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Armed Forces of Uruguay
'Fuerzas armadas del Uruguay'
Flag of Uruguay.svg
National Flag
Founded 1828
Service branches National Army

National Navy Shield National Navy
Uruguayan Air Force

Headquarters Montevideo, Uruguay
Leadership
President of the Republic José Mujica
Minister of Defense Luis Rosadilla
Manpower
Military age 15-49
Available for
military service
831,297, age 15–49 (2003 est.)
Fit for
military service
672,030, age 15–49  (2003 est.)
Active personnel 24,000 (2001[1]) (ranked 93)
Expenditures
Budget $300 million (2007)
Percent of GDP 1.1% (2007)

The Armed Forces of Uruguay (Fuerzas armadas del Uruguay or FF.AA. del Uruguay) consist of an army, navy, and air force. These three branches are constitutionally subordinate to the president through the Minister of Defense. By offering early retirement incentives, the government has trimmed the armed forces to about 14,500 for the army; 6,000 for the navy; and 3,000 for the air force. As of February 2003, Uruguay has more than 2,500 soldiers deployed on 12 UN peacekeeping missions. The largest groups are in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Haiti. There is also an 85-man[citation needed] contingent in the MFO in the Sinai.

Contents

Army (Ejercito Nacional)

The Army consists of some 15,000 personnel organized into four divisions.

It is equipped with 15 Israeli Ti-67 (T-55) main battle tanks, 17 American M24 and 22 M41A1 Walker Bulldog light tanks, 15 American M113A1 armored personnel carriers, 15 Czech BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicles and 90 OT-64 SKOT APCs, 64 German Condor APCs, 15 Brazilian EE-9 Cascavel and 16 EE-3 Jararaca armored cars, and 48 Russian lightly-armored GAZ-3937 amphibious vehicles.[citation needed] In 2008, Uruguay also purchased 44 6x6 Mowag Piranha APCs rehabilitated by FAMAE in Chile after initial service in the Canadian Army after that another batch of 100 of Grizzlys and 5 Huskys.

The current assault rifle used by the army is the Belgian FN FAL - Argentinian Built; it is being replaced by Austrian Steyr AUG following a bidding contest in 2007 and 2008. In addition, about 300 Russian AK-101s are already used, and the elite airborne, commando, and antiterrorist Battalion 14 (Batalón de Infantería Paracaidista Nro 14) will exclusively employ German HK G36s.

DIO, an Iranian company, was involved in the bidding to replace the FN FAL with its Khaybar KH2002; but since there is a UN embargo banning arms exports from Iran, the company attempted to smuggle the 15000 test bullets through Venezuela. This failed and prompted an investigation.

Navy (Armada Nacional)

The Navy consists of about 5,700 personnel under Admiral Juan H. Fernández and is organized into four commands: the Fleet Command (Comando de la Flota or COMFLO), the Coast Guard (Prefectura Nacional Naval or PRENA), the Chief Directorate of Naval Materiel (Dirección General de Material Naval or DIMAT), and the Chief Directorate of Naval Personnel (Dirección General de Personal Naval or DIPER). The Navy General Staff (Estado Mayor General de la Armada or ESMAY) acts as an advisory body to the admiral.

The current fleet consists of 2 Portuguese João Belo class frigates, 1 French Commandant Rivière class frigate (in reserve), 1 German Lüneburg class auxiliary oil replenisher, 3 Vigilante class patrol boats, 2 Castrates class patrol boats, 3 East German Kondor II class minesweepers, and other smaller craft.

The Navy also includes a battalion-sized Marine Corps (Cuerpo de Fusileros Navales) and a small naval air station at Laguna del Sauce.

The Uruguayan Naval Academy (Escuela Naval or ESNAL) is located in Carrasco, a suburb of Montevideo. Instruction consists of a 4-year course of study culminating in a cruise on the instructional tall ship ROU Capitán Miranda, which lasts several weeks and takes graduates to various ports around the world.

Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Uruguaya)

The Air Force consists of about 3,000 personnel under General of the Air Enrique A. Bonelli and is organized into three Air Brigades (I, II, & III) and 7 Squadrons.

Combat aircraft consist of Argentine IA-58 Pucarás and Cessna A-37B Dragonflies. Transport aircraft consist of Lockheed C-130s, Brazilian Embraer Bandeirantes and Embraer Brasilias, Spanish CASA C-212-200 Aviocars, and Cessna 206H Stationairs and T-41D Mescaleros.

Helicopters consist of the Bell UH-1H Iroquois and 212 Twin Huey, the Eurocopter AS-365N2 Dauphin, and the Westland HC-2 Wessex.

The Air Force Academy (Escuela Militar de Aeronáutica) is located at General Artigas Air Base in Pando, Canelones; the Air Force Technical Academy (Escuela Técnica de Aeronáutica) in Toledo Sur, Canelones; and the Air Force Command Academy (Escuela de Comando y Estado Mayor Aéreo) at Captain Boiso Lanza Air Base in Montevideo. Training aircraft consists of Italian Aermacchi SF.260s, Beech Barons, and Swiss Pilatus PC-7 Turbo Trainers.

Ranks

Ranks of the Uruguayan Armed Forces
Army National Navy ShieldNavy Air Force Sanitary Service Polnal.jpgNational Police
Cabo de segunda,

Private first Class

Cabo de Segunda,

Seaman

row 1, cell 3 row 1, cell 4 row 1, cell 5
Cabo de Primera,

Corporal

row 2, cell 2 row 2, cell 3 row 2, cell 4 row 2, cell 5
Sargento,

Sergeant

row 3, cell 2 row 3, cell 3 row 3, cell 4 row 3, cell 5
Sargento de Primera,

Master Sergeant

row 4, cell 2 row 4, cell 3 row 4, cell 4 row 4, cell 5
Sub-Oficial Mayor,

Sergeant Mayor

row 5, cell 2 row 5, cell 3 row 5, cell 4 row 5, cell 5
Alferez,

1st Lieutenant

row 6, cell 2 row 6, cell 3 row 6, cell 4 row 6, cell 5
Teniente Segundo,

Lieutenant

row 7, cell 2 row 7, cell 3 row 7, cell 4 row 7, cell 5
Teniente primero,

2nd Lieutenant

row 8, cell 2 row 8, cell 3 row 8, cell 4 row 8, cell 5
Capitan,

Captain

row 9, cell 2 row 9, cell 3 row 9, cell 4 row 9, cell 5
Mayor,

Major

row 10, cell 2 row 10, cell 3 row 10, cell 4 row 10, cell 5
Teniente Coronel,

Lieutenant Colonel

row 11, cell 2 row 11, cell 3 row 11, cell 4 row 11, cell 5
Coronel,

Colonel

row 12, cell 2 row 12, cell 3 row 12, cell 4 row 12, cell 5
General,

General

row 13, cell 2 row 13, cell 3 row 13, cell 4 row 13, cell 5
Teniente General,

Lieutenant General

row 14, cell 2 row 14, cell 3 row 14, cell 4 row 14, cell 5

See also

References

  1. ^ IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies), 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Op. cit. Nationmaster.com, 2008. [1]. Retrieved October 3, 2008.

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