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Armageddon (Arabic أرمجدون, Late Latin: Armagedōn,[1] Ancient GreekἉρμαγεδών Harmagedōn,[2][3] Hebrew: הר מגידוhar məgiddô) is the site of an epic battle associated with the end time prophecies of the Abrahamic religions.

According to some premillennial Christian interpretations, the Messiah, the "Lamb", Jesus Christ, will return to earth and defeat the Antichrist (the "beast") in the battle of Armageddon. Then Satan will be put into the bottomless pit or abyss for 1,000 years, known as the Millennial age. After being released from the abyss, Satan will gather Gog and Magog from the four corners of the earth. They will encamp surrounding the holy ones and the "beloved city". Fire will come down from God, out of heaven and devour Gog and Magog after the Millenium, and the Devil who deceived them is thrown into Gehenna (the lake of fire and brimstone) where the Beast and the False Prophet have been since just before the 1,000 years.[4]

Other Christian scholars interpret Armageddon as being an idealized location, or a reference to Mount Sinai.[5]

The word Armageddon appears only once in the Greek New Testament.[6] The word comes from Hebrew har məgiddô (הר מגידו), meaning "Mountain of Megiddo or "place surrounded by hills". Megiddo was the location of many decisive battles in ancient times (see Battle of Megiddo). The town Megiddo is approximately 25 miles (40 km) west of the southern tip of the Sea of Galilee (or Lake Tiberias to the Romans) in the Kishon River area.

In modern usage, especially in literature, films and music, the term has become synonymous with any cataclysmic event. Variants have been coined such as "Snowmageddon" to describe a serious snow storm; U.S. President Barack Obama used this term for the blizzard that hit the U.S. capital in February 2010.[7]

Contents

Christianity

Evangelist John of Patmos writes the Book of Revelation. Painting by Hieronymus Bosch (1505).

Since Megiddo is described in Scripture as being a plain, some Christian scholars conclude the "Mount of Megiddo" must be an idealized location. Rushdoony says, "There are no mountains of Megiddo, only the Plains of Megiddo. This is a deliberate destruction of the vision of any literal reference to the place."[8]

Other scholars, including C. C. Torrey, Kline and Jordan argue that the word is derived from the Hebrew moed (מועד), meaning "assembly". Thus, "Armageddon" would mean "Mountain of Assembly," which Jordan says is "a reference to the assembly at Mount Sinai, and to its replacement, Mount Zion."[5]

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Dispensationalism

The Dispensational viewpoint interprets biblical prophecy literally and expects that the fulfillment of prophecy will also be literal, depending upon the context of scripture. In his discussion of Armageddon, J. Dwight Pentecost has devoted an entire chapter to the subject, titled "The Campaign of Armageddon", in which he discusses Armageddon as a campaign and not a specific battle, which will be fought in the Middle East. Pentecost writes:

It has been held commonly that the battle of Armageddon is an isolated event transpiring just prior to the second advent of Christ to the earth. The extent of this great movement in which God deals with "the kings of the earth and of the whole world" (Rev. 16:14) will not be seen unless it is realized that the "battle of that great day of God Almighty" (Rev. 16:14)[9] is not an isolated battle, but rather a campaign that extends over the last half of the tribulation period. The Greek word "polemo", translated "battle" in Revelation 16:14, signifies a war or campaign, while "machē" signifies a battle, and sometimes even single combat. This distinction is observed by Trench, (see Richard C. Trench, New Testament Synonyms, pp.301-2) and is followed by Thayer (see Joseph Henry Thayer, Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, p. 528) and Vincent (see Marvin R. Vincent, Word Studies in the New Testament, II, 541). The use of the word polemos (campaign) in Revelation 16:14 would signify that the events that culminate in the gathering at Armageddon at the second advent are viewed by God as one connected campaign.
—Pentecost, p.340

Pentecost then discusses the location of this campaign, and mentions the "hill of Megiddo" and other geographic locations such as "the valley of Jehoshaphat"[10] and "the valley of the passengers"[11], "Lord coming from Edom or Idumea, south of Jerusalem, when He returns from the judgment"; and Jerusalem itself.[12][13]

Pentecost further describes the area involved:

This wide area would cover the entire land of Israel and this campaign, with all its parts, would confirm what Ezekiel pictures when he says the invaders will 'cover the land'.[14] This area would conform to the extent pictured by John in Revelation 14:20."[15]

Pentecost then outlines the biblical time period for this campaign to occur and with further arguments concludes that it must take place with the 70th week of Daniel. The invasion of Israel by the Northern Confederacy "will bring the Beast and his armies to the defense of Israel as her protector". He then uses Daniel to further clarify his thinking: (Dan. 11:40b-45).[16]

Again, events are listed by Pentecost in his book:

  1. "The movement of the campaign begins when the King of the South moves against the Beast-False Prophet coalition, which takes place 'at the time of the end.'"[17]
  2. "The King of the South is joined by the Northern Confederacy, who attacks the Wilful King by a great force over land and sea (11:40). Jerusalem is destroyed as a result of this attack,[18] and, in turn, the armies of the Northern Confederacy are destroyed"[19]
  3. "The full armies of the Beast move into Israel (11:41) and shall conquer all that territory (11:41-42). Edom, Moab, and Ammon alone escape. . . ."
  4. ". . . a report that causes alarm is brought to the Beast"[20]
  5. "The Beast moves his headquarters into the land of Israel and assembles his armies there."[21]
  6. "It is there that his destruction will come. (11:45)."[22]

After the destruction of the Beast at the Second Coming of Jesus, the promised Kingdom is set up, in which Jesus and the Saints will rule for a thousand years. Satan is then loosed "for a season" and goes out to deceive the nations, specifically, Gog and Magog.[23] The army mentioned attacks the Saints in the New Jerusalem, they are defeated by a judgment of fire coming down from Heaven, and then comes the Great White Throne judgment, which includes all of those through the ages[24] and these are cast into the Lake of Fire, which event is also known as the "second death" and Gehenna, not to be confused with Hell, which is Satan's domain. Pentecost describes this as follows:

The destiny of the lost is a place in the lake of fire (Rev. 19:20; 20:10, 14-15; 21:8). This lake of fire is described as everlasting fire (Matt. 25:41)[25] (Matt. 18:8)[26] and as unquenchable fire (Mark 9:43-44[27], 46-48,[28] emphasizing the eternal character of retribution of the lost.
—Pentacost, p. 555

Jehovah's Witnesses

Jehovah's Witnesses believe that Armageddon is a battle in which Satan unites the kings of the earth against God's appointed king, Christ. Unlike other Christian groups, Witnesses believe that the 'Antichrist' is not an individual, that the war is not one of nations fighting against each other,[29][30] and that Megiddo refers to a symbolic gathering of all the kings of the earth.

According to The Watchtower magazine, prior to Armageddon the United Nations will attack all religions, and then focus their attack on the Witnesess, who will continue to preach.[31][32] The world's leaders will then battle against God and his forces, provoked by expressions and signs inspired by demons;[33] after they are destroyed God's kingdom will be established over earth for a thousand years.[34] The final judgment and purification of the earth's sin occurs at the end of the millennium.[35]

Seventh-day Adventist

Seventh-day Adventist understanding of Revelation 13-22

The teachings of the Seventh-day Adventist Church state that the terms "Armageddon", "Day of the Lord" and "The Second Coming of Christ" all describe the same event.[36] Seventh-day Adventists further teach that the current religious movements taking place in the world are setting the stage for Armageddon, and they are concerned by the growing unity between spiritualism, American Protestantism and Roman Catholicism. A further significant difference in Seventh-day Adventist theology is the teaching that the events of Armageddon will leave the earth desolate for the duration of the millennium.[37] They teach that the righteous will be taken to heaven while the rest of humanity will be destroyed, leaving Satan with no one to tempt and effectively "bound."[38] The final re-creation of a "new heaven and a new earth."[39] then follows the millennium.

Islam

Some Muslims believe that the Islamic Prophet Muhammad prophesied several events to occur just before the advent of the Day of Judgment (Yawm al-Qiyamah). Al Messiah Al Dajaal (the Antichrist) will fool people into believing that he is God and ask people to worship him. True believers will reject him but will not be able to defeat him on their own. God will then send the Messiah to earth to fight the Antichrist in the battle of Armageddon, and he will defeat the unlawful Messiah (Antichrist) and his followers. Although no such thing is mentioned in the text of the Quran.[citation needed]

Ahmadiyya

In Ahmadiyya Islam, Armageddon is viewed as a spiritual battle or struggle in the present age between the forces of good, i.e. righteousness, purity and virtue, and the forces of evil. The final struggle between the two comes as satanic influence is let loose with the emergence of Gog and Magog. Satan gathers all his powers, and uses all his methods by which to mislead people, introducing an age where iniquity, promiscuity, atheism, and materialism abound. According to Ahmadi teachings, the present age has as a result been a witness to the wrath of God with the occurrence of the First and Second World Wars and the frequency of natural disasters.[40]

Ahmadiseee believe that God appointed Ghulam Ahmad (d.1908) as the promised Messiah and Mahdi, for the spiritual reformation and moral direction of mankind. The moral teachings of Islam as elucidated by Ghulam Ahmad in accordance with the present age (the seventh and last of the millennial ages from the time of the biblical man, Adam) would eventually protect from and overcome these evil things, and establish the unity and sincere worship of God and an age of peace on earth. This age continues for approximately one thousand years as per Judeo-Christian and Islamic prophecies of the Apocalypse; it is characterised by the assembling of mankind under one faith i.e. Islam as per Ahmadiyya belief.[41]

Bahá'í faith

Bahá'í literature provides three interpretations of the expectations surrounding the Battle of Armageddon, which they associated with events surrounding the World Wars.[42]

The first interpretation deals with a series of tablets written by Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, to be sent to various kings and rulers.[42]

The second, and best-known one, relates to events near the end of World War I involving General Allenby and the Battle of Megiddo (1918) wherein World Powers are said to have drawn soldiers from many parts of the world to engage in battle at Megiddo. In winning this battle Allenby also prevented the Turks from killing 'Abdu'l-Baha, then head of the Baha'i Faith, whom they had intended to crucify. [43]

A third interpretation reviews the overall progress of the World Wars, and the situation in the world before and after.[42]

Literature and film

  • Armageddon (Left Behind) -- The bestselling series of books detailing the resistance of those "left behind" by the Christian Rapture and the rise of the Antichrist's forces during the Tribulation period.
  • Resurrection Planet -- A Science Fiction novel set in the future, a few years after the Second Coming. An agent of the Revived Roman Empire travels to Sybaris, the "Resurrection Planet," to put down an uprising of 'deadheads,' foul undead creatures seemingly the last expression of evil in the Messiah's new reign. One of the characters describes the terrible Armageddon on Earth: "...Hell had taken hold on Earth...Volcanoes blackened the sky with poisonous gas and dust, typhoons launched tidal waves a mile high--unbelievable walls of water that drowned coastal cities in minutes. Earthquakes leveled entire nations. Packs of wild animals ravaged the countryside and plagues of stinging insects swarmed through the streets..." He goes on to describe war and the fall of nations.

See also

References

  1. ^ Collins English Dictionary, HarperCollins, 3rd ed., p. 81
  2. ^ http://bibletranslation.ws/trans/revwgrk.pdf
  3. ^ http://scripturetext.com/revelation/16-16.htm
  4. ^ Book of Revelation in the New Testament, Rev. 19: 11-20, Rev. 20: 1-3, 7-10.
  5. ^ a b James B. Jordan, Biblical Horizons, No. 85
  6. ^ Revelation 16:16
  7. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=aHkC18wFhJvY
  8. ^ Rousas John Rushdoony, Thy Kingdom Come: Studies in Daniel and Revelation, 190.
  9. ^ Revelation 16:14
  10. ^ Joel 3:2
  11. ^ Ezekiel 39:11
  12. ^ Zech. 12:2-11; 14:2
  13. ^ Pentacost, p. 341
  14. ^ Ezekiel 38:9-16
  15. ^ Revelation 14:20
  16. ^ "Daniel 11:40-45 (King James Version)". BibleGateway.com. http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Dan.%2011:40-45;&version=9;. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  17. ^ "Daniel 11:40 (King James Version)". BibleGateway.com. http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Dan.%2011:40;&version=9;. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  18. ^ Zechariah 12:2
  19. ^ Ezekiel 39, Zeckariah 12:4
  20. ^ Revelation 11:44, Revelation 16:12
  21. ^ Daniel 11:45
  22. ^ Pentacost, p. 356
  23. ^ Revelation 20:8
  24. ^ Revelation 20:11-15
  25. ^ "Matthew 25:41 (King James Version)". http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matt.%2025:41;&version=9;. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  26. ^ "Matthew 18:8 (King James Version)". http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matt.%2018:8;&version=9;. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  27. ^ "Mark 9:43-44 (King James Version)". http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark%209:43-44;&version=9;. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  28. ^ "Mark 9:46-48 (King James Version)". http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark%209:46-48;&version=9;. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  29. ^ ARMAGEDDON A Happy Beginning
  30. ^ Armageddon—God’s War to End All Wars
  31. ^ The End of False Religion is Near watchtower.org
  32. ^ Watchtower 9/15/05 p. 19 par. 13 "Walk by Faith, Not by Sight!" Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania
  33. ^ The Watchtower 12/1/05 p. 4 Armageddon—A Happy Beginning Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania
  34. ^ The Marvelous New World of God's Making watchtower.org
  35. ^ Watchtower 6/1/96 p. 18 par. 20 "Flight to Safety Before the "Great Tribulation"" Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania
  36. ^ "Seventh-day Adventists believe" 1988 by the Ministerial Association General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
  37. ^ "Handbook of Seventh-day Adventist Theology" 2000 Review and Herald Publishing Association and the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
  38. ^ Revelation 20:1
  39. ^ Revelation 21:1
  40. ^ http://aaiil.org/text/books/others/mirzamasumbeg/propheciespromisedmessiah/propheciespromisedmessiah.pdf
  41. ^ The Review of Religions, January 2009, Vol.104, issue 1. p. 18-22
  42. ^ a b c Lambden, Stephen. "Catastrophe, Armageddon and Millennium: some aspects of the Bábí-Bahá'í exegesis of apocalyptic symbolism". Bahá'í Studies Review Volume 9. http://bahai-library.com/bsr/bsr09/9B3_lambden_armageddon.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-10. 
  43. ^ Maude (1997). The Servant, the General, and Armageddon. George Ronald. ISBN 0853984247. 

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Contents

English

Etymology

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛdən
  • Hyphenation: Ar‧ma‧ged‧don

Proper noun

Singular
Armageddon

Plural
-

Armageddon

  1. The place where the final battle will be fought between the forces of good and evil.
  2. The scene of a decisive conflict on a great scale.
  3. Any great and crucial conflict.

Synonyms

Translations


Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

occurs only in Rev. 16:16 (R.V., "Har-Magedon"), as symbolically designating the place where the "battle of that great day of God Almighty" (ver. 14) shall be fought. The word properly means the "mount of Megiddo." It is the scene of the final conflict between Christ and Antichrist. The idea of such a scene was suggested by the Old Testament great battle-field, the plain of Esdraelon (q.v.).

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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Simple English

File:Hieronymus Bosch
Saint John of Patmos writes the Book of Revelation. Painting by Hieronymus Bosch (1505).

Armageddon (greek:Ἁρμαγεδών Harmagedōn, Hebrew:הר מגידו, Har Megiddo, Arabic:أرمجدون, Latin:Armagedōn) is the place where the great war of the end of day will start.

Christians that believe that Jesus will come back to earth in the year 2000, translated the sentences of the Messiah and the Lamb of God, are the symbolism of Jesus, that will return to the earth to fight the Antichrist (or the Beast) in the battle of Armageddon. After that war Satan (or the Antichrist) will be thrown to the bottomless pit, or Abyss for a 1,000 years, known as the Millennium Age. After Satan will be out of the pit, he will gather one man called Gog and Magog (In the texts he is named God and Magog but also named Gog kind of Magog, in Jewish texts, the war of Gog and Magog means the attack of Gog kind of Magog to kill all the Jewish people, and God will kill him and his army. In Christianity, Gog and Magog are two separate people that are Evil.) from the Four corners of the Earth. They will trap the Holy Ones (means Christians) in the Beloved City, (means Jerusalem). Then Fire will come from God and from the Heavens, and it will destroy Gog and Magog and will trap the Devil in Gehenna (Gehinom, Valley of Hinom, a place near Jerusalem, lake of fire and brimstone, also known as Hell).

The word Armageddon appears only once in the Greek New Testament. This word comes from the Hebrew Har Megiddo (הר מגידו), which means - Mountain of Megiddo. In Israel there is a small city , that is located in the Azrieli Vally, called Megiddo. The Mountain of Megiddo is a small mountain which had a big Roman fort.


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