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Illustration of an "Armenian Armenoid" from The Races of Europe: A Sociological Study by William Zebina Ripley (1911)
Illustration of a "Lebanese Armenoid Arab" from Ripley (1911)

The Armenoid or Assyroid race in scientific racism is a subtype of the Caucasian race.[1]

Carleton wrote that the racial type in question is very similar to the Dinaric race; the only difference is that they have a somewhat darker pigmentation, most probably due to racial mixture with the Mediterraneans and the Alpines (who have brown skin). He described the Armenoid as a subrace of the Caucasoid race. The Armenoid people are found throughout the whole Eurasia, however the largest concentrations occur within Asia Minor. They are known as the "true" Caucasians. Armenoids are relatively tall, usually have somewhat darker skins, large round eyes usually black; a round, brachycephalic head shape with a straight backing (planocciput), high cheekbones and non-prominent chins. Lips are full usually with often hooked noses. This racial group includes the Armenians and the Assyrians. It is also an element in India and Southern Europe. Armenoid is the dominant type of the indigenous Semitic groups of Syria and Mesopotamia: the ancient Amorites, the modern Assyrians and Chaldeans, the religious minorities of Lebanon and Syria, and the Lebanese and Syrians of mountainous regions have all been identified as being of the Armenoid type. [2] [3] [4]

Renato Biasutti described the Armenoid race as having: "Opaque-white skin, brunet hair and eyes, abundant pilosity; medium stature (166), sturdy body build; wide head with rounded occiput (87); very long face, straight and narrow nose (57) with high bridge; thin lips, narrow eye opening."[5]

It has long been believed by physical anthropologists that the quintessence of Near Eastern brachycephaly is to be found in the Armenians; the racial term Armenoid being named for them. The Armenians have long been established in the territory which is now only partly theirs; they had, before the arrival of the Turks, a powerful kingdom, which covered most of the territory between the Gulf of Alexandretta and the Caucasus. [6]

See also


  1. ^ The Races of Europe: A Sociological Study - Page 444 by William Zebina Ripley
  2. ^ History of Syria, Including Lebanon and Palestine - page 76 by Philip Khuri Hitti
  3. ^ Review: An Introduction to the Anthropology of the Near East by C. U. Ariëns Kappers, American Anthropologist, 37(35) - Pages 148-49 by W.M. Krogman
  4. ^ Syria and Lebanon: A Political Essay - Page 96 by A.H. Hourani
  5. ^
  6. ^ The Races of Europe by Carleton Stevens Coon - (Chapter XII, section 18)


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