|Series leader||Navy (54–49–7)|
1891 1899 1901 1902
1903 1904 1908 1913
1914 1915 1916 1922
1924 1925 1927 1930
1931 1932 1933 1935
1937 1938 1944 1945
1946 1947 1949 1953
1955 1958 1964 1966
1968 1969 1971 1972
1977 1984 1986 1987
1988 1990 1992 1993
1994 1995 1996 1998
1890 1892 1893 1900
1906 1907 1910 1911
1912 1919 1920 1921
1934 1936 1939 1940
1941 1942 1943 1950
1951 1952 1954 1957
1959 1960 1961 1962
1963 1967 1970 1973
1974 1975 1976 1978
1979 1980 1982 1983
1985 1989 1991 1997
1999 2000 2002 2003
2004 2005 2006 2007
1905 1923 1926 1948 1956 1965 1981
|Game not held
1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1909 1917 1918 1928 1929
The Army–Navy Game is an annual college football game between the teams of the United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York and the United States Naval Academy (USNA) at Annapolis, Maryland. The USMA team, "Army", and the USNA team, "Navy", each represent their services' oldest officer commissioning sources. As such, the game has come to embody the spirit of the interservice rivalry of the United States Armed Forces.
It is one of the most traditional and enduring rivalries in college football. The game is nationally televised by CBS, having previously aired on ABC from 1992–1995. Instant replay made its debut in the 1963 Army-Navy game.
The most recent game in the series was held at Lincoln Financial Field in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania , on December 12, 2009. Navy won by a score of 17-3. Navy now leads the alltime series with a record of 54 wins, 49 losses, and seven ties.
The Army–Navy Game, commencing in 1890, has been held at several locations throughout its history, but has most frequently been played in Philadelphia, roughly equidistant from the two academies. Historically played on the Saturday after Thanksgiving, the game is now played on the second Saturday in December and is traditionally the last game of the season for both teams and, until the recent advent of conference championship games, it was the last regular-season game played in Division I-A football. With the permanent expansion of the regular season to 12 games starting in 2006, many regular-season games join the Army–Navy Game on the same weekend. In 2009, the game was moved from the first Saturday in December to the second Saturday; this means that it will no longer conflict with conference championship games and once again is the last regular-season contest in college football.
This game has inter-service "bragging rights" at stake; in past decades, when both Army and Navy were often national powers, the game occasionally had national championship implications. However, as top-level college football has developed into primarily a training ground for the National Football League, the high academic entrance requirements, height and weight limits, and the military commitment required has reduced the overall competitiveness of both academies. In fact, the 1996 game was the only one since the 1963 game in which both Army and Navy entered with winning records.
Despite the fact that Army and Navy are no longer nationally competitive on a regular basis, the tradition of the game has ensured that it remains nationally televised to this day. Arguably, one of the great appeals of this game to many fans is that since few, if any, of the participants will ever play in the NFL, they're playing solely for the love of the game. Due to commitments to serve in their respective branches of the armed services after graduation, many players are simply deemed too old and or out of "playing shape" to even consider playing competitively again, much less in the professional ranks. Many have other post-service ambitions that would preclude such a career or they simply don't want to pursue it. A small number have tried; most are out of the NFL within two or three seasons. However, quarterback Roger Staubach (Navy, 1965) went on to a Hall of Fame career with the Dallas Cowboys that included being named the Most Valuable Player of Super Bowl VI. Wide receiver and kickoff/punt returner Phil McConkey (Navy, 1979) was a popular player on the New York Giants' squad that won Super Bowl XXI. Running back Napoleon McCallum (Navy, 1985) was able to concurrently serve his commitment to the Navy and play for the then-Los Angeles Raiders. After satisfying his Navy commitment, he joined the Raiders full time. Sadly, his career was ended by a gruesome knee injury suffered in a game against the San Francisco 49ers in 1994.
The game is especially emotional for the seniors, called "first classmen" by both academies, since it is typically the last competitive football game they will ever play. (The 1996 game was an aberration, as both Army and Navy went to bowl games afterwards, and Navy has played in a bowl game in each season since 2003.) During wartime the game is even more emotional because some seniors will not return once they are deployed. For instance, in the 2004 game, at least one senior from the class of 2003 who was killed in Iraq, Navy's J. P. Blecksmith, was remembered. The players placed their comrade's pads and jerseys on chairs on the sidelines. Much of the sentiment of the game goes out to those who share the uniform and who are overseas.
At the end of the game the alma maters of the losing team and then the winning team are played and sung. The winning team stands alongside the losing team and faces the losing academy students; then the losing team accompanies the winning team, facing their students. This is done in a show of mutual respect and solidarity.
The rivalry between Annapolis and West Point, while friendly, is intense. Even the mascots (the Navy Goat and Army Mule) have been known to play pranks on each other. The Cadets live and breathe the phrase "Beat Navy", while Midshipmen have the opposite dinned into them. Even the weight plates in the Navy weight room are stamped with the phrase "Beat Army". They have become a symbol of competitiveness, not just in the Army–Navy Game, but in the service of their country, and are often used at the close of (informal) letters by graduates of both academies.
Occasionally, the Commander-in-Chief's Trophy, awarded to each season's winner of the triangular series between Army, Navy, and Air Force, will be at stake in this game. For most of the 1970s, Navy had held the trophy. After a period of flux for most of the 1980s, Air Force dominated the competition until the early 2000s. Navy has now reestablished itself as the dominant team in the rivalry, having won every game against its service academy rivals since losing in 2002 to Air Force.
The rivalries Army and Navy have with the Air Force Academy are much less intense than the Army-Navy rivalry, primarily due to the relative youth of the Air Force Academy, and the physical distance between Air Force and the other two schools, with Air Force Academy being located in Colorado Springs. The Army-Air Force and Navy-Air Force games are played at the academies' regular home fields, rather than at a neutral site, although Navy has occasionally moved its home games with Air Force to FedEx Field in Landover, Maryland.
The 34-0 Navy victory over Army on December 6, 2008, was the first shutout in the series since 1978 and marked the second time a Navy coach defeated Army in his first year of coaching, following Wayne Hardin in 1959.
Despite the game being played over 110 times, only 6 of those games were held on the campus of either academy. The last time this took place was during a short home-away series for the 1942-43 seasons. The rest of the games have been played at a neutral site. Traditionally, the game is played in Philadelphia, due to the historic nature of the city and the fact that it is approximately halfway between West Point and Annapolis. Philadelphia's John F. Kennedy Stadium (JFK) hosted more matchups than any other venue in the history of the series, even hosting the game years after the 1971 construction of nearby Veterans Stadium, which finally became the game's host in 1980. Franklin Field, on the campus of the University of Pennsylvania, hosted the game in the early twentieth century before it was moved to JFK. New York's Polo Grounds holds the record for most games hosted outside of Philadelphia. The city of Baltimore, MD, has hosted a number of games throughout the history of the series.
The Rose Bowl Stadium is the only site west of the Mississippi River to host the Army-Navy game; it did so in 1983. The city of Pasadena, California, paid for the travel expenses of all the students and supporters of both the U.S. Naval Academy and the U.S. Military Academy — 9,437 in all. A substitute, however, for Bill XXII — the Navy mascot — and four rented Army mules were brought in. The attendance was 81,000. The game was held at the Rose Bowl that year because there are a large number of military installations and servicemen and women, along with many retired military personnel, on the West Coast.
Currently the game is played primarily at Lincoln Financial Field in Philadelphia, the home of the Philadelphia Eagles. Every four to five years the game is held at a site other than Philadelphia. These sites rotate between Giants Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey (scheduled to be replaced by a newly constructed Meadowlands Stadium in April 2010), and M&T Bank Stadium in Baltimore, Maryland. These are still considered neutral-site games, but provide locations that are closer to one academy or the other.
In 2008, a bidding process began for the game site, as well as a search for a corporate sponsor. In 2009, the Army–Navy Game was moved to the second Saturday of December. The move means the game will not be played simultaneously with any conference championships and will make it the final game of the Division I FBS regular season.
On June 9, 2009, Navy announced sites for all Army–Navy Games through 2017. The 2011 game will be held at FedExField; the 2014 and 2016 games will be at M&T Bank Stadium; and all other games during that period will be at Lincoln Financial Field.
|New York, NY||11|
|East Rutherford, NJ||4|
|West Point, NY||3|
Army victories are shown in ██ gold, Navy victories in ██ blue, and tie games in ██ silver.
|1890||Navy||24–0||U.S. Military Academy||West Point, NY||Navy 1-0|
|1891||Army||32–16||U.S. Naval Academy||Annapolis, MD||Tied 1-1|
|1892||Navy||12–4||U.S. Military Academy||West Point, NY||Navy 2-1|
|1893||Navy||6–4||U.S. Naval Academy||Annapolis, MD||Navy 3-1|
|1894||No game played|
|1895||No game played|
|1896||No game played|
|1897||No game played|
|1898||No game played|
|1899||Army||17–5||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 3-2|
|1900||Navy||11–7||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 4-2|
|1901||Army||11–5||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 4-3|
|1902||Army||22–8||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Tied 4-4|
|1903||Army||40–5||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Army 5-4|
|1904||Army||11–0||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Army 6-4|
|1905||Tie||6–6||Osborne Field||Princeton, NJ||Army 6-4-1|
|1906||Navy||10–0||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Army 6-5-1|
|1907||Navy||6–0||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Tied 6-6-1|
|1908||Army||6–4||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Army 7-6-1|
|1909||No game played|
|1910||Navy||3–0||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Tied 7-7-1|
|1911||Navy||3–0||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 8-7-1|
|1912||Navy||6–0||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 9-7-1|
|1913||Army||22–9||Polo Grounds||New York, NY||Navy 9-8-1|
|1914||Army||20–0||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Tied 9-9-1|
|1915||Army||14–0||Polo Grounds||New York, NY||Army 10-9-1|
|1916||Army||15–7||Polo Grounds||New York, NY||Army 11-9-1|
|1917||No game played|
|1918||No game played|
|1919||Navy||6–0||Polo Grounds||New York, NY||Army 11-10-1|
|1920||Navy||7–0||Polo Grounds||New York, NY||Tied 11-11-1|
|1921||Navy||7–0||Polo Grounds||New York, NY||Navy 12-11-1|
|1922||Army||17–14||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Tied 12-12-1|
|1923||Tie||0–0||Polo Grounds||New York, NY||Tied 12-12-2|
|1924||Army||12–0||Municipal Stadium||Baltimore, MD||Army 13-12-2|
|1925||Army||10–3||Polo Grounds||New York, NY||Army 14-12-2|
|1926||Tie||21–21||Soldier Field||Chicago, IL||Army 14-12-3|
|1927||Army||14–9||Polo Grounds||New York, NY||Army 15-12-3|
|1928||No game played|
|1929||No game played|
|1930||Army||6–0||Yankee Stadium||Bronx, NY||Army 16-12-3|
|1931||Army||17–7||Yankee Stadium||Bronx, NY||Army 17-12-3|
|1932||Army||20–0||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Army 18-12-3|
|1933||Army||12–7||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Army 19-12-3|
|1934||Navy||3–0||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Army 19-13-3|
|1935||Army||28–6||Franklin Field||Philadelphia, PA||Army 20-13-3|
|1936||Navy||7–0||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 20-14-3|
|1937||Army||6–0||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 21-14-3|
|1938||Army||14–7||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 22-14-3|
|1939||Navy||10–0||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 22-15-3|
|1940||Navy||14–0||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 22-16-3|
|1941||Navy||14–6||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 22-17-3|
|1942||Navy||14–0||Thompson Stadium||Annapolis, MD||Army 22-18-3|
|1943||Navy||13–0||Michie Stadium||West Point, NY||Army 22-19-3|
|1944||Army||23–7||Municipal Stadium||Baltimore, MD||Army 23-19-3|
|1945||Army||32–13||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 24-19-3|
|1946||Army||21–18||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 25-19-3|
|1947||Army||21–0||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 26-19-3|
|1948||Tie||21–21||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 26-19-4|
|1949||Army||38–0||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 27-19-4|
|1950||Navy||14–2||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 27-20-4|
|1951||Navy||42–7||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 27-21-4|
|1952||Navy||7–0||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 27-22-4|
|1953||Army||20–7||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 28-22-4|
|1954||Navy||27–20||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 28-23-4|
|1955||Army||14–6||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 29-23-4|
|1956||Tie||7–7||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 29-23-5|
|1957||Navy||14–0||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 29-24-5|
|1958||Army||22–6||Municipal Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 30-24-5|
|1959||Navy||43–12||Philadelphia Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 30-25-5|
|1960||Navy||17–12||Philadelphia Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 30-26-5|
|1961||Navy||13–7||Philadelphia Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 30-27-5|
|1962||Navy||34–14||Philadelphia Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 30-28-5|
|1963||Navy||21–15||Philadelphia Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 30-29-5|
|1964||Army||11–8||John F. Kennedy Stadium
||Philadelphia, PA||Army 31-29-5|
|1965||Tie||7–7||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 31-29-6|
|1966||Army||20–7||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 32-29-6|
|1967||Navy||19–14||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 32-30-6|
|1968||Army||21–14||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 33-30-6|
|1969||Army||27–0||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 34-30-6|
|1970||Navy||11–7||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 34-31-6|
|1971||Army||24–23||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 35-31-6|
|1972||Army||23–15||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 36-31-6|
|1973||Navy||51–0||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 36-32-6|
|1974||Navy||19–0||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 36-33-6|
|1975||Navy||30–6||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 36-34-6|
|1976||Navy||38–10||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 36-35-6|
|1977||Army||17–14||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 37-35-6|
|1978||Navy||28–0||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 37-36-6|
|1979||Navy||31–7||John F. Kennedy Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Tied 37-37-6|
|1980||Navy||33–6||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 38-37-6|
|1981||Tie||3–3||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 38-37-7|
|1982||Navy||24–7||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 39-37-7|
|1983||Navy||42–13||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, CA||Navy 40-37-7|
|1984||Army||28–11||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 40-38-7|
|1985||Navy||17–7||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 41-38-7|
|1986||Army||27–7||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 41-39-7|
|1987||Army||17–3||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 41-40-7|
|1988||Army||20–15||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Tied 41-41-7|
|1989||Navy||19–17||Giants Stadium||East Rutherford, NJ||Navy 42-41-7|
|1990||Army||30–20||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Tied 42-42-7|
|1991||Navy||24–3||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 43-42-7|
|1992||Army||25–24||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Tied 43-43-7|
|1993||Army||16–14||Giants Stadium||East Rutherford, NJ||Army 44-43-7|
|1994||Army||22–20||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 45-43-7|
|1995||Army||14–13||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 46-43-7|
|1996||Army||28–24||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 47-43-7|
|1997||Navy||39–7||Giants Stadium||East Rutherford, NJ||Army 47-44-7|
|1998||Army||34–30||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 48-44-7|
|1999||Navy||19–9||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 48-45-7|
|2000||Navy||30–28||PSINet Stadium||Baltimore, MD||Army 48-46-7|
|2001||Army||26–17||Veterans Stadium||Philadelphia, PA||Army 49-46-7|
|2002||Navy||58–12||Giants Stadium||East Rutherford, NJ||Army 49-47-7|
|2003||Navy||34–6||Lincoln Financial Field||Philadelphia, PA||Army 49-48-7|
|2004||Navy||42–13||Lincoln Financial Field||Philadelphia, PA||Tied 49-49-7|
|2005||Navy||42–23||Lincoln Financial Field||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 50-49-7|
|2006||Navy||26–14||Lincoln Financial Field||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 51-49-7|
|2007||Navy||38–3||M&T Bank Stadium||Baltimore, MD||Navy 52-49-7|
|2008||Navy||34–0||Lincoln Financial Field||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 53-49-7|
|2009||Navy||17–3||Lincoln Financial Field||Philadelphia, PA||Navy 54-49-7|
Navy Midshipman (and later Admiral) Joseph Mason Reeves wore what is widely regarded as the first football helmet in the 1893 Army-Navy Game. He had been advised by a Navy doctor that another kick to his head would result in "instant insanity" or even death, so he commissioned an Annapolis shoemaker to make him a helmet out of leather.
On November 27, 1926, the Army-Navy Game traveled to Chicago for the National Dedication of Soldier Field as a monument to American servicemen who had fought in World War I. Navy came to the game undefeated, while West Point had only lost to Notre Dame, so the game would decide the National Championship. Played before a crowd of over 100,000, the teams fought to a 21-21 tie, but Navy was awarded the national championship.
In both the 1944 and 1945 contests, Army and Navy entered the game ranked #1 and #2 respectively. The 1945 game was labeled the "game of the century" before it was played. Army defeated a 7-0-1 Navy team 32-13. Navy's lone tie was against Notre Dame.