pinckney, USS Momsen, USS Chung-Hoon, USS Nitze, USS James E. Williams and USS Bainbridge have superstructure differences to accommodate the Remote Mine-hunting System (RMS). Mk 32 torpedo tubes were moved to the missile deck from amidships as well.
The United States Navy has begun a modernization program for the Arleigh Burke class aimed at improving the gun systems on the ships in an effort to address congressional concerns over the retirement of the U.S. Iowa-class battleships. This modernization was to include an extension of the range of the 5-inch (127 mm) guns on the Flight I Arleigh Burke-class destroyers (USS Arleigh Burke to USS Ross) with extended range guided munitions (ERGMs) that would enable the ships to fire projectiles about 40 nautical miles (74 km) inland. However the ERGM was cancelled.
The U.S. Navy recently launched a modernization program that is designed to provide a comprehensive mid-life upgrade to ensure that the class remains effective. Reduced manning, increased mission effectiveness, and a reduced total cost of ownership are the goals of the modernization program. Modernization technologies will be integrated during new construction of DDG 111 and 112, then retrofitted into DDG Flight I and II ships during in service overhaul periods. The first phase will update the hull, mechanical and electrical systems while the second phase will introduce an open architecture computing environment. The result will be improved capability in both ballistic missile defense (BMD) and littoral combat.
One Arleigh Burke class ship, the USS Cole, was damaged by an attack in which an improvised explosive device was delivered by suicide bombers on a boat in October 2000 in Aden, Yemen (see USS Cole bombing). The ship was repaired and returned to duty in 2001.
|Arleigh Burke||DDG-51||Bath Iron Works||16 September 1989||4 July 1991||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Barry||DDG-52||Ingalls Shipbuilding||8 June 1991||12 December 1992||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|John Paul Jones||DDG-53||Bath Iron Works||26 October 1991||18 December 1993||San Diego, California||Active|
|Curtis Wilbur||DDG-54||Bath Iron Works||16 May 1992||19 March 1994||Yokosuka, Japan||Active|
|Stout||DDG-55||Ingalls Shipbuilding||16 October 1992||13 August 1994||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|John S. McCain||DDG-56||Bath Iron Works||26 September 1992||2 July 1994||Yokosuka, Japan||Active|
|Mitscher||DDG-57||Ingalls Shipbuilding||7 May 1993||10 December 1994||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Laboon||DDG-58||Bath Iron Works||20 February 1993||18 March 1995||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Russell||DDG-59||Ingalls Shipbuilding||20 October 1993||20 May 1995||Pearl Harbor, Hawaii||Active|
|Paul Hamilton||DDG-60||Bath Iron Works||24 July 1993||27 May 1995||Pearl Harbor, Hawaii||Active|
|Ramage||DDG-61||Ingalls Shipbuilding||11 February 1994||22 July 1995||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Fitzgerald||DDG-62||Bath Iron Works||29 January 1994||14 October 1995||Yokosuka, Japan||Active|
|Stethem||DDG-63||Ingalls Shipbuilding||17 July 1994||21 October 1995||Yokosuka, Japan||Active|
|Carney||DDG-64||Bath Iron Works||23 July 1994||13 April 1996||Mayport, Florida||Active|
|Benfold||DDG-65||Ingalls Shipbuilding||9 November 1994||30 March 1996||San Diego, California||Active|
|Gonzalez||DDG-66||Bath Iron Works||18 February 1995||12 October 1996||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Cole||DDG-67||Ingalls Shipbuilding||10 February 1995||8 June 1996||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|The Sullivans||DDG-68||Bath Iron Works||12 August 1995||19 April 1997||Mayport, Florida||Active|
|Milius||DDG-69||Ingalls Shipbuilding||1 August 1995||23 November 1996||San Diego, California||Active|
|Hopper||DDG-70||Bath Iron Works||6 January 1996||6 September 1997||Pearl Harbor, Hawaii||Active|
|Ross||DDG-71||Ingalls Shipbuilding||22 March 1996||28 June 1997||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Mahan||DDG-72||Bath Iron Works||29 June 1996||2 February 1998||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Decatur||DDG-73||Bath Iron Works||10 November 1996||29 August 1998||San Diego, California||Active|
|McFaul||DDG-74||Ingalls Shipbuilding||18 January 1997||25 April 1998||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Donald Cook||DDG-75||Bath Iron Works||3 May 1997||4 December 1998||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Higgins||DDG-76||Bath Iron Works||4 October 1997||24 April 1999||San Diego, California||Active|
|O'Kane||DDG-77||Bath Iron Works||28 March 1998||23 October 1999||Pearl Harbor, Hawaii||Active|
|Porter||DDG-78||Ingalls Shipbuilding||12 November 1997||20 March 1999||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Flight IIA ships: 5"/54 variant|
|Oscar Austin||DDG-79||Bath Iron Works||7 November 1998||19 August 2000||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Roosevelt||DDG-80||Ingalls Shipbuilding||10 January 1999||14 October 2000||Mayport, Florida||Active|
|Flight IIA ships: 5"/62 variant|
|Winston S. Churchill||DDG-81||Bath Iron Works||17 April 1999||10 March 2001||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Lassen||DDG-82||Ingalls Shipbuilding||16 October 1999||21 April 2001||Yokosuka, Japan||Active|
|Howard||DDG-83||Bath Iron Works||20 November 1999||20 October 2001||San Diego, California||Active|
|Bulkeley||DDG-84||Ingalls Shipbuilding||21 June 2000||8 December 2001||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Flight IIA ships: with 5"/62 no 20 mm CIWS variant|
|McCampbell||DDG-85||Bath Iron Works||2 July 2000||17 August 2002||Yokosuka, Japan||Active|
|Shoup||DDG-86||Ingalls Shipbuilding||22 November 2000||22 June 2002||Everett, Washington||Active|
|Mason||DDG-87||Bath Iron Works||23 June 2001||12 April 2003||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Preble||DDG-88||Ingalls Shipbuilding||1 June 2001||9 November 2002||San Diego, California||Active|
|Mustin||DDG-89||Ingalls Shipbuilding||12 December 2001||26 July 2003||Yokosuka, Japan||Active|
|Chafee||DDG-90||Bath Iron Works||2 November 2002||18 October 2003||Pearl Harbor, Hawaii||Active|
|Pinckney||DDG-91||Ingalls Shipbuilding||26 June 2002||29 May 2004||San Diego, California||Active|
|Momsen||DDG-92||Bath Iron Works||19 July 2003||18 September 2004||Everett, Washington||Active|
|Chung-Hoon||DDG-93||Ingalls Shipbuilding||15 December 2002||18 September 2004||Pearl Harbor, Hawaii||Active|
|Nitze||DDG-94||Bath Iron Works||3 April 2004||5 March 2005||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|James E. Williams||DDG-95||Ingalls Shipbuilding||25 June 2003||11 December 2004||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Bainbridge||DDG-96||Bath Iron Works||13 November 2004||12 November 2005||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Halsey||DDG-97||Ingalls Shipbuilding||9 January 2004||30 July 2005||San Diego, California||Active|
|Forrest Sherman||DDG-98||Ingalls Shipbuilding||2 October 2004||28 January 2006||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Farragut||DDG-99||Bath Iron Works||23 July 2005||10 June 2006||Mayport, Florida||Active|
|Kidd||DDG-100||Ingalls Shipbuilding||22 January 2005||9 June 2007||San Diego, California||Active|
|Gridley||DDG-101||Bath Iron Works||28 December 2005||10 February 2007||San Diego, California||Active|
|Sampson||DDG-102||Bath Iron Works||16 September 2006||3 November 2007||San Diego, California||Active|
|Truxtun||DDG-103||Ingalls Shipbuilding||2 June 2007||25 April 2009||Norfolk, Virginia||Active|
|Sterett||DDG-104||Bath Iron Works||19 May 2007||9 August 2008||San Diego, California||Active|
|Dewey||DDG-105||Ingalls Shipbuilding||26 January 2008||TBD 2010||San Diego, California||Pre-commissioned|
|Stockdale||DDG-106||Bath Iron Works||10 May 2008||18 April 2009||San Diego, California||Active|
|Gravely||DDG-107||Ingalls Shipbuilding||30 March 2009||Under Construction, launched|
|Wayne E. Meyer||DDG-108||Bath Iron Works||18 October 2008||10 October 2009||San Diego, California||Active|
|Jason Dunham||DDG-109||Bath Iron Works||1 August 2009||Under Construction, launched|
|William P. Lawrence||DDG-110||Ingalls Shipbuilding||Under Construction, keel laid|
|Spruance||DDG-111||Bath Iron Works||Under Construction, keel laid|
|Michael Murphy||DDG-112||Bath Iron Works||Under Construction, pre-keel laying|
|DDG-113||Ingalls Shipbuilding||Long-lead materials contracted|
The USS Michael Murphy was originally intended to be the last of the Arleigh Burke class, however with reduction of the Zumwalt (DDG-1000) class production, the Navy was considering adding new DDG-51 class ships. In April 2009, the Navy announced a plan that limited the Zumwalt class to three units while ordering another three Arleigh Burke class ships from both Bath Iron Works and Ingalls Shipbuilding. On 2 December, 2009, Northrop Grumman received a $170.7 million letter contract for DDG-113 long lead time materials. Formal awarding of the main construction contract is expected in 2010.
In this image of USS Fitzgerald (DDG-62), a Flight I ship, note TACTAS in center of fantail, lack of helicopter hangars, and design of stacks.
In this image of USS Mustin (DDG-89), a Flight IIA ship, note lack of TACTAS in center of fantail, aft helicopter hangars, Phalanx CIWS mount and different design of exhaust stacks.
Starboard side of USS Momsen (DDG-92), note torpedo tubes mounted on missile deck vs earlier mounted amidships. Also note superstructure changes to accommodate a Remote Minehunting System (RMS) holding bay.