Arlington Heights, Illinois: Wikis

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Arlington Heights, Illinois
VAH COAT.JPG
Coat of Arms
County: Cook
Township: Wheeling
Village President: Mayor and Honorable Chairman Andrew Robinson.
ZIP code(s): 60004, 60005, 60006, 60007, 60008, 60009
Area code(s): 847 & 224
Population (2000): 76,031
Density: 4,633.3/mi² (1,810.5/km²)
Area: 16.4 mi² (42.5 km²)
Per capita income: ${{{pci}}}
(median: $81,759)
Home value: $
(median: $363,600)
Website: www.vah.com
Demographics[1]
White Black Hispanic Asian
90.56% 0.96% 0% 5.98%
Islander Native Other
0.04% 0.08% 1.19%

Arlington Heights is a village in Cook and Lake counties in the U.S. state of Illinois.[2] An affluent suburb of Chicago, it lies about 25 miles northwest of the city's downtown.[3] The population was 76,031 at the 2000 census.

Arlington Heights is known for Arlington Park Race Track, home of the Arlington Million, a Breeders' Cup qualifying event; also hosted the Breeders' Cup Classic in 2002. It is also home to the Arlington Heights Memorial Library, which has one of the largest collections in the state, as well as the Metropolis Performing Arts Centre, Saint Viator High School, John Hersey High School, South Middle School and Thomas Middle School.

Contents

History

Arlington Heights lies mostly in the west side of Wheeling Township, with territory in adjacent Elk Grove and Palatine townships, in an area originally notable for the absence of groves and trees. When the General Land Office began selling land here in 1835, most of the buyers were Yankees. In 1853 Jack Tobin, originally from Oswego, New York, persuaded the Illinois & Wisconsin Railroad to make a stop here, and laid out a town called Dunton. Dunton Street, named after William Dunton, is the village's base line that splits addresses east and west, with Campbell Street splitting north and south.

By 1850 the area had largely changed its ethnic composition, as many German farmers from Saxony had arrived during the 1840s. John Klehm might serve as an example; he was at first a potato farmer, supplying the Chicago market, and in 1856 began a nursery for cherry, apple, and pear trees, later moving into spruce, maple, and elm, and then flowers. By the late 1850s the area had become noted for its truck farms, sending dairy products as well as vegetables to Chicago on the railroad.

The Nathaniel Moore House is on the National Register of Historic Places.

The little town at the depot slowly grew, acquiring a blacksmith, a cheese factory, a hardware store, and a hotel. It incorporated as Arlington Heights in 1887, when its population numbered about 1,000. Most were farmers, but they were joined by others who worked in Chicago since Arlington Heights was an early commuter suburb.

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Churches

The town developed religious institutions that reflected the origins of its citizens. The first churches were Presbyterian (1856) and Methodist (1858), with a German Lutheran church following in 1860.; Catholics had no church in Arlington Heights until 1905.

Arlington Park racetrack

By the turn of the century Arlington Heights had about 1,400 inhabitants, and it continued to grow slowly with a good many farms and greenhouses after World War II. By then Arlington Heights was also known for its racetrack, founded in 1927 by the California millionaire Harry D. “Curly” Brown upon land formerly consisting of 12 farms. Camp McDonald and two country clubs were founded in the 1930s. On July 31, 1985 a fire burned down the Grandstand. The current six story Grandstand was completed and opened for use June 28, 1989.

Population increase

A population explosion took place in the 1950s and 1960s, when the spread of automobile ownership, together with the expansion of the Chicago-area economy, drove the number of people in Arlington Heights—expanded by a series of annexations—up to 64,884 by 1970. By then virtually all the available land had been taken up, and the formerly isolated depot stop found itself part of a continuous built-up area stretching from Lake Michigan to the Fox River.[4].

Geography

Arlington Heights is located at 42°05′42″N 87°58′51″W / 42.094976°N 87.980873°W / 42.094976; -87.980873Coordinates: 42°05′42″N 87°58′51″W / 42.094976°N 87.980873°W / 42.094976; -87.980873 (42.094976, -87.980873).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 16.40 square miles (42.60 km2), of which, 16.36 square miles (42.50 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.18%) is water.

Business

Arlington Heights has experienced a recent boom in development of condominiums, restaurants and other businesses in the Central Business District or downtown area of Arlington Heights, with restaurants experiencing the greatest overall success. Although land and space is now limited in Arlington Heights; business and community development along with community design are key concerns of the Arlington Heights Chamber of Commerce with over 800 individual members and about 500 business members. The Village of Arlington Heightsis also instrumental in business, residential and community development. The community is served by many fine hotels, including the Doubletree Hotel Chicago Arlington Heights and Sheraton Hotel.

Notable people from Arlington Heights

Sports

Media and the arts

Entertainment Venues

From 1964-1970, Arlington Heights served as the home to The CellarFirst location is uncertain as many residents that attended this great place are not all in agreement, and—second, in an unused warehouse on Davis Street, along the Chicago and Northwestern railroad tracks). Founded by local record store owner Paul Sampson, The Cellar offered live Rock and Blues bands for its mostly teenage audience to listen and to dance. It hosted a wealth of regional "house" bands / repeat performers, such as the Shadows of Knight, The Mauds, H.P. Lovecraft, and Ted Nugent. As if that was not enough to make music-hungry teenagers happy, it hosted a significant array of national and international rock bands as well, including The Who, The Byrds, Buffalo Springfield, and The Spencer Davis Group.[6].

Current entertainment venues include the Metropolis Performing Arts Centre and Arlington Theaters, both located in downtown Arlington Heights. The Metropolis Performing Arts Centre includes live entertainment as well as arts education. The facility includes a 350 seat theatre, ballroom and classrooms for music and theatre. The Arlington Theaters include six state of the art movie auditoriums.

Transportation

Arlington Heights has two stations (Arlington Heights and Arlington Park) on Metra's Union Pacific Northwest Line, which provides daily rail service between Harvard, IL and Chicago, IL. Other nearby rail service includes the Metra North Central Line. Metra's proposed STAR line, if it were to be funded and built, would likely include a third station on the far south end of Arlington Heights.

Interstate 90 and Illinois 53 (northern extension of Interstate 290) run along the south and western edges, respectively, of the city providing easy access to nearby O'Hare International Airport, the city of Chicago, and other suburbs.

Demographics

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 76,031 people, 30,763 households, and 20,518 families residing in the village. The population density was 7,633.3 people per square mile (1,788.9/km2). There were 131,725 housing units at an average density of 11,933.3/sq mi (746.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 90.56% White, 0.96% African American, 0.08% Native American, 5.98% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.19% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.46% of the population.

There were 30,763 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the village the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $67,807, and the median income for a family is $84,488. Males had a median income of $59,162 versus $39,555 for females. The per capita income for the village was $43,544. About 1.6% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

Local media

Arlington Heights media with websites

The Daily Herald, the major locally owned and operated newspaper for Arlington Heights and many other Chicago suburbs.

Arlington Heights Post, the local website of the weekly Sun-Times Newspaper Group publication.

Journal & Topics, covering Arlington Heights, Buffalo Grove, Palatine, Rolling Meadows, and Wheeling.

Cheap Date Show, Arlington Heights-based podcast featuring local restaurant and entertainment reviews.

arlingtonheights.org, privately-run business directory and forum site for Arlington Heights.

Arlington-News.com, news and advertising for Arlington Heights businesses.

Education

Public elementary schools and middle schools in Arlington Heights are operated by Arlington Heights School District 25. Public high schools are operated by Township High School District 214. During peak enrollment from the 1960s to the 1980s, there were three public high schools in Arlington Heights: Arlington High School, Forest View High School and John Hersey High School. Arlington High School was the original high school founded in 1922, but was closed in 1984, and is now the private school Christian Liberty Academy. Forest View High School was closed in 1986, but serves administrative purposes for the district. Today high school students attend Buffalo Grove High School, John Hersey High School, the school receiving highest honors for best educational improvements and testing scores, Prospect High School, Wheeling High School, and Rolling Meadows High School, with a small portion attending Elk Grove High School. Middle Schools in Arlington Heights include Thomas Middle School and South Middle School. There are also several private schools in Arlington Heights, such as St. Viator High School, St. James School, Our Lady of Wayside, St. Peter Lutheran School and Christian Liberty Academy.

Park District

News & current issues

New construction of residential and commercial developments are hot topics in the local news. In the residential category, issues of noise, neighborhood style and character, drainage, and crowding of lots are issues that face residents, developers and village planners. Many houses are torn down or almost completely torn down to make way for new construction. In the commercial category, issues of noise, traffic, parking, retail and residential mix and financing are major issues. In February 2006, Arlington Heights Public School District 25 voted against extension of a tax increment financing (TIF) district, believing that the school district would not recoup funds lost from frozen property taxes. The failure of the TIF district to extend its deadline at the end of 2006, means a possible slowdown in commercial development in of the area within boundaries of the railroad tracks along Northwest Highway, Arlington Heights Road, Sigwalt Street and Chestnut Avenue in downtown Arlington Heights. A TIF district formed around the International Plaza mall on the northeast corner of Arlington Heights Road and Golf Road is the subject of protests and a lawsuit.

A decision of the Arlington Heights Village Board to reject a rezoning request in 1971 was appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, in Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Corp., 429 U.S. 252 (1977). A religious order, the Clerics of St. Viator, had sought to rezone their land that was classified for single-family housing so that low and moderate income multi-family developments could be built. After the request was denied, the developer and three black individuals filed suit in federal court, claiming that the decision was racially motivated in violation of the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The Supreme Court rejected the challenge, because although racial minorities were disproportionately harmed by the decision, the record did not show any discriminatory intent on the part of the village.

References

  1. ^ "Census 2000: Detailed 60-Page Demographic Profiles for All Counties, Townships, & Municipalities in Northeastern Illinois". Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning. http://www.nipc.org/forecasting/SF3_Profile_Place/. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  2. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Illinois 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2007-17.csv. Retrieved 2009-04-04. 
  3. ^ Arlington Heights Mayor (Andrew Robinson) Promotes Downtown Revival
  4. ^ Buisseret, David "Arlington Heights, IL" Encyclopedia of Chicago http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/68.html (accessed Nov 12, 2008)
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Lind, Jeff. "History of Chicago Rock." Illinois Entertainer (July 1978) http://www.jimyrogers.com/ (accessed May 18, 2008)
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links


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