From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An armoured recovery vehicle
(ARV) is a type of armoured fighting vehicle
used to repair battle- or mine-damaged as well as broken-down
armoured vehicles during combat, or to tow them out of the danger
zone for more extensive repairs. To this end the term "Armoured
Repair and Recovery Vehicle" (ARRV) is also used.
ARVs are normally built on the chassis of a Main Battle Tank
(MBT), but some are also constructed on the basis of other Armoured fighting vehicles,
mostly armoured personnel carriers
(APCs). ARVs are usually built on the basis of a vehicle in the
same class as they are supposed to recover; a tank-based ARV is
used to recover tanks, while an APC-based one recovers APCs, but
does not have the power to tow a much heavier tank.
The first true ARVs were introduced in World War II, often by converting obsolete
or damaged tanks, usually by removing the turret and installing a heavy-duty winch to free stuck vehicles, plus
a variety of vehicle repair tools.
Some were also purpose-built in factories, using an
existing tank chassis with a hull superstructure to accommodate
repair and recovery equipment. Many of the latter type of ARV had
an A-frame or crane to allow the vehicle's crew to
perform heavy lifting tasks such as removing the engine from a
After World War II, most countries' MBT models also had
corresponding ARV variants. Many ARVs are also equipped with a bulldozer blade that can be
used as an anchor when
winching or as a stabiliser when lifting, a pump to transfer fuel to another vehicle, and more.
Some can even carry a spare engine for field replacement, such the German Leopard 1 ARV.
engineering vehicles (CEVs) are based on ARVs.
- Second World War
- BARV (WWII to Modern)
M32 TRV in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel.
- VT-34 ARV (T-34 Chassis)
- VT-55A ARV (T-55 Chassis)
- VT-72B ARV (T-72 Chassis) - (1987 to
- VPV (BVP-1 Chassis) - (1985 to 1989)
- M32 Tank Recovery Vehicle, based on the Sherman tank (from 1944)
- M74 Tank Recovery Vehicle (1954-1975)
- AMX 30 D (from 1973), based on the AMX 30
- Leclerc MARS, based on the AMX-56 Leclerc
- Bergepanzer III - PzKpfw III chassis
- Bergepanther (SdKfz 179) - Panther tank chassis 347 produced (1943 to
- Bergetiger - Tiger I tank
- Bergepanzer 38(t) - Panzerkampfwagen 38 chassis, 170
produced (1944 to 1945).
- Bergepanzer M74 (Sherman Chassis) - first
TRV/ARV of the West German Bundeswehr, 300 used 1956-1960 (see M74
entry under United States).
- Bergepanzer 1 - M88 Chassis, the first of 125 entered
service in 1962 and a 1985 modernization program replaced the
gasoline engine with a diesel and improved the hoist.
- Bergepanzer 2 - Leopard 1 tank
- Bergepanzer 3
"Büffel" - Leopard 2 chassis
- Taurus ARV -
used by the Canadian Forces since 1990s
- Trail Blazer (Gordon) (Sherman
chassis) - An IDF recovery/engineering vehicle
based on HVSS equipped M4A1s Sherman tanks, it
featured a large single boom crane (as opposed to the A-Frame of
the M32) and large spades at the front and rear of the vehicle to
assist in lifting. It could also tow up to 72 tons.
- M32 Chenca (Sherman chassis) - In 1998, Napco
International of the USA upgraded M32B1 TRV M4 Sherman-chassis armoured recovery
vehicles with Detroit Diesel 8V-92-T diesel engines (see M32 entry
under United States).
- CW-34 (T-34 Chassis)
- WPT-34 (T-34, SU-85 and SU-100
- WZT-1 (T-54 and
- WZT-2 (T-55
- WZT-3 (T-72M Chassis)
- WZT-3M (PT-91M Chassis)
- WPT-TOPAS (TOPAS Chassis)
- WPT-MORS (MTLB Chassis)
During WWII, damaged Soviet T-34
tanks were rebuilt as ARVs by plating over the turret ring.
- BTS-2 (T-54 Chassis)
- BTS-4A (T-54 Chassis)
- BREM-1 (T-72 Chassis)
- BREM-2 (BMP-1 Chassis)
- BREM-L (BMP-3 Chassis)
- BREM-K (BTR-80 Chassis)
- BREM-80U (T-80U Chassis)
- M31 Tank Recovery Vehicle - based on M3 Lee chassis.
- M32 Tank Recovery Vehicle, or M32 TRV, based
on the Sherman tank
chassis with turret replaced by fixed superstructure,
60,000 lb (27,000 kg) winch and an 18 feet
(5.5 m) long pivoting A-frame jib installed. An 81 mm
mortar was also added into the hull, primarily for screening
- M32B1 - M32s converted from M4A1s (some
converted to M34 artillery prime movers).
- M32A1B1 - M32B1s with HVSS, later removing the
81 mm mortar and incorporating crane improvements.
- M32B2 - M32s converted from M4A2s.
- M32B3 - M32s converted from M4A3s.
- M32A1B3 - M32B3s brought up to M32A1B1
- M32B4 - M32s converted from M4A4s.
- M74 Tank Recovery
Vehicle - Upgrade of the M32 to provide the same
capability with regards to heavier post-war tanks, converted from
M4A3 HVSS tanks. In appearance the M74 is very similar to the M32,
fitted with an A-Frame crane, a main towing winch, an auxiliary
winch, and a manual utility winch. The M74 also has a front mounted
spade that can be used as a support or as a dozer blade.
- M74B1 - Same as the M74, but converted from