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Seal of the Army National Guard

Established under Title 10 and Title 32 of the U.S. Code, the Army National Guard is part of the National Guard and is divided up into subordinate units stationed in each of the 50 states and territories operating under their respective governors.[1] The Army National Guard may be called up for active duty by the state governors or territorial commanding generals to help respond to domestic emergencies and disasters, such as those caused by hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes.[1]

With the consent of state governors, members or units of the Army National Guard may be appointed, temporarily or indefinitely, to be federally recognized armed force members, in the active or inactive service of the United States [2][3]. If federally recognized, the member or unit becomes part of the Army National Guard of the United States [4][5][6], which is a reserve component of the United States Army [4], and part of the National Guard of the United States [4].

Army National Guard of the United States units or members may be called up for federal active duty in times of Congressionally sanctioned war or national emergency [1]. The President may also call up members and units of state Army National Guard, with the consent of state governors, to repel invasion, suppress rebellion, or execute federal laws if the United States or any of its states or territories are invaded or is in danger of invasion by a foreign nation, or if there's a rebellion or danger of a rebellion against the authority of the federal government, or if the President is unable with the regular armed forces to execute the laws of the United States [7]. Because both state Army National Guard and the Army National Guard of the United States relatively go hand-in-hand, they are both usually referred to as just Army National Guard.

Contents

History

The Army National Guard is the oldest branch of the U.S. military, tracing its origins back into American colonies as far back as 1636.[citation needed]

During World War I, the National Guard provided 40% of the US Army's combat forces. Guard membership doubled in 1940, and provided 19 divisions during World War II, of which the National Guard units were among the first to deploy overseas and the first to fight.[citation needed]

Twenty-first Century Reorganization

The Army National Guard is reorganizing into 28 brigade combat teams (reduced from 32) and 78 support brigades as a part of the Army's transformation plan. When the reorganization is complete, brigades will consist of 3,000 to 4,000 soldiers.

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List of Units Undergoing Transformation

There are eight Army National Guard divisions. The following is a partial list of the planned end-state organization of the Army National Guard, and includes those brigade and division-level units undergoing transformation as part of the U.S. Army plan.

Divisions

Theater Level Support Organizations

  • 167th Sustainment Command (Theater)
  • 135th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)
  • 184th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)

HQ, Aviation Depot Maintenance Roundout Unit (MD)

  • 1106th Theater Aviation Maintenance Sustainment Group (CA)
  • 1107th Theater Aviation Maintenance Sustainment Group (MO)
  • 1108th Theater Aviation Maintenance Sustainment Group (MS)
  • 1109th Theater Aviation Maintenance Sustainment Group (CT)

Maneuver Enhancement Brigades

Battlefield Surveillance Brigades

Sustainment Brigades

Fires (Field Artillery) Brigades

Functional Brigades

Theater Aviation Assets

  • 66th Theater Aviation Command (WA)
  • 185th Theater Aviation Brigade (MS), 66th TAC
  • 3-136 TA Bn (MO, RI, PA, IN, VI, MS, CA, CT, OR, OK, WA, SD, Active duty units in Korea and Japan)
  • 1-169th GSAB (CT, AL, GA, MD, PA, KY, Active Duty Unit in NC.)
  • 1-171st GSAB (GA, HI, NM, KS)
  • 1-214th GSAB (Active Duty and Reserve units in Germany)
  • 351st ASB (SC, KY, WA, MI, OR)
  • 449th Theater Aviation Brigade
  • 1-126th GSAB (RI, CA, ME)
  • 1-106th GSAB (IL, MO)
  • 1-131st ASLT (AL, NC)
  • 1-244th ASLT (LA, FL)
  • 248th ASB (IA, WI, LA)
  • 204th Theater Airfield Operations Group (LA, TN, MS, AR, FL)
  • 63rd Theater Aviation Brigade

Units attached to Active Duty or Army Reserve Commands

F Co, 207th Aviation (AK), 244th TAB (Army Reserve), 11th TAC (Active Duty)

C Co (Air Ambulance) (WY, AZ) 5-159th GSAB, 244th TAB (Army Reserve), 11th TAC (Active Duty)

D and E Co Dets (WY, AZ) 5-159th GSAB, 244th TAB (Army Reserve), 11th TAC (Active Duty)

E Co, 164th Theater Airfield Operations Group (NC)

Legacy Units and Formations

The following units were affected by the Army National Guard transformation, but are no longer active.

Army National Guard Forces

State Abbr. Rsvrd. State
AK Alaska
AL Alabama
AR Arkansas
AZ Arizona
CA California
CO Colorado
CT Connecticut
DE Delaware
DC District of Columbia
FL Florida
GA Georgia
GU Guam
HI Hawaii
IA Iowa
ID Idaho
IL Illinois
IN Indiana
KS Kansas
State Abbr. Rsvrd. State
KY Kentucky
LA Louisiana
MA Massachusetts
MD Maryland
ME Maine
MI Michigan
MN Minnesota
MO Missouri
MS Mississippi
MT Montana
NC North Carolina
ND North Dakota
NE Nebraska
NV Nevada
NH New Hampshire
NJ New Jersey
NM New Mexico
NY New York
State Abbr. Rsvrd. State
OH Ohio
OK Oklahoma
OR Oregon
PA Pennsylvania
PR Puerto Rico
RI Rhode Island
SC South Carolina
SD South Dakota
TN Tennessee
TX Texas
UT Utah
VA Virginia
VI U.S. Virgin Islands
VT Vermont
WA Washington
WI Wisconsin
WV West Virginia
WY Wyoming

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c [1] Military Reserves Federal Call Up Authority
  2. ^ [2] 10 USC 12211. Officers: Army National Guard of the United States
  3. ^ [3] 10 USC 12107. Army National Guard of United States; Air National Guard of the United States: enlistment in
  4. ^ a b c [4] 32 USC 101. Definitions (NATIONAL GUARD)
  5. ^ [5] 10 USC 12401. Army and Air National Guard of the United States: status
  6. ^ [6] 10 USC 10105. Army National Guard of the United States: composition
  7. ^ [7] 10 USC 12406. National Guard in Federal service: call

References


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